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Which 16 -inch 
color display 
is the desktop 

MacUser Labs 
tests the latest - 
and greatest? 


Get more power and 
save money with our 
step-by-step guide 

♦BXBKLJU*******«S-DH3IT 22485 
•ADE0210K092 3*710508 2H 
210 KINGS UOOO DR *4901 
KING GEORGE VA 22485-9144 

Introducing Microsoft I 
the sum total of seven yeaj 

WeVe been making Microsoft 
Excel for the Mac since 1985. Which 
is one reason why we’re pretty good 
at making both routine and complex 
spreadsheet tasks simpler. 

The other reason is that since 
the introduction of Microsoft Excel, 
we’ve been listening to you. And con¬ 
sistently adding all the features you 
need to get your job done easier. 

Take our new Microsoft Excel 
4.0 for instance. We have just added 
floating Toolbars. Including six new 
ones which sensibly relate to a set of 
tasks, such as charting. You can move 
them around, resize them, and cus¬ 

tomize them with very little effort. 

With Drag and Drop, you can 
“grab” any piece of information with 
your mouse and drop it in wherever 
you’d like to see it on-screen. No need 
to cut-and-paste. Unless you want to. 

Autofill intelligently helps you 
build a worksheet.Type JAN in a cell, 
for instance, and Autofill enters FEB, 
MAR-as many months as you need. 
It will even replicate formulas. 

And now we’d like you to meet 
Wizards, step-by-step guides that are 
designed to walk you through com¬ 
plex tasks. The CrosstabWizard,for 
example, creates summary tables 

from lists of infor¬ 
mation for you. It 
prompts you, takes 
all the information 
you’ll give it, and 
constructs the per¬ 
fect report. See, it 
really is that easy. 

Speaking of 
easy, we’ve added a 
feature to help you 
manage and organ¬ 
ize your work a lot 
more efficiently 
They’re called 
Workbooks, and 
with them you’ll be 
able to group all of 
your related work¬ 
sheets under a sin- 

© 1992 Microsoft Corporation, Ml rights reserved Printed hi the USA , For information only: hi Canada, rail (800) 563-9048; outside tlu r BO United States and Camilla, call (206) 936-8661. Microsoft is r 

ixcel 4.0. It’s 
s of success. 

gle file. And you can do it graphically. 

WeVe made a lot of little im¬ 
provements that make printing easier 
too.To begin with, we have made our 
headers and footers a lot more intui¬ 
tive and easier to use. 

In addition, our Zoom feature 
adds to your flexibility. And with the 

new View Man¬ 
ager you will be 
able to name a 
particular view 
of a worksheet. 
So you can see 



The mw Autoformat button formats an entire tlllI12S VOUr WHy 
worksheet with a dick of the mouse. The i m 

ChartWizard button mokes charting a snap. WHeHeVer yOU U 

like. And so can everybody else. 

There’s even a Spelling Checker 
built into new Microsoft Excel 4.0. But 
that really shouldn’t come as a sur¬ 
prise to anybody After all, that was the 
one feature our users asked for most. 

All of which goes to show you 
that in order to be number one in 
your books, we’ve made your needs 
number one in ours. 

Now to sum things up. If you 
want to get your hands on the most 
significant Microsoft Excel upgrade 
we’ve ever introduced, give us a call 
at (800) 992-3675, Department B34. 
And discover one of the reasons why 
the older you get, the smarter you get. 


Making it easier 

•gvifemt (rude mark of Microsoft Corporation. Mac is a n cgistcml trademark of Apple Computer, int. 


spreadsheet wasnt 
bom yesterday 




Volumes Number 1 

On the cover: With monitors, bigger is better^and the 
versatile Sony CPD-1604S scored big in our lab testing. 
Cover photo by Steven Underwood 


OCR programs: 
Are scanners 
and software 
ready to replace 
the typing pool? 


Calling all desk 
potatoes: remote 
controls for Macs. 


Trade up to something bigger: 
MacUser Labs examines 
16 -inch color monitors* 

Maximum RAM 

by Tom Petaccia 

Your most cost-effective performance enhancement could 
be a RAM upgrade* Here's everything you need to know 
about when, why, and how to upgrade.. 90 

Setting the New Standard: 

16-Inch Color Monitors 

by Wtnn L. Rosch 
Offering 70 percent more pixels than 13-inch monitors 
do, 16-inchers are the new standard for display systems. 
MacUser Labs tests sixteen 16-inch monitors for sharp¬ 
ness, brightness, color range, and value* ....,„.*_ 104 


Network Renderers: 

Drawing On All Resources 

by Stefan B. Lipson and Sean Safreed 
It's a designer's dream come true: multiple Macs work¬ 
ing together to render a single 3-D image in a fraction of 
the time it takes for a single Mac to do the job. With help 
from the state-of-the-art NetWorkShop, MacUser Labs 
investigates three network rendering programs_ 130 


Can You Read This? 

OCR Software 

by Elisa M. Welch 
The idea is appealing: Scan in a paper document, and let 
optical-character-recognition software turn it into an 
electronic document. The reality of OCR performance 
has been less satisfying, but with these eight products, the 
reality is getting closer to the ideal. .......... 152 

High-Resolution Printers 

by Paul Yi 

Three fast, low-cost 600-dpi printers score high 
marks for high-resolution printing..... ,,*.186 


Jon Zilber 

Ingenuity, Mac style................ 23 


Yes, a Mac 
can shares 
printer with a 
PC. And if s 
easier than 
you think* 

Andy Ihtialko 

Shop secrets*__.......... 29 

Michael Swaine 

Read before you rip...... .,.*41 

John C. Dvorak 

Invasion of the GOO-EE watchers. ..356 


Readers review reviewers, whine about whiners, and 
distinguish between a power user and a nerd.. 13 

Product/Advertiser Index . ..287 

Marketplace..... 329 



Tax and spend: Should you spend your anticipated tax 
refund on MacInTax or TaxCut? Plus: A break for the 
middle class: Claris" Clear Choice line targets cost- 
conscious Mac users....... ............47 



Microsoft Works 3,0 

Microsoft Works 3.0 scores with a new interface and 
much improved charting features but fumbles integration 
between modules.. ..........50 

cc:Mail 2,0 

Lotus' refurbished E-mail package takes on the competi¬ 
tion, with superb Mac-to-PC connections and a slick 
graphical interface, .........52 


Thanks to improved printer technologies, it’s now easier 
to obtain good halftone results — but it's still tricky. 
Follow these dps to get good grays.... 193 

Step by Step 

How to use Photoshop for a stylish pencil effect. ..210 


Document Management 

Better-than-paper document sharing? It's coming your 
way.... .....215 

Mac to PC 

Debunking printer-compatibility myths. 




Mobile Mac 

For the mobile Mac user, keeping connected is harder 
than it should be. Here's our mobile manifesto. 231 

Shopping List 

How to buy a backup storage device..... 239 



Ten steps to power word processing. 


Instant access to back-issue articles. 



Beating the System 

Sixteen system-savvy shortcuts.__......_ 247 

The Mac Workshop 

Souping up the Mac SB/30_______ .,253 

Tip Sheet 

How to pump up your mouse, hide figures in Excel 
columns, and take your Mac to weird places. 255 

Help Folder 

How to keep your Mac’s dock accurate.. 259 

This Month on ZiffNet/Mac 

Free icons and more....... .268 

Morph 1.0 

This video-effects tool brings high-end MTV-style ef¬ 
fects to QuickTime presentations...„.. 54 

LetterPerfect 2.1 

Honey, they shrunk WordPerfect—and now it’s simple, 
flexible, and cheap. ................55 

MacroMind Director 3.1 

The premier multimedia and animation authoring pro¬ 
gram adds QuickTime support and Lingo-language 
enhancements........... 56 

MacDraw Pro 1.5 

A solid-biit-sluggish upgrade to Claris" veteran drawing 
program........ .......58 

Canon CJ10 

A versatile one-stop color solution does triple duty as 
copier, scanner, and printer — but all that functionality 
doesn't exactly come cheap. .... .............61 

CA-Cricket Graph III 1.0 

This low-end charting program offers ease of use at an 
affordable price.,...... 72 

Special Delivery 1.0 

An innovative presentation package for interactive slide 
presentations___..______ 76 

Quick Clicks 

Numeric Keypad* NoteBook KeyPad, and PowerPad: 

PowerBook keypad accessories for number crunchers. 
FastTraek Schedule: Gantt charting for project manag¬ 
ers. Headline Harry and the Great Paper Race: Scoop 
the competition. Shiva LanRover/L: Cheap, remote 
connections___ . 83 

“How much RAM 
do you have? 
are, it’s not 
enough.” ...91 



as fast asyou can 
think of them. 

FastTrack Schedule 2.0 now gives you even 
more power to schedule anything, fast. Create custom Gantt 
charts for presentations that include graphics, labels, notes, 
titles, borders and real dates! 

Walk away from tedious and old fashioned scheduling 
techniques. FastTrack Schedule 2.0 offers a modern 
day solution for busy managers who need to get the project 
underway, and review progress quickly Forget the frustration, 
scheduling doesn’t have to be a nightmare. 

Order a new FREE FastTrack Schedule 2,0 
demo kit now and we’ll ship it out 
within 24 hours! 

(800) 346-9413 or (703) 450-1980 software 

Circle 100 on reader service card. 



How to Re 

The editors of MacUser want to hear from you. Send questions, com¬ 
plaints, or compliments to MacUser, 950 Tower Lane. 18th Floor, Foster 
City, CA 94404. Send electronic mail to MCI Mailbox 424-4936 or to 
ZiffNet/Mac (see below). Mac User’s general number is 415-378-5600. 
We are unable to look up stories from past issues, recommend products, 
or diagnose your Mac problems by phone. 

Information Exchange 

If you have a question or problem or a tip to share, write to Help Folder 
or Tip Sheet, respectively, do MacUser at the above address. For more 
help, you can take advantage of local user groups. Call Apple toll-free at 
800-538-9696, ext. 500, for user-group information. 

Subscription Inquiries/Change of Address 

If you want to subscribe to MacUser or have a question regarding a 
subscription, call SOO-627-2247 (U.$, and Canada only) or 303-447-9330 
(all other countries) or fax 303-443-5080 (international subscribers only) 
or write to MacUser, P.O. Box 56986, Boulder, CO 80322-6986. New 
subscriptions and address changes take six to eight weeks. For back issues 
(subject to availability), send $7 per issue, $8 outside the U.S., to Back 
Issues Dept. T Ziff-Davis Publishing Company, P.O. Box 53131, Boulder, 
CO 80322. MacUser (ISSN 0884-0997) is published monthly, with an 
extra issue in November, by Ziff-Davis Publishing Company, a division 
of Ziff Communications Company, One Park Avenue, New York. NY 
10016. Editorial Offices; 950 Tower Lane, 18th Floor, Foster City, CA 
94404. Telephone; 415-378-5600. U.S. subscription rates are $27 for 12 
issues, $45 for 24 issues, and $62 for 36 issues. Additional postage for 
Canada: Add $ 16 per year to the U,S> rates for surface mail. Single-copy 
price is $2,95 (Canada, $3.95). Canadian GST registration #R-123669673. 
POSTMASTER: Send address changes to MacUser, P.O. Box 56986, 
Boulder, CO 80322-6986. Second-class postage paid at New York, NY 
10016, and at other mailing offices, 

ZitfKel/Mac; Mactfser On-Line 

Follow these steps to join ZiffNetfMac: Call 800-635-6225 (voice) to find 
your local access number. Set up your telecom software with these 
settings: 8 bits, 1 stop, and no parity. Dial the local access number When 
connected, press Return. At the following prompts, ty pe in the responses 
primed in bold: Host Name: CIS. User ID: 177000,5200. Password: 
Z*MAC, Agreement Number: Z1 2D90 14. CompuServe users can just 
type GO ZMAC at any ! prompt. 

Complaints About Advertisers 

Mac User’s editors are not responsible for the content of the advertise¬ 
ments in the magazine. However, if you bought a product advertised in 
MacUser are dissatisfied, and can't resolve the problem, write to Doris 
Ashman, Ad Department, MacUser, 950 Tower Lane, 18th Floor, Foster 
City, CA 94404. Include copies of relevant correspondence. 

Permissions and Reprints 

Material in this publication may not be reproduced in any form without 
permission. Send permission requests to Chantal Lavclanet and reprint 
requests to Claudi a Crichlow, Ziff-Davis Publ i sh i n g Company, One Park 
Avenue, New York, NY 10016. 

Writing for MacUser 

If you have an idea for an article you 1 d 1 i ke to write, we'd like to hear about 
it. Send a query letter with samples of your writing (published, if possible) 
to James 5. Bradbury, MacUser 950Tower Lane, 18th Floor, Foster City, 
CA 94404. Allow four to six weeks for a reply. 

Product Announcements and Updates 

Please send press releases to Michele Hasson, MacUser 950 Tower Lane, 
18th Floor, Foster City, CA 94404. 

In Memory of 
John J, Anderson 

Derek Van Atslyne 

!f the price of accelerator cards has 
left you feeling a bit queasy, Applied 
Engineering has some quick relief. We've 
lowered our prices on our most popular 
accelerators so you can have the speed 
you want at a price that won t make you 
lose sleep. 

Our TransWarp 
accelerators boost the 
Macintosh SE, Classic, 

LC, si and Mac II family to 
unrivaled levels of performance. We've 
designed them around the Motorola 68030 
and 68040 processors and with clock 
speeds from 16 to 50 MHz, you will never 
again pay a premium for performance. 

Since 1979, Applied Engineering has 
shipped over 1.3 million of the best per¬ 
formance enhancements for Apple and 
Macintosh. Call today for fast relief. 

0 $ 1265 

TransWarp Cl 

Alii your Mac Hd faster than a Ilfx 
with Applied Engineering's TransWarp Cl hoard. 

TransWarp LC 

TransWarp LC uses a 32K 
jast static RAM cache together tWffr a 68030 
CPU to give you up to 3 finies the speed oj the 
standard Mddwtosk LC 

f J412 

TransWarp SE 

TransWarp SE gives you up to id 
times the speed of the standard SE . Three different 
processor speeds-16, 25 and 40MEh -fit 
your needs and your budget. 

Circle 88 on reader service card. 

Macs VS 


TronsWnrp Cl 

Trani'Wflrp 040 

Applied Engineering® 

Apples Oldest & Largest Developer 
Since d979 

£>1992 Applied Engineering, J310 Bcltlinc Road, Dallas, TX 75234,1214) 241 6060, 
Fat (214) 494-1365. All product natnri are the trademark!, of their respective holder*. 

Ziff-Davis Publishing Company 

it Sana usea 
would be ii July! 

You may not have a Christmas list the size of Santa's, but 
InTouch can make Christmas come early for you tool Enter and 
find names, addresses and phone numbers faster than a flying 
reindeer. A few mouse clicks prints an envelope, label, fax cover 
sheet, address book, or your Christmas card list. Automatically 
dial the phone, set reminders and schedule your day. 

InTouch includes Snap: a unique time-saving utility Just 
highlight a person's name in any document, press a key, and 
Snap* finds the person’s address and pastes it in the document. 
Snap* can also dial the phone and print an envelope; without 
ever launching InToudi! 

InTouch is ideal tor yourPowerBook. Also ask about lightning 
fast InTouch Network. 

Stuff InTouch in your stocking for only $99.95. If InTouch. 
doesn't allow you more time to celebrate, well refund your 
money! Unconditional 30-day money-back guarantee. 


Mvenced Software, Inc 1065 E. Diets Avs.. Sunnyvale. CA EM086 
(406)733-0745 lax (400) 733-3335 



Janet Ryan 


Jon Zilber 

Associate Publisher 

Jonathan A, Lane 


Editor James S. Bradbury 
Managing Editor Nancy Grolh 
Technical Director Henry Bortman 
Executive Editor Rtk Myslewski 
Senior Editors Russell Ito, 

Pamela Pf<finer, Victoria von Biel 
Technical Editor John Rizzo 
Associate Managing Editor Claire Hamilton 
Chief Copy Editor Eva tangfeldt 
Associate Editors Mark Frost, Susan Janus, 
Stefan Upson, Allred Melo, Bruce Mewhinney, 
Karen J. Ohlson, Elisa M. Welch 
Senior Copy Editors fthoda Simmons, 

Leslie Sleere 

Assistant Editors Darryl Chan, Michele Hasson 
Editorial Assistant Nancy Peterson 
Administrative Assistant Amanda Michael 
Contributing Editors David Biedny, Don Crabb, 
Bruce Fraser, Andy thnalko, Ted Landau, 

Bab LeVitus, Michael Swaine, 

Kurt VaoderSluis, Gregory Wasson 
Contributing Anti-Editor John C. Dvorak 
Assistant to the EdiloHn-Chief 
Teresa Campbell-Mnlina 

MacUser Labs 

MacUser Labs Director Jeffrey S. Pittelkau 
Project Leaders Mark Bieier, Tony A, Qojorquez, 
Jeffrey K Milstead 
Lab Technicians Homan Victor Loyola, 

Sean S a freed 

Lab Administrator Anthony Stultz 
Network Administrator Stephan Somogyi 


Art & Design Director Lisa Orsini 
Associate Art Director Diane Dempsey 
Associate Technical Art Director Peter Alan Gould 
Art Production Manager Jan McKenzie Rogers 
Technical Illustrators K. Daniel Clark, 

Mark W. Sweeney 


Advertising Coordinator Elizabeth McGinnis 

Product ion 

Production Director Carlos Lugo 
Production Manager Brenda Falco 
Assistant Production Manager Monique Risso 


Director of Marketing Jell Bruce 
Marketing Manager Laurel Skillmao 
Events Manager Stacy Hollingsworth 
Marketing Coordinator Renee Weems 
Marketing Administrator Cristi Leer 


Business Manager Cynthia Mason 
Assistant to the Publisher Susan Logan 
Assistant to the Associate Publisher 

Marci Yamaguchi 

Assistant Account Representative Doris Ashman 

On-Line: ZiHNet/Mac 

Executive Editor, On-Line Services Ben Templin 
Assistant Project Leader Shef Syed 
Associate Editor Mark Simmons 


800 - 346-5392 

Circle 68 on reader service card. 

Chairman and CEO Eric Hippeau 
President J, Scott Briggs 
Executive Vice President Ronni Sonnenherg 
Executive Vice President Mike Edelharl 
Group Vice President J. Samuel Huey 
Group Vice President, Direct Publications 
Jim Stafford 

Senior Vice President, Marketing Paul H. Chock 
Senior Vice President Rachel Greenfield 
Senior Vice President, International 
Developments. Holston 
Vice President, Operations Baird Davis 
Vice President, Controller Howard Sckoinik 
Vice President, Creative Services Herbert Stern 
Vice President, Research Marian 0. White 
Vice President, Circulation Bert Lacy 
Vice President, Circulation Services 
James F, Rama ley 
Vice President, Marketing Services 
Ann Poliak Adelman 

Vice President, Production Roger Herrmann 

Vice President, Europe Frank Kelcz 

Vice President, Asia-Pacific Alan Power 

Vice President, Technology 

William B. Machrone 

Vice President, Classified Advertising 

Paul Stafford 

Vice President William L, Phillips 
Vice President Claude P, Sheer 
Vice President and General Manager 
Louis B. Dotti, Jr. 

Vice President, Human Resources Rayna Brown 
Executive Director/Information Systems 

John Helliwell 

National Managing Director/Magazine Networks 

Joseph Gillespie 

Licensing Director Jean Lamensdorf 
Director of Planning Gary A. Gustafson 
Production Director Walter J, Teriecki 
Director of Sales Training Dan LeoneUi 
Director of Corporate Marketing Susan Dolman 
Editorial Director Lewis 0 Verkin 
Director of Ziff-Davis Labs Beth Springer 
Director of Public Relations Gregory M. Jarboe 
Director, Direct Marketing Programs 
Alicia Marie Ivans 

Business Manager/Publishing Operations 

Tom McGrade 

Assistant to the Chairman James Reilly 

Ziff Communications Company 

Chairman William B. Ziff, Jr, 

President Philip B. Korsant 

Executive Vice President E.C. "Mick 11 Proknpis 

Executive Vice President Philip Sine 

Senior Vice President Hugh Tieljen 

Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary 

J. Malcolm Morris 

Vice President, Controller and Treasurer 

Patrick J. Burke, Jr, 

Vice President. Human Resources 
Frederick K. Staudmyer 
Vice President Steven C. Fein man 
Vice President Seth Alperi 
Vice President, Business Manager 
T. L. Thompson 

Vice President, Chief Information Officer 

Thor Olson 

Vice President, Electronic Editorial Director 

Michael Kulowich 

Vice President of Market Development 

Robert G. Brown 

Entire contents [993 Ziff-Davis Publishing Company- a 
division of Ziff Communications Company. All rights 
reserved' reproduction in whole or in part without permis¬ 
sion is prohibited, MccOttrh a regime red trademark of Zi ff 
Communication?: Company. Mac User is a n independent 
journal, ntu affiliated in any way with Apple Computer. Inc. 

The ins and outs of 
speeding up your SE. 


THE M OBI US 030 DISPLAY SYSTEM is the simplest, most reliable, and most economical way to 
pump major new life into your trusty Mac SE: a combination 25 MHz 030 accelerator and video 
card, plus a top-rated Mobius One or Two Page Display, All starting at just 5899, including tilt/ 
swivel base, cabling, software, and a complete installation kit (which, by the way, is a snap). 

It's no wonder MacWeek called it 'THE BEST UPGRADE VALUE WE'VE SEEN YET FOR THE SE," 

The Mobius 030 Display System increases the speed of your SE sixfold, making it just as fast as the 
Ilci, and for one third the cost of buying one. That means blazing recalcs on your spreadsheets, 
and speedy redraws on your page layouts. Your entire document will always appear razor-sharp and 
rock-solid on the "THE MOST VISUALLY APPEALING" display, according to MacWorld* The 
Mobius 030 Display System is a complete solution that not only comes with your choice of 
monitor, but can be expanded for even greater performance* Want more speed? Just add our math 
coprecessor. More memory? There's room on the card for up to 16 MB of memory*. At Mobius, 
we're dedicated to providing the best service and support in the industry. So give us a call now to 
place an order or to get more information. Well give you all the ins and outs. 



25MHz. 030 accelerator/ 
video card supports tme 
& two page monitors, 
Includes installation kil 
& software. 16 MB 
virtual memory' option 
additional $200. *' 



826x1024 pixels, 75 dpi, 75 
hi refresh, 80,000 hrs. MTBF 



640x870 pixels, 78 dpi 75 Hz 
refresh, low-emissions design. 


The Mobius 050 Accelerator increases 
the speed of a Mac SE six times. 

Sou ret; MatWorld 6/92 


Unlimited toll-free technical support 
Free Warranty Express Service 
Two year warranty 
30-day money-back guarantee 


Mon-Fri, Satn-Spm PST 
Major credit cards accepted. 
Corporate , Gov% and Educational 
POs accepted subject to approval. 

800 - 800-4334 


' With 16 MB virtual memory Dpt ion.’’Includes RMMU and Connect!* 1 * Virtual 3.0‘ H . Also available for the Macintosh Classic, add $100. In Canada call (416) 8ft(j-2326 ©1992 Mobius 
Technologies, Inc. Mobius 030 Display System is a trademark of Mobius Technologies, Inc. All other trademarks are properly of their respective holders, Mobius Technologies, tnc., 5835 Doyle 
Street, Emeryville, CA 94608, Tel (510) 654-0556, Fax (510) 654-2S34, Pricing subject to change without notice. 

Circle 174 on reader service card. 

The new generation HP LaserJet 4M printer. 

W :m 

True COO dpi 
creates rich, lull- 
dime ns ion all text 
and graphics. 

Smoother corves, 
no jagged edges, 
thanks to HP's 
exclusive Reselu- 
lion Enhancement 

Microlrne toner 

The HP LaserJet 4M A 
is the one for aft. 
Macintosh and PC 
alike. This new 
generation provides 
superior output with 
600 dpi , Resolution 

buift-in t 
that Posit 
and full-page graphft 
print out crisp, dear 
and fast 

makes 600 dpi out 
put look even 

35 PostScript 
Type 1 typefaces 
for Mac and PC 
PostScript users, 
and 35 loteltifont 
and 1C TrueType 
typefaces lor PC 
users produce a 
bread range ol 
document styles. 

At last. Hewlett-Packard intro¬ 
duces a laser printer built specif¬ 
ically for the Mac from the ground 
up—the new LaserJet 4M. A 
laser printer for Mac users with 
everything you expect And, more 
importantly, everything you need. 
From built-in PostScript Level 2 
software from Adobe and 6 MB 
of memory, to standard LocalTalk 
and optional Ether'Mk. Features 
which make certain 
this new generation 
in laser printing 
is ready-made just 
for you. 

The finest print 
quality in its class. 

In addition to 

, , ,, . , , Faster printing ol 

complete Macintosh complex documents, 
compatibility, the LaserJet 4M 
printer also delivers the finest 
print quality of any 600 dpi 
machine available—thanks to 

■E U&i I irwktt-I^K-lainl Company fEISTli *Su^kI US list price. 

HP's microfine toner, Resolution 
Enhancement technology, and an 
advanced engine expressly engi¬ 
neered for 600x600 dpi. 

New generation features mean 
you will lose no time get¬ 
ting your work onto the 
page. A new RISC proces¬ 
sor and 6 MR of standard 
memory accelerate 
formatting and VO 
speeds, so complex m* in. 

PostScript language and graphics 
files are rendered faster and 
more clearly than ever before. 

Greater flexibility; 

Rut this wouldn't be an HP-caliber 
breakthrough if the innovations 
weren't across the board. That's 
why even though the new genera¬ 
tion LaserJet 4M printer is built 
for the Macintosh, it will perform 
for DOS and Windows user's as 
well... automatically. Automatic 

language switching (between 
PCL 5 and PostScript) and three 
hot I/O ports (serial, parallel, 
and LocalThlk) make sure users 
are able to share the printer 
simultaneously. Without waiting. 

Also, because of the LaserJet 4M 
printer's two integrated paper 
trays (total capacity 350 sheets) 
and optional 500-sheet tray and 
power envelope feeder, you will 
save time, avoid paper-handling 
hassles, and gain flexibility. 

HP quality and reliability 

The new generation LaserJet 4M 
printer lets you epjoy the one 
particular no other Macintosh 
laser printer can offer—the 
quality and re- 

liability which v W 

comes with 
owning an HP 
peripheral. Not paper idling. 

to mention 300 ^ 600 ^' 

our out¬ 
where information about how to 
get the most from your printer is 
never more than aphone call away. 

Surprisingly affordable. 

Perhaps the most remarkable 
attribute of the new LaserJet 4M 
printer is the price—$2,999!* 

A breakthrough in its own right 
So call 1-800-LASERJET 
(1-800-527-3753), Ext. 7135 to 
receive a print sample** and 
comparison disk to see the 
quality for yourself J Or visit your 
nearest authorized HP dealer 
and see the printer built to add 
some polish to your Apple. 


Four times the dots lor 
better resolution. 

**Tb huw a LimtJl'I 4M primer cbiiishret sent immedtaufy via fox machine, call t£Ql>-9&i-li&67 from whit IwcMmic plmw tin Canada 

cbII i-SUXtST-ySlH. ExLTlIKi. Adobe and ftaaScripi are trade made* of Adobe Systems tncaipuiBUd wfurh may lx- registered in cert ain jurisdictions. 

Connect Your Mac'to Any Printer 
with the Grappler 

The Grappler II is the world's first networkable solution for non-Apple 5 
printers. It also works great tor any stand-alone Mac or PowerBook™. The 
Grappler II offers substantial savings by allowing users to connect low- 
cost HP LaserJets, inkjets, and Epson compatible LQ dot-matrix printers 
to their stand-alone or networked Mac. Its unique spooling software 
allows background printing while you continue to work on your Mac. 





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Circle 35 on reader service card. 



Character Flaws 

B uck in ihe '50s, so the story goes, the State Department 
was shown a computer program that translated be¬ 
tween English and Russian. Sitting down at the 
Teletype, the secretary of state typed* “The spirit is willing* but 
the flesh is weak,” and requested translation into Russian and 
back again. The computer whirred and blinked and printed out, 
“The wine is fine, but the meat is rotten,” 

That's pretty much the sort of performance we expected 
when we adopted the new technology of optical character 
recognition (OCR) to read the letters from our readers, back in 

IL took us a while to realize that the cleanup effort required to 
make the scanned-in text publishable could not begin to com¬ 
pete with administrative assistant Amanda Michael*s fast and 
accurate keyboard capability. And the OCR-induced errors 
weren't quite funny 
enough either* 

That was then. 

This is now. With the 
spate of new and up¬ 
graded OCR products 
on the market, it was 
high time to assess 
the state of the OCR 
art, and we put asso¬ 
ciate editor Elisa 
Welch on the job. 

We found out that 
the rate* if not the 
quality, of OCR er¬ 
rors has improved in the past three years. According to Elisa, 
“You need to think of OCR as an idiot savant with a photo¬ 
graphic memory, It can see everything dearly on a page 
without understanding what it means.” 

In other words, no spirit/wine errors — but no help from 
context either. Because it's visual* an OCR dictionary is differ¬ 
ent from a word processor's dictionary, explains Elisa; it 
interprets bit maps instead of keystrokes. In other words, it 
recognizes and matches shapes rather than letters. For ex¬ 
ample* whereas a spelling checker might make MacUser ma¬ 
cabre t OCR is more likely to confuse u and turning you into 

According to Elisa, about “the funniest example of OCR 
word mangling was when WYSIWYG was turned into 
boostgow" Although it may not seem smart to turn your 
typing over to an idiot savant that thinks WYSIWYG is a jail, 
OCR is often — with the right kinds of documents — good 
enough that it's easier to fix its errors than to type the text from 
scratch. And the latest crop of OCR packages is trainable, 
which means that you can make them smarter* 

Elisa sees OCR as a viable lime- and money-saving alterna¬ 
tive to hiring a temp for businesses that have a whole lot of 
relatively clean documents. 

Which means it's probably time to reinstate our use of OCR 
for the Letters column, relying on Amanda to steer us clear of 
the WYSIWYG hoosegow. 

— Nancy Groth 

10 January 1993 MacUser 

• .3, - tfflH B 



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Circle 62 on reader service card. 


D aan Strebe t of Tokyo, 
Japan, wrote a two-page 
dtesertatfon (with 
equations) to prove to us 
that Bob Levitus 1 Power 
User Test ("More Power to 
You,” September '92, page 
263) is really for nerds, not 
power users. Strobe defines 
a power user as "a person 
whose holistic concept of 
utility Leads him or her 
unerringly toward the most 
efficient method of problem 
solving and whose 
solutions require an 
uncommonly powerful Mac 
configuration.” On the other 
hand, a nerd is a person 
"who ruthlessly destroys 
his {rarely her) efficiency on 
the trivial pursuit of arcane 
ways to accomplish 
relatively infrequent tasks; 
a power waster*” Perhaps, 
Daan, but what do you call 
someone who takes power- 
user tests and then writes 
two-page dissertations 
(with equations) about them 
to the editor? 

WH,e t0 Letter ® to 
the Ed j t0l% c/o 

MacUser, 950 Tower Lane, 
18th Floor, Foster City, CA 
94404, or post your letter on 
the MacUser Forum of 

ZiffIMet/Mac, our 
' on-line service. 

All letters become 
the property of MacUser, 
and we reserve the right to 
edit any letters we print, 
Piease include a return 
address and a daytime 
phone number* 

Bortman’s Mobile Home 

Thank you for the new Mo¬ 
bile Mac column (“Synchro- 
rudtiy, M October *92, page 261)* 
I have recently acquired a Power- 
Book and am trying to switch 
from my paper Day-Timer to an 
eleetamic one* (Synchronizing 
files has been quite a challenge.) 
The article was very helpful, and 
I hope lo see more. I’d like to 
add an additional program to the 
list of PowerDook applications 
discussed by Henry Bortman* 
Zync, by Ricardo Batista, al¬ 
lows users to set up a Remote 
folder and a Local folder* The remote com¬ 
puter can be mounted automatically, and the 
two folders are compared for the most-recent 
versions. Zync has the same downfalls as the 
programs mentioned in Bortman’s article; 
however, it is freeware and available on 
America Online. What more could one ask? 
Eric Hards 
Campbell, CA 

Dear Mr. Sculley 

There's a lot ot dusty software out there* 
if the continuing stream of letters answering 
September's shelfware question is anything 
to go by. Maybe someone should start a 
software mausoleum — er, museum — for 
programs such as (remember these?) 
Ashton-Tates dBASE Mac and Full Write 
Professional, Lotus' Jazz, Target's Scoop, 
and more. 

Integrated packages, which try to be all 
things to all people, languish in several clos¬ 
ets. Louis Skulnlck, of Buffalo Grove, Illi¬ 
nois, bought Jazz over Microsoft Works but 
soon abandoned it when he discovered that 
he couldn't copy it. strongly believe that 
because of its copy-protection obsession, 
Lotus destroyed any chance Jazz had at 
industry acceptance and then left it to die — 
rather than adapt" Not surprisingly, his other 
shelfware Is copy-protection-buster Copy II 

Lest you think only software gets shelved, 
several readers have tossed hardware into 
their closets, Mike Taylor, of San Antonio. 
Texas, writes fondly of his now-obsolete 
DA3GH 2048. purchased for his Mac 512Ke, 
H lr was a lightning-fast disk drive that even 
today flies beyond the fastest of hard drives," 
From Jackson. Wyoming. David Swift of¬ 
fers: "A Rodime 20, A Seagate 20, A 
Mintscribe 40. All dead as doornails well 
before the MTBF, after warranty. Moral: Buy 

And what about utilities, IN ITS, cdevs* 
and so on? “My QuicKeys2 Is gathering 
dust* because the manufacturer, CE Soft¬ 
ware. had assured me before I bought ft that 

I looked forward with great anticipation to 
your new column Mobile Mac, by Henry 
Bortman* But, golly, poor Henry! So far, 
both columns have been so filled with whin¬ 
ing and complaining and wishful self-indul¬ 
gence that I haven't learned a thing about 
PowerBooks from him. The idea for a help 
column on PowerBooks is a great one, but — 
really — couldn't you have it written by 
someone who enjoys using a PowerBook? 

Kate Bernstein 

San Francisco, CA 

What’s in a Word? 

Although I agree with most of your as¬ 
sessments of Mac Write and Word 5,0 (“The 
Right Word Processor,” September ’92, page 
100), you completely ignored one aspect of 
these word-processing programs: their mul¬ 
tilingual capabilities. 

I occasionally draft letters in French. I 
have a French version of MacWrite IL with a 
reasonable French dictionary that works well* 
fit certainly works better than that of the 
previous MacWrite, in which the English 

it could make the letter H o p with a macron 
over It, tike this + 5, ! writes Walter H* Drew, of 
Florence, Oregon. “But QuicKeys2 can't 
make an ‘6/ a character that is necessary in 
order to print standard Japanese text in 
romanized letters* QuicKeys2 does macros „ 
not macrons. If you want to type an d,’ get 
Ares Software's FontMonger*" 

Randy Lewis, of Palo Alto, California, 
steers dear of ResEdit. u l don't understand 
how to use It, and It seems to have the very 
powerful potential to make a real mess out 
of my system.” He switched to Norton Utili¬ 
ties but adds, “It crashed so many times in 
the first week that I had to wear a crash 
helmet when I sat at the keyboard." 

J, Reviere, of Conroe, Texas, sent in a 
laundry list of his dirty dozen, which included 
FullWrite Pro and Microsoft Works* He's 
probably the only one who views After Dark 
as pass£, because he saw “an interview 
with Houston's superintendent of schools 
the other day . . . there behind him: a Mac 
llsi with Warp' running.” 

This month, with the Apple/IBM alliance 
in full swing, companies that would be con¬ 
sidered strange bedfellows are Joining forces. 
Word on the street Is that Microsoft and 
Nintendo are getting together. What's next? 
Super MarioWorks? 

Speak Up: 

What companies should Apple form 
alliances with, and why? 

Send your thoughts to Dear Mr Scuttey f 
c/o MacUser, 950 Tower Lane ( 18th Floor, 
Foster City , CA 94404 * 

MacUser January 1993 13 



Captains Log: Stadale 1992 

On our 
mission to 

found ourselves surrounded by Klingons! 

I ashed 
Mr, Spook 

Dr, McCoy 
tor a full 

Bones said 

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and the French versions were often con¬ 
fused when you launched the application 
from a file.) 

Another criterion for evaluating word 
processors could be the ability to de¬ 
velop shortcuts for foreign-language ac¬ 
cents and — more important — univer¬ 
sal commands for the different languages. 

Paul Vilandr£ 

Menlo Park, CA 

i have been reading Mac User since its 
inception, and your September ’92 issue 
was one of the best thus far. As a Mac 
Plus owner, I appreciated “New Life for 
Old Macs" (page 132); I have been wail¬ 
ing for and needing such an article for 
many months. Don Crabb's suggestions 
were appropriate for the “average," lim¬ 
ited-income Mac user, and the candid 
pro-and-con upgrade suggestions were 
helpful and right on target, “The MacUser 
Shareware Awards" (page 152) was also 
excellent for Mac owners (like me) who 
prefer to pay $10 to $20 for software that 
usually suits my needs better than SI00 
software that has many unnecessary 

The article on Mac word processors 
(page 100) was informative, but like other 
reviews of Mac word-processing appli¬ 
cations, it neglects the purpose of the 
programs in favor of rating them accord¬ 
ing to the number of functions and how 
accessible those functions are to users. 
As a student, I use my word-processing 
program on my PowerBook constantly. 
My professors don't care if I use Word 
5,0, and they can't stand boldface or 
shadow-style fonts. Essays don't require 
style sheets, table-of-contents capabili¬ 
ties, or extensive graphics features. They 
just need to look presentable and offer a 
clear, well-written argument. 

The word processor judged the best 
should be the one that (depending on 
your needs) lets your work be the best. 
For most of my writing, I need a blank 
page, simple formatting, a thesaurus, spell 
checking, and reliability. Features such 
as built-in graphics capability, mail 
merge, and page layout are great to have 
on call, but I urge software publishers to 
make the features unobtrusive and let 
writers write with word processors. Why 
don't we have a Hide Features command 
in word processors that gives users a 
blank page without menus or rulers? 

In the future, I urge you to consider 
how easy it is to do one's work with an 
application. Sometimes the best solution 

(even in computing) is the simplest. 

Pete Chane 

Madison, WI 

Who’s Spoolin’ Who? 

You were too quick to award four 
mice for the SuperLaserSpool applica¬ 
tion (Quick Clicks, October '92, page 
83). It's advertised as being compatible 
with the Apple ImageWriter II, but it 
isn't. The printer slows to priming for 
five seconds and resting for eight sec¬ 
onds. With ATM, printing is almost non¬ 

One of Fifth Generation's technical- 
support crew admitted that SLS has a 
conflict with the ImageWriter II printer, 
which the company hasn't been able to 
correct; yet in its manual, it claims that 
there is no problem. 

David Walters 

Monterey Park, CA 

Fifth Generation maintains its claim 
of compatibility, but if we had managed 
to dig up an ImageWriter II and found 
the conflict you describe, we would have 
reported it. In any case , we have to won¬ 
der: Is an ImageWriter II really the right 
printer for someone who cares about 
speed as much as you do? — KO 

Facts on Macs and VAX 

I enjoyed the article “Double Features: 
Working with Macs and PCs” in the Oc¬ 
tober '92 issue (Buyer's Guide page 10). 
I was working in an environment that 
included character-based terminals on 
VAX hardware and PCs, and there were 
tremendous productivity advantages once 
we'd purchased WordPerfect 5.1 for 
VMS. The ability to pass files between 
platforms and not lose layout informa¬ 
tion seemed almost magical when we 
first started doing it. 

One possibility that was not discussed 
in the section on file-translation soft¬ 
ware is to use networking software and 
hardware rather than an application trans¬ 
lation to floppy disk. Digital's PathWorks 
automatically translates file formats while 
networking files across different plat¬ 
forms. PathWorks is a series of products 
that includes a server (or servers) run¬ 
ning VMS, Ultrix (DEC'S UNIX), OS/2, 
MS-DOS, UNIX, or the Macintosh oper¬ 
ating system. The server appears as one 
or more disk drives on the clients, and 
files can be written or read to them with 
software that does whatever translation 
is necessai^ to convert the file. This 
network software includes additional 

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Available from resellers everywhere 
including MacZone 


features such as print-resource sharing 
and file security. 

I imagine that other vendors are offer¬ 
ing similar products, but I wanted to em¬ 
phasize the tremendous productivity in¬ 
crease a network solution offers, for about 
the cost of installing another hard drive. 

Lyle Schofield 

Columbia, MD 

The Vanishing Point 

In the bio of David Biedny that ac¬ 
companies “The Third Dimension” {Sep¬ 
tember '92, page 114), Biedny states that 
life is "a 3-D movie that doesn’t need 
special glasses.” After reading his evalu- 
ation of the Electric I mage Animation 
System, I suspect he does need glasses. 

How can a rendering progran \ that does 
not provide ray tracing or even shadows 
receive the highest rating in the Rendering 
Quality category? Even more laughable 
was his nomination of this ridiculously 
overpriced program — which can't cre¬ 
ate models, and has (in Biedny's words) 
“very weak documentation” and “rela¬ 
tively weak animation” — as a price/ 
performance winner! 

For Electriclmage's price of $7,500 
(which doesn’t include the price of a 
decent front-end modeler), a user could 
purchase Strata's StrataVision 3d, a 
couple of Radius Rockets, and Strata's 
RenderPro to get a very competitive ren¬ 
dering engine with superior graphics. 

Image quality is understandably sub¬ 
jective. By adding benchmarks and sam¬ 
ple images of identical scenes rendered 
by the products being tested, Mac User 
could give its readers the information 
they need to form their own conclusions. 

Michael Steiner 

Indianapolis, IN 

One of the main purposes of the ar¬ 
ticle waj to focus on the differences in 
the requirements of different groups of 
Mac 3-D users . Although StrataVision is 
a fine example of an inexpensive inte¬ 
grated modeler and renderer and a fine 
choice for certain people , it Simply 
doesn ? offer many of the advanced pro¬ 
duction and broadcast-oriented features 
found in Electridmage, The two prod¬ 
ucts are clearly meant for different audi¬ 
ences. Based on my own experiences and 
countless discussions f had with high- 
end 3-D users while researching and writ¬ 
ing the article, Electriclmage consistently 
turned up as the most popular high-end 
production-oriented rendering and ani¬ 
mation product. As for benchmarks , see 

"Network Renderers: Drawing on All 
Resources " in this issue . — DB 

That Apple Must Have Hurt 

After reading John C Dvorak's “I Sack 
Newton!” (September '92, page 394), I 
just had to write in disagree mem. First of 
all, Dvorak states, “Technology doesn’t 
advance in sudden leaps and bounds.” 
He's right, of course. He is mistaken, 
however, when he implies that the New¬ 
ton is a "leap” in technology. This small, 
pen-based system combines a touch-sen¬ 
sitive screen, a stylus, and OCR soft¬ 
ware, things that have been around for 
quite a while and have proved them¬ 
selves in everyday use. 

The only thing a $16 store-bought 
computer can do is add, subtract, multi¬ 
ply, and divide and perform a few other 
mathematical functions. A Newton for 
$995 is inexpensive, because of what 
you get for the price! I’m sorry, but al¬ 
though a clipboard and a pencil cost about 
$990 less, they don't do as much as a 

Dvorak should spend less time grip¬ 
ing about secondary matters and focus 
on real problems. He spends 14 words 
talking about real problems such as bat¬ 
teries and screen size but never once 
offers uses for the Newton. 

Joshua Senecal 

Spring Valley, CA 

I agree with Dvorak that at around 
$ 1,000, Newtons are not inexpensive and 
therefore must be handled with care, but 
it's kind of pathetic to say that pen com¬ 
puting is not going to succeed unless the 
machines are as unbreakable as a piece 
of paper. The Newton is much like any 
high-tech consumer-electronics product 
— and you don't see people freaking out 
about dropping a camcorder. 

After he bashes screen size, battei^ 
duration, and handwriting recognition, 
Dvorak says that there are better solu¬ 
tions that cost less — pads of paper. But 
imagine a computer behind the paper 
that would straighten out drawings, for¬ 
mat letters, insert spaces, and provide 
various electronic forms with automatic 
checks to validate user input, and you 
can imagine the possibilities. 

I disagree that “throwing silicon tech¬ 
nology at [old technologies or anything 
that already works well] is an incredible 
waste of technological resources.” On 
the contrary, it's a great opportunity to 
use silicon technology to improve a piece 

ext. 21 £^3 

It can pick a fly out of your pea soup. 
It never feints at the sight of blood 
It can digest a whale in 60 seconds. 

While these may not be the qualities you 
want in a dinner date, they may be precisely what 
you're looking for in a color scanner. 

If so, meet the new UMAX UC840. Built 
using the same high-quality technologies that 
recently earned our other color scanners top 
marks from both MacLJser and PC Computing. 

The UC840 renders halftones, line art and 
text with hard-to-believe clarity and detail 
(800x400 dpi, to be exact). In fact, through soft¬ 
ware interpolation, you can get up to 1600 X1600 
dpi! Details that competitive scanners can lose 
sight of—like the wings of that annoying little 
fly - come through with particular clarity. 

WUh the 
UMAX Trans¬ 
parency unit, 
you'II gel maximum 
accuracy and flexibility. 

Revolutionary one-lamp scanning and auto¬ 
calibration systems virtually guarantee that colors 
remain absolutely true to the original. (Blue blood 
may be fine for aristocrats, but the rest of us still 
prefer a nice, bright red.) 

We'd also like to make a point about speed, 
if you have a minute. Because that's about all it 
takes the UC840 to scan a 4 x 5-inch color image 


Maximize your imaged 

(other scanners can take two to five times as long). 

And if you have a few more seconds, we f ll 
give you a few more important facts: The dynamic 
range is wide enough to read the most subtle dif¬ 
ferences between 16.8 million 24-bit colors, and 
256 shades of gray. It's both Macintosh and PC- 
compatible. And image editing software is 
included, free of charge. If that weren't enough, 
the UCS40 is incredibly easy to maintain. We even 
offer 48-hour turn around in the unlikely case 
repairs are required. 

Call 800-562-0311 today, and we'll tell you 
where to catch a demonstration of the new UC840. 
(Feel free to bring along your dinner date.) 

CK92 UMAX Technologies Jnc. 7Q Commit Drive. Sant* Clam. CA 0505J. Iv$m2-0771. Fai40$m2~Q776. UMAX a a registered trademark of UMAX Dala Systems, ine "Misimite 'tout Imifp* is a trademark of UMAX 

Technologies, Inc. Other company names .*nd produel n.smes d re trademarks of I heir respective companies. 

Circle 145 on reader service card. 


Rie Synchronization 


Are you: 

* Having trouble keeping track of the latest 
version of your files when you move them 
back and forth between your PowerBook™ 
and your Desktop Mac? 

* Modifying files on your home Mac and 
need to have them updated on the office 

* Adding to a database when on the road, 
while back at the office, changes may have 
been made to the same database, and there 
is no simple way to determine if the file has 
changed on both computers? 

If you are experiencing any of these 
problems, you need PowerMerge, 
PowerMerge provides you with a simple and 
automatic way to keep track of the latest 
version of your files if you use more than one 
Macintosh" computer! 

* Precise Control of which files, folders or 
disks will be synchronized 

* Drag & Drop ease of use 

* Visually review al! updates before they 

* Inclusion or Exclusion of individual 
disks, folders, files, creators or kinds 

* Bidirectional Updates 

* Disk Locking allows single direction 

* Conflict Notification if changes have 
been made to a file on both computers 
since updating. 

* Unlimited setups can be created and 
saved for future synchronization 

* A History Log provides you with a 
record of every file that was updated 

* Works between any two Macs or disks 
via network or removable media 

Order Now from resellers everywhere 

1(800) 255-6227 


Call: (800) 922-1787 

Fax (714)757-1777 
4590 MacArthur Blvd., Suite 550 
Newport Beach, CA 92660 

Circle 44 on reader service card. 

of paper Unlike current computer tech¬ 
nology, an electronic notepad should 
work seamlessly and transparently, al¬ 
lowing the user to focus on the problem 
at hand and not on the tool being used. 

Finally, why is “a computerized note¬ 
pad just plain stupid”? I usually sketch 
diagrams and ideas first on a paper 
notepad before typing or redrawing it on 
a computer, because ideas don’t always 
come to mind when I am sitting in front 
of a computer screen. An electronic 
notepad would allow me to quickly record 
the ideas and would also provide me 
with tools for manipulating and organ iz- 
ing this information. 

Carlos Bazzarella 

San Mateo, CA 

Mouse-to^Mouth Recitation 

The prospect of pocket-sized portabil¬ 
ity and huge memory is marvelous, but 
to me the abandonment of the mouse and 
the keyboard, already happening with 
the Newton, is a step backward. I don't 
want to handwrite information to my 
Mac; my writing is terrible and much 
slower than my typing. 

1 also don't want to give voice com¬ 
mands. I often use my Mac late at night, 
and I don’t want to disturb the rest of the 
household by talking to my Mac. I can 
imagine the cacophony that would result 
in an office setting with whole rooms full 
of people talking to their Macs. One ad¬ 
vantage of computers in general is that 
they are quiet compared with typewriters 
and old-fashioned adding machines. 
What’s to keep one Mac from reacting to 
a command meant for the one at the next 
desk, if that operator has a louder voice? 

1 can see the advantage of the pres¬ 
sure-sensitive pen for graphics, but please 
don’t make me go back to handwriting 
my letters and lists. 

Mary M, Austrian 

Scottsdale, AZ 

River Deep, Margin High 

Earth to Dvorak?! Your comments on 
what Apple should do (“Hail to the 
Chief,” October '92, page 378) show how 
far out of touch you are with the Mac, the 
computer industry, and general business. 

If an engineer told me he wanted to 
put a Mac If into a traffic sign, f would 
promptly show him the door. Even at 
$300, the Mac as a dedicated controller 
would be a w r aste. The Mae’s best use is 
as a general-purpose computer. It can 
run database, page-I ay out, spreadsheet. 

and word-processing programs; main¬ 
frame links; terminal emulators; multi- 
media; and whatever else — all at the 
same time (no expanded or extended 
memory, and no need to edit your 
WTNIN1.SYS file for this or that soft¬ 
ware). An IBM PC is a wiser choice for a 
traffic sign, because it is better (cheaper!) 
at any one of these tasks. Let the Mac 
control all the traffic signs from the city 
planner’s desk! 

I wonder why you haven’t been asked 
to run Apple. You seem to be full of 
these great ideas. A low priced, high- 
margin Mac .. . hmm . .. sounds like an 
LC to me. Although the margins may not 
be high, it can do what any other Mac 
can do. The problem is that you shop like 
an IBMer, looking only at price. You 
should be shopping to fit your needs! If 
you look at what you want to do with a 
computer, an LC can outperform mosL 
IBM PC 386s — and it costs less! You 
should evaluate systems as a whole, not 
just in terms of the cost of the hardware. 

Dan Guenst 

Technical Training Center 

U.S. Postal Service 

Oklahoma City, OK 

Just the Fax, Ma’am 

Please can you tell the advertisers in 
Mac User that the world doesn’t slop at 
the shores of the Pacific and the Atlantic 
and the Canadian and Mexican borders! 

The majority of your advertisers pub¬ 
lish only toll-free 800 numbers. Great if 
you're in the United States but useless if 
you’re trying to be an international cus¬ 
tomer. If these companies want business 
from foreign customers, then they must 
also publish their normal phone number 
along with their full address and that 
most useful of things — their fax number. 

We have credit cards too and lots of 
dollars to spend, so please remember us 
when you lay out your ads. Even Mac- 
User is guilty of not publishing an edito¬ 
rial fax number! 

Andrew R. Bennett 

Harrogate, North Yorkshire 


Oitr editorial fax number is 415-378- 
5675 . - PP ^ 


In the October issue on page 46. 
the toll-free number for QMS is in¬ 
correct. The correct number is 800- 

Few things 

have taken off 

so fast 

Out of the blocks to number one in a scant 
six months. Few things this side of NASA have 
ever experienced this kind of blast-off. 

Because nobody else has figured out how 
to combine word processing, graphics, spread¬ 
sheet, charting, database, 
and communications 
quite like ClarisWorksr 
No awkward modules, 
no hidden speed traps. 

Simply, ClarisWorks 
has caught on so fast 
because it’s so easy to 
catch on to. All the tools you need are always 
right there. And because it doesn’t devour 
memory, ClarisWorks still leaves a 
PowerBook with room for volumes. 

But don’t just take our word for it. 
“ClarisWorks is now the yardstick against 
which other integrated software programs 
will be measured’’ lauds MacWeek. “A stand¬ 
out...a breakthrough in price and capability,’ 
raves MacUser. 

Of course, the best way to see why 
ClarisWorks soars above the rest is to strap 
yourself in at your authorized Claris dealer. 

Just call us at 1-800-544-8554, ext. 36. 

Then get your hands on ClarisWorks. 
And blast through work. 


Simply powerful software. 

Among industry cipetfs, 
regard for ClarisWorks 
has obviously sourc'd. 

©1992 Clark Corporation. All right* reserved. In Canada, call l-HtXffcMLKyAK, ext. Claris is a registered trademark. ClarisWorks and Simply powerful software an: trademarks of Qaris Corporation. 
AH other prtxliiL i names arc trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owner*. 


Regardless of how complex the material 
you’ve stored, it’s quite simple for it all to 
be ruined by the most minute dust or dirt 
particle. 1b combat contamination and pro¬ 
vide optimum performance, Maxell 
developed an exclusive multi-layer 
liner. This new liner continuously 
cleans the disk’s surface, trapping 
contaminants in the inner layer 
of the fibers and keeping them 
away from the magnetic surface. 



Computers have come a long way, 
and so have floppy disks, lb keep 
up with the latest in personal and 
laptop computers, Maxell has 
invested significant, amounts of time 
and money into disk research. As a 
result, Maxell created the new Super 
RD II. The next generation floppy disk 
for the new age of personal computing. 

the Super 



-.' k 





The new Super RD II utilizes a special lubricant on 
the magnetic disk which makes it spin more effi¬ 
ciently, thus reducing the amount of battery power 
required by your laptop or notebook disk drive. 
So not only does the new Super RD II offer a 
purer and safer environment for your data, it 
also offers a way to work with purer, safer 
data longer. 

RD II from Maxell. 


Accidents happen. That’s why Maxell devel¬ 
oped its unique Dual Interlocking flex 
shutter. The flex shutter firmly adheres to 
the shell, keeping out contaminants that can 
scratch the disk surface. And the dual inter¬ 
locking pins provide a secure fit, making the 
disk durable enough to survive the trauma 
of being dropped without compromising 
the Super RD IPs read-write capability. 


Vh” 10 PCS. 


micro-pi sque souri-b _ 



Always a generation ahead. 

Maxell Corporation of America, 22-08 Route 208, Fair Lawn. NJ 07410, In Canada call Griflco Marketing at 416-625-6559. 

Circle 80 on reader service card. 

■Wffttf M UUft&U J>X{II Jo apvutjpwt&Wf&u JP s^jpw^pji Up tttuet* pratf ?fly wtfffluyH/ puvfyje ifimtupui i> n mrrty Vtof -uifyjmfUl pveiy 

/ Ei hernet Sol utiqns Em ali. your networking Needs. } 

No One Has A More Complete Family 
Of Ethernet Products Than Asante. 

Choosing the perfect Ethernet* solution is a snap. 
Whether you need a single adapter Gird or a complete sys- 
tern, all you have to do is turn to 
the proven leader in Macintosh** 
networking. Asante m . 

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lOBiiscT cardfhm the Ammi fine. " 
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award-winning cards providing Ethernet connectivity for 
every Macintosh platform—including solutions diat will let 
you connect to future generations of Ethernet. 

A Fully-Integrated Family. 

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Of Mac tthauel Cards, \^)\ 

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A Full Line Of Ethernet Solutions. 

At Asante, excellence runs in the family. It shows in 
everydiing we do, from the industry's first smart hub with 
MW both in-band and out-of-band network manage- 
IHH>a menr for both Macs* and PCs using the same 
GUI, to AsantePrint, our new Ethemet-to-LocalTalk m 
converter for laser printers. 

In addition, the Asante family features a full line of Token Ring* products for the PC and Macintosh. Resellers: 
non-intelligent lOBaseThubs with 8 or hm A (~\ A \ ~\ r - Asante products are available from 

12 ports. And the widest range of * yE-j | | \j | ^ Ingram Micro, Merisel and Tech Data. 

All The Right Connections'" 

- I Asimti Technologies, 821 Fox lone, Son Jose, G4 95131, 800-662-9686 or 408-435-8388 } - 

Circle 81 on reader service card. 

When you get the Asante Ethernet 
family together, you can be sure of seam¬ 
less networking. That's why we're #1 in 
the eyes of independent industry analysts, 
and with LAN managers everywhere. 

So if you want a picture-perfect 
Ethernet network, all you need to remem¬ 
ber is Asante. We also offer a full line of 

/wne 1972 


Geniuses at Work 

As the Macintosh 
turns nine this 
month, here’s a 
celebration of 
some of the latest 
flashes of 
brilliance that 
keep it fresh and 

M aybe it’s one of those left-brain/ 
right-brain things, but Mac users 
seem lo have a special affinity for 
certain things that display a characteristic 
elegance, an extraordinary simplicity, or a 
flair for ingenuity. Life's little gems of ge¬ 
nius —such as Calvin and Hobbes, National 
Public Radio, Ben & Jerry's Cherry Garcia, 
or "Star Trek" (especially "The Next Gen¬ 
eration") — seem lo strike an unusually loud 
chord among Mac users. 

The Macintosh environment is full of little 
details that separate the truly user-friendly 
machines from the Windows-come-late lies. 
Although the differences may have grown 
less obvious, the gulf separating the Mac 
from the competition certainly hasn’t less¬ 
ened any. Here’s a sampling of some of the 
details that continue to make the Mac a unique 
pleasure lo work with. 

The PowerBook Duos are a good place to. 
start. The Duo system is chock full of design 
details that could come only from a company 
that controls both the computer hardware 
and the overall operating environment For 
example* the Duos know to automatically go 
to sleep to conserve battery life when you 
shut the lid. The whole docking strategy is 
intelligently designed to prevent you from 
making mistakes. Unlike PC-compatible 
dockers, the Duo Docks don’t let you yyuk 
the notebook out of the docking station in Lhe 
middle of a file transfer. 

And there’s a less obvious and undocu¬ 
mented cleverness built in to the whole con¬ 
cept of a docking station. Many companies 
have a one-cmployee/one-CPU policy. Al¬ 
though you may not be able to get approval 
for both a desktop machine and a notebook 
computer* u docking system offers you a 
loophole: Gel one CPU (a dockable note¬ 
book) and a collection of peripherals (a dock¬ 
ing station* an external color monitor, and a 
full-si^ed keyboard) for your desktop. 

Designer Genius 

Check out the latest new software, and 
you’ll always find a bumper crop of new 
tools that show a flair for genius. Aldus’ 
IntelliDraw is the home or two of my current 
favorites: the Symmetrigon and the Con¬ 
nect igon. The Symmetrigon makes drawing 
an infinite variety of symmetric shapes 
simple* and the Connection eliminates the 
hassles of making certain that comers and 
edges are precisely aligned. 

The latest version of Microsoft’s Power¬ 
Point features a loo) that earns kudos both for 
what it does and for its nickname. The "Cali¬ 
fornia" drawing tool (officially called the 
Freeform tool) lets you create shapes that 
include freehand curves as well as straight 
lines. (If you’re familiar with the geographic 
outline of the Golden State, you’ll see how 
the tool gets its nickname.) 

The software included with the Kensington 
Microware Turbo Mouse is an unexpected 
bonus that transforms a fine trackball into a 
real productivity booster. The Brilliant Cur¬ 
sor feature, for example, lets you assign re¬ 
gions on your screen that allow the trackball 
to instantly and precisely teleport the cursor 
across your monitor at warp speed. 

When competition and innovation com¬ 
bine to fuel the flames of innovation, a con¬ 
tinual stream of solutions that leapfrog one 
another is the result. When Apple left some 
key features out of the Power Books (such as 
battery management and key board-level se¬ 
curity), Connect! x was quick on the scene 
with the release of CPU (Connectix Power- 
Book Utilities). And now. a scant couple of 
months later. After Hours’ just-released suite 
of PowerBook utilities—called GUM (Guy’s 
Utilities for Macintosh) — ups the ante* add¬ 
ing a variety of user-customizable options 
that let you tailor your PowerBook 10 auto¬ 
matically adjust its operation, on the fly, to 
your particular circumstances. (But the most 
impressive thing about GUM has nothing to 
do with PowerBooks: GUM lets you banish 
that pesky Balloon Help from your menu bar 
just by checking a box.) You can be sure that 
new players and new versions will keep the 
one-upmanship going in thus arena for quite a 

Sometimes what goes on behind the scenes 
is almost as good as what shows up in the 
products. From this month’s mailbag comes 
a press release from game maker Spectrum 
HoloByte, which has named William 
Figueroa as its national spokesperson for its 
Ward Iris game. If the name William Figueroa 
sounds vaguely familiar, it should: Figueroa 
is the 12-year-old boy who made the correct 
spelling of spuds one of 1992’s most notori¬ 
ous political hot potatoes (and* yes* Dan, it 
docs get an e for the plural). 

Sometimes it’s a turn of phrase that re¬ 
veals the vision behind a product or a mar¬ 
keting strategy. Fred Ebrahimi, CEO/prcsi- 
dem of Quark* once told me he attributes 

MacUser January 1993 23 


Quark's success to what he calls the Jimi 
Hendrix strategy: Build a loyal follow¬ 
ing in smaller, European markets, and 
success in the U + S> will inevitably fol¬ 
low. (Fred also has a knack for well- 
turned mixed metaphors — or should 

that be nixed metaphors? — that rivals 
the legendary talents of Samuel Goldwyn 
and Yogi Berra. Describing the plight of 
hapless software users, he once explained 
how some software vendors insult their 
customers by “adding salt to injury.”) 



Any Swivel 3D user can upgrade to 
Injini-D for only $395! Call us 
today if you want to end 


Call (41 3) S49-7600, and we’ll 
send you a free interactive demo 
tour showing how Infini-Dcan 
transform your ideas into reality. 

INFINI-D 2.0! 

A blistering-fast new Tenderer, 
broadcast quality anti-aliasing, EPS 
import and QuickTime'" support! 

tnfim-D has the tools you need to ttwifr the professional 
quality 3D graphics your clients want. 

Specular International 

233 North Pleasant Street * P.Q. Box BBS 
Amherst, MA Q1004-0888 
Phone (413) 549-7600 * FAX (413) 549 1531 

mieWHeer §1992 Sieve fAxkenjiujm/TolKlio, OH. Wlnt-D'** is i tfjdwrufk 
ol Specular In[«national. Lid. MidlllOill® ii a tc^iuefed trademark of Apple 
Computer, Inc Swivel iD ,M is. a Irademark of M.v roMedi.v IfK. 

*1992 Specular, Lid. All righli rewived. 

High quality 3D graphics are taking the 
world by storm, creating a powerful new 
medium to visualize, present and sell ideas. 

Infini-D's design-oriented modeler, photo¬ 
realistic tenderer, and easy-to-use animator 
have been praised by industry experts and 
novices alike for bringing professional 3D 
graphics into reach. Whether you use 3D 
now, or are looking for the right place to 
start, Infini-D's unassuming interface will 
enable you to create 
dazzling images and 
animations you never 
thought possible 
from your Macintosh® 

Infini-D has become 
the tool of choice in 
broadcast media, 
package design, adver¬ 
tising, and other pro¬ 
fessions where success depends on the persua¬ 
sive communication of ideas. 

Sell the idea. With Infini-D. 

Circle 87 on reader service card. 

It*s AIK in the Genius 

You know those “genius grants” you 
hear about every year or so? They come 
with no strings attached and are designed 
solely to allow brilliant people to focus 
on new ideas, without regard for how or 
when they might pay off. If anyone in 
the Mac business deserves one of those 
grants, it 1 s the folks at The Voyager Com¬ 
pany. Voyager is responsible for a string 
of educational and entertaining CD- 
ROMs and videodiscs that never fail to 
delight. Its Expanded Books series of 
current best-sellers and classic works of 
literature on-disc has begun to transform 
the way we interact with the written word. 

Why carry around a PowerRook in¬ 
stead of a paperback? If you like to 
have several books in progress (or for 

You know those ‘genius 
grants’ you hear about? 

If anyone in the Mac 
business deserves one, 
it’s the folks at The 
Voyager Company. 

reference) handy, you can easily keep an 
entire library on yonr PowerBook. (Even 
a single fat hardback can be burdensome; 
at two and a quarter pounds, Genius, 
James Gleick\s highly recommended bi¬ 
ography of physicist/gadfly Richard 
Feynman, weighs in at more than half 
the heft of a PowerBook Duo 230.) 

Electronic reading also lets you in¬ 
stantly check back all references to a 
particular character or theme. That's es¬ 
pecially welcome when you resume 
where you left off midway in a novel and 
need to remind yourself of who did what 
to whom with the candlestick in the con¬ 
servatory, 150 pages and two weeks ago. 

Finally, Fd like to direct your atten¬ 
tion to a colorful brilliance in our own 
midst. The look and feel of many of the 
technical and special-interest sections of 
Mac User are largely due to the whimsi¬ 
cal, elegant, and insightful graphics from 
the electronic pen of technical illustrator 
Mark Sweeney. While Mark is on medi¬ 
cal leave for an issue or two, you'll be 
seeing the work of several guest artists. 
And much as we're sure you'll enjoy 
their work, we wish Mark a speedy re¬ 
covery and look forward to the return of 
his strokes of genius, 

24 January 1993 Mac User 

America's Most Popular 
Macintosh Workshops 
Now On Video 

Speed Learning 

Most people are amazed. They need train¬ 
ing. They hate reading manuals and they 
don't want to pay huge su ms for local Maci n- 
tosh training. At first they feel like giving up 
in frustration. Then someone tells them 
about MacAcademy's unique and valuable 
Video Training Library, 

The Price 

The first benefit of the training library is 
the price, Bach video is only $49. While 
other training companies have raised their 
prices out of sight, Mac Academy videos 
cost the same as five years ago. 


The next bit of good news is the huge 
selection of training videos available from 
MaeAcademy. Below you will find a sam¬ 
pling of the videos currently available. 


No blurry screens. No paid actors reading 
scripts. No frills. Each MaeAcademy video 
features one of our top trainers recreating 
the classroom atmosphere and teaching you 
each program from start to finish. 


Many of our customers say our videos cut 
their learning curve by up to 70%! Videos 
give you the ability to actually see each 
technique on the Macintosh screen. The 
video allows you to replay, to fast-forward, 
or to find any particular technique immedi¬ 
ately by using our unique counter system. 

MaeAcademy videos make excellent learn¬ 
ing libraries for companies, schools, indi¬ 
viduals, and clubs. They can be watched 
over and over and can even be projected to 
targe groups. New employees can take them 
home and learn on their own. 


MaeAcademy is the winner of the 1992 
MACWORLD World Class Award. Read¬ 
ers chose MaeAcademy as the top trainer in 
the nation. No other organization even came 
close! When itcomes to training, MacAcad- 
emy has the best reputation in the business. 
You deserve World Class training at an 
extremely low price. In addition, all videos 
carry a complete 30 day guarantee. 

30 Day Money - Back Guarantee . If 

you r re not totally satisfied simply send 
the videos back for a full refund. 

To Order 

Call 800-527-1914 with credit card or pur¬ 
chase order info or mail or FAX your order 
to the address and number below. Add $3 
plus $ 1/video shipping and handling. 

Acius 4th Dimension Video #1 
Acius 4th Dimension Video #2 
Acius 4th Dimension Video #3 
Acius 4th Dimension Video #4 
Adobe Illustrator 3.2 Video #1 
Adobe Illustrator 3.2 Video #2 
Adobe Illustrator 3.2 Video #3 
Adobe Photoshop Video #1 
Adobe Photoshop Video #2 
Adobe Photoshop Video #3 
Aldus Freehand Video #1 
Aldus Freehand Video #2 
Aldus Freehand Video #3 
Aldus PageMaker Video #1 
Aldus PageMaker Video #2 
Aldus PageMaker Video #3 
Aldus PageMaker Video #4 
Aldus Persuasion Video #1 
Aldus Persuasion Video #2 
Aldus SuperPaint Video #1 
Aldus SuperPaint Video #2 
Aldus SuperPaint Video #3 


Claris FileMaker Pro Video #1 Z 

Claris FileMaker Pro Video #2 Z 

Claris FileMaker Pro Video #3 Z 

Claris MacDraw Pro Video #1 Z 

Claris MacDraw Pro Video #2 Z 

Claris Mac Project II Video #1 Z 

Claris Mac Project II Video #2 Z 

Claris MacProjeci II Video #3 Z 

Claris MacWrite II Video #1 HI 

Claris MacWrite II Video #2 □ 

ClarisWorks Video #1 □ 

ClarisWorks Video #2 Z 

ClarisWorks Video #3 Zl 

ClarisWorks Video #4 Zl 

Deneba Canvas Video # I Zl 

Dencba Canvas Video #2 Zl 

Deneba Canvas Video #3 Zl 

Claris HyperCard Video #1 Z 

Claris HyperCard Video #2 Z 

Claris HyperCard Video #3 Z 

Intuit Quicken Video #1 Z 

Intuit Quicken Video #2 IZ 

Videos can be updated upon release of new 
software versions for only $ 14.95. 


Lotus 1-2-3 Video #1 
Lotus 1-2-3 Video #2 
Lotus 1-2-3 Video #3 
Macintosh (6.0 or 7.0) Video #1 
Macintosh (6,0 or 7.0) Video #2 
Macintosh (6.0 or 7.0) Video #3 
Microsoft Excel Video #1 
Microsoft Excel Video #2 
Microsoft Excel Video #3 
Microsoft Excel Video #4 
Microsoft Excel Video #5 
Microsoft Word Video #I 
Microsoft Word Video #2 
Microsoft Word Video #3 
Microsoft Word Video #4 
Microsoft Works Video #1 
Microsoft Works Video #2 
Microsoft Works Video #3 
Microsoft Works Video #4 
QuarkXPress Video #1 
QuarkXPress Video #2 
QuarkXPress Video #3 
WordPerfect Video #1 
WordPerfect Video #2 

477 S. Nova Rd. Dept. MU193 
Ormond Beach, FL 32174 
800-527-1914 FAX 904-677-6717 

Circle 83 on reader service card. 

Even in today’s econo 
amazing growth 

A tdole nett> generation (f CD-ROM player, the 
AppteCD" jOOi retrieves data twice as fast m ordinary 

lb take full adtmtageofits 
stereo-out sound capabilities, plug 
in pur oum pair ofselfpoitvred 
speakers - and get (be nmt out of 
(bis great multimedia Macintosh, 

memory are standard, you 


of RAM to Mp j on lip 
through even the most 

The new Macintosh Hex (shown here with oar new 14" Macintosh Color Display) is the mad flexible 
Macintosh If available. It's also fast, powerful and extremely affordable. 

In these times when every budget dollar is precious, the new 
Apple Macintosh' IIvx personal computer is ideal. 

It’s fast. It’s powerful. And it costs a lot less than you’d think. 
But equally important, to prepared for the next economic expan¬ 

sion, when you’ll want to add onto its already vast capabilities. 

Inside its sleek exterior resides a 5 K" expansion bay - 
room for an internal CD-ROM drive, SyQuest drive or other mass 
storage devices — as well as a standard W bay for either an 

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Pop m E Machines' video/Elhemet card, and get highperformance video and 

80-megabyte or a 230-megabyte internal hard disk drive. 

It also gives you three NuBus' slots and an accelerator 
slot so you can add even more power and performance. 

To see the new Macintosh IIvx for yourself, visit an 

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Out of the box\ the Macintosh Jhx supports 
up to a 14" monitor and256colors. Adda 
card and some VRAM, and it can handle up 
to a 21" monitor and millions of colors. 

j rngn-perjormance netwomng atf m one. lots isjust one oj me many expansion 
cards you can buy separately. 

The Macintosh Hex comes with 

With its 32-bit architecture and 
32 MHz 68030 chip, tix Macintosh 

__ mt 

«rti.» (T>j 

Coming soon 
to a screen 
near you. 

o Out of memory. |[_ok_JJ 

If you think the only way to avoid 
running out of memory is to avoid 
running acouple of your favorite 
applications, think again. 

Think about all those memory- 
hogging fonts and sounds you’ve 
got stuffed into that bulging 
System File. 

Then do what over 200,000 
resourceful Mac users 
do every day, 

instead of dosing your 
applications, open a 

Suitcase is the award¬ 
winning utility that lets 

you park your growing 

collection of fonts, DAs, 

FKFYs and sounds out¬ 
side the System File. 

Thereby giving you the 
maximum amount of 
memory for running more 
applications, building big¬ 
ger documents and doing 
other useful things. 

What's more, Suitcase 
compresses your screen 
font and sound files by up 
to 60%. 

Thereby giving you 
that much more precious 
disk space to work with. 

Iteven lets you put 
your screen and printer 
fonts on a server for all to share. 

Thereby making each disk on 
the network that much more 

The more resources you 
have-and the more organized 
you are-the more memory and 
disk space you’ll save. 

But whether your 
dividends are mea¬ 
sured in megs or 
merely in Ks, Suit¬ 
case is guaranteed 
to save you gigabytes 
of aggravation 

Avont Garde- 






j 'tvt&apT 








Los Angeles 
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fieri oco 
New York 

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U rivers 

Zflpf Dingbats 

Even if you're aperating 
in System 7 

i Because System 7 

still stuffs your resources into 
your System File. 

And System 7 still makes you 
close down all your applications 
and restart your Mac each time you 
install a new font. 

Which is a real pain in 
the, uh, system. 

Suitcase, on the other 
hand, gives you unlimited 
access to all your 

And total control over 
how you organize them. 

Each suitcase an pack 
up to 800 fonts, 64 DAs, 
and any number of FKEYs 
and sounds. 

You can group suit¬ 
cases into sets, then sum¬ 
mon ail the luggage that 

Can't remember the 
difference between 
Versailles and Monaco? 

Not to iwrry 
Suitcase displaysymir 
typefaces right in the 
menu , 

belongs with a particular 
project at the click of a 

Tips are optional. But 
here’s one for those of you who find 
font ID conflicts even more irritat¬ 
ing than running out of memory, 
GetSuitcase. It eliminates them. 
Call us at 1-800-666-2904. 
Well tell you about our vaunted 
24-hour toll-free technical support. 
Well also tell you 
that Suitcase is 
hacked by a one- 
year money-back 

So you an be 
sure this baggage will 
live up to its claims. 

Circle 107 dm reader service card. 



Psst! Wanna buy 
a new Mac? 

Just be careful — 
the lowest price 
doesn’t always 
guarantee the 
best deal. 

to Buy a Mac 

S omewhere on the Dead Sea Scrolls, 
it’s probably written, “No matter how 
little you paid for a Mac, someone 
else probably paid less," As tight a rein as 
Apple has tried to maintain on the Mac mar¬ 
ket, there still exist many avenues for pur¬ 
chasing a Mac. Indeed, where you go can 
determine how much you blow. 

Just in case you'd like to know the best 
and the cheapest place to buy a Mac (and 
they're not necessarily the same). I’m going 
to run through all the options. Where you 
decide to shop will probably boil down to 
whose money you're spending, how much 
you think you know about computers, and 
whether you would cheatoo your income tax 
if you knew for sure that you T d never get 

Brass and Glass. When you swing open 
the heavy glass door of a swanky urban com¬ 
puter dealer and nearly trip over the deep- 
pile carpeting, you feel like a real grown-up. 
By all means, enjoy the experience: the 
swanky location in the heart of the financial 
district, the chrome-and-glass furniture, the 
matching suits and haircuts on the sales¬ 
people. After all, you'll be paying for all of it 
if you buy a Mac here. The average Mac 
purchaser ought to avoid the Brass and Glass 
stores like the plague. If you're spending 
someone else's money, go right ahead; the 
B & Gs generally provide pretty good ser¬ 
vice and support. Unless you're interested in 
buying in multiples of five and purchasing 
extended service-and-support plans on top of 
everything else, though, they offer no real 

Mel's Computers *iT Things. Smaller 
stores, catering to Decent Honest Folk rather 
than Lo businesspeople, almost always offer 
lower prices. They're usually located in 
smaller, out-of-the-way places where the 
rent's cheap and the neighbors don T L mind 
unwashed Mac lovers dropping by at all 
hours. Prices are dearly marked, hardware is 
routinely discounted, and the staff is ordi¬ 
narily more approachable and willing to talk 
about various hardware combinations. 

Look for stores located near college cam¬ 
puses. They are defined by their customers: 
students and faculty, who generally are (a) 
very savvy and (b) nearly broke. Both bode 
well for the intrepid consumer. 

All in all, the Mel category provides the 
best balance of low prices and good service 
for most consumers. I'm going to go ahead 

and tell you about places to buy Macs for 
even less, but each of them carries certain 
elements that, depending on your upbring¬ 
ing, may send you screaming into the hills. 

Superstores , A more recent development 
in computer marketing, superstores are 
mighty supermarkets for all kinds of hard¬ 
ware and software. That they sell huge vol¬ 
umes of just about everything and are gener¬ 
ally located in unpolished warehouses trans¬ 
lates into nearly rock-bottom prices on Mac 
hardware. The disadvantage of shopping at 
superstores is that although the salespeople 
tend to be just as educated on various bits of 
hardware as their counterparts in more-tradi¬ 
tional stores, their knowledge can be spread 
pretty thin among several hundred products. 
Superstores are great places to shop if you're 
going to swoop in, make a purchase, and 
then swoop out. Just don't count on being 
able to get the answers to all your hardware 
questions there. 

Mail-order companies. Buying Macs 
through the mail has only one thing going for 
it: subbasement-leve! pricing. The monthly 
overhead of a mail-order company is nothing 
compared with that of a traditional storefront 
operation. Everybody knows that, including 
Apple. That's why Apple has refused to grant 
unto mail-order companies Us highly cov¬ 
eted Authorized Apple Dealer status. Autho¬ 
rized dealers are fully equipped stores with 
fully equipped service departments. Mail¬ 
order companies are not. Macs sold by au¬ 
thorized dealers come with a full Apple war¬ 
ranty. Those sold by unauthorized dealers do 

Read that last sentence again — yes, that 
means it's entirely possible that if your mail¬ 
order Mac does the big firework after only 
two months of operation, the cost of repairs 
will be your burden, not Apple's. The idea is 
to make things a bit more fair for storefront 
dealers; otherwise they'd be forced to* in 
effect, act as the mail-order companies' un¬ 
paid service departments. Many mail-order 
outfits offer their own warranties on the Macs 
they sell, but others leave you high and dry. 
Be sure to ask before you buy — the lack of a 
warranty can easily soak up any money you 
save by shopping mail-order. In addition, 
you might be responsible for shipping charges 
i ncurred whi le your Mac shuttles cross-coun¬ 
try, For these reasons, 1 don't recommend 
buying new Macs via mail order. 

Special deals. Used and refurbished mail- 

MacUser January 1993 29 

order Macs sold by reputable companies 
are a different story; indeed, they can be 
some of the best deals anywhere. A used 
Macintosh Ilci sold by an established 
reseller is generally just as good as a new 
one; the only thing you really lose in the 
deal is a warranty, but then again, this 
isn't new equipment. No matter where 
the Mac came from, you can haul it to 
any Apple service center tor repair when 

Also keep your eyes peeled in the busi¬ 
ness and auction pages of your local 
newspapers for notices of stores or busi¬ 
nesses closing their doors. When the auc¬ 
tioneer is appropriately incompetent — 
and it happens often — it's possible to 
walk away with some spectacular hard¬ 
ware for a fraction of its true value. In all 
cases, make sure there’s a legible serial 
number on the equipment. Just about the 
only kind of Mac an authorized service 
center won’t service is the kind that looks 
like it’s been stolen. They're kind of 
funny that way. 

Many of you have probably been won¬ 
dering when I’d start talking about edu¬ 
cational discounts. Well, Fm talking 
about them last because (a) not everyone 
can qualify for the discount and (b) Fm 
about to suggest something sneaky and 
Fm hoping that some of you with power 
have lost interest and skipped to another 
column by now. 

Yes, Apple has special educational 
pricing, available through school com¬ 
puter stores and bookstores, that allows 
teachers and students to buy brand-new, 
fully warranted Apple hardware at un¬ 
beatable prices. The only catch here ■— 
outside of the rather harsh requirement 
of having to go to school to qualify — is 
an agreement you have to sign promis¬ 
ing not to sell or give away the hardware 
for a period of a year. “But Fm not a 
student,” you’re saying. Weil, then — 
and here's the sneaky pan — become 
one. See, buying a Mac at educational 
pricing usually just involves going to the 
campus computer store and flashing a 
valid student ID card, Apple wants you 
to flash a full-time-student-ID card, but 
many colleges grant part-time students 
the same boon. So here's what you do: 
Stop in at a college's computer store and 
ask about discounts for part-timers. If 
it's a go, cross the campus and pick up a 
night-course catalog; sign up for an $80 
night course in pottery; and as soon as 
your ID card comes in the mail, use it to 
buy a $7,000 Ilci system for $4,000, 

Circle 70 on reader service card. 

The Tinies have decided 
to take a trip to Earth. 
Unless you stop them, 
they will turn our planet 
upside down. 

You have been chosen by 
the King of Tinies to find 
these boisterous critters, 
and put them bock in 
their color-coded sleepers. 

The little beasts will heckle 
you every step of the 
way. By the time you 
realize that you are 
descending into madness, 
it may be... too 

To Order, See Your 
Local Retailer Or Call 



30B Main Street, Lakeville, CT 060391 
203-435-4995 • Fax: 203-435 * >091 

© Runs on any Mac from a Hus on up* 
The Tinies is a registered trademark of 
ATREID Concepts, S.A* 


(Inspirational credit — Steve Jobs' one- 
word reply when asked how nonstudents 
could buy the original education-only 
NeXT machine: “Enroll.”) 

Parting Shots: CheckFree 

Reaction to September's column on 
CheckFree (“Check It Out,” page 29) 
was swift and varied. Many satisfied 
CheckFree users, writing from homes 
they didn't lose due to a vanished mort¬ 
gage payment, voiced their strong sup¬ 
port of the CheckFree electronic check¬ 
ing service, reporting that they have been 
using the service for eons and have had 
nothing but happy interludes with elec¬ 
tronic checking. Just as strong were the 
messages from former CheckFree users 
who contributed their own horror stories 
of unpaid bills and angry creditors and 
laid the blame squarely at CheckFree’s 
feet. To be fair, some of the reported 
problems were the direct result of the 
user's failure to follow CheckFree’s in¬ 
structions properly, but most were not. 

Folks also wrote to correct my asser¬ 
tion that CheckFree was loo expensive. 
Simple multiplication reveals that if you 
pay more than ten bills a month elec¬ 
tronically, CheckFree pays for itself with 
the money you save on postage alone. 
Others reported that electronic bill pay¬ 
ment was already available via touch- 
tone phone from their local banks, for 
free in some cases. 

Finally, a CheckFree vice president 
sent me a nice letter thanking me for 
being fair and balanced in my appraisal. 
Because he didn't see my name on 
CheckFree's list of registered users (for 
my investigations, I used the CheckFree 
account of a friend whose finances were 
considerably more complicated than 
mine), he offered to give me six months' 
worth of access for free, to become more 
familiar with the service. Fair enough. 
The next paragraph was far more inter¬ 
esting: If my views still hadn't changed 
after six months — read this next bit 
three times (1 certainly did)—CheckFree 
would pay all my bills for one month, up 
to $2,500 worth. I am reporting this with¬ 
out comment. Oh, by the way. lie sent 
me another letter a few days later, asking 
that 1 keep his offer under my hat. So 
don’t tell anyone about it, OK? 

As always, your feedback is appreci¬ 
ated, Send comments, corrections, infor¬ 
mation, opinions, or your reaction to the 
new syndicated "Batman” cartoon to me 
in care of Mac User. ^ 

30 January 1993 Mactfser 

Here's a little flavor from 
Aatrix Software... 

Aatrix Software announces the arrival of CheckWriter 4/0 and 

PayCheck, two new software ideas that will make your mouth 

water! CheckWriter 4/0 is an exciting personal and small business 

finance software package,,, the most fully featured for the 

Macintosh! PayCheck is a comprehensive payroll program focused 

on one idea,., simplicity. > t 

Link CheckWriter 4/0 and PayCheck together and you have a 
flexible tool for complete financial and payroll management. Use 
them separately and discover their individual power and ease of use, 

Here‘s just a sample of what CheckWriter 4/0 & PayCheck will do 
for you! 

Use CheckWriter 4/0 ($79)* for all your personal finance or small 
business finance needs, 

• manage checking, savings, & credit card accounts, 

• print directly on your personal checkbook checks. 

• print any style check on any printer. 

• design your own budgeting plan. 

• make informed car and home purchasing decisions. 

• produce detailed financial reports. 

• track your net worth. 

■ calculates college, retirement, and insurance needs. 

• so much more! 




^ ‘ . , J* , j 

* V' 


* Quicken®, MacMoney®, & MYM® owners. Send in a copy of 
your manual cover and receive CheckWriter 4/0 for $39! All 
trademarks are property of their respective owners. 

Circle 69 on reader service card. 

Use Paycheck ($79) for company payroll processing. Its sole 
purpose is to make payroll fast and easy! 

* calculates Federal, State, and local taxes. 

* prints 941 reports and W2’s. 

* keeps complete YTD records for each employee. 

* 11 deductions & contributions. 

* print paychecks on any style check on any printer. 

* extensive on-line help. 

* so much more! 

Aatrix CheckWriter 4/0 and Aatrix PayCheck are available 
separately, or as a team, from MacConnection and Mac Warehouse! 
Questions? Call (800) 426-0854, 

...available immediately! 

WE SHIP WORLDWIDE! CALL 1*206*883«i088 

248*0800/ Outside USA & Canada? Call 1*206*883*3088 



TouchBASE Bundle 

Keep your professional life running smoothly 
with DateBook, the Macintosh personal organ¬ 
izer that enables you to enter and keep track 
of appointments, schedules and thmgs-to-do. 
TouchBASE is a database which keeps track 
of personal and business contacts. It remains 
handy all the time-no matter what application 
you're using. After Hours Software #06167 

#05209 DateBook ..,.$78 

#03908 TouchBASE 0 i/ ..$78 

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Amaze 1993 calendars r . Is * ere «p«* f on your ust? 

, . , Give them the Trivial Pursuit, Sports 

Amaze 1993 calendars make it fun to get Edition, it will challenge their sports 

organized. But don't let the light-hearted knowledge daily with six Sports 

side of these software titles fool you. questions. Italso features a new, more 

Beneath the hilarious exterior beats versatile and even easier-to-use full- 

the heart of a powerful, full- gff functioning daily planner. 

^d^you^S'he a views “S5" Don't know what to buyfor 

and options you need to keep flN ™* W someone? Just about any Macster 

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Computer Calendar in their 

No other cartoon can take stocking. Tlie latest ediHon of this wildly 

everyday traumas and make them funny popular perpetual calendar features a 

like Cathy can. This perpetual calendar new ejection of 365 cartoons, including 

includes 365 cartoons, enough laughs to last one j n color every week. Don't miss the 

the entire year. Plus, you get a full-function one that shows what would happen to 

day organizer with four views: day, week, cats if you crossed an aardvark and a dog! 

month and year, 

#05072 Cathy Daily Planner 2 + D........$48 

#04706 The Far Side Computer Calendar 2.0.....$48 

#06168 Trivial Pursuit, Sports Edition Daily Planner 2.0 ...$48 HH 


MacUser calls Reunion, " of the nicest 
-genealogy programs.,,.The various cards link 
intelligently and automatically. Using 
Reunion is easy and data entry is logical. The 
program includes space and tools for adding 
digitized photos as well as an index and 
birthday file." Leister Productions #05984 

Circle 235 on reader service card. 

for the Mac 

ACT for the Mac keeps up-to-the-minute 
files for all your contacts—with fields that 
can be customized, date-stamped notes and a 
comprehensive history log. The activity 
scheduler, with graphical day, week and 
month views, lets you schedule unlimited 
calls, meetings and to-do s. Comes with 
w ord processor and spelling checker. 
Contact Software #06231 


Rendezvous- Plus 

This electronic diaiy with telephone and 
address directory comes with a multitude 
of handy, useful functions including 
automatic reminder, automatic task 
forwarding, fast forward and backward 
search, automatic name and phone 
number lookup and much more. 
PMC Telesystems #05492 0 / 

CODE #30101 


Brainchild l4fT 

with Shortlist 

If you're a PowerBook user you need 
Shortlist, It combines the functionality 
of PIMs, calendaring programs, contact 
databases, address books, mail merge, label 
printing software and project management 
tools into a single personal productivity 
application. Brainchild #05950 


Dynodex™ is the original, all-in-one 
address database that manages and prints 
your addresses right from your computer. 
Use Dynodex™ every day to quickly find 
and update important contacts, dial the 
phone, then print your addresses directly 
onto standard organizer-size paper 
(included) Just insert and go. 

Portfolio Systems #00119 

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05620 Disk File 80...,,12 

04224 Disk File 30 .,.7 


03618 Organizer . 169 

00523 Stingray...... . 88 6 

01584 Mac 101E 

Keyboard-New.. . „125 

EfD Center Co. 

05251 Teafewood Disk Holder 

Holds 60 3.5' . —.14 

05252 Teakwood Disk Holder 

Holds 120 3.5“ . .21 

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05546 Ultimate Classic 5E —58 
05545 Ultimate Classic Extd .....74 
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Expandable . -.78 

05907 PowerBooyfax Case.44 

05908 PowerBook Fax Case 

Expandable _ m 54 

05910 Besl PowerBook Case.38 

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05177 NoteBook Keypad .. 104 

03339 Power Tree 1Q_ .,.18 

03342 Power Tree 20 .. .....27 

03346 Power Backer 450 ........337 

05176 Turbo Mouse 4.0 . ,106 

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Electronic Arts 

00473 Pga Tour Goll . 36© 

05064 40 Boxing..... 34 © 

Graphic Simulations 
01046 Helicals Over the Pacific 33© 
inline Design / 

03599 3 in Three... 30© 

04252 Mutant Beach,_ ,,,.,.34© 

03934 Tesserae .. 31 © 

04251 Swamp Gas.. . 32© 

03494 Darwin’s Dilemma. .....31 © 

Microsoft / 

04293 Right Simulator 4.0 . 38 © 


04675 King's Quest V . 38© 

04679 Heart ol China . 34© 

04651 Leisure Suit Larry 5 . 36 © 


04816 Spectre Single User.. . 37 © 

05551 Spectre LAN Pack . 58© 

Applied Eng , ✓ 

04956 Plus Drive... ... 29B© 

04154 Quicksilver w/FPU .. 263 © 

03673 Quadralink .,204 © 

Jfantd i/ 

00404 10T Hub/8 . 257 © 

00343 10T Hub/12 . ,,,527 © 

Elhemet Cards: Call tor ymuf canUnuraton. 

Dayna Comm. / 

00003 ithefPfint 1QT.. 337 © 

DayStar Digital*/ 

05004 ComboCacfie Itsi/FPU ,.30S © 

00579 Equalizer LC/FPU . 257 © 

04319 PowerCache 4QNlftz . 818 © 

04320 PowerCache 

40MHZ/FPD . 993 © 

04321 PowerCache 50MHz .,.1178© 
04322 PowerCache 

50MHZ/FPU ..1448 © 

Faratlon i/ 

Phone Net Connector . ,,,,,,..28 © 

Global Village ✓ 

05684 PowerPort Gold 

v,32bis .. 513 © 

05685 PowerPort Silver 9600 ..438 © 
05686 PowerPC rl Bronze 2400.198 © 

04047 True Laser Printer.1398 0 

00369 Scan Maker 600ZS.1398 © 

Newiife Corp. 

04952 Classic Accelerator ..,,,.,489 © 
04947 Classic Accel,/FPU . 568 © 


04207 Rocket 25 ._1798 © 

05250 Rocket 33 ..2175 © 

04206 Color Pivot .,.........,,1298 © 

05650 VideoVision .. 2158 © 

05490 Color Pivot LE 

with Card . . 898 © 

RasterOps */ 

00005 24STV ,.. 778 © 

Shiva */ 

05128 LanRover/L. 598 © 

02985 EtherGaie.™.1288 © 

Sigma Design 

00399 PowerPortrait Platinum 784 © 

SuperMac ✓ 

05797 Thunderstorm. ... 888 © 

05117 Spectrum^ Series III .872 © 

05119 Spectrifm/8’24 PDQ . 898 © 

05123 17 n Multimode Color ..1094 © 

05125 20" Dual-Mode Trin. .2698 © 
05114 Spigot & Sound Pro NB. 1697 © 
00613 VidecSpigot/Premier ....398 © 

Supra Corp . */ 

04351 Plus MacPac .. 177© 

00426 V.32 MacPac 327 © 

00413 V,32bis MacPac . .377 © 


00520, LightningScan Pro 256 .. 488 © 


00505 PockelHammer 50MB ..524 © 
00506 FocketHammer 

I00MB . 743 © 

04891 PocketHammer 

240MB __— 119B © 

04965 HammerDisk 

44 Syquest „.„„™. 738 © 

04964 HammerDisk 

88 Syquest . 948 © 

Generation Systems */ 

05286 52MB Quantum ExL . 398 © 

05008 105MB Quantum Ext. ,,.528 © 
05009 210MB Quantum Ext ....868 © 
Mass Microsystems ^ 

00175 Datapack 45 Syquest ,..588 © 
04082 Datapack 88 Syquest ,..698 © 

05801 Floptipack Floptical . 478 © 

00332 Datapack 3.5 Optical ..1628 © 


04095 THINK 0 5,0 .. 198 © 

04178 THINK Pascal 4.0 . 158© 

04066 THINK Reference . .,,.68© 

TG$ Systems*/ 

04253 Prograph 25 ♦,. ™..297 0 

Useriand / 

05323 Frontier 2.0 . .184 © 


Berkeley Systems */ 

02755 After Dark.28© 

04046 After Dark & More A.D. „ 38© 

Casady & Greene*/ 

04810 Super QuickDex..49© 


05646 CPU PowerBook Util......47 0 

Fifth Generation / 

04776 Suitcase II 2,1...48© 

insignia Solutions 

04541 Soft PC Universal.193© 

04765 Soft AT .....297 © 

Maxa / 

05025 Snooper SW.128 © 

05026 Snooper SW & NuBus.. 168 © 
Nova Development/' 

05268 Kaboom.........,27 © 

How Software ✓ 

04191 Now Utilities 4.0......94 © 


03515 DiskDoubler.44 © 

04955 AutoDoubler 2.0.„„54 © 

Symantec / 

04890 Norton Utilities 2.0 ,,,,,,,..94 © 
00116 SAM,III..,,63 © 

Teknosys ✓ 

00867 Help! 1.04 ..88 © 

© - System 7 Compatible ✓ = Morey Back Guarantee 

Visit Our Stores in: 


011 -45-86-22-83-66 fax: 011-45-86-22-70-96 

Sweden _ 

011 -46-866-50-990 fax: 011-46-866-15-070 

France __ 

011-33-1461-34-740 fax: 011-33-1479-06-903 

Mexico _ 

011-525-611-4646 fax: 011-525-611-0694 

All: major creclil cords accepted. No surcharge, 

Credit card nol charged until order is shipped. It we must ship a partial order, 
freight is not changed on back order {USA only), 

Musi personal and company checks received! by mail ctea/ Immediately. Alt 
checks or purchase orders must have a phone number and conteci person listed. 
C.O.D. orders accepted: limit $1,000 per order, Cashier’s check or money order 
only. Add SS,OG per C.O.D. order. 

Educational, go vet nmenl and corporate purchase orders accepted. 

Alt US shipments Insured at no extra charge. 

Ho sates lax, except applicable sates to in WA. OH. 

Prices and pioduci availability subject te change without ivolrcft. All specials 
and promotions limited to stock on hand. Call tor currant prices. 

All products covered! by 120 day limited warranty. 

All shipments refer te "in stock’ items, barring system failure, etc, 

Shipping: S3- per order lor delivery in Ihs USA via Airborne Express overnight 
service, (Some rural areas require extra day lor delivery). 


L Mail. Shipments to P.0. Boxes 

via UPS. 

Canadian cusicmar orders. In most rases, delivered within 2* hours. Call tor 
complete informal ion. 

Competitive upgrades require proof of purchase ol qualifying s oitware. 

Not responsible for typographical errors 

Defective software replaced Immediatety. Hardware repaired ur replaced 
at our discretion. 

Beiurn Aelhoriiaiion Number mu si be oblalited prior tu reluming any Item. 
Call Cusiomer Senrlct Holllne: i-600^8-9^3 weekday! bam ta 6pm PT. 

Multiple Zones. Enternatlonal ©1092 

Multiple Zones, International 
17411 NE Union Hill Road 
Redmond, WA 9SOS2-6716 
International: a06)SS3^GS8 Fto:te06)S81-3421 

CODE #30101 

Circle 235 on reader service card. 


Take off and land at any of the major 
airports in the world. Flight Simulator 
boasts state-of-the-art, three-dimensional 
graphics and runs on both color and b&w 
Macintosh computers, Microsoft #04293 





Sim Life is an advanced genetic simulation 
that allows you to design plants and 
animals from the genetic level to influence 
how they look, act and eventually evolve. 
Maxis Software #06109 

Prince of Persia 

You have won the heart of the Sultan's 
lovely daughter. And in doing so you 
have unwittingly made a powerful 
enemy. Your country and the princess 
rest all of their hopes on you. 
Broderbund #05649 


Fly your own customizable high-tech 
tank and fight Enemy Robot Craft! 
Three-D graphics and digitized 
sound keep you on the edge of your 

It's networkable so 6 can play on a 
single network! 

Velocity Development # 04816 

Order Your Gift Games Early! 

® Call Anytime 1 •800*248*0800/ Fax Anytime 1*206*881 *3421 


7b ne 

Full Metal Mac 

Full Metal Mac gets dow r n to the nitty- 
gritty of modem warfare on a personal 
level. Watch out! Your left flank is 
being overrun. Hit the dirt! Incoming! 
Soft Wars #06046 

- 7 ‘ 

Capitalist Pig 

Run your own business and face the 
challenge of scandals, fires, terrorists and 
more, as you battle for billions or 
bankruptcy. You'll make crucial business 
decisions every minute and enjoy the 
results—or suffer the consequences, 
Pluma Software #05607 

Teacher Trouble CD-ROM 

This "living book" features lively 
animations, original music, realistic 
sounds and hundreds of words 
written, spoken and even spelled out 
loud! Based on the best-selling book 
by Marc Brown. Broderbund #06108 

Mac Kids 
Christmas Pack 

’ Nordic Software presents Christmas Pack, 
a diverse assortment of games and puzzles 
charged with holiday cheer! You'll find word 
games, picture puzzles, memory games and 
other activities for kids of all ages. Simple 
enough to play right away—no wading 
through pages of instructions. Great 
fun for friends and family during 
the holiday season. Nordic 
Software, ihc. #05637 

Circle 235 on reader service card. 

Hellcats Over 
the Pacific 

Jump into the cockpit of an F6F 
Hellcat and rule the skies over 
Pacific Islands. Provides fluid 
graphics, 256 colors and sound. 
Graphic Simulations #01046 

Joystick ADB 

IPs tough to beat Advanced Gravis' 
high-scoring MouseStick. Its 
advanced optical technology and 
t processing unit are ideal for all your 
mouse-operated entertainment 
software. Advanced Gravis #02741 ® / 

Precision construction 
Smooth operation 

Ergonomic, high-scoring design 
Customizable settings 





r j^hiidied TUN# 

Go Ahead Get Creative 

Bstiiswnsffi s- Call i *800*248*0800/ Now Shipping Weekdays Unt il 2am E.T. 


DesignCAD 2D/3D 

DesignCAD is a revolutionary and 
professional computer-aided design and 
drafting package that provides complete 2D 
draf ting and 3D modeling in one package. 

If s designed for engineering (mechanical, 
architectural & electrical), animation, 
desktop publishing and multimedia, 
DesignCAD, Inc. #04180 © ✓ 

• DesignCAD is easy to usd 
Tests prove that DesignC AD's user- 
friendly interface allows you to quickly 
produce professional drawings m a 
fraction of the time many competing 
products require. The flexibility and 
power found within DesignCAD means 
you save time and money! DesignCAD is 
truly the CAD system that anyone can use. 
■ DesignCAD saves you money! 

Special Master Effects 

«• Graphic Pen 


Poster Edges 

a* Watercolor 


Smudge Stick 


- Charcoal 


1 Film Grain 

■ VU 

1 Dark Strokes Chrome 

< > Ripple 

ft > Fresco 

1 Dry Brush 

Chalk & Charcoal 



Gallery Effects 

Winner of MacUser's MacEddy Award for Best 
Visual Resource, Aldus Gallery Effects is a unique 
library of artistic effects that automatically turns 
grayscale or color scanned photographs and 
other bitmapped images into spectacular, 
breathtaking works of art, Gallery Effects is a 
"must have" for anyone using a scanner or 
doing desktop publishing, graphic design or 
presentations. Sixteen "master effects" are 



And there are thousands of variations from each master effect! Each of the sixteen master effects 
has individual controls to let you customize the effect. For example, the Watercolor effect has 
controls to adjust the brush detail, the shadow intensity and the texture level. You can also apply 
multiple effects to a single image — the possibilities are endless. Aldus #04121 

Design Your Own Home 


Design It Yourself with Abracadata...And Save! 

I I H 

Design Your Own Home mm&^***' 

Whether you are a professional or a do-it-yourselfer. Design Your Own Home can make 
your planning time more productive. 

Each program includes sample plans and a try-out section to get you started, plus 
command cards to keep by your side as you work. There are 4 programs: Architecture 
(floor plans to structural details), Interiors (furnishings to color schemes). Landscapes 
(trees to fences) and Sprout! (design your own vegetable garden). Includes several sample 
plans. Abracadata © 

#03609 Architecture . ... ■' ..... .....$58 

#03611 Interiors ....... $58 

#03610 Landscape ..... .... ... $58 

#05085 Sprout! . ........................ ...,... ,.„„„$42 

Mighty Draw 

Mighty Draw is the affordable, general 
purpose, object oriented drawing program 
that allows you to create pie charts, column 
charts, bar charts, flow charts, organizational 
charts, graphs, electronic schematics, 
network diagrams, flyers, news letters, 
greeting cards, advertisements, logos, dip art 
and much more. Mighty Draw s comes with 
symbols for flow charts, electrical schematics 
and more. You can even add virtually any 
symbol from any other program through the 
clipboard, including color. 

Abracadata #06162 


CODE #30101 

Circle 235 on reader service card. 

We Ship ’Til 2 a.m. ET 

» Call Anytime 1 •800'248’0800/ Fax Anytime 1»206'881'3421 


;*» * 


Value Pak 

A collection of Adobe’s best type faces are now one of the 
type industry's best boys. The Adobe Type Set Value Pack 
gives Macintosh users 30 popular, high-quality typefaces, 
plus award-winning Adobe Type Manager software, ah 
for an extraordinarily low price. There’s a typeface here 
for every occasion and every situation. If you’re working 
with type for the first time, this package gives you a 
simple, cost-effective way to get started-^and a typeface 
selection that even the experts will want to have on hand. 
Adobe #05969 


Adobe Illustrator 3.2/ 
Adobe Dimensions— 




< (|lustraU ,r I 

Adobe Dlustrator is the leading 

Macintosh design tool for graphics professionals. It contains precise illustration, text handling 
and single-page design capabilities. And now new Adobe Dimensions software lets you easily 
create and manipulate simple 3D objects and effects, then combine them with Adobe Illustrator 
artwork. For a limited time, get Adobe Dimensions — a $199 value — FREE when you buy Adobe 
Illustrator 3.0 for the Mac! #05967 

To introduce this amazing new product, Adobe and The Mac Zone are offering Dimensions for 
only $98! This is a limited time offer, so call now. Our helpful sales representatives are standing 
by. Call 1-800-248-0800. 

#06263 Dimensions. .... ..$98 


*95 2 

The hottest movie image effect of the 90s is 
now available on the Mac! Morph smoothly 
transforms one image into another, creating 
dazzling images and effects. Whether it's last 
year's car model turning into this year’s, or 
changing a docile ki tten into a ferocious tiger, 
this effect has astounded audiences all over 
the world. Morph is fast, easy-to-use, and 
fully compatible with QuickTime. 

Gryphon #05925 

U \ 4. 

. jL W» 



Create 30 Stunning Type Effects with Altsys and Pixar 

s 96 


Complete Type Design & Special Effects 

Don’t miss out on this 
irresistible (and inexpen¬ 
sive!) offer! Buy both 
products for only $348 and 
save nearly $100. 

Use Fontographer to edit or 
create fonts and graphics. 

Use Pixar Typestry to add 
wonderful appearances, 

lighting and special effects. Create impressive 3D images for your 
projects. These two powerful products give you all you need to create 
impressive logos, brochures, newsletters, ads, slides or QuickTime 
movies for mul timedia presenta dons. Pixar/ Altsys #06062 

-V Available Only at the Mac Zone 



Create logos, foreign characters, 
calligraphic fonts and graphics with 
precision drawing tools and assign them to a keystroke within 
any font. Turn PICT or scanned images into editable 
PostScript outlines. Then save your custom type and graphics 
as TrueType or PostScript Type 1 and 3 fonts. For both novice 
and professional. Altsys #04537 


With Pixar Typestry you'll create exciting 
dimensional text from Type 1 and 
TrueType fonts. Typestry invokes 
RenderMan magic to transform a simple 
word into an extraordinary three- 
dimensional picture. It's ideal for 

creating images for logos, publishing, design, presentation 
graphics or multimedia. Pixar #05668 

Circle 235 on reader service card. 

FAX YOUR ORDER ANYTIME: 1 *206*881 *3421 


Call the Mac Advisors Today... 

*2* Call 1 >800*248*0800/ Now Shipping Weekdays Until 2am E.T. 

Power Merge 

PowerMerge solves the problem of keeping track of 
changes made to your files while working on your 
Power Book. It simply and automatically synchronizes 
files between your PowerBook and your desktop Mac. It 
also features: notification if files have been changed bn 
both computers since the last update, history log of 
updates, include/exclude by file. 

hr Automatic reconciliation based on previously 
selected files, folders or disks 

vV Inclusion or exclusion of individual files, folders, 
disks or document types 

> Disk locking 
>Y Bidirectional updates 

;Y Conflict notification if changes have been made to 
files on both computers before updating 

hr Background updates 

hr Balloon help. System 7 and more. 

Leader Technologies #05690 




Guy's Utilities for 
the Macintosh— 
Edition (GUM) 

This invaluable collection 
of 10 utilities serves three 
main purposes: they increase 
battery life, enhance usability and reconcile files 
between the PowerBook and a Desktop 
machine. Priced at just $64, GUM contains the 
functionality of multiple products for the price 
of one! You save more than $100 off the cost of 
purchasing comparable products separately. 
After Hours Software #06166 

Get Quicken, After Dark and 
TouchBASE — the three top-rated, best¬ 
selling products in their categories — 
together at an unbelievable price. At this 
price stock won't last long, so call our 
knowledgeable sales advisors now and 
reserve yours. Call 1-800-248-0800 
After Dark prevents bum-in by automati¬ 
cally displaying screen art when your 
system remains idle for a user-definable 
period of time. Includes over 30 different 
dazzling displays and sound! 

Quicken 3.0 for the Macintosh organizes 
your personal and small business finances: 
from bank accounts to cash, credit cards, 
assets and liabilities. 

TouchBASE keeps your personal contacts at 
your fingertips—providing you with fast 
access to the information you use all file 
time. Berkeley Systems #06165 

Microcom Value Pak 

Microcom Value Pak (MVP) is a collection 
of the complete Microcom family of 
essential utilities for the Macintosh. All the 
utilities a Macintosh user needs are now 
available in MVP atone great price. MVP 
includes Virox, 911 Utilities, Complete 
Undelete, Citadel with Shredder and 
Carbon Copy for the Mac. Microcom 
#05046 ©/ 

Diagnose the Problem Quickly and Easily with Snooper 





CODE #30101 

Circle 235 on reader sehvice card, 


The next time you see a 'sad Mac" on your screen or your Mac's 
performance isn't up to par, diagnose from your desk with SNOOPER, 
the revolutionary new standard for Mac diagnostic and testing tools. 
SNOOPER performs a comprehensive suite of tests, checks all your 
hardware and identifies any problems. And the same SNOOPER 
software runs on all Macs. Until Dec. 31 H 1992, buy SNOOPER and 
receive Norton Utilities FREE. Maxa Corporation 
#05025 0 / SNOOPER 1.0/Norton 2.0 Bundle ...... .....$128 

#05026 0 / SNOOPER 1.0 w/NuBus Card/Norton 2.0 Bundle . $168 

Your Order Arrives Tomorrow 

® Call Anytime 1 *800*248*0800/ Fax Anytime 1*206*881 *3421 

PowerPort Internal Fax/Modem 

Turn your Power Book into a mobile office with a PowerPort Fax/Modem. 

PowerPort provides the fax and data communication capabilities you 
need to stay in touch with your office and important clients. 

Each PowerPort fits inside your PowerBook's internal modem slot. 

PowerPort is completely portable; no separate battery or power source is 
required. Attach a telephone cable between the PowerPort and a wall jack 
to get easy, instant access to information wherever you are — at the office, 
home or on the road. You can send and receive faxes, connect to on-line 
services, or access your office network and mail system. PowerPort awakens 
your PowerBook to receive a fax and then returns it to sleep. Mo external 
modem can to this for you. 

There are three models available: Gold — 14,400bps data, 9600bps fax send, 9600bps fax receive; Silver — 

9600bps data access, 9600 fax send / receive; Bronze — 2400bps data, 9600 fax send, 4800 fax receive. Global Village 

#05686 PowerPort Bronze ... $198 #06265 TelePort Bronze . 

#05685 PowerPort Silver ... $438 #06266 TelePort Silver 

#05684 PowerPort Gold . $518 #06267 TelePort Gold 


I A>ne 

& ^ r^hlpdied 1985 






MacTurbo 24/96 
Fax Modem 

Send faxes without leaving your desk! Our 
MacTurbo 24/96 Group III Fax Modem 
gives you both fax and modem for the price 
of most data-only modems. The 24/96 
features 9600bps send rate, full-featured 
1 2400bps data modem, full Hayes compat¬ 
ibility and compact design. Includes all the 
necessary communications and fax 
software, MacTurbo #00977 @ / 



MacTntercomm is one of the fastestfile 
transfer programs available. It offers true 
multitasking with invisible file transfers. It 
also comes with a scripting language with 
built-in editor and automatic script recorder 
that automates tasks. Other features include 
Xmodem, Zmodem, Kermit, B-Plus, VT220. 
full 16-color PC-ANSI, AutoDial and a 
SmartDial feature for traveling users! 
Mercury Systems, Inc. #06098 


Communicate Online the Easy Way 

Microphone II 4.0 

Communicating online has never been easier, 
especially now that MicroPhone n is Apple System 7 Savvy. 

Microphone II has some of the best scrip ring tools in the business, friendly front ends to 
remote services, new VT320 and VT220 terminal emulation, faster screen speed and Apple 
PowerBook support According to MacWEEK, "MicroPhone 114.0 is a robust telecommunica¬ 
tions product, with plenty of features and an interface that just keeps getting better. It is as 
simple or complex as your needs demand, and it comes at a reasonable price." Winner of 
MacWEEK's Target Award for telecommunications and consecutive World Class Awards 
from Mac World. Now Apple System 7 Savvy! 

Take a peak into die future of online interactive communications with the award-winning 
MicroPhone E The breakthrough technology of Loran lets you actually connect to different 
services through the same graphical interface, making MicroPhone H your information valet. 
E-mail, connecting to remote services, transferring data — no other communications software 
does it as elegantly as MicroPhone II, Software Ventures #04893 © / 

Microphone Fro #06243 .♦.........*— $218 

Personal Microphone #06244 ... . .,. . .. ...$44 

Circle 235 on reader service card. 

Make it 


Make it 


Make it 



HLMlif B* hit amt nn Unplr trims pwni 

Jwt it .(Jh lo^- >ni 

4- I^«4t LB (TiwTItm i 

The HP DeskWriter 550C 
for the Mac. 


Great things happen when you have 
a DeskWriter 550C printer from 
Hewlett-Packard, Because itls never 
been so easy to print high-quality 
black and white. And brilliant color. 

The DeskWriter 550C prints true 
black at 300 dots per inch* Clean, crisj 
and sharp, for the kind of profession: 
print quality you ex]>ect from HP 

For added impact, the DeskWriter 
550C makes it easy to add color to 
your work. The black and color car¬ 
tridges are built in and work together 
Giving you access to millions of colors* 

You can get an HP DeskWriter 550C, 
or the DeskJet 550C for PCs, for a 
suggested list price of only $1,099? 

So if you’re looking for an affordable 
way to make a powerful impression, 
get a DeskWriter 550C printer. Then 
see what happens. 

For another cost-effective way to get 
great-looking black and white and 
color, the HP DeskWriter C and the 
DeskJet 500C are now available for a 
low price of just $779? 

Call 1-800-552-8500, Ext 7119 for 
the name of the authorized HP dealer 
nearest you? To receive information 
by fax call 1-800-333-1917, choose 
HP FIRST, document *9607 

DeskJet Printers 
Make it happen. 

C If Its Hewlett 'ftacluni Ctunjniry PE 

> SurMi«lal ItS-'iw prirt. tin Canada call l-Wri-WSM 6xl.7Jtft 






Warning: Your 
backup program 
may be breaking 
the law. Welcome 
to the world of 
software licenses. 


A ll commercial .software is protected 
by copyright law, but most software 
also comes with something called a 
license agreement* which you supposedly 
agree to when you tear the cellophane off the 
package. Why do software vendors need two 
kinds of protection? 

Don't ask me. All I know is that when you 
examine these license agreements closely* 
you get the strong impression that even the 
software vendors don't know what they mean. 
Copyright law is basically reasonable, 
pretty understandable* and very restrictive. 
Loading a program onto your hard disk or 
even loading it into memory is copying and, 
technically, a violation of copyright unless 
the copyright owner explicitly permits it,. 
Copyright law reserves all rental, leasing, 
and public-display rights to the copyright 
owner. Penalties for copyright enfringement 
include statutory damages as high as $20,000 
per infraction and as high as $100,000 if the 
infraction is willful. Damages and seizure of 
profits Eire a possibility, and willful infrac¬ 
tions are also subject to federal criminal pen¬ 
alties, including fines and as much as a year 
in prison. 

So if copyright law is so restrictive and if 
violations carry such stiff penalties, why do 
software vendors need license agreements? 

License agreements make the most sense 
when you look at them historically. Two 
decades ago, before there were personal com¬ 
puters* software was normally supplied by 
the same company that supplied the com¬ 
puter. Software was a follow-on service, 
viewed much like maintenance. Software was 
a service, not a product, and die license agree¬ 
ment was really a service contract. 

The Shrink ware Stretch 

Today's shrink-wrap license agreements 
represent an attempt to stretch that model to 
fit today’s rather different software market, 
in which a program is a product you buy 
from a third-party vendor in a store or by 
mail order and in which software support is 
often limited to notification of upgrades. If s 
quite a streLch, particularly in the claim that 
what once was handled by a written contract 
is now handled by the ripping of cellophane. 

That little rip implies a lot: It implies that 
you have read, and understand the legal rami¬ 
fications of the contract. It implies that you 
know r the relevanl covering laws of the state 
of, say, Iowa (if you use Micro Frontier's 

software) or are familiar w ith English law (in 
the case of software from ComputaLabel 
Ltdri. And it implies that you understand any 
sublicense restrictions, such as the prohibi¬ 
tion against using certain Apple utilities li¬ 
censed to Aldus with any program except 
PageMaker. CE Software" s license agree¬ 
ment enjoins you to take appropriate steps to 
protect CE T s trademarks, trade secrets, and 
other property rights related to the software, 
so tearing CE’s cellophane implies that you 
know what these rights are and know what 
steps on your part are appropriate to protect 
them. Are you still with me? 

License agreements arenT all restrictions: 
they actually grant some rights. Because copy¬ 
right law prohibits even necessary copying, 
some statement is required to clarify what 
copying rights the vendor does gram users — 
rights that allow them to use the software as 
the vendor intended: load it into memory, 
copy it to a hard disk, make backups. License 
agreements try to do this, but they don't 
always succeed. 

What license agreements in fact do is of¬ 
ten senseless and not in the best interest of 
either users or vendors. 

Take the question of home use. At least 
one survey Fve seen says that most users 
take their work software home and that they 
believe they should have the right to do so. 
Well, of course they should. Anybody not 
engaged in marketing software can see that. 
Software vendors need to realize that cus¬ 
tomers who lake work — and work software 
— home with them are their best customers. 
They need to encourage users to use their 
work software on their home machines or 
their portables. Aldus and Kiwi Software, for 
example, do exactly that, with the reasonable 
proviso that the software not be used on 
more than one machine simultaneously. 

Most vendors, though, require users with 
more than one machine to purchase a sepa¬ 
rate copy of the software for each machine. 
These vendors take the view that they sell 
software to machines rather than to people. 
You would think that a glance at the signa¬ 
tures on the checks would make them wise 
up, but I suspect that a lot of vendors won't 
catch on until those checks stop coming in. 

Backup Zingers 

One of the oddest restrictions in software 
licenses is the limitation on backup copies. 
Copyright law doesn't automatically allow' 

MaeUser January 1993 41 

The First And Best 
In Mac Accounting. 

Nobody knows Macintosh accounting 
like Peachtree, After all, we invented the first 
accounting software for the Mac. And our pnxf 
nets have won more awards than anyone else's, 
Best of all, they're now priced within your reach, 

Peachtree Accounting For 
Macintosh. Only $99. 

This important new version is amazingly 
easy to use, with all the basic functions your 
small business needs: G/L f A fK A/P, and Payroll 
Plus, for the tint time, Version 2.0 adds Inven¬ 
tory, Job Costing, and Bank Reconciliation. 

Peachtree Insight Accounting. 
Total Package, Only $395. 

Insight offers advanced accounting func¬ 
tions, plus the ability to analyze data and fore¬ 
cast trends with Expert Reports, And it's now 
available for just a fraction of the original cost 
A few months ago, you'd have paid over $2000 
for the individual modules. 

Our Mac products are backed by 30 days 
of free support and a money-back guarantee. 
So see your local dealer or call PeachLine at 
(800) 428-9976. 

The first name in small business 
accounting software." 


Circle 55 on reader service card. 


you to make any copies of the software 
you purchase, so vendors must explicitly 
grant you the right to make backup cop¬ 
ies* For reasons unknown to me, soft¬ 
ware vendors are almost unanimous in 
allowing their customers to make only 
one backup copy of a program. Kiwi 
Software is better than most, allowing 
two. Many vendors, including Microsoft 
and Aldus, allow you to make one backup 
copy or to load the software onto a hard 
disk but not hoik Sludiotronics specifies 
backup diskettes, implying that backing 
its programs up to tape, say, would be 
illegal. Fve read and reread Window- 
Craft's license agreement, and I swear it 
doesn't allow you lo make any backups 
at ail, although you can load the software 
onto your hard disk. 

How are you doing so far? No license 
violations yet? 1 trust that you back up 
your hard disk regularly, using one of 
(he many excellent backup programs that 
can he counted on to violate several li¬ 
cense agreements at once. 

The fact is, one backup copy is not 
enough. Disks do go bad. Software com¬ 
panies do go out of business. The time 
required to get a replacement copy from 
the vendor may be too long. So how 
many backup copies do you need?That's 
not for me to say. It's not for Microsoft 
to say either. 

Why on earth are software vendors 
trying to dictate how secure your backup 
policy should be? To be fair, that's nol 
what they have in mind. They just want 
to prevent you from copying their soft¬ 
ware for use, a clear violation of copy¬ 
right, but it's easier for them to count 
disks than to prove illegal use. So is Lhis 
limitation a necessary evil ? No, there are 
companies — the aptly named Right 
Answers, for example—that don't place 
any restrictions on the number of backup 
copies you may create. 

Of course, no vendor allows you to 
make copies of commercial programs 
for other people, whether you charge for 
them or give them away. That's a viola¬ 
tion of copyright But surely you can sell 
or at least give away the prog mm if you 
are careful to transfer all the disks, manu¬ 
als, cellophane-embossed contracts, and 
so on? Copy right law doesn't restrict 
your right to transfer ownership of your 
copy of the copyrighted work. 

Ah, but license agreements are not so 
unanimous on the issue. Some compa¬ 
nies allow transfer without restriction. 
Some, such as Multi-Ad Services, don't 

allow any transferal all. Some, such as 
Letraset, require you to get the written 
consent of the vendor before transfer¬ 
ring, Why the difference? Beats me. 

There's a wealth of such nonsense in 
license agreements, such as the question 
of who owns the disks. Most vendors 
claim to retain ownership of the software 
but grant that you have purchased the 
disks on which it resides. Some, includ¬ 
ing Adobe and Studiotronics, claim to 
retain ownership even of the disks. One 
agreement seems to claim ownership of 
your disks if you use them to make 
backup copies of the company's soft¬ 
ware. but I'm probably misreading it. 

It is clearly not in users' interest to 
have to keep track of such a mishmash of 
restrictions. And the fact is, it's com¬ 
pletely unnecessary. Many software ven¬ 
dors do without license agreements, re¬ 
lying on copyright law. Borland puts it 
clearly enough that you would think even 
other software vendors could understand 
its “No-Nonsense License Statement": 

‘This software is protected by both 
United States copyright law and interna¬ 
tional treaty provisions. Therefore, you 
must treat this software just like a book, 
with the following single exception. 
Borland International authorizes you to 
make archival copies of the software for 
the sole purpose of backing up our soft¬ 
ware and protecting your investment from 
loss." License statement, you’ll notice, 
not license agreement. It’s simply an 
explanation of the law and an authoriza¬ 
tion to make backup copies. No number 

This policy doesn't seem to have hurt 
Borland any. 

Unfortunately, users can't simply ig¬ 
nore license agreements. Although the 
things can be redundant, senseless, of¬ 
fensive, and inconsistent, they can also 
be enforced. And it is not safe to assume 
that only the sensible provisions will be 

Yes, software licenses are needed: Li¬ 
censes are appropriate for multiuser prod¬ 
ucts. Site licenses make sense. Develop¬ 
ment tools require that there be some 
agreement regarding the products cre¬ 
ated with them. And there are other cases. 
But shrink-wrap license agreements on 
single-user products are unnecessary and 
are annoying and insulting to customers. 
They've got to go. 

1 suggest a New Year's resolution for 
the software industry: Kick the shrink¬ 
wrap license habit, Ij| 

42 January 1993 MacUser 






; Doubto Sided 




Opuctil Disk 




If you find hard drives too limiting, tape too cumbersome and removables too small, 
we have the answers. Because nobody can show you more ways to add the speed and 
flexibility of optical storage to your system or network. 

Our newest optical drive, the 3.5” LF-3000/LF-3004 erasable makes big storage a 
small task indeed. Our 1 gigabyte erasable opticals are the answer for overburdened file 
servers and Desktop Publishing applications. Our WORM drives are the perfect answer 
for mass storage where permanence and audit trails are required. And our jukebox 
options give larger networks 50 gigabytes of room between changes. Of course,* every 
Panasonic® optical storage product is equally happy in DOS, OS/2, Macintosh, UNIX* 
and other environments. 

So, since nobody else offers the advantages of direct-overwrite technology, or a 
broader line of optical products, or greater optical storage capacity, you should be talking 
to nobody else but Panasonic. 

You can reach us toll-free at: 1-800-742-8086. 


Office Automation. 


Peripherals, Computers, Printers, 

Copiers, Typewriters and Facsimiles __ 


* All other brands and company/product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies. 








Circle 131 m reader service card. 

original. And the sequel always seems wanting. 

Not so with new FileMaker® Pro 2.0 for the 

Macintosh. — This sequel to the best-selling 

One Of The Rare Cases In 
Has Better Scripting 

Macintosh database of all time has even more power and functionality than the original. 

Thanks to a starring cast of over 50 new features. And an entirely new interface for scripting 

called ScriptMaker™ — ScriptMaker makes it easier than ever to create customized scripts that 

automate virtually any database job you can imagine. Simply select the tasks you want 

For mam information „ call J-SOP-J-CIA RiS. ext. 17. In Canada, call l 300-668-8948, ext. 43. © 1992 Claris Corporation* All rights reserved, Chris and FileMaker arc 
registered trademarks and ScriptMaker and Simply powerful software are trademarks of Claris Corporation. All other product names are trademarks of their respective owners. 

accomplished, click your mouse and your script is ready to run. It’s that easy. But great 

scripting is just the beginning. Completely System 7 Savvy, FileMaker Pro lets you cast and 

play QuickTime movies in your database records. Print out over 50 different types of Avery 

labels — perfectly formatted first time, every time. And even share Macintosh FileMaker Pro 

^ife Where The Sequel 
Than The Original. 

files with PCs running FileMaker Pro for 

Windows. — FileMaker Pro 2.0. One of the 

rare sequels that truly delivers a blockbuster 

of a performance. 


Simply powerful software!” 

To Upgrade To FileMaker Pro 2.0, Call 1-800-544-8554, Ext. 17. 

Charger, a powerful new DSP accelerator offering 
performance gam up to 23k in certain functions * 

Combine it with a DayStor CPU accelerator and get 
gains that are greater than either operating alonel 

New math for Adobe Photoshop users— 
introducing Charger from DayStar. 

If you work with Adobe Photoshop, 
you probably have a need for speed. 
DayStar now offers two powerful 
upgrades that can be combined for 
even more speed. That’s the new 
math from DayStar — one plus one 
does equal three... 

For general purpose gains* 

DayStar’s award-winning CPU 
accelerators, the PowerCache" ’030 
and Turbo ’040” upgrade the Mac’s 
main ’030 CPU chip and boost all 
functions from 3x to 4x. 

Use Charger for specialized 

Now DayStar gives you a second, 
extremely powerful way to up¬ 
grade. Introducing Charger, a very 
specialized NuBus board that uses 
two superfast DSP chips* working 
in parallel. It will accelerate specific 
functions from 3x to 23x (they 
include sharpen, blurs, sizing, 
rotations and more). 

Faster and 100% Compatible* 

DayStar once again provides 100% 
compatibility. Our plug-in’s are 
faster yet produce identical results 
to those of Adobe Photoshop. For a 
limited time, they are bundled free 
with Charger, a $199 value. 

For the imaging professional, 

Charger also includes a brand new 
release from Storm Technology* 1 , 
the award-winning PicturePress”" 
software. A $199 value, you get it 
free with Charger. 

Get benefits today. 

With Charger you get the latest tech¬ 
nology running today’s applications. 
In addition to nearly $400 of free soft¬ 
ware, don’t forget our 3 year warran¬ 
ty, unlimited toll-free tech support, 
and 30 day money back guarantee.' 
Remember... when you feel the need 
for speed, gi ve DayStar a call! 

Get additional performance from your Charger with a 50 MHz PowerCache CPU accelerator. Or get additional perfor¬ 
mance by adding a Charger DSP accelerator. These products are designed to work together - only from DayStar! 



Call for an immediate fax brochure! 

1 - 800 - 962-2077 

5556 AlLuua Highway* Flowery Branch, G A 30542 Int'l: (404) %7-2077, Fax: (404) 967-3018 A tea awnlafrte on GSA Schedule #GS00K91AG55Q47 

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Circle 159 oh reader service card. 


Sight and sound: 
Graphical interfaces 
are great, as long as 
you can see them. 
Fortunately for blind 
or sight-impaired 
Macintosh users, 
Berkeley Systems 
(510-540-5535) has 
introduced new, 
System 7 versions of 
outSPOKEN ($495) 
and inLARGE 
($195). outSPOKEN 
can pronounce menus, 
desktop items, and 
dialog boxes, and 
inLARGE magnifies 
the screen 2 to 16 

By Russell Ito 

Death and taxes: The new year 
is upon us, and that can mean only one 
thing (no, not the resurrection of Guy 
Lombardo): tax time. IK; TaxCut 
($49.95), from Meca Software (800- 
288-6322 or 203-256-5000), is a new 
challenger in the tax-preparation-soft- 
ware market. Following the “inter¬ 
view” paradigm that TurboTax pioneered some time ago, TaxCut guides you 
through the process of filling out your tax returns by having you answer a 
series of questions. As you answer the questions — questions that are 
increasingly specific, based on your previous answers — TaxCut compares 
your totals with national averages and alerts you to anything the IRS might 
find suspicious. The program can import your financial data from Intuit’s 
Quicken and, as you’d expect, from Meca’s Managing Your Money. 
MacInTax ($79.95), from ChipSoft (619-453-4446), is the latest version of 
the Mac’s oldest tax package. Last year, MacInTax adopted the TurboTax 
interview approach, but the integration of the two technologies wasn’t 

especially smooth. This 
time, the company has 
smoothed things out, so, 
for example, the interview 
process now focuses the 
questions based on your 
answers instead of just feeding you questions that aren’t pertinent, Elec¬ 
tronic filing has also been simplified, because MacInTax now includes the 
filing software. ¥ TaxCut and MacInTax are available in head-start edi¬ 
tions, so you can plan early and then automatically upgrade to the final 
versions of the programs, with all the final IRS forms, in January or 
February. Both Meca and ChipSoft are also offering accuracy guarantees, so 
if the IRS finds a calculation error, each publisher agrees to pay the IRS 
penalties (Meca will also pay the interest). Happy New Year. 

Up to Date ... 

Day Maker, Pastel Development’s monster PIM, has been boosted to 
version 2.0. New features include recurring events, to-do lists, and a plug-in 
architecture for greater functionality. 800-727-6732 or 212-941-7500. 
$129.95. 'K Frontier 2.0, the latest version of UserLand Software’s 
scripting package, supports the Apple-event Object Model, so it can auto¬ 
mate and customize such programs as FileMaker Pro 2.0 and Excel 4.0.415- 
369-6600. $249. H§ 

MacUser January 1993 47 


A Colorful IBM Printer 

Who would have imagined this? IBM has produced a 
colorful product. The IBM Color Jetprinter PS 4079 is the 
latest entry in the printer market from Lexmark, IBM's 
Former printer division. 

A color inkjet model, the Jetprinter uses a 16-megahertz 
AMD 29200 RISC chip as its processor and boasts 360-dpi 
resolution. PostScript-compatible, it has 4 megabytes stan¬ 
dard and can be boosted to 16 megabytes. By using four ink 
cartridges (cyan, yellow, magenta, and black), it can print 
documents with color and with monochrome elements with¬ 
out compromising the quality of the blacks. With a black 
cartridge, your text won't have the muddy look that often 
results from process blacks. You'll also save ink, because 
you'll use only the black cartridge for text documents. 

The Jetprinter can handle a range of paper sizes, from a 
standard # 10 business envelope to an 11 -x-17-inch tabloid¬ 
sized page. Although it can print on plain paper, as can any 
inkjet printer, coated paper will probably produce the best 

Lexmark has outfitted the Jetprinter with parallel, serial, 
and LocalTalk ports, and the printer can automatically 

Color from Big Blue! Lexmark's IBM Color Jetprinter PS 
4079 is the company's first color printer for the Mac. It's 
a 360-dpi, PostScript-compatible inkjet printer that can 
print tabloid-sized images. 

switch between its PostScript and GL emulations. 

Lexmark International, Inc., 740 New Circle Road, Lex¬ 
ington, KY 40511; 800-426-2468 or 606-232-2000. $3,495. 

Brushstrokes: Claris’ Clear Choice 

Audio-CD buyers are familiar with the 
concept of "second label” marketing, the 
use of a budget label to sell discs with a 
narrower appeal. Now that same market¬ 
ing approach has come to software. Claris 
has launched a second-label line. Clear 
Choice, which will offer a range of cross¬ 
platform, personal applications, and utili¬ 
ties (for the Mac, Windows, and PDAs) 
that will be priced in the $5Q-to-$2O0 
range. Independent developers will cre¬ 
ate these packages, and Claris will then 
publish them under the Clear Choice la¬ 
bel. Claris will not acquire the products. 

however, so the developers will retain 
control over them while taking advan¬ 
tage of Claris’ worldwide marketing. 
Users will be able to buy the Clear Choice 
products wherever they buy other Claris 
programs. Claris will handle all the tech¬ 
nical support for the line. 

The first Clear Choice package will he 
a 32-bit painting program tentatively 
called Brushstrokes. Unlike high-end 
painting packages, Brushstrokes is de¬ 
signed for nonartisis, so it provides a 
variety of tools for creating specific ef¬ 
fects quickly, including an Impressionist 

paintbrush, a rubber-stamp tool, and sup¬ 
port for Photoshop and Aldus Gallery 
Effects plug-ins. In addition to the paint¬ 
ing tools, BrushStrokes offers image-ma¬ 
nipulation and -processing tools, includ¬ 
ing filters for sharpening, embossing, 
smoothing, and special effects. It also 
lets you do color remapping; inversion; 
and transformations, such as rotations, 
flips, skewing, and slanting. In a sense, 
BrushStrokes is like an advanced Kid 
Pix for adults. BrushStrokes starts from 
the assumption that its users aren’t art¬ 
ists, and the package comes with an ex¬ 
tensive step-by-step guide showing how 
to create various types of images. 

Although BrushStrokes will be the first 
new Clear Choice package, Claris will 
also ship Retrieve It!, a file-finding util¬ 
ity, as another Clear Choice product. Re¬ 
trieve It!’s developer, MVP Software, 
has been selling the package since its 
introduction last June. 

In the first year, Claris plans to ship 
four to six programs under the Clear 
Choice banner. Future Clear Choice prod¬ 
ucts will focus on these areas: graphics, 
utilities, Claris-product extensions (such 
as add-ons for FileMaker Pro), PI Ms, 
entertainment, and education. 

Claris Corp., 5201 Patrick Henry 
Drive, Santa Clara, CA 95052; 408-727- 
8227. BrushStrokes, $129; Retrieve It!, 

from Claris’ new 
Clear Choice 
line of budget 
programs, is a 
32-bit painting 
package for 
nonartists — 
sort of a Kid 
Pix for adults. 

48 January 1993 MacUser 

Keeping InTouch 

A free-form database manager, Ad¬ 
vanced Software's InTouch was among 
the first PI Ms released, but it's been a 
long time since it made any news. 

Version 2.0 includes re¬ 
minders; a list view; more 
printing options; and grouping, 
which lets you categorize your 
contacts in any way you like. 

But the new InTouch's best 
feature is Snap, a utility that 
sits in the background and 
makes addressing a letter and 
printing an envelope easy. 

When you type a name in your 
word processor, highlight it, 
and press a hot-key sequence, 

Snap automatically looks for 
the unique occurrence of that 

name in your InTouch database. It then 
retrieves the complete address, formats 
it, and pastes it into your letter. 

Advanced Software, Inc., 1095 E. 
Duane Avenue, Suite 103, Sunnyvale, 
CA 94086; 408-733-0745. $99.95. 

The latest version of InTouch, Advanced 
Software's PIM, Includes reminders, to-do lists, 
and a list view that makes scrolling through 
your phone book easy. 

SuperMac’s Color Proofs 

Conti nuous -tone dy e- sub I i mati on 
printers are catching on, and now an¬ 
other first-time printer vendor has 
joined the fray. SuperMac Technol¬ 
ogy has introduced the ProofPositive 
line, which boasts exceptionally fast 
speed and color accuracy that's in¬ 
tended to eliminate the need for color 

The ProofPositive line consists of 
two models: the Full-Page Printer and 
the Two-Page Primer. The former can 
print on paper as large as letter-sized, 
and the latter can print on as large as 
tabloid-sized (11 x 17 inches). Each 
is a 300-dpi, Adobe PostScript Level 
2 (optional), full-bleed printer, and 
SuperMac estimates that each has an 
average printing time of 3 to 7 min¬ 
utes per page. The consumables come 
in three varieties: gray scale, CMY, 
and CMYK, 

For color accuracy, the Proof- 
Positive models include built-in color- 
matching software: Electronics for 
Imaging’s EfiColor, which SuperMac 
predicts can render an accurate color 
proof that matches the results from a 
color press. And for the fastest prim¬ 
ing, SuperMac includes a Photoshop 
plug-in that lets you export images 
directly to the print engine. 

The ProofPositive printers connect 
to a Mac through either a NuBus card 
or the SCSI port. For sharing the print¬ 
ers over a network, SuperMac includes 
QuickDraw Chooser drivers that let 
you use a Mac as a pass-through prim 

SuperMac Technology, 485 Potrero 
Avenue, Sunnyvale, CA 94086; 408- 
245-2202, Full-Page Printer, $6,999 
to $10,499; Two-Page Printer, 
$] 9,499 to $19,999. S§ 

The ProofPositive 
line of continuous- 
tone printers from 
SuperMac Technology 
boasts full-bleed prints 
as large as tabloid- 
sized, with color 
accuracy that can 
match that of a color 


Reports and Analysis 

PowerBook 100 Recall 

CUPERTINO, CA — Just as it was 
quietly slipping off the Apple price 
sheet, the much maligned Power- 
Book 100 was hit with more bad 
news: a product recall Apple Com¬ 
puter has announced a recall of 
some 60,000 early PowerBook 100 
units that might have an electrical 
short that can melt a small hole in 
the bottom of the PowerBook case. 
The affected models' serial num¬ 
bers are less than SQ211 xxxxxx and 
less than SS216xxxxxx. Units with 
serial numbers equal to or greater 
than these aren't affected, and no 
other PowerBook models are af¬ 
fected, because the 100's compo¬ 
nents are unique. In order to make 
the repair process easy, Apple has 
established a toll-free hot line: 800- 
572-1731 (9 am. to 8 p,m. EDI, Mon¬ 
day to Friday), To receive a no-cost 
impair, users must just call the num- 
borand have the serial number con¬ 
firmed, and Apple will arrange for an 
overnight pickup and return. 

MfEerocom Dumps Utilities 
NORWOOD, MA — Microcom has 
decided to amputate its utilities 
group. The company, which is pub¬ 
lisher of Virex, Carbon Copy, 911, 
and Complete Undelete, has an¬ 
nounced that it will sell its utilities 
group to Datawatch, For its first fis¬ 
cal quarter of 1993, Microcom re¬ 
ported a loss of $6.6 million, includ¬ 
ing a charge of $5.8 million to cover 
the cost of restructuring. 

Claris Intros HyperCard Player 
SANTA CLARA, CA — HyperCard 
without HyperCard? That’s the idea 
behind Claris’ introduction of Hyper¬ 
Card Player, a run-time version of 
HyperCard that lets users run a stack 
without being able to alter it Hyper¬ 
Card Player will be bundled with the 
Performa line and will replace the 
version of HyperCard that ships with 
all other Macs. Claris will offer a 
HyperCard Developer's Licensing 
Kit ($349), which includes a license 
to duplicate and distribute an unlim¬ 
ited number of copies of HyperCard 
Player. HyperCard Player will not 
be available free through BBSs or 
user groups unless a user group 
buys the Licensing Kit. HyperCard 
Player can be purchased from Claris 
for $29. 

MacUser January 1993 49 




Microsoft Works 3.0 

Works scores high with its new interface and charting 
features but fumbles at module integration. 

For Microsoft Works, 3 seems to be 
the magic number. After a 3-year wait, 
version 3.0 of Microsoft’s integrated' 
software package has finally emerged. 
When Works was first introduced, it 
enjoyed huge success as the only player 
in the integrated field, but the landscape 
has changed significantly since then. 
Microsoft's newly enhanced entry now 
faces stiff competition from 3 other inte¬ 
grated packages — Great Works, Claris- 
Works, and Beagle Works. We found 
Microsoft Works 3.0 a worthy competi¬ 
tor, but the package is no longer assured 
victory, particularly with the relatively 
weak level of integration it offers among 
its modules. 

New Look 

The most obvious change to Works is 
its flashy new interface. All the basic 
interface elements, including the ruler 
and the new floating tool palette, appear 
in 3-D gray scale. The enhanced palette 
boasts icon buttons for handy access to 
features such as font-formatting com¬ 
mands that formerly were available only 
from menus or the keyboard. The tool 
palette is context-sensitive, so its selec¬ 
tion changes as you switch from one 
module to another. Works 3.0 also sup¬ 
ports 256 colors throughout all of its 

But Works 1 enhancements go far 
deeper than a simple face-lift, Microsoft 
has significantly beefed up the feature 
sets of the package’s word-processing, 
spreadsheet, database, and communica¬ 
tions modules. In addition. Works 3.0 
features a new Draw module with page- 
layout capabilities. 

Works' word-processing enhance¬ 
ments include new ruler buttons for tabs, 
justification, and line spacing as well as 
support for footnotes and endnotes. The 
word-processing module lets you create 
true multiline headers and footers (this 
feature is available from within any mod¬ 
ule), but they're visible on-screen only 
in Works’ noneditable Print Preview dis¬ 
play. Mail-merge is also easier. The only 
key feature missing from the Works word 

processor is a set of column-formatting 

The Works spreadsheet module now 
permits separate character-style selections 
for each cell, although you’re restricted 
to a single font and size for each docu¬ 
ment. In addition, the software automati¬ 
cally recognizes date and time formats. 
Other spreadsheet-module strengths in¬ 
clude support for cell notes and for split 
windows, so you can view several pails 
of a large spreadsheet simultaneously. 

Improved Charting 

Charting features, once a major Achil¬ 
les’ heel of Works, are now a standout. 
Version 3.0’s charts are better-looking 
and easier to construct and modify than 
those of previous versions. Especially 
noteworthy is that Works 3.0 allows you 
to edit individual chart elements, such as 
legend boxes, at any time with a new 
Touch Up command. Of course, links 
with spreadsheets are preserved. In addi¬ 
tion, chart handling is improved — charts 

now appear with their spreadsheet, not 
in separate windows, so you can move 
them around easily within the spread¬ 
sheet document as well as print them 
along with their spreadsheet. 

Database Enhancements 

Microsoft has made forms design 
easier in the Works database module by 
allowing separate design and data-entry 
modes. Moreover, you can create forms 
w ith filters composed of as many as six 
record-selection rules. Once you’ve 
named a filter, you can save it with the 
database. Each database document can 
have as many as 16 named filters. Ver¬ 
sion 3.0 allows for more flexibility by 
letting you resize each field to accept 
multiple lines. However, the module is 
still hampered by a sp read sheet l ike da ta- 
entry bar, which doesn't let you enter 
data directly into a forms field. 

'Hie Works communications module 
is now based on Apple’s standard Com¬ 
munications Toolbox. The module's best 
new feature is the Sign-on command, 
which helps automate log-ons to fre¬ 
quently accessed information services by 
recording keystroke sequences and sav¬ 
ing them as scripts. 

Like previous versions, Works 3,0 
provides a drawing-tools palette that’s 
available in every module except the 
communications one. When you draw 

Microsoft has significantly enhanced Works. Especially noteworthy are version 
3,0's charting features — charts now appear with spreadsheets rather than in 
separate windows, and they’re easier to edit. 

50 January 1993 MacUser 

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With Works 1 newly 
added Draw 
module, you can 
create multipage 
documents with 
the Page menu. 
Linked text frames 
allow text to flow 
automatically from 
one column to 
the next. 


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The Microsoft 
Works database 
module now 
supports multiline 
fields and 
separate data- 
entry and design 
modes, but you 
must still enter 
data with a 
separate data- 
entry bar — you 
can't type directly 
into forms fields. 

an object with a tool from this palette, 
it T s placed in a transparent layer that sits 
on top of your document. The palette — 
which provides many excellent tools — 
features several new enhancements, in¬ 
cluding 3-D effects and shadows. How¬ 
ever, a much-needed alignment tool is 
still missing. 

Multipage 5upport 

Works’ new Draw module features a 
Page menu that lets you create multi page 
documents such as newsletters. Like pre¬ 
vious versions. Works 3.0 lets you link 
text frames so that text flows from one 
frame to another. Version 3,0 enhances 
this feature for multipage documents by 
adding buttons to each frame. The but¬ 
tons provide a fast and easy way to cre¬ 
ate new links as well as to jump from one 
frame to the nexi. 

Unfortunately, you can’t wrap text 
around graphic borders, which is an 
important feature for newsletter design. 
In addition, paragraphs within text frames 
don’t support tabs or separate justifica¬ 
tions. Worst of all, we encountered a bug 
that caused some of the text within a 
frame to temporarily vanish when we 
inserted the cursor near the bottom of the 
frame. Works also suffers from a de¬ 
layed response to Cut commands and 
some annoyingly slow screen redraws. 

These imperfections are frustrating, 
but what’s most disappointing about 
Works 3.0 is its relative lack of integra¬ 
tion. When all is said and done, the 
package’s ubiquitous drawing-tools pal¬ 
ette. which lets you combine graphic and 
word-processing elements without cut¬ 
ting and pasting, is its only integration 
vehicle. Incredibly, even the Works spell¬ 
ing checker and newly added thesaurus 
are active only in the word processor. 

The Works package includes excel¬ 
lent on-line help, a healthy assortment of 
sample templates, and a selection of 
Data Viz converters for translating files. 

The Bottom Line 

If you’re looking for a package that 
provides well-engineered integration 
among its modules, you won’t be im¬ 
pressed with Microsoft Works 3,0. How¬ 
ever. if you are looking for the best 
integrated-software bargain on a mod¬ 
ule-by-module basis. Works fares better. 
The spreadsheet module, with its im¬ 
pressive charting features, is probably 
the strongest of all the integrated pack¬ 
ages’. The Works word processor can’t 

match the section divisions and lexl- 
wraparound effects of the Beagle Works 
word processor, but except for the lack 
of column-formatting commands, the 
module is generally comparable with 
Claris Works* and Great Works’. More¬ 
over, only GreatWorks can compete with 
the Works drawing-tool selection, al¬ 
though GreatWorks lacks linked text 
frames. Works' database and communi¬ 
cations modules are easily competitive 
with those of the other packages, and its 
good-looking interface is a decided plus. 
Overall, if you discount the impor¬ 
tance of module integration (ClarisWorks 
is the dear winner here), the race comes 
down to Microsoft Works and Great- 
Works. We giv e GreatWorks the nod for 
providing the most features —- it’s the 
only integrated package that provides 
both an oudiner and a painting module. 
And although both packages share a simi¬ 
lar tool palette. GreatWorks tops Mi¬ 
crosoft Works with its publish-and- 

subsciibe support, full formatting con¬ 
trols For text frames, and a spelling 
checker and thesaurus that work across 

However, if ease of use and muhipage- 
document controls are at the top of your 
list, Microsoft Works represents an at¬ 
tractive bargain. And if you’re currently 
using Works 2.0, the package is well 
worth the $19 upgrade price. 

— Ted Landau 

Get Info 

Microsoft Works 


Published by: Microsoft Corp., 
One Microsoft Way. Redmond, 
WA 98052; 800-426-9400 or 

Version: 3.0. 

List Price: $249. 

Macllser January 1993 SI 



i Hh'ii'i 1 I— 

cc:Mail 2.0 

Refurbished from bow to stern, Lotus’ E-mail system 
makes for smooth sailing on mixed Mac-and-PC 


If you long ago wrote off cc:Mail as 
a contender in the Mac E-mail arena, get 
your pen out again — version 2.0 can go 
head to head w ith the Mae’s leading mail 
systems, QuickMail and Microsoft Mail, 
Although the first version of cc:Mail for 
Macintosh looked like a poor relative of 
its highly successful DOS counterpart, 
version 2.0 boasts a slick graphical inter¬ 
face, advanced features unavailable from 
any other Mac E-mail system, and su¬ 
perb Mae-to-PC mail connections. 

Good-Looking Client 

Compared with the first version’s drab, 
text-based client software, cc:Mail 2,0's 
interface is downright eye-catching. 

Colorful icon buttons provide easy ac¬ 
cess to all the basic mail functions, and 
you can custom-configure the list win¬ 
dows that contain messages, addresses, 
and folder contents* By clicking and drag¬ 
ging items such as messages and user 
names, you can easily move them from 
one window to another. 

Like other mail systems, cc:Mail 2.0 
lets you enclose Hies (as many as 20 
items) with your messages* But what’s 
unique about cc:Mail is that it lets you 
view enclosed files you receive (or play 
them, in the case of sound tiles)* before 
you download them to your hard disk. 
This feature works with text, sound, 
graphics, QuickTime, fax (to send and 

cc:Mail’s client- 
software interface 
is significantly 
improved in 
version 2*0* 
Colorful icons 
(upper left) give 
you access to all 
the basic mail 
functions. By 
clicking and 
dragging, you can 
easily move files 
and names 
between windows. 

You can view 
cc:Mairs attached 
files — including 
graphic, text, 
QuickTime, and 
DOS fifes — 
before download¬ 
ing, by double¬ 
clicking on the 
files’ icons* 

receive faxes with cc:Mail, you need the 
SI ,995 cc:Fax add-on), and application- 
specific files. 

For application-specific files enclosed 
with messages, cc:Mail automatically 
launches the appropriate application 
when you double-click on Lhe enclosed 
tile. If you frequently work with generic 
file types such as TIFF, SYLK, or text, 
you can set cc:Mail to open each tile 
type with a specific application. 

The flip side of this innovative feature 
is its somewhat confusing implementa¬ 
tion. Not only are the icons for attached 
files displayed in lhe message form but 
an icon representing the message text 
also appears* This design takes some 
getting used to. 

Powerful Find Command 

Another special cc:Mail feature is its 
powerful Find command, which lets you 
quickly search for messages by title or 
contents and allows you to search for 
users in directories. Once the program 
has displayed a group of found messages 
or users, you can further narrow the 
search with different criteria. 

cc:Mail administrators can create pub¬ 
lic mailing lists thai let users send mes¬ 
sages to entire departments. Users can 
create us many as 200 private mailing 
lists, and each list can hold as many as 
200 addresses. cc:Mail supports the stan¬ 
dard suite of message-addressing options, 
including Forward, Carbon Copy, Blind 
Carbon Copy, and Send to Groups. 

Compared with other mail systems, 
cc:Mail offers the most flexibility for 
entering addresses: You can drag user 
names from the directory or the Find 
window into the address field, but by far 
the fastest and easiest method is to type 
part of the user’s name in to the address 
field — cc:Mail fills in the rest* 

cc:Mail is the most versatile and inno¬ 
vative mail system you can find, but you 
pay in RAM for its impressive feature 
set. The client software has a suggested 
memory partition of L200K, although 
we were able to run iL with less than ! 

Making Connections 

In addition to its client-software ameni¬ 
ties, another cc:Mail strong point is the 
ease with which it lets Macs exchange 
messages with other platforms, includ¬ 
ing PCs running the DOS, Windows, 
and OS/2 versions of cc:Mail and UNIX 
workstations running OPEN LOOK. 

52 January 1993 MacUser 


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Thu, Sep 3, 1992 

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Fri, Oct 2 , 1992 

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L . Restey 

Fri, Jul 24,1992 

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L, Rostey 

Tue. Jut 29, 1992 

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Thu, JuT 30 ^ 1992 

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l»l 1*1 


cc:Mail is the only Mac mail system that offers a powerful Find command. You 
can search for messages by title and content and search for users and groups 
within directories* 

Unlike other E-mail programs* cc:Mail 
doesn't require a gateway between Macs 
and PCs* but it does require a file server 
— accessible to all users — to hold the 
mail-center file* which is called Post 
Office. The file server* which doesn't 
have to be mounted on users' desktops 
during normal operation of cc:Mail* can 
be a Mac running AppleShare* a PC run¬ 
ning Novell's NetWare or Banyan's 
VINES, or a UNIX or VAX host* Net¬ 
work managers can administer cc:Mail 
over the network from either a Mac or a 

Post Office 

Strictly speaking. ccMaif s Post Of¬ 
fice is not a mail server; it's a database 
file that Macs and PCs running cc:Mail 
client software can access. This design 
not only makes the mail system easy to 
set up but it also makes Mac-to-PC com¬ 
munications faster than going through a 

However* we found cc:Mail’s Mac- 
to-Mac communications even slower than 
those of QuiekMaiL which has never 
been noted for its speed. That's because 
cc:Mail relies on the file-server software* 
not on mail-server software* to locate the 
Post Office file on the server's hard disk. 
Mail systems, such as Microsoft Mail 
and QuiekMaiL that use mail-server soft¬ 
ware to locate addresses on the server 
generally get faster results. Moreover* 
because much of cc:Mail’s intelligence 
resides in its client software, the mail 
system's performance is largely depen¬ 
dent on the client's CPU power. 

cc:Mail users can exchange messages 
with users of Lotus Notes* because the 
PC-based Notes server has a built-in 
gateway to cc:Mail. Lotus also offers 
gateways to several other E-mail sys¬ 
tems, including MCI Mail, PROFS, 
SMTP, 3Com Mail* and UNIXMail/ 
UUCP. A cc:Mail-to-QuickJVlail gate¬ 
way is also available, from StarNine 

Besides having an architecture dial’s 
suited for multi platform situations* 
cc:Mail is optimized in one other way 
for Maoand-PC networks: Mac and PC 
users can easily share files as well as 
messages, cc:Mail comes with Claris 
XTND file translators Lhat automatically 
translate PC files. You double-click on 
the PC files' icons in the enclosure win¬ 
dow, and cc:Mail opens the files by us¬ 
ing the appropriate Mac applications. For 
example, you can set cc:Mail to translate 

DOS XyWrite files and open ihem in 
WriteNow. To beef up the system’s 
multilingual capabilities* you can add 
XTND-compatible translators such as 
DataViz's MacLinkPlus translators. 

If your network has more than one 
mail server, a mail system that provides 
automatic directory updates across serv¬ 
ers when user lists change is a big plus, 
cc:Ma]Ts S995 Automatic Directory 
Exchange package, which requires the 
$1,295 cc:Mail Router, provides auto¬ 
matic directory updating across both lo¬ 
cal- and wide-area networks. The pack¬ 
age also includes cc:Mail Import/Export, 
for importing directories from other mail 
systems into cc:Mail. 

The Cloud in the Silver Lining 

ccrMaifs innovative features are im¬ 
pressive, but a few disturbing artifacts 
from the original version remain. Most 
annoying is the message window's lack 
of clear separation between a message 
and its reply, which means users can 
type a reply before* after, or even in the 
middle of the original message — a con¬ 
fusing situation, particularly with a long 
thread. You can partially solve this prob¬ 
lem by setting a preference to add a line 
between messages and replies. 

Fortunately* cc:Mail lets you use dif¬ 
ferent colors for message text and back¬ 
grounds, w hich makes it easy to distin¬ 
guish between different users' messages 
in a long thread (each person must use a 
different color). Given such a high level 
of customization, it’s especially disap¬ 
pointing that you can choose only 
monospaced fonts for messages, although 

you can use any font for list-window 

cc:Mail's feature set is robust, but a 
few items are missing. cc:Mail does not 
let you create personal message forms, 
as you can with QuiekMaiL nor does it 
lei you unsend messages. 

The Bottom Line 

The latest version of cc:Mail elevates 
the package from minor player to major 
power in the Mac 6-mai) arena. We found 
cc:Mail especially well designed for Mac - 
and-PC networks, 

cc:Mail’s strong points include ease 
of use* automatic translation between 
Mac and PC file formats, and a powerful 
Find command. Sluggish performance is 
somew hat offset by the ability to view 
enclosed files without downloading them. 
A few rough edges in the interlace aside, 
cc:Mail is one slick E-mail package. 

— John Rizzo 

Get Info 



Published by: Lotus Develop* 
ment Gorp., cc:Mail Division, 
2141 Landings Drive, 

Mountain View, CA 94043; 

Version: 2,0, 

Lis! Price: $495 for 1 Mac and 
1 server; $845 for 25 Macs and 
1 server (other configurations 
are also available). 

IVlacUser January 1993 53 

lilVJ'.iir lin.'l 



Gryphon Software’s Kafkaesque tool excels at 
creating QuickTime-based transformations. 

J I 

With Morph, Gryphon Software's new image-blending tool, you can create unique 
transformation effects and save them as QuickTime movies. Notice how smoothly 
the facial features of Scott Baku la, of "Qua ntum Leap/" transform into those of 
"Out All Night" star Patti LaBelle. 

Gryphon Software just added another 
noun-verb to our burgeoning techno- 
babble lexicon. Morph, short for meta¬ 
morphosis* is the name of the new 
image-blending tool that was the talk of 
last summer's Macworld Expo. Morph 
has a prodigious appetite for memory 
and processing power. Nevertheless, its 
unique capabilities make it well worth 
the investment for digital videophiles 
who are looking to create truly eye-pop- 
ping QuickTime effects. 

Creating the In-Betweens 

Morph 1 s concept is simple: You se¬ 
lect start and end images, and the soft¬ 
ware creates the images in between, al¬ 
lowing one image to smoothly transform 
into another. If you caught Michael 
Jackson’s Black or White music video, 
which featured the faces of men and 
women transforming seamlessly into one 
another, then you've got the idea. 

You can save entire transformations, 
or morphs, as QuickTime movies or PICS 
files, or you can link sequences of mor¬ 
phs to create a single movie. You can 
also save individual frames as PICT 
images. Source images, in both color 
and black-and-white, can include photo¬ 
graphs, drawings, and text. 

People make especially interesting 
morph subjects. By morphing a toddler 
with her mother, for example, you can 
simulate generational similarities or the 
passage of time. You may even he 

tempted to morph yourself with your 
favorite sex symbol, which sounds 
vaguely illegal but is entirely possible. 

The quality of a morph depends on 
ihe information you give it with the 
program's key points. When you posi¬ 
tion a “transform from" point in a start 
image, a corresponding "transform to 1 ' 
point appears in the end image. You 
adjust the placement of points by click¬ 
ing and dragging. Place as many key 
points as you want — the more, the 
belter. Keyboard shortcuts let you 
quickly toggle among tools for placing, 
adjusting, and magnifying. Unfortu¬ 
nately. you can't select multiple points 
and move them all at once — a serious 

Practice Makes Perfect 

It takes a little practice to position 
points correctly. In the illustrated ex¬ 
ample. Scott Baku la's ears are visible 
whereas Patti LaBelie's ears are hidden. 
So where to put a point on LaBelle when 
its counterpart is on Baku la's ear? It's 
not always intuitive, if you do it wrong, 
the result appears to be an ugly superim- 
position rather than a morph. When you 
get it right, the morph movie can be 
smooth and eye-catching. Fortunately, 
the Morph package includes instructive 

The smoothest morphs come from 
source images thaL arc very similar in 
position and shape. Morphing dissimilar 

subjects can be tricky, because it's diffi¬ 
cult to accurately place key points. More¬ 
over, individual frames can look a bit 

Once you've set your key points, you 
can save the morph as a QuickTime 
movie. You may find time to read siz¬ 
able chunks of Kafka/s The Metamor¬ 
phosis while waiting for Morph to com¬ 
pile and save your transformation, how¬ 
ever. A 5-second, 40-frame movie took 
nearly 12 minutes on a Mac Hex with 8 
megabytes of memory. Gryphon has 
wisely included an easy-to-use single¬ 
frame preview, so you can test your 
morph one frame at a time before you 
save it as a movie. 

At $149, Morph may look like an in¬ 
expensive do-it-yourself movie-effects 
tool. However, you should be aware that 
you'll need a minimum of 8 megabytes 
of RAM to use the program effectively 
and that a math coprocessor is a worth¬ 
while investment for speeding up the 
morphing process. Images must be in 
PICT format at 72 dpi, and both the start 
and end images must be exactly the same 
size. You’ll probably also want to clean 
up source images by eliminating noisy 
backgrounds and unnecessary elements 
with a painting program before process¬ 
ing the images with Morph. The pro¬ 
gram comes with the required QuickTime 
system extension. 

The Bottom Line 

Morph is one more step along t he path 
toward bringing high-end video effects 
to the Mac. It takes a while to master the 
process of positioning Morph T s key 
points, but if you’ve got the time and the 
necessary hardware and memory, check 
out this program. It's fun: it can add snap 
to your presentations; and best of all, it 
can painlessly transform you into Arnold 
Schwarzenegger or Marilyn Monroe, if 
only on-screen, 

— Shelley Cry an 

Get Info 



Published by: Gryphon Software 
Corp., 3298 Governor Drive, Box 
221075, San Diego, CA 92122; 

Version; 1.0. 

List Price: SI49. 

54 January 1993 Macllser 




LenerPerfect 2.1 

A slim, trim version of its sibling, LetterPerfect is a 
nimble word processor for low-end Macs. 

LetterPerfect is an 
inexpensive, pa red-cf own 
version of WordPerfect 
that retains some 
powerful features, such 
as the ability to find and 
replace text attributes. 
The program's ability to 
display formatted text 
in the Find dialog box 
is a nice touch. 

By tossing out a slew of WordPerfect's 
fanciest features and slashing the price, 
WordPerfect Corp. has come up with a 
word processor that's, well, dam near 
perfect for low-end Macs. Although 
LetterPerfect isn’t optimized for demand¬ 
ing chores, the program's ability to open, 
edit, and save WordPerfect 2.1 tiles 
makes it an attractive choice for those 
who work in WordPerfect environments 
on low-end Maes and for Power Book 
users who want to work on WordPerfect 
documents at home or on the road. 

All in the Family 

If you're familiar with WordPerfect, 
you'll feel right at home with Letter- 
Perfect. The program's menus are nearly 
identical to those of WordPerfect, as are 
its commands. Among the WordPerfect 
features you won’t find in LetterPerfect 
are style sheets: page-layout tools: tables: 
macros: built-in drawing tools; borders 
and fills; QuickTime support, and sup¬ 
port for indexes, tables of contents, and 
cross-references. In addition, many 
Word Perfect-command selections are 
simplified in LetterPerfect, in some cases 
offering one or two choices to Word¬ 
Perfect's four or five. 

The result is a simple but surprisingly 
flexible program with a feature set that 
compares well with those of other low- 
end word processors. LetterPerfect 
comes with a 125.000-word spelling 
checker and a 43,000-entry thesaurus. A 

ruler similar to WordPerfect's lets you 
set indents, alignment, and tabs. Letter- 
Perfect’s ruler also makes it easy to cre¬ 
ate multiple columns of different widths 
— a daunting task in other word proces¬ 
sors, Moreover, you can create multi- 
column layouts to substitute for tables. 
The program also provides strikeout, red¬ 
lining, and other special character for¬ 
matting as well as a generous supply of 
tools for headers, foolers, footnotes, and 

LetterPerfect accepts graphic images 
in TIFF, PICT. GIF. MacPaint, and EPS 
format. You can treat graphics as char¬ 
acters, or you can anchor them to spe¬ 
cific locations on pages. 

You have many options lor finding 
and replacing text as well as character 
attributes with LetterPerfeefs Find/ 
Change command. The Find dialog box 
even displays text formatted in the font 
and size you've selected. 

Like WordPerfect, LetterPerfect 
makes it easy to use stationery files. 
When you save a LetterPerfect docu¬ 
ment as a stationery file inside the 
program's Stationery folder, the file is 
instantly available from the File menu, 
LenerPerfect also provides merge com¬ 
mands for printing form letters and mail¬ 
ing labels. 

LetterPerfect translates a variety of 
word-processing formats, including the 
DOS versi ons of WordPerfect, Microsoft 
Word, and Mac Write. Under System 7, 

translation is as simple as dragging files 
onto the Letter Perfect icon to convert 
and open them. 

When you open WordPerfect 2, l files 
with LetterPerfect you can edit the text 
bat you can't view features that Letter- 
Perfect doesn't support, such as para¬ 
graph borders. All aspects of the original 
WordPerfect files are preserved when 
you save the files in LetterPerfect. 

With all its likable attributes, the pro¬ 
gram does have several limitations. 
LetterPerfect isn't a good choice if you 
rdy on outlining — it lacks this feature 
altogether. For PowcrRook use, the 
program’s performance and modest 
memory requirement of 800K are quite 
acceptable. Bui LenerPerfect*s adherence 
to WordPerfect's design slightly detracts 
from its appeal as a Power Book word 
processor. Like WordPerfect, Letter- 
Perfect relies heavily on keyboard com¬ 
mands mapped to function keys or nu¬ 
meric keypads, neither of which are built 
in to the PowerBnok. Moreover, some 
commands, such as LetterPerfect's Re¬ 
veal Code, are completely inaccessible 
from a PowerBook keyboard. 

If you thought you somehow missed 
the first version of LetterPerfect, relax: 
Version 2.1 marks the program's debut. 
In homage to WordPerfect, and as fur¬ 
ther evidence of its complementary de¬ 
sign, LelterPcrfect's version number is 
set to match that of WordPerfect. 

The Bottom Line 

Most WordPerfect features absent 
from Letter Perfect will never be missed 
by the program's intended audience. For 
PowerBook and low-end-Mac users who 
don't require style sheets or outlining, 
LetterPerfect is an attractive and afford¬ 
able choice. And with its ability to open 
and edit WordPerfect files, LetterPerfect 
is especially well suited to those looking 
for an inexpensive but compatible alter¬ 
native to WordPerfect. 

— Erie Taub 

Gel Into 


Published by: WordPerfect Corp , 
1555 N. Technology Way, Orem, 
UT 84057: 801-225-5000, 

Version: 2.1. 

List Price: $149. 

Macdser January 1993 55 




Director 3.1 

The granddaddy of Mac 
multimedia presentation 
programs jumps on the 
QuickTime bandwagon. 

MacroMind Director users looking 10 
incorporate QuickTime movies into their 
presen rations need wait no longer. The 
latest upgrade to Macromedia’s verier- 
able 2-D-aninflation and authoring tool 
features QuickTime support along with 
several new Lingo commands and a long 
list of bug fixes. 

Director Links 

Director's newly added QuickTime 
support lets you import QuickTime mov¬ 
ies just as you would any other image 
file and position them on the Director 
stage. As an alternative to importing 
movie files, you can link disk-based 
movies to Director animations and edit 
them with external editing programs. 

You can open a window in Director 
that displays QuickTime’s standard trans¬ 
port controls, enabling you to preview 
movies before placing them on the Di¬ 
rector stage. You can loop imported 
movies within Director, but unfortunately 
the program doesn’t provide a visual 
loop-status indicator. You can also move 
QuickTime movies across the screen as 
they play and create unique effects with 
Director's Trails mode, which leaves each 
played frame in the wake of the movie as 
it travels across the screen. 

Macromedia has updated several Di¬ 
rector controls to make them QuickTime- 
smart. For example, if you place a 
QuickTime movie in an animation, a new 
option will let you prompt Director 10 
wait until the movie is finished playing 
before the program proceeds to the next 
frame in the sequence. 

As with some other QuiekTime- 
compaLiblc programs, imported Quick¬ 
Time movies play with noticeable visual 
and audio jerk in ess in Director, To get 
around this problem, you can use Hyper¬ 
Card XCMDs from within Director to 
play QuickTime movies instead of using 
D i ree u ir ’ s fac it i t i e s. (T h i s tech n i q ue a I so 
enables you to play QuickTime movies 
with Director by the way.) Another 

Director’s newly 
added QuickTime 
export facilities 
include atl the 
standard QuickTime 
options as well as 
selectable output 
scaling and the 
option to include 
Director sound 
channels and timing 

workaround to the jerki ness problem is 
MovieShop, an Apple utility (available 
free on AppleLink) that eliminates most 
QuickTime playback-synchronization 

Version 3.1 sports several QuiekTune- 
specific enhancements to Lingo, Di¬ 
rector's programming language. With 
Lingo, you can do such things as change 
the playback speed and direction (for- 
w ard/re verse) of Q u ie kTi me mo vie s a nd 
ascertain their duration, check to see if 
QuickTime is present on playback ma¬ 
chines, and more. 

Macromedia has further enhanced 
Lingo in numerous ways unrelated to 
QuickTime, Most noteworthy is a new 
Lingo command that checks to see how 
much RAM is required to play a range of 
frames. This feature is particularly use¬ 
ful if you're creating animations des¬ 
tined for playback on other Macs. 

Outgoing Animations 

In addition to letting you incorporate 
QuickTime movies into animations. Di¬ 
rector allows you to export animations, 
complete with Director’s two sound 
channels, as QuickTime movies. The pro¬ 
gram provides full support for the stan¬ 
dard QuickTime compression options, 
and you can scale your output as you 
save it. 

Director's QuickTime output facili¬ 
ties don T support pixel disst>1 ves, 11tough 
— a major drawback. Also, the program 
doesn't handle custom 8-bit palettes, 
which may be a problem for Director 
users who rely on custom palettes. 

Director 3.1’s list of bug fixes is a 
long one. Most notable are those affect¬ 
ing anti-aliasing: The program now sup¬ 
ports interruptible anti-aliasing and in¬ 
cludes anti-aliasing support lor the 
Macintosh Display Card GC. 

The new package also includes the 
MacroMind Accelerator, which previ¬ 
ously was sold separately for $195. Ac¬ 
celerator executes frame differencing on 
Director tiles at full screen size, which 
dramatically speeds the playback rate. 
Unfortunately, once you have acceler¬ 
ated a movie, you can't convert it to 

Also new is an optional CD-ROM 
package that includes the full Director 
application, an extensive set of sample 
an i m at i on II les, Li ago cod e sa m pie s, and 
the valuable Macromedia technical- 
support database. The database is stored 
in several formats on the disc: FileMaker 
Pro, tab-delimited text, and SYLK, 

The Bottom Line 

For multimedia professionals. Direc¬ 
tor maintains its position as the premier 
animation and authoring tool. QuickTime 
support aside, version 3,1 is worth the 
upgrade price for its bug fixes alone. 
And although Director's newly added 
QuickTime support has a few rough edges 
— lack of support for pixel dissolves and 
an imperfect playback facility— it’s still 
a welcome addition few Director users 
will want to be without, 

— David Blediiy 

Get Info 



Published by: Macromedia, 

600 Townsend Street, Suite 310. 
San Francisco, CA 94103; 

Version: 3.1. 

Lisl Price: SI,195; CO-ROM 
version, $1,295. 

56 January 1993 MacUser 

Connecting your Macs 
and Printers to Ethernet 
just got easier. 

Introducing the Ether Bridge Series: 
three software packages which 
allow Macs ami LocalTalk 
printers to be easily hooked up 
to the Ethernet network with 
absolutely no additional 
Ethernet hardware, 






Power Bridge allows any one LocalTalk 
device, such as a Power Book, printer or 
network modem, to be on Ethernet 
without any additional Ethernet 
hardware. Imagine being able to access ail 
Ethernet services, including file and mail 
servers* from your PowerBook, Or allow 
all Ethernet users to access the LocalTalk 
printer. See the diagram 
below for more details. 

Laser Bridge allows up ro 5 LocalTalk 
printers to be visible to all users on the 
Ethernet network. Only the host Mac 
requires Laser Bridge. In fact, the printers 
which are connected via LaserBridge can 
be hidden from all users 
on the Ethernet network. 

SupeiBridge is identical to PowerBiiclge 
except that it allows up to 5 LocalTalk 
devices to be on Ethernet without any 
additional Ether net hardware. These 5 
LocalTalk devices can be Macs, printers, 
network modems, etc. In tact, the 5 
LocalTalk devices can see' each other as 
well as being able to access all Ethernet 
services. See the diagram 
below lor more details. 

Printer or PowerBook 
via Super Bridge 

To order, or more information, call NOW. 

800 - 535-0725 

Sonic Systems, Inc. 

) L L JV2 Sunic NyMcms. Inc. 333 W LI Gamino Real £280, Suium'Je. EJA 04US™, 408-7 36" I yilll, Lut 408-736-722$. Ether Bridge Series, laser Bridge, I Wer Bridge md Super Bridge arc trademarks uf Soiiie Systems, Inc. 
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Auxiliary Power Pack..Model APP-2 

Designed for all PowerBook 100 Series, 
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MacDraw Pro 1.5 

Sluggish performance continues to plague Claris’ 
veteran drawing program. 

When Claris released the first major 
upgrade to its veteran drawing program 
two years ago, users soon discovered 
they'd paid a hidden cost for MacDraw 
Pro's nifty new features. Screen redraw' 
was sluggish, as was performance of 
basic tasks such as entering text and 
moving objects* With the recent release 
of MacDraw Pro 1.5, Claris claims to 
have addressed MacDraw Pro's perfor¬ 
mance woes. But our tests showed that 
despite speed improvements for some 
operations* others can be even slower 
than they were in the preceding version. 

When Fast Is Slow 

MacDraw Pro LO’s fancy multicolor 
gradient fills were a primary cause of the 
program’s performance problems. Un¬ 
fortunately* Claris' fix for the problem, 
a new Fast Gradient display option, re¬ 
sults in even pokier performance and is 
far less attractive on-screen. True, ver¬ 
sion L5*s off-screen buffer enables you 
to shave about a second off the time 
required to rotate multiple gradient-filled 
objects* In general, however, we found 
that the buffer markedly increased the 
time required for screen redraw and 
scrolling when gradients were involved. 

We can report performance improve¬ 
ments in other areas, though. Fast typists 
need no longer worry about typing text 

more quickly than MacDraw Pm can 
enter it. We also noticed a marked speed 
improvement in text scrolling and rotat¬ 
ing, Furthermore* new greeking options 
for graphics and text can significantly 
boost screen-red raw performance. 

Version 1.5 provides two options — 
Standard and Precise — for type place¬ 
ment, If you’re willing to trade precision 
lor speed, you cun seleel Standard char¬ 
acter placement to make the program 
print faster — it ignores kerning and 
tracking information. Text quality, how¬ 
ever* is noticeably affected. When you're 
printing gradients, version L5 lets you 
specify exactly how many steps will be 
used for each blend, so you can avoid 
creating an image too complicated for 
your printer’s resolution. 

Claris has also remedied a glaring 
omission of the original MaeDraw r Pro 
— full System 7 support* Version 1.5 
supports Balloon Help, and you can pub¬ 
lish* as well as subscribe to, multiple 
objects in a drawing* The new MacDraw 
Pro, in fact, gives you more options for 
publishing than do other programs; you 
can publish objects on a specific layer or 
across layers, for example. 

Version 1.5 also includes Apple-events 
support, so you can control MacDraw 
Pro from other applications. A sample 
HyperCard stack included in the pack¬ 
age demonstrates one way 
to exploit this capability: 
You can control a MacDraw 
Pro slide show remotely on 
a network from another 
Mac that's running Hyper¬ 
Card. Another advantage 
for presentations is the new 
version’s ability to place 
QuickTime movies as ob¬ 
jects within drawings. Ulti¬ 
mately, however, we found 
that MacDraw Pro’s lack of 
support for transitional ef¬ 
fects significantly detracts 
from its appeal as a presen¬ 
tation tool. 

As with most Claris prod¬ 
ucts, MacDraw Pro's chief 

MacDraw Pro 1.5 T s new text-greekmg option can 
significantly boost display speed. Screen-redraw 
performance remains a problem with some 
operations, however. 

58 January 1993 MadJser 

strength is its elegantly designed inter¬ 
face. Version L5 sports several new en¬ 
hancements. You can now select all ob¬ 
jects within a document that match one 
or more attributes and then modify all 
the objects in a single step. This feature 
comes in handy, because the program 
doesn’t leL you set up links between 
palette items, such as fills and lines, and 
the objects to which they’ve been ap¬ 
plied (as does rival InteLIiDraw, from 
Aldus), so you can’t make quick global 
changes to object attributes by simply 
selecting alternative tills and lines from 
the palette. 

Version 1.5 provides several new key¬ 
board shortcuts, among them shortcuts 
for changing type size and for changing 
the gradient display mode on the fly. 

The Bottom Line 

With its elegant interface; ease of use; 
and excellent support for layers, gradi¬ 
ent fills, and text handling, MacDraw 
Pro is a solid drawing program. Not even 
Dcneba’s blockbuster drawing package. 
Canvas, can match MacDraw Pro’s eye¬ 
catching multicolor gradients and pow¬ 
erful para graph-level text formatting. 
However, sluggish screen redraws re¬ 
main a problem, even with the latest 

Moreover, Mac Draw Pro is still miss¬ 
ing several key features that rival pro¬ 
grams provide. You can't convert text to 
outlines or attach it to paths, nor can you 
create multiobject blends between 
shapes. You also can't edit MacDraw 
Pro files with PostScript design programs 
such as Illustrator and FreeHand. 

Overall, MacDraw Pro's strengths and 
weaknesses balance out to earn it an 
average rating in the drawing-software 
arena. With rival programs Canvas and 
IntelllDraw boasting more powerful and 
innovative features. MacDraw Pro needs 
to play catch-up before it regains its sta¬ 
tus as ia fop contender! 

-— Brie Tauh 

Get Info 

MacDraw Pro 

Published by: Claris Corp. ( 5201 
Patrick Henry Drive, Santa Clara, 
CA 95052; 408-727-8227. 

Version: 1.5. 

List Price: $399. 


Get It Right the First Time With TopDown®. 

You don't get a second chance to 
compete in business. Not 
anymore. You need 
absolute precision in sys¬ 
tems, procedures and 

You need TopDown. 

TopDown is the ideal 
business tool for creat¬ 
ing flowcharts, procedure 
diagrams, training materi¬ 
als, process flows, system 
designs and more. It's easy 
to use, yet powerful enough 
to handle large, complex 

TopDown saves you time 
compared to even sophisticated 

drawing programs. You can rearrange 
symbols until yon get them right. The line 
path connections automatically re-route 

when symbols are moved. And 
TopDowifs hierarchical design helps you 
ma nage the smal lest detai Is. 

You can create and modify custom 
symbols inside TopDown. And with our 
new Version 3.5, you can even display 
QuickTime movies. It’s the most versa- 
tile, innovative way to 
document train, and per¬ 

TopDown allows you to 
experiment with process 
and systems designs. 
Improve operations. 
Increase efficiency in pro¬ 
cedures that will impact 
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Crrjte and modify custom 
symbols inside Top Pawn 
Route connecting lines in 12 
different ways. 

Quality Management in all areas of your 

Because you don't get a second chance. 

Order your FREE Demo today. 
Call 713-890-3434. 



Software Carp. 

c Kjstron- Softwin# £orp. SoviCtourn- is a isterfd iradenurt of Kd«1ron Sultwarr Letp&rj1i«i. 

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— - — 


Precisely. WithOrgChart Express'* 

Introducing 3 whole new approach to organiza- to new positions fsas easy as dick and drag. 

lion charts* Precise control. Not only over the 
appearance of your chart, but the 
underlying data as well. 

Introducing OrgChart Express. 

For creating concise, impressive 
organisation charts while simulta¬ 
neously managing employees' per¬ 
sonal and job-related data. 

Search and Sort functions provide 
total access to all chart data, 

OrgChart Express lets you find one 

As sign people to multiple 
positions to accommodate 
sp cfiat projects. 

specific employee in a large chart or several employ¬ 
ees with a special talent. And reassigning employees 

With OrgChart Express, your organization chart 
becomes a tool for creating mailing or^ 
phone lists. You can even Import and 
Export text—say, lengthy job descrip¬ 
tions—from other applications. 

Whether you’re working with 10 
employees or 1000, OrgChart Express 
provides the power you need to pul the 
right person in the right position. With 
sophisticated display and data manage¬ 
ment tools, OrgChart Express is the all- 

in-one program that will save you time and money. 

Order your FREE Demo today. 
Call 713-890-3434. 

C-1991lt4tLmn SoftwJn Dr^Oml EvwhtlntouAqllL^^VlftwiftrCortWICion. 


Software Carp. 

Productivity tools for busine&i mariogononr 
12777 Jijtim Rood, Suite 445 
Ftaiile*. IX 77D70 
pi3) 0*03434 FAX |7«3| &VO*7*7 

Circle 98 ok reader service card. 

MacUser January 1993 59 


Mac Smart 


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flu* iilunltfi!) j". m ™rr7- 7'-" LlUgJjJJ 1 
41■»** iuhnr Hf ■*?-- -’ti* - ... 


Diamond Pro 17 








L he Mitsubishi Diamond Prd - 17 is the ideal Macintosh® monitor for desktop 
publishing, graphic design, multimedia or image processing* it offers a large display with the 
most compact enclosure of any 17" flat-square or Trinitron monitor. 

The high-resolution Diamond Pro 17 has a fine pitch (0,25 mm), vertically flat, 
square-cornered Trinitron CRT and features Mitsubishi’s DigiCon™ digital convergence 
control and the Diamond Match Color Calibration System for color-critical applications. 
It’s compatible* with Macintosh graphics standards at 640 x 480, Quadra® 832 x 624 and 
Apple® standard 72 DPI. And with its MPU-based, auto-scanning capability, the Diamond 
Pro 17 enables you to upgrade your system for use with third party color boards offered by 
companies such as RasterQps®, Radius™, SuperMac™and E-Machines™. 

For more information on the smart choice, call Mitsubishi Electronics at 
1-800-843-2515. In Canada, call 1-800-387-9630 or in Mexico 91-800-83456, 



Circle 210 on reader service card. 

Mitsubishi Electronics America, Inc., Inlunmriun Systems Division, 5665 Plaza Drive, Cypress, CA 90630. 
Mitsubishi Electric Siilvs Canada, Inc., 4299 14th Avenue, Markham, Ontario L3R 0J2. 

©1992 Miuiiihidii Eke trunks Americii, Inc. Tiimrmn i> ;i registered imdeuiiirk ul Sony 0 *rp. All txlicr iradeniiirb ut registered 
muiciiuirh lire the property uf their respective holders, 

*Miic LC, Mac H ur Qii kir.i cable adapters available at no charge from your dealer. 




Canon CJ10 

Canon’s one-stop color solution may be pricey, but it 
does triple duty as copier, scanner, and printer. 

WliLit* s bigger than a bread box and 
the most versatile color-output device 
you can buy? The Canon CJ1(X that's 
what. By adding an optional interface to 
this 400-dpi digital color copier, you can 
connect the device to your Macintosh 
and use it as u scanner and printer as 
well. The Canon CJ H) is an ideal entry- 
level color machine for small workgroups 
who are looking to produce color output 


Setting up the copier is simple. Once 
you’ ve removed the hefty 43-pound CJ 10 
(2L25 x 18.73 x 8.5 inches) from its 
shipping carton, just install the inkjet 
cartridges and load the paper. The CJIQ 
uses Canon’s color Bubble Jet technol¬ 
ogy. Four hubblejel cartridges (cyan, 
magenta, yellow, and black) come with 
the unit. Bach $90 cartridge contains ink 
and a 128-nozzle print head good for 
producing ail average of 1,000 copies. 

The CJ 10’s paper-input tray holds 90 
sheets of special coaled paper. The paper 
is costly ($21 for 200 sheets) and doesn't 
allow double-sided copies, because you 
must load the paper with the “whiter” 
side up. Its somewhat difficult to distin¬ 
guish one side of the paper from the 

other, but if you print on the wrong side, 
you’ll know it — the back side doesn’t 
readily absorb ink, so you end up with a 
streaked, dripping page and excess ink 
smeared inside the printer. A manual- 
feed system for transparencies ($100 for 
50 sheets), label paper ($4 for 10 sheets), 
and card stock ($25 for 50 sheets) comes 
with the unit 

The CJ10 platen accepts originals as 
large as 8.5 x II inches. Thanks to a 
double-hinged cover, you can place 
bound material flat on the platen. The 
copier can magnify or reduce from 50 to 
200 percent in 1-percent increments. Four 
fixed ratios are available, and you can 
specify separate horizontal and vertical 
magnification ratios. 

The copier is ready for action after 
only a 10-second warm-up period, so 
you don't have to leave it on all the time. 
However, although it requires only 90 
seconds to copy an entire letter-sized 
original at 100 percent, the CJ10 is not 
for high-volume jobs, because you can' t 
set it to process more than 19 copies at 
a time. In our tests, the default settings 
produced copies with noticeably poor 
color balance, but buttons on the front of 
the CJ 10 let you lighten or darken colors 
individually (nine settings per color) to 

A special 
interface kit 
adds scanner 
and printer 
functions to the 
400-dpi Canon 
CJ10 color 
copier, making it 
a complete 

“I/you make lists 

—and mercy on you if you don't— 

get this program." 


^ome people manage 
to accomplish a lot 
more than others. Their 
secret? Two easy steps: 
Organize. And Prioritize. 


To-Do List Manager 


Arrange your activities in a simple outline . Then create your own 
columns to track the details: Priority ; Due Date, Status , anything ; 


Now the tun begins , Use your columns to display and print any set 
of activities, in order by Person, Project Date—any order you want. 

IN CONTROL? The #l-selling To-Do List Manager. 
From Ihe original creators of FileMaker.® 

Complete outliner -unlimited indenting for easy organization 
Unlimited columns — categorize your lists for instant access 
Easy sorting and selecting— quickly focus on whafs important 
Entry Helpers— enter data faster Ilian writing 
Print agendas, assignments, status reports, plans and more 

Mac User 

m Never rewrite your to-do lists again 

■ Communicate your plans with others 

■ Start your days knowing exactly what to do 

■ End each day sure of all you've accomplished 

Available from Mac Zone. ComputerWare, Mac's Place, Computer City 
or your favorite software dealer. Full 60 day money-back guarantee. 
For more info call 617-776-HID or fax 61 7 77G 1626. 


48 Grove Street, Somerville, MA 02144 
In Control is a trademark of Attain Corporation 
FileMaker is a registered trademark of Claris Carp. 

Circle 209 on reader service card. 


Looking for a small 

★ MDS Drives 60 day MEG 

MDS ftempvdbk SyQuest Drives— Come com¬ 
plete with l me cartridge and all the software 
you need forlow-leve! formatting of cartridges, 
selecting interleaves for fastest data access, 
defining partitions, and initializing them in 
either Mac or A/UX formats. There’s also disk 
caching and volume password protection. 

Plus, get AmDctikh or Norton Utilities free. 

Also includes a 2 year warranty and Hard 
Disk TooIKit Personal Edition. A great value! 

5533 MDS 44 with AutoDouhkr. . $439, 

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44 MB M 88 d IB SyQuest Cartridges see listings 

1991 & 1992 Macworld World Class 
Award Nominee for Best Customer 
Support-Software . Since 1984 f the 
original Mac mail-order source * 

We have thousands of products to choose from, and 
cany only the very latest versions* For items and/or 
versions not yet released at press time, we've Indicated 
the expected availability dates as supplied to us by 
the manufacturers. Also, unless indicated by (CP), 
all software is not copy-protected. 

Products preceded by © are System 7 compatible. 
For specific features of System 7.1, please ask your 
salesperson when placing your order. Also, our 
System 7 Video Is Just $9 (2244) or free when you 
order Apple's System 7.1 for $79 (1074). 

Companies participating in Ihe 30- or 60-day Money 
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We reserve the right to iimit quantities on returns. 

Corporate Accounts welcome. Bids and P*0.s 
accepted. Please call 800-800-4444 for information. 


♦ After Hours Software ... 30 day MBG 

1199 ©GUM (Guy's Utilities for Macintosh ), $59. 

Applied Engineering 

8799 PowerBook Auto Adapter.*.* . 69 

8800 Powe r Book C harger/Co nditl oner..139. 

Asante Technologies, Inc* 

2555 EN/SC-IOfT for PowerBooks.339 

2535 EN/SC-BNC for PowerBooks . 339, 

Battery Technology, Inc* 

7562 Battery tor PowerBook 140=170__62 

Computer Care 

4153 BookView Imperial 140-170 ,,...,.. 999. 

4162 BookRAM 4S 309. 4161 BookRAM 6$ 439 
♦ Dayna ... 60 day MBG 

5396 DaynaPORT SCSI Link PB (BNC) . 299. 

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5484 DaynaPORT SCSI Link-3 PB. 349, 

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1848 Notebook Display Adapter 030 (0 MB) . 469. 
1937 (2 MB) .699. 1835 (4 MB) . 929. 

7098 Notebook Display Adapter 030 (6 MB) 1099. 

★ Attain Corporation *,* 60 day MEG 

8465 Wt; Control 14 — 1 Get organized fast with 
this top-rated To-Do-List Manager, Rated 4J4 
Mice by MacUser (8/92). In Control's multi- 
column outline lets you organize and reorga¬ 
nize your lists instantly ,**........**. $87, 

2411 ColorBook 16 (2 MB) (Nov. '92} .* 799 

2380 (4 MB) 1019. 2268 (SMB) . 1049. 

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6577 CDR37 Portable CD-ROM Drive... 399, 

PowerBook Cables 

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8460 HQI30 to DB25 Male (18”)..... . 42, 

8459 HDI30 to Centronics 50 Pin Female (18 ’) 45. 
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3742 PowerBook Module 2 MB .... ************. call 

5090 4 MB. call 50916 MB*... call 

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6939 Power Portrait (granite case) .. 849. 

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Contact Software 

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7066 ©QrgChart Exp. 124 8941 ©TopDown 195. 

★ Lotus Development ... 3D day MBG 

3606 ©12-3 for Mac.. 289, 3604 Upgrade . 95. 

iH ReagleWorks 

★ Beagle Brothers 30 day MBG 

3119 QBeagfeWorks —integrated word, spread- 
sheet, database, paint, communications & draw 
modules all in one package. Features include 
in-Context Editing, irregular text wrap, auto¬ 
sum tool, etc. Special limited offer only $69. 

★ MECA ... 60 day MBG 

2796 ©Managing Your Money.. . . $44. 

★ Micmlytics ... SO day MBG 

6461 ©WordFinder Plus 4,02..... 39. 

7620 ©Random House Encyclopedia 1,0 .. 68 

★ Microsoft ... 30 day MBG 

2884 ©Works 3.0,, 155. 8173 ©Upgrade. .. 79. 
3669 ©Excel 4.O.. 295, 5237 ©Upgrade... 95. 

4902 ©Word 5.0... 295 1503 ©Upgrade .. 125. 

5454 ©The Microsoft Office 2.5 . 475, 

★ Miles & Associates ... 30 day MBG 
4602 ©EndNote 1,5.. 85. 8010©Plus 1,2 „ 145. 

Nisus Software 

5683 ©Nisus 3 06 238. 1612 ©Compact 3.3 92. 

★ Nolo Press ... 30 day MBG 

4228 ©Personal RecordKeeper 3,0. 30. 

2981 ©WiIiMaker 4.0 (not valid in LA.)... . 35. 

1204 ©Living Trust 1.0 (not valid in LA.) . 45. 

★OCCAM Research Corp, ... 60 day MBG 
3697 ©MUSE 1,01 .... 469 

★ Palo Alto Software ... 60 day MBG 

6932 ©Employee Handbook Toolkit 5.2. 65. 

6975 ©Business Plan Toolkit 4.0... 75. 

★ Pastel Development ... 30 day MBG 
1785 ©DayMaker 2.0 (Dec.) 79. 1011 (network) 92. 

★ Portfolio Systems „. 30 day MBG 

7992 ©Dy no P age 1,7 or 6916 ©Oy nodex. ea, 49. 

★ Power Up 30 day MBG 

7696 ©Calendar Creator..... 48. 

7694 ©Add ress Book Plus... 62 

1760 ©PowerRunner Bundle ....... 99. 

★ ProVUE ... 60 day MBG 

4582 ©Panorama II 2,0.6.... 239. 

★ Reality Technologies ... 30 day MBG 
6929 ©WealthBuilder 1.1 ($25 rebate 'tit 1/31/93) 95. 

★ Reference Software ... 30 day MBG 

6268 ©Gram matik M ac 2.0..... 39, 

Round Lake Publishing 

©LelterWorks, SALES or LEGAL_ ea. 45, 

1570 ©PERSONNEL ReadyWorkS.. 69 

★ Shana Corporation ... 30 day MBG 
7692 ©Informed Designer 159, 8810 In. Mgr, 99. 

★ SoftSync, Inc. ..... 30 day MBG 

7129 ©Accountant, Inc. 335. 3828 Multiuser 569. 
Spyglass, Inc. 

2027 ©Transform2J 399 2033 ©Format 159 

★ Symantec ... 30 day MBG 

2237 ©GreatWorks 2.0 129. 2278 ©Upgrd. 89. 
3422 ©More 3.1 ..... 265. 

★ Synergy ... 3D day MBG 

6617 ©KaleidaGraph 2.1.3. . . 149 


1230 ©FASTAT lor Mac 1,0.,.,. 399, 

1231 ©SYSTAT for Mac 5.2.1.... 699, 

★Technology Works ... 30 day MBG 

7736 ©Spiral 1.0..... 79. 

★ Teleware ... 30 day MBG 

7616 ©M.Y.O.B, 3,0.... 138, 

★ TIMESLIPS ... 30 day MBG 

1701 ©LapTrack for the Mac..... 52, 

2986 ©Timeslips 111 2.1... 194. 

★T/Maker ... 30 day MBG 

3636 ©ClickArt Holidays. ... 28. 

1858 ©FaxMania (birthdays to bulletins) . 25. 

7709 ©WriteNow Workshop Compel Upgrd 99 
7664 ©WriteNow Workshop Bundle. 139. 

★ Vertical Solutions ... 60 day MBG 

5886 ©FastLabeL.,,..... 44 

3235 ©MacLabeiPak...... 85. 

★ WordPerfect ... 60 day MBG 

3800 ©WordPerfect 2.1.2 279, 4711 Upgrd. 75. 

★ Power Up ... 30 day MBG 

1760 QPomrRunner Bundle —Get organized, 
at your desk and on the go! FowerRunner 
combines Power Up's Calendar Creator and 
Address Book Plus software with the Day 

Runner Classic Edition organizer...$99. 

★ Wordstar 30 day MBG 

6984 ©Correct Grammar 3.01..... 55, 

3554 ©A me rican Heritage D iction ary 1.0....... 55. 

★ Working Software ... 60 day MBG 

5896 ©Last Resort 38. 3792 ©Speilswell 2.2 44. 



★ Abracadata. Ltd. ... 30 day MBG 

9990 ©Design Your Own Home - Architecture, 

9992 interiors or 9994 Landscape... ea. 48, 

Adobe Systems 

©Adobe type Sets for Business.,., ea, 95, 

©Adobe Type Library (Vol. 1*308} .call 

6957 ©AdobeType Reunion 10 3..... 41. 

5750 ©Adobe Type Manager (ATM) 2.0.3 59, 

6053 ©Plus Pack 2 0 118 6096 ©TypeAEEgn 61. 
4145 ©Ado be P re m rere 429. 3199 Upgrad. 149, 

8171 ©Adobe Illustrator 3,2 (with ATM) . 368, 

5001 ©Streamline 119, 6644 ©Photoshop 548. 

★T/Maker 30 day MBG 

7664 O WnteNow Workshop Bundle—A bundle of 
packages to improve your writing. Includes 
WritcNow 3.0, the fastest St easiest Mac word 
processor; Grammarik, Correct Quotes, and 
American Heritage Dictionary heel ... $139. 


TV yr 800-800-4444 • 


14 Mill Street, Marlow, NH 03456 603-446-4444 FAX 603-446-7791 

Call by 3:15 a.m. 

★Aladdin Systems ... 30dayMBG 

6740 OStufflt Deluxe 3.(2—Compression 
solution solves all your needs from archiving 

to tra nspare nr compres sion . 565. 

7410 OSwffh SpaceSaver 10— Increases disk 
space without changing the way you work 34. 

it Aldus ... 30 day MBG 

6674 ©Aldus Personal Press 2.0 ........ 99. 

2461 ©Aldus Gallery Effects 1.01 . . 128, 

3506 ©SuperPainl 99. 7541 ©IntelliDraw 194. 

4751 ©Persuasion or 3507 ©Super 3D ea. 325. 
1330 ©FreeHand 394 7088 ©PageMaker 494 


1983 ©EPS Exchange 2.0.. 89. 

1195 ©Fontographer 3.5....... 258. 

Apple Computer 

3008 ©Apple Font Pack... 69. 

* Ares Software 30 day MBG 

8878 ©FontMonger 1.5 (Dec, 92) . 93. 

★ Baseline Publishing 30 day MBG 

8055 ©Screenshot 1,2 ...34. 

Broderbund Software 

7293 ©Kid Pix Companion. T .„... 23. 

3572 ©Kid Pix 1,2.... 34. 

1427 ©Print Shop.... 35. 

6281 ©TypeStyFer 2.1 (with ATM) . .. 126. 

★Claris 30 day MBG 

2518 ©MacDraw Pro 275, 7505 ©Upgrade 95. 
8007 ©Claris CAD 2.0 599. 6943 ©Upgrade 79 
Custom Applications 

8037 ©Freedom of Press Light 3.03 (17 fonts). 84. 

★ DeftaPoint ... 60 day MBG 

3550 ©DeltaGraph Pro 2.0 (with calculator).. 199. 

★ Deneba Software 30 day MBG 

3227 ©Canvas 3 0.4 ...... 259. 

★After Hours Software 30 day MBG 

7411 O TouckBASE & DateBook Bundle— 
Together, form a powerful personal informa¬ 
tion manager. DateBook combines calendar, 
alarms, scheduling, & To-Do lists. TouchBASE 
keeps all contacts at your fingertips.. 595. 

★ Expert Software ... 30 day MBG 

4870 ©Expert Color Paint, 1737 Landscape, 

8619 Home, or 1731 Office Design ea $29 

★ Foundation Publishing ... 60 day MBG 

9438 ©Comic Strip Factory Bundle.. 71. 

Fractal Design 

1068 ©Sketcherl.o 94. 5425 ©Painter 1.2 235. 

4202 ©Morph 1,0 ....... 95. 

★ Letraset 30 day MBG 

4709 ©LetraSIudie 139. 6300 ©FontStudi0 359. 

Light Source 

3733 ©Ofoto 1.1.1 ..... 275. 

★ Linguists Software ... 60 day MBG 

2569 ©Cyrillic 11 99. 2641 ©Laser Hebrew , 89. 


7651 ©Action’Mac 349. 7441 ©SwivelPro 479 
3450 ©SwivelMan 596, 7653 ©MacroModel 999, 

Manhattan Graphics 

4990 ©Ready,Set.Go! 5,14... 219 

★MicroMaps ... 30 day MBG 
7556 ©MapArl (PICT) or 7555 (EPS)..,,,, ea 89. 
★Microsoft ♦„ 30 day MBG 

2878 ©PowerPoint 3.0 (Nov. 92) .. 295, 

Fostcraft International 

2210 ©Effects Specialist 1.04___ 89. 

★MAXA Corporation ... 30 day MBG 

8692 ^Snooper 2.0 Hardware JO Software Kit— 
(Dec J 92j Sad Mac? Diagnose from your Desk¬ 
top with Snooper. Check out your hardware 
with over 60 tests. Rate your Mac perfor¬ 
mance. A must for your Utilities folder SI49. 


7612 ©QuarkXPress 3,2 (Dec. 92)..... .. 549. 

★ Specular international ... 30 day MBG 

4962 ©fnfini-D 2,0 699. 3543 Replicas #1 135, 

Terrace Software 

9970 ©Mum'S The Word Plus (gardening)... 107. 

★Timeworks ... 30 day MBG 
7115 ©P ublish Ft I Easy 3.0..... 109. 

7409 ©Co I or*! I! 2.0..,... special 129. 

★T/Maker 30 day MBG 

©ClickArt (bitmapped) 38. or (EPS) .... 82. 

★ Virtus Corporation ... 30 day MBG 

4488 ©WalkThrough 1.1 . 309. 



★ Abbott Systems ... 30 day MBG 

2515 ©Galc+ 1 0 39, 5236 ©CanQpener 2.0 59. 

★ Aladdin Systents ... 30 day MBG 

7410 ©SlutFH SpaceSaver 1.0... 34. 

6740 ©SlufflE Deluxe 3.0.. 65. 

★Aldus ... 30 day MBG 

5100 ©SuperCard 1.6.195. 

★ ALSoft ... 30 day MBG 

9808 ©MasterJuggler 25 9807 ©DiskExpress II 48. 
5204 ©ALSoft Power Utilities 1,0,2. 62. 

★Teknosys ... SO day MBG 

5203 ©/^/—Configuration problem solver 
improves Mac s efficiency & prevents crashes, 
Artificial intelligence detects conflicts, incom¬ 
patibilities, improperly installed files, damaged 
& duplicated files, etc.,,^$88, 

































★Alysis Software ... 30 day MBG 

©SuperDisk! 49. 1608 ©More Disk Space 42. 
★Apple Computer 30 day MBG 

©At Ease 1.0................ 49. 

©System 7.1 (with free video) .. 79. 

©System 7,1 Group Upgrade Kit. 349. 

©Qu ickTFme Starts r Kit 1.5 „,.. ...... 149, 

★ASD Software ... 30 day MBG 
©FileGuard 2.7 (1 user) .„.. 138. 

★ Baseline Publishing ... 30 day MBG 
©IN IT Manager 33. 3114©DiagnoSYS 39. 

★ Berkeley Systems ... 30 day MBG 

©More Alter Dark (M.A.D) ____ 23, 

©After Dark 2.0V 28. 2196 ©Bundle... 39. 
©Star Trek: The Screen Saver.. 34, 

★ Casa Blanca Works ... 30 day MBG 

©Drive ? 2.3....... 49, 

★CE Software ... 60 day MBG 

©DalendarMaker 3.0,1....... 31. 

©QuicKeys 2 2.1.2 .. 89, 

★ Central Point ... 30 day MBG 

©M ac TooI s Del u xe., +++ .. +++ ........,,, 95. 

★ Claris ... 30 day MBG 

©HyperCard Development Kit 2.1. 139. 

★ Connectix ... 30 day MBG 

©CPU (Connectix PowerBook Utilities).., 49, 
Coral Research 

©TimeLog.... 62. 7309 (WPack).... 399. 

★ Dantz Development 30 day MBG 

©DiskFit Pro 1 0.......72. 

©Retrospect 147. 7945 ©Remote 1.3 264. 
©Remoie (10 Pah) 147, 3112 0(50 Pah) 649, 
★Filth Generation ... 30 day MBG 
©PYROI4.01 27. 3955 ©Suitcase 2,1 53. 

©S uperLase rSpool 3,0....... 99 

©FastBack Plus or 5725 ©DiskLock... 125, 
©DiskDoubler 52. 4838 AutoDoubler ,. 58. 

★ FWB t Inc. ... 30 day MBG 

©Hard Disk Utilities Personal Edition.... 49. 

©Hard Disk Toolkit 1.1,1. 125. 

ICOM Simulations 

©Intermission.. 29. 3731 ©GnCue II., 55. 

★ Inline Design ... 30 day MBG 

©Icon 7. 31. 9843 ©InSync 1.0.... 79. 

©INITPicker 3.0.,.,.. 49. 

©Redux 1.63. 49, 1740 Deluxe. 92. 

Insignia Solutions 

©Rapid Trak .. t++++ *, t+ ...... 56. 

★ Kent Marsh Ltd ... 30 day MBG 

©FolderBott 1,02.,. 71. 

★ Kiwi Software ... 60 day MBG 

©Kiwi E N VE LOP ESI 3.1.6.... 32. 

★ Magic Soft ware ... 30 day MBG 

©AutoSave II 26. 7270 ©Backmatic,, 50. 

on December 24th. 

★Centron Software ... 30 day MEG 

2707 QPuzzk Masttr —Solve 250 Mew York 
Times crossword puzzles on your Mac S26. 
5910 ^Crossword Creator— Create your own 
puzzles from a word list.... 39, 

★ MAXA Corporation ... 30 day MBG 

8692 ©Snooper 2.0 HW & SW Kit (Dec 92).. 149. 
8694 ©Snooper (software only) .... 119. 

★ Microcom ... 30 day MBG 

4803 ©Vlrex/Mac.. 66, 8561 ©911 Utilities.. 99- 

★ MicroMaf Computer Sys. 30 day MBG 

3732 ©MacEKG II 2.0,5... 89, 

★ Microspot 30 day MBG 

8706 ©MacPalette If----- 45, 

8782 ©MacPlot Professional.... 249, 

★ Nine to Five Software 30 day MBG 

2020 ©9 to 5 Office 19. 9767 ©Reports 2.5 125. 

★ Now Software ... 30 day MBG 

1793 ©Now Up-To-Date... 65. 2366 (10). 395. 
6925 ©Now Utilities 4.0..,. 95. 8471 (10). 775. 

Palo mar Software 

8210 ©PLOTTERgeiSt 2,1....... 249. 

Peripheral Land, Inc. (PLI) 

7326 Mac-to DOS 3.0 ....... 99. 

Pluma, Inc. 

8704 ©Cause or 8713 ©Net Effect... ea. 185 

Graphic Simulations 

4756 QHellcats Over the Pacific 1,03 —1992 
Macworld Came Hall of Fame winner for Best 
Simulation Game, Airborne Division. Fast & fluid 
graphics, 256 colors & high-quality sound, trans¬ 
port you into die cockpit of an F6F Hellcat $38. 

★ Symantec ... 30 day MBG 

5176 ©Symantec Anti Virus for Mac (SAM)*, $64. 

6748 ©Nonon Utilities for Mac 2.0...95, 

3421 ©THINK Pascal 165, 2688 ©THINK C 199. 
9957 ©THINK Reference 1.0.. 68. 


5203 ©Help!........... 88. 

+ TGS Systems ... 60 day MBG 
6667 ©Prograph 2.5..... 299. 

★ Thought I Could ... 30 day MBG 

4843 ©Wallpaper 1.0,2,... 37. 

User Land Software 

4753 ©Frontier 2,0.... 189. 

★ Utilitron T Inc.... 30 day MBG 

9616 ©Guaranteed Undelete w/TrashMaster 45, 



★ Abracadata, Ltd, 30 day MBG 

5805 ©Sprout! 1.0 (veggie garden planner)., 39. 

1039 ©Shanghai II .... 29. 

1134 ©Lost Treasures of Infocom Vol.f. 40. 

2470 ©Lost Treasures of Infocom Vol. II. 29. 

★ AMTEX Corporation ... 30 day MBG 

2517 ©TRISTAN (pinball)*** ... 33, 

★ Baseline Publishing ... 30 day MBG 

7785 ©Talking Moose 4,0.2.... 22. 

Broderbund Software 

6516 ©The Playroom 2,0 (CP) (color)...., . 29. 

©Carmen Sandiego Series (CP) . ea. 29. 

8285 QWhere/World Carmen Sandiego Deluxe 47. 
3559 ©SimAnt or 5871 ©SimCity Supreme, ea, 35, 

8266 ©SimEarth 1.1.. 40. 

1910 ©SimUfe,,.. 41. 3307 ©A-Train..., 39. 

Buena Vista Software 

1711 ©Heaven and Earth,.,....29. 

★ Carina ... 3D day MBG 

7761 ©Voyager II, the Dynamic Sky Simulator 99, 
★Centron Software ... 30 day MBG 

2707 ©Puzzle Master... 2$, 

5910 ©Crossword Creator. 39. 

8525 ©Casino Master... 39. 8524 (Color).... 45. 

Colorado Spectrum 

2554 Mouse Yoke (aircraft yoke adapter) . 29. 

★Cyan ... 30 day MBG 

6320 ©Manhole 1.6. 19, 

★ Davidson & Associates ... 30 day MBG 

3922 ©Talking Spell It Plus.. 29, 

2574 ©New MathBlaster Plus. 34. 

8278 © Alge - Blaster Plus,,,...... 34. 

Delta Tao Software 

2536 ©Spaceward Ho! or 2439 ©Sirategic Conq, 36 


8050 ©EARTHQUEST or 3118 ©Ecology 1.0 34. 

★ Edmark Corporation ... 30 day MBG 

7155 ©Kid Desk........ 24. 

7318 ©Millie's Math House. 29. 

Electronic Arts 

1907 ©PGA Golf. .. 39, 2963 ©StarFlight II.. 39, 
2805 ©PGA Golf Tournament.. 18, 

★ Expert Software ... 30 day MBG 

6219 ©Expert Asironomer 1.0... 29. 

Graphic Simulations 

4756 ©Hellcats Over the Pacific 1.0.3. 38. 

★ Great Wave 30 day MBG 

6693 ©Kids Math 2.0 or 2276 Kid's Time., ea. 25. 
4334 ©NumberMaze.. 25, 8527 Q(CoIor),, 35, 

1513 ©Read ingM aze (Color) . 35. 

3471 ©DaisyQuest (Dec, * * * 92) . .. 35, 

★ Carina ... 30 day MBG 

7761 QVoyager If the Dynamic Sky Simulator— 
FowerFul new features, striking sky pictures, 
and dynamic planetary animations. Voyager II 
is an eduational tool which will provide you 
with years of wonder and discovery,....,, $99. 

★ HyperGlot Software ... 30 day MBG 

(French, German, Italian & Spanish) 

©Word Torture ea. 32. ©Tense Tutor ea. 38, 
©Pronunciation Tutor 

(Span., Fren.) ea. 32. (Germ., Chin,) ea. 38, 

★Inline Design 30 day MBG 

1562 ©3 in Three or 1944 ©Swamp Gas, ea. 31. 

1747 ©Swamp Gas Europe 7652 ©Cogito ea,. 37. 
7646 ©Tinies (Nov.) 7650 S.C.OUT (Dec.) ea. 37. 
8809 ©Tesserae 31, 3414 ©Mutant Beach, 37, 


1662 ©CyberBlast ...... 25. 

Interplay Productions 

1894 ©BallleChess (3D animation) . 29 

1893 ©C h eckMate (infinite play le vels) 31, 

★ Learning Company ,.. 30 day MBG 

2670 ©Reader Rabbit 3.0 (CP) (ages 4-7) . 34. 

2988 ©Super Solvers: SpellBoundL.. 34, 

3281 ©The Writing Center 1.0 .. 51. 

★ Leister Productions ,,, 30 day MBG 

7126 ©Reunion 3.0...... 115. 

★ Leister Productions ... 30 day MBG 

7126 QReumon 3.0—The family tree software 
for the Mac. Quickly record your family 
information and images. Create charts and 
documents worthy of publication, Rated 4^ 
Mice by MaAJstr magazine....SI 15* 


A Jf 1 800-800-4444 • 9 


© Copyright 1992 PC Connection, Inc. MacConnection is a division and registered trademark of PC Connection, he., Marlow, NH. MadV is a trademark of PC Connection. Inc. 

We ll ship your order 

★Berkeley Systems ... 30 day MBG 

3392 OS Ur Trek: The Screen Saver—Beam 
aboard the Enterprise with Captain Kirk and 
Mr* Spock on a mission to prevent screen 
burn-in, 15 animated displays, System IQ, 
and After Dark compatibility. $34, 

5737 OAfter Dark 2.0V-1992 Macworld 
World Class Award for UtiliiySytfilfi 

Enhancement. Stops screen burn-in ..$28. 

2198 OMore After Dark (MAD ,I. 23. 

2196 OAfter Dark &MA.D, Bundle .. 39. 

★ MECC ... 30 day MBG 

3963 ©Oregon Trail 1.1,..... 28. 

3960 © Nu m be r o r 3959 Word M unchers, „ ea. 18. 

★ Microsoft ... 30 day MBG 

2868 ©Flight Simulator 4.0 (CP )..... 42 

★ Multimedia Library 30 day MBG 

731 2 ©Educ. Series V, 1 - Animated Relativity 105. 
★Nordic Soflware ... 30 day MBG 

8257 ©Preschool Pack - Color 2.0.. 34. 

7470 ©Jungle Quest 30, 7537 ©Kolor Kiips 37. 
★Penton Overseas 30 day MBG 

©VocabuLearn/ce Levels I & II (Span., Fren., 
Germ., ftal., Bus., Japan.. & Neb}... ea 35. 
©VocabuLearn/ce Level ill (Span,, Fren., 

Germ ,, ital., Rus., £ Japan J„ ♦ ea, 35, 

★Personal Training Sys. ... SO day MBG 
Training for System 7, Excel, Lotus 1-2-3, 

Persuasion f FileMaker Pro , PageMaker, 
Illustrator, FreeHand, Word, HyperCard, 
QuarkXPress, CiarisWorks & Mac ...ea, 49. 

Pluma, Inc. 

8695 ©Capitalist Pig.... 34 

★Que Software 30 day MBG 
9743 ©Typing Tutor V........... 29 

Sierra On-Line 

3552 ©Leisure Suit Larry V or 7396 Red Baron 39 
★ SoftStream ... 30 day MBG 

4489 ©Galactic Frontiers (1 to 4 players) . 38. 

3472 ©Family Cards (Solitaire, Rummy, War) 49. 

Electronic Arts 

Three great games at three great prices! 

2805 OPGA Golf Tournament.,.. ...$18. 

mOPGAGoif^ .39, 

2963 OStarFlight fl ................ 39. 

Software Toolworks 

4619 ©Mavis Beacon Typing 1,3 (CP) .. 29. 

★ Spectrum Holobyte ... 30 day MBG 
3464 ©Tetris.... 22. 3017 ©Wordtris 1.0 .... 27. 
4835 ©Super Tetris (W levels of difficulty) „.. 28. 
3459 ©Falcon 2.2.2 or 8181 ©Velte 1TL. es. 33, 
★Strategic Studies ... 30 day MBG 

3287 ©Warl ords (empires at war) ... 34, 

Study Ware 

1395 ©StudyWare for Calculus... 23. 

©ACT, GMAT. GRE or SAT Prep ... ea, 29, 

8098 ©LSATPrep....... 35, 

★Toyogo ... 30 day MBG 

7624 ©NEMESIS Go Master 5.0... 38. 

7623 ©NEMESIS Go Master Deluxe 5.0 99. 


2934 ©Spectre... 34. 5280 ©LAN 3-Pak . . 57. 



Articulate Systems 

7013 Voice N avig ator S W w/Head set M i ke.. 325, 

7014 Voice Navigator SW w/Desktop Mike.. 325, 

Coda Music Systems 

8188 ©MusicProse 2.1.. 189 

5604 ©Finale 2,6.1......... 549, 

★DiVA Corporation 30 day MBG 

3011 ©Vi deoS hop 1,0 ........ 369, 


4016 ©Quick 16 (Nov. 92) . 449. 


5486 ©Sound Edit PRO 2,05... 199. 

7651 ©Action! 2.0. ...-..., w 349 

4598 ©Mac R eco rde r Sou nd System PRO,.. 239. 

5087 ©MacroMind Director 3.1.. 799. 

2246 ©MacroMind Three-D 2.0.2. 999 


4252 MultiSync 3FGx.. 659. 

Passport Designs 

8250 ©Encore (with free Trax). .. 379 


1738 Color Pivot LE .. 899. 

1736 Precision Color Display/20S.. 2899. 


B944 RasterOpS 24STV,... 819. 

Sigma Designs 

6944 Power Portrait (platinum) .769, 

Software Toolworks 

5201 The Miracle (piano teacher) . 349. 

Sound Source 

9972 ©Star Trek: The Logical Collection Vot 1 30, 
9988 ©Star Trek: The Final Frontier Vol. 2..... 30. 
1759 ©AudioClips: 2001 A Space Qdyssey.> 35. 

★SuperMac Technology ... 30 day MBG 

4122 VideoSpigot LC 255. 4114 Hsi.. $339. 

4164 Vid e oSpi got (for NuBus) .. 379. 

7676 VideoSpigot Pro, 1099 3691 Pro Si 1099, 

7679 Spigot & Sound (NuBus)... . 489. 

7678 Spigot & Sound Pro (NuBus) . 1189. 

7677 17" SuperMatch MuItimode. 1249. 

1805 20 M SuperMatch Color Display.. 1599. 

4720 21" Plati n urn Two- D i splay.. 1099. 

2330 Spectrum/8*24 PDQ or 2231 PDQsi ea. 899. 



3730 ©Just Grandma and Me (CD-ROM )— 34. 

CD Technology 

2321 CD-ROM Caddy ...11. 2533 (5 Pack) 49. 

4084 America Alive!.. 75, 

8057 Porta Drive CD-ROM,......,... 579. 

Creative Multimedia Corp. 

1874 ©Mam ma I s of No rt h Am erica. 29. 

8739 ©Beyond the Wai I of Stars.... 40 

8744 ©Total Baseball. 40. 

2484 ©Family Doctor... 45. 

★Cyan ... 30 day MBG 

1343 ©Manhole (CD-ROM) ..... 23. 

2717 ©Cosmic Os mo 1.1 (CD-ROM) . 37, 

★ Ergonomic Software ... 30 day MBG 

7056 ©Panoramix Vol, 1 (CD-ROM) . 69, 

★Highlighted Data ... 30 day MBG 

7771 ©Webster's Diciionary (CD-ROM) . 159. 

6968 ©Footage 91 (CD-ROM) . 159. 

★ HyperGlot Software ... 30 day MBG 

(French, German, Italian, or Spanish) 
©Berlitz Think & Talk (CD-ROM). ea. 125, 

tCOM Simulations 

3717 ©Sherlock Holmes, Consulting Detective 38, 

★Interplay Productions 

7111 ©Battlechess CD-ROM 45. 

★ METATEC/DiscoverySys. ... 60 day MBG 

6823 ©Best Of MIDI Connection .. 32. 

3683 ©Backpac 1,3679 © 2, or 2176 © 3 ea. 45. 
4007 ©World Almanac & Book of Facts 1992 50. 

★Multimedia Library ... 30 day MBG 
Image Series Vol. 1-4 (Russia/China, 

Tropics, Parades, Ancient Egypt)., ea. 105. 

6577 ©CDR-37 CD-ROM Portable Drive. 439, 

6582 ©CDR-74 CD-ROM Drive. 629. 

4146 ©CD Express.. 429. 

4132 ©MuiliMedia Gallery,,.^.. 865. 

Soflware Toolworks 

4836 World Allas 45. 4397 Time Table/History 49. 
3915 ©Grolier Encyclopedia (CD-ROM) . 249, 

★Synergy ... 30 day MBG 

7380 OVmaTilhies 1.0 —The suite of network 
connections (Sl!P r Telnet, FTP (Client/Server) 
LAT, etc.) in VetsaTerm and VersaTerm-PRO 
are now available separately for other Comm 
Toolbox and MacTCP applications..,.., $59. 


Call 800-800-6912 for your 
copy of the MacTV Viewer's Guide. 

w ° a t ? 

by Christmas Eve. 


5377 SilentWriter Mode! 95.. $1439 

* Orange Micro ... 30 day MBG 

8431 ©Grappler II 9-Pin 102, 3692 ©lisp.. 115. 

* Sophisticated Circuits ... 30 day MBG 
8009 ©PowerKey 2.01.75. 8008 ©Remote. 32. 

Th underware 

4994 ©UghtningScan 400 359. 3107 Pro 256 489. 


memory, Accelerators 

SIMMs ... with free video & manual 

Various SIMMs for all Macs.. ...... + . call 

* Applied Engineering ... 30 day M BG 

2479 ©3.5" Floptical Drive........ 479. 

1971 FastMath LC.. 109 

8361 ©1.44 MB High Density Drive.... 229. 

2532 Quicksilver Accelerator for the 11 si. 269. 

5290 ©Plus Drive (FDHD for Plus & SE) . 299 

I ransWarp Series: 

3319 SE (25 MHz) 729. 3317 (40MHz).. 1119. 
4147 L C (33 MHz) 749. 4903 (40 MHz ).... 999. 
7321 I lei (50 MHz) 1139. 7322 (w/FPU),. 1399, 

★ Dayna ... 60 day MBG 

8722 DaynaFile I11.2 5'// Drive.... 429, 

* Day Star Digital ... 30 day MBG 
Does not include optional math chip. 

3584 Dual Port llsi with 20 MHz 68882. 165. 

3556 ©FastCache for Mac lid.... 223. 

8785 ©FastCache 040 (for Quadra},,.... . 409. 

3401 ©FastCache llsi 299. 3389 w/FPU... 369 
©PowerCache for SE/30. II. Ilx, Hex. ltd. llsi, LC 

40 MHz SI 9. 50 MHz. 1179, 


7567 PocketH am m e r 80 .. ....... 599, 

7566 PocketHammer 120 699: 2314 PH 240.1169. 

7570 Hammer 80is,...........479. 

7579 Hammer lm. 12019 599. 2334 2401s 979. 

7991 HammerDisk 1000FMF.,. 2249. 

7319 HammerDrsk 130 (optical) ..... 1599, 


6499 90 MB Transportable (reqs. interface). 659, 

2467 90 MB Gold Std, Rem. Cart. (Qty. 3)... 439, 

7789 ©Mac i B Interface (w/Central Ft, Backup) 39. 

2466 ©Mac 2B Interface (with Retrospect) . 149, 
8781 Mac Transportable 90 PRO,.,,.... 499. 

MASS Microsystems 

2973 1 20 MB HD 599. 2972 210 MB HD „ 819, 

2969 320 MB HD 1199. 2952 510 MB HD 1429, 

5899 1" 120 MB Port HD...... 499. 

3678 120 MB Portable HD .. 499, 

3663 210 MB Portable HD .. 739, 

3662 320 MB Portable HD .. 1129, 

★Freesoft ... 30 day MBG 

6115 Olfc Knight H —11 award winning com¬ 
munications program that supports XMODEM, 
Y MODEM, ZMGDEM, Keimit, St CompuServe 
Error Correcting protocols. Includes Okyto 1.0, 
Geared to all levels of experience........... $85. 

3659 510 MB Portable HD..... $1349, 

3657 Hitch Hiker Portable Drive (40 MB)...... 389, 

3656 HH (80 MB) 629, 7008 HH (120 MB) 749, 
1909 DiamondDrive 1000 2199, 19361500 2899. 
* MDS Drives ... 60 day MBG 
MDS 44 SyQuest w/SW & cartridge ea. 439, 
MDS 88 SyQuest w/SW & cartridge ea, 539. 
Peripheral Land, Inc. (PLI) 

6432 3J£"Optical Media 65, 9737 {Wpak)., 599 

8327 PLI Infinity 40 Turbo (removable) . 579. 

9752 PU Infinity 88 Turbo (removable) . 649, 

4645 PU Infinity MO 3.5* Optical Drive. 1549, 

2864 PLI Infinity Floptical Drive (21 MB),,,,.. 369. 
2665 Floptical Cait (21 MB) 29. 2899 (lOpak) 259. 

8330 PLI 105 MB (Quantum) .. 569 

7124 120 MB,..., 479. 7145 520 MB. 1439. 

7140 670 MB... 1999. 71221.2GB. 2229, 

* SuperMac ... 30 day MBG 
2256 Thunderstorm,,,.. 849, 

★ DayStar Digital ... 30 day MBG 

Universal /WerGcfe—Work up to three times 
faster with the best combination of speed and 
cost. The Universal PDS design supports 10 
different types of Macs and leaves NuBus 
slots empty...... see line listing. 


★ Fuji ... 60 day MBG 

2214 rn a DS Disks (10)..... 9. 2242 (50 32, 

7379 37/HD Disks (11),., 15, 2241 (50) . 59. 

4863 37a" H D D i sks (20) wi lh storage case.... 26. 

7758 37a" HD 11-Pack Preformatted Disks „„ 16, 

★Sony 60 day MBG 

3297 37a" DS Disks (10),.., 9. 6148 (30). . 25. 

3298 37a" HD Disks (10).. 15. 6375 (30) . 42, 

1603 DG60M. 15. 2520 DGS0M. 19, 

1895 QD2120. 21, 3984 QD212QG........ 27. 

★ SyQuest ... 60 day MBG 

5912 44 MB Cartridge (1)..„ 65. 5529 (3) . 189. 

5528 44 MB Cartridge (5)., 310. 9728*70)615. 

3603 88 MB Cartridge (1)... 100- 5531 (3) . 292. 

5530 88 MB Cartridge (5)... 480. 3600 (70)950, 

★ 3M ... 60 day MBG 

3943 DC200Q. 17. 1581 DC2120. 22. 



American Power 

3447 Surge Arrest Plus......... 39. 

★ Apple Computer ... 30 day MBG 

9773 StyleWriter Ink Cart. 20, 8499 (3 Pack) 57. 
7748 Personal LaserWriter Toner Cartridge „ 75, 
1115 LaserWriter II Toner Cartridge.. 95. 

★ Avery ... 60 day MBG 

5392 Avery 5196 (3' 'h n -Di$k Labels-Laser) 29, 

7050 Avery 5660 (V'x 2 W-Clear At^S.-Laser) 32, 

★ Curtis Manufacturing ... 30 day MBG 

8973 Apple Security Kit (SL-2) ... 22. 

* Applied Engineering ... 30 day MBG 

5290 QFhtsDm-m% FDHD compatible 
drive for die Plus and SE, The Plus Drive 
installs through the floppy connector and 
doesn't require a. SWIM chip upgrade,,,. S299, 

★ I/O Design Cases ... 30 day MBG 

8812 Ultimate Classic 64, 1941 Ultimate LC 95. 

★ Kensington ... 30day MBG 

Full line available, 

4973 Power Tree 20. 24, 

2559 Apple Security Kit.,.... 33. 

3623 Apple 12" Anti-Glare Filter.63. 

★ Targus ... 60 day MBG 
3617 Mac Classic/Plus/SE Case.... 59. 


* We accept VISA and MASTERCARD. 

* No surcharge added for credit card orders, 

* Your card is not charged until we ship. 

* If we must ship a partial order, we never charge 
freight on subsequent shipment(s) {in the U.S.), 

* No sales tax, except Ohio residents (please add 
applicable tax), 

* All U S, shipments insured; no additional charge. 

* APO/FPO orders shipped First Class Mail. 

* International orders US. $100 minimum. 
Manufacturer support and upgrade eligibility may 
be limited outside the USA 

* Upon receipl and approval, personal & co, checks 
clear same day for immediate shipment of your order. 

* Corporate P.O.s accepted subject to credil approval, 

4 COD maximum $1000. Cash or certified check. 

COD orders require an additional $4 charge, 

* 120 day limited warranty on all products. Defective 
software replaced immediately. Defective hardware 
repaired or replaced at our discretion. All items 
are subject to availability. Prices and promotions 
are subject to change without notice (e.g. SIMMs). 

* Order lines open continuously from 8 a.m. Monday 
until 5 pm Sunday ET. Business offices: 603446-7711 
Monday through Friday 9 a.m. to 530 p,m, ET, 

Continental U.S.: The total shipping charge on any 
order placed with MacConnection is only $3. Barring 
events beyond our control, all credit card orders 
phoned in weekdays by 3:15 a.m. Eastern Time will 
ship Airborne Express for delivery the nexl business 
day. Which means same day delivery for orders 
placed belween midnight and 3:15 a.m. Eastern 
Time. (Some orders may ship by UPS Ground for 
next day delivery). Saturday delivery available to 
many areas upon request at no additional charge. 
Order all day Saturday through noon on Sunday for 
Monday delivery. Some areas require an additional 
day delivery. 

Hawaii, Alaska. Canada, Puerto Rico & U.S. 
Virgin Islands: Cali 800-800-4444 for shipping info. 
All other areas: Please call 603-446-4444 or 
FAX 603-446-7791 for information. 

that night to arrive 


Newsbreak: On October 20,1992 p the U.S. 
Commerce Department levied preliminary' 
penalty duties against South Korean produce 
ers of dynamic random access memory com¬ 
puter chips (DRAMs)—as high as 87,4%, As 
of press time, memory prices have yet to sta¬ 
bilize, Due to the complexity of this case, a 
final ruling is not expected until March, 1993, 
As always, MacConnection will continue to 
work to offer its customers the best deals on 
SIMMs as passible. All of our SIMMs come 
with a full 2-year warranty, plus a free instal¬ 
lation manual and video. We also cany 
VideoRAM for the LC and Quadra, and 2 MB, 
4 MB, and 6 MB FowerBook modules.... call 



* Apple Computer ... 30 day MBG 

7073 ©Mac PC Exchg. 69.7102 AppleShare $969. 
7101 ©AppleTalk Remote Access. 159. 

* Applied Engineering ... 3Q day MBG 

8362 ©QuadraLink (with AE Shadow) .. 269. 

♦ Argosy Software ... 30 day MBG 

7872 ©Software Bridge/Mac 2.0.1.. 99, 

Asante Technologies, Inc* 

Full line of Ethernet Adapters .............. ca 11 

2775 10/T Hub-8 249. 2772 10/T Hub-12 .. 499. 

Friendly Net Adapters............. ea, 79. 

*CE Software ... 60 day MBG 
8066 ©Quick Mai I (5 user) 249. 0067(10) 375. 

♦ CompuServe 60 day MBG 

1676 ©Mac Membership Kil 2.Q. . 25. 

1673 ©CompuServe Navigator 3.1. 49. 

1674 ©Membership Kil/Navigator Bundle. 72. 

♦ DataVIz 60 day MBG 

4842 ©MacLink PI us/Tra nstator 7.0.109. 

1823 ©MacLink Plus/PC 7.0......129. 

♦ Dayna ... 60 day MBG 

DaynaPORT TRX: (BNC or W BASE-7) ea. 87. 
DaynaPORT E: (BNC or WBASE T) ea. 149, 
8719 EtherPrint 339. 9888 (WBASE-T) ea. 339. 

7888 DaynaPORT E/ll-3 Adapter,..,... 199. 

DaynaPORT SCSlUrk (BNC or W 8ASE-T) 269, 

1962 Path Finder...... 599. 

Dove Computer ... 30 day MBG 
6758 ©DoveFax 2,0,. 199, 3352NuBuS ... 199 
9634 ©DoveFax+V.. 265. 4111 NuBus... 299. 

★ Dow Jones ... 30 day MBG 

5295 © Dow Jones News Retrieval M embe rshi p 24. 

★ Faratton Computing ... 30 day MBG 

Full tine of EtherMac Cards available ... call 
9805 ©Timbuktu 4.0.2 of 4866 ©/Remote 3,0 129, 

6513 ©Timbuktu Remote Twin Pack. 199. 

6273 P h oneN ET StarCon nector 10-Pack.... 129. 
4869 PhoneNET Connector 10 Pk (DtNB) ... 195. 

9961 PhoneNET Card PC.... 209, 

2206 PhoneNET StarController 307.. 879. 

4802 Star 357... 899. 4814 Star 377..... 1299. 

1142 Ether 10T-Startet .... 279. 

♦ Freesoft ... 30 day MBG 

6115 ©White Knight 11 ...... 85. 

♦ Global Village ... 30 day MBG 

7730 ©PowerPort/Bronze .... 199. 

7720 ©Power Port/Sitver 439. 7710 Gold. 519. 

2174 ©Tete Port/Bronze..... 199. 

2175 ©TelePort/Silver 359, 2179 Gold.... 439, 

5101 ©HayesCorrect 3.0 (modem sharing).. 75. 

2300 ©Smartcom II Mac 84 3226 Upgrade. 44, 

5971 OPTIMA 24 m '5970 OPTIMA 96 309. 
Insignia' Solutions 

7557 ©Access PC .. ftli 3229 ©SoftAT..* 299. 

9726 ©Entry Level SottPC 2.5 ... 125. 

4089 OUniva^alStJtFte 195,3441 ©SoftNode 105. 

Logicode Technology 

5525 QuickleilXebaM3624XV.:. 159, 

5524 M9696Xtf... 311. 5523 M1414XV.. 325. 

♦ Lotus Development ... 30 day MBG 
7121 ©cc:Mail Macintosh Platform Pack 2.0 339. 

MASS Microsystems 

2280 MASSfm 24/96N Network Fax .. 349. 

♦ Microcom ... 30 day MBG 

7459 ©CarbonCopy Mac 2,0.1 (single) .. 59. 

♦ Microsoft ... 30 day MBG 

9444 ©Microsoft Mail 3,0 (1-5 User) ... 269. 

♦ Practical Peripherals ... 30 day MBG 

8994 2400 V.42bis Modem.. 125, 

7934 PM9600SA Modem 1.26..... 289. 

9849 ©SmartPack 9600 (with Smartcom It), 349. 

♦ Prometheus ... 30 day MBG 
4724 ©Home Office (24/96 w/Voice Mail ;259. 
8990 ©Ultima Home Office (144/96) (w./VM) 489. 

PS1 Integration, Inc, 

3143 ©COMstation ONE 159, 3142 ©TWO ,. 299. 
5340 ©COMstation FOUR 349. 6965 ©FIVE 519. 

* Shiva ... 30 day MBG 

3444 ©NetSenal 135 275. 6555 ©LanRover/L 599. 
4347 ©NetBridgeor 4942 ©TeleBridge ...... 399. 

NetModem/E (thick thin. 10BASE-T) ea, 1479. 

4188 Teleconnector (DINS) 19. 2230 (10), 179, 
6264 ©TOPS Network 3,1 187. 2419 f 3-Pak) 249. 

Software Ventures ... 30 day MBG 

3455 ©MicroPhone Pro.......... 209, 

Sonic Systems, Inc. 

7572 ©LaserBridge........ 135, 

7571 ©PowerBridge 99, 7573 ©SuperB ridge 169. 
♦STF Technologies ... 30 day MBG 

7644 ©FaxManager Plus 74. 7638 LC. 25. 

Synergy ... 30 day MBG 

6618 ©VersaTerm 4,6„ 90. 6619 PRO 3,6 177. 

7380 © Versatilities 1,0........ 59. 

♦ Technology Concepts ... 30 day MBG 

7690 ©Net utilities 75. 1763 ©Hubworks-8 249. 
1582 ©GraceLAN 275, 1584 ©Corporate.. 669. 
Ethernet Cards.... catl 

♦ White Pine Software ... 30 day MBG 

2404 ©Mac 320. 95, 3544 ©Exodus 4 0 199. 

♦ Zoom Telephonies ... 30 day MBG 

1168 © AM X Modem (2400 baud) ... 63. 

2310 ©FX9624 Se nd/receive Fax/Mode m 99, 

Logicode Technology 

5523 Quiche) V. $2bis M't414XV —Combine 
speed & styling and you have the Guicktel 
14 ; 40G bps send & receive fax/modem. Inci. 
CCUT V,32bis, V.42bis, MNP 5, lifetime 
warranty, cables, lighted icons & more $325. 

3576 ©FX9624V Serci/receive V.42 Faxmodem 128. 

1179 ©V.42bis Modem (with MacPack) . 125, 

2311 ©V.32 Modem.. 199. 4698V.32bis. 229. 

3553 ©Fax/Modem VFX V.32bfs...... 269. 



♦ Appoint ... 30 day MBG 

2760 ©Thumbeiina Mac (mini 3 button mouse) 62, 

2769 M ousePen P ro M ac..... 62. 


4476 ©OmniPage,., 459. 7705 ©Direct. 259, 

4930 ©OmniPage Professional,.. 649, 


4981 ©WordScan... 189. 4697 ©Plus.379. 

♦ CoStar ... 30 day MBG 

©Stingray ADB (ptatinum or black ), ea. 79, 
-Curtis Manufacturing ... 30 day MBG 
8046 MVP Mouse (MVP-1) .... 89 

♦ Daladesk ... 30 day MBG 

9830 ©MAC101E 129, 2384 ©w/Quic Keys 159. 
6901 © Switchboard (modular keyboard %„... 159. 

♦ Eve rex ... 30 day MBG 
1144 ©Silhouette Trackball 1,0 (ADB Macs)„ 78. 

GDT Softworks 

3429 ©BetterWriters 39, 8297 ©Network.. 89. 

2499 ©PowerPrint 94. 8290 ©Network...... 169. 


6514 HP B&W DeskWriter (w/cartridge) . 479. 

2964 H P Color DeskWriter C (w/cotor cart .)... 799. 

9993 HP LaserJet HIP (requires kit) . 1099. 

6442 HP LaserJet IV (requires kit) .. 1499. 

♦ Kensington ... 30 day MBG 

2547 ©Turbo Mouse 4.0 ADB... 107. 

Key Tronics 

6974 ©Mac Pro + Kybrd. 139.1070 TrakPro 219. 
Kraft Systems 

7519 ©KM30 Trackball..... 42. 

♦ Logitech ... 30 day MBG 

1671 ©MouseMan... 77. 1672 ©TrackMan .. 89. 
5082 ©SeanMan Model 32 G-Scale Scanner 299. 
7112 ©FotoM an with Digital Darkroom. 639, 

♦ Micro Speed ... 30 day MBG 

2807 ©MicroTRAC ADB (for SE & it family ).. 57. 
6621 ©MacTRAC ADB 2.0 (SE & ft family 75, 

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5438 ©ScanMaker II 969, 5441 ©lixe. 1249, 

Monster Design Group 

1486 MacSpeakers (two, stereo) .. 169. 

♦ Mouse Systems ... 30 day MBG 

7520 ©Little Mouse or 8001 © Plus..., ea. 68, 

9471 ©A3 Mouse..... 74, 




Another great I 
idea from the original 
Mac security experts 

There’s nothing like FolderBolt! 

KenUMarsh Ltd. brings you folder protection 
from the desktop with just a Shift-ClickI 
Create password-protected, read-only, 
or drop folders. Lock the running System 
Folder or your hard disk’s window. The 
latest version even prevents file sharing. 

Reviewers agree. FolderBolt is top-notch 
security from KenUMarsh Ltd., the experts in 
the Mac security field since there was a Mac 
security field. 


"If you're looking for a straightforward, easy- 
to-use solution to the problem of computer 
security, look no further than FolderBolt." 



"Easy to use, extremely flexible.. should 
easily meet your security needs." MacWorld 

Kent'Marsh Ltd. 

TJ1C Macintosh'' Security Experu J 

( 800 ) 325-3587 

Order new from resellers everywhere Jndudfng.. 


(800) 800-4444 

Circle 36 on reader service card. 



achieve a better balance. 

Nonetheless, dark copies suffer from 
slight banding caused by the copier's 
printing system (according to the man¬ 
ual's explanation J, Also* where large dark 
areas occur, they saturate the paper, caus¬ 
ing it to warp slightly. The special Photo 
mode is supposed to optimize the copy 
process for photographs by using an al¬ 
ternative dither pattern, but we couldn't 
perceive much difference between out¬ 
put produced in Photo mode and output 
produced in standard mode. 

Intelligent Processing Unit 

To use the CJ10 as a color scanner 
and printer, you must purchase the op¬ 
tional $2,700 Intelligent Processing Unit 
(IPU). The IPU — a big, mostly empty 
metal box that fits underneath the CJ 10 

— requires a Mac equipped with Color 
QuickDraw, 4 megabytes of RAM Sys¬ 
tem 6.0,5 or later, and 5 megabytes of 
free disk space. The box contains a power 
supply and a logic board, effectively 
turning the CJ 10 into a SCSI device, so 
you must configure the termination and 
SCSI ID. using DIP switches — a cum- 
bersome process. 

And the extras you’ll need don’t stop 
there. In addition to $2,700 for the IPU, 
you have to shell out $500 for the IPU 
Kit for Mac, which includes u special 
edition of Adobe Photoshop (some of 
the program's features, such as color 
separations, are disabled), a high-den- 
sity CJ 10 Mac Utilities disk, and a 50-to- 
25-pin SCSI cable. 


With the IPU attached, the CJIO can 
operate as a fixed flatbed 400-dpi scan¬ 
ner with a maximum scanning area of 
8,5 x II inches, Photoshop's Plug-In 
scanning module adds the CJIO as an 
option in its Acquire submenu. 

Photoshop aficionados will fed right 
at home using the CJ! 0 us a scanner. The 
Acquire dialog box lets you specify scan 
resolutions from 72 to 400 dpi and adjust 
the color depth from 8-bit gray scale to 
24-bit color, fora total of 16.8 million 
colors. Unfortunately, there's no easy 
way to do quick black-and-white scans 

— you must first capture an image as 
gray-scale and then convert it to a bit 
map with Photoshop. The time required 
for a scan depends on the size of the 
original as well as the resolution and 
color depth specified. Overall, because 
the CJ 10 scans an entire image in a single 

pass, we found its performance to be 
quite acceptable. 

At 400 dpi, the CJIO produces sharp, 
excellent-quality scans of even the most- 
detailed originals, although you may need 
to tweak the color balance to adjust to 
your particular system. 


Printing with the CJ 10 isn't nearly as 
easy as copying and scanning. Our first 
test page caused a paper jam. Once we ' d 
cleared the jam (a relatively simple pro¬ 
cess), the printer didn't automatically 
resume printing, so wc had to initiate the 
test again. 

Unlike the switch-bluing Kodak 
EktaPlus 7016 printer/copier, the CJIO 
is a QuickDraw, not a PostScript, de¬ 
vice. As a result, it will be unacceptable 
to most professional an departments. For 
the best text reproduction with the CJIO, 
we recommend Adobe Type Manager or 

Printing large color images ties up your 
Macintosh for a long time. The company 
includes an application for background 
printing, but this application degrades 
system performance so seriously that it 
becomes almost impossible to get any 
meaningful work done. One other option 
is to connect the CJIO to a print server, 
spool print jobs, and share the printer on 
a network. This choice would be more 
attractive if Canon provided a LoealTalk 
option that didn't require a dedicated 

Our tests refute Canon's claim that 
"for most purposes, the default settings 
of the Color Control dialog box will pro¬ 
duce natural-looking full color prints,” 
We frequently found it necessary to tweak 
colors, using the RGB color-balance set¬ 
tings in the Page Setup dialog box. The 
documentation provides a cursory ex¬ 
planation of gamma settings but lacks 
printed color examples showing the ef¬ 
fects of different settings. Once you've 
adjusted the gamma settings, though, the 
printed results are sharp, clear, and vi¬ 
brant — quite satisfactory for in-house 
presentations and color comps. 

The Bottom Line 

With a total list price of more than 
$10,000, the complete Canon CJ 10 sys¬ 
tem may not be the least expensive solu¬ 
tion for color output, but it certainly is 
the most convenient. You gain a digital 
color copier, a scanner, and a printer, all 
in one tidy package. However, when 

7D January 1993 MacUser 

Whether you're copying or printing, the 
CJtO's color output is sharp, clear, and 
vibrant. The print sample shown here 
was produced with a photo scanned in 
at 400 dpi. 

you're spending about 46 cents per page, 
you' II probably want to limit the CJ10 to 
color jobs only, so you'll still want a 
traditional photocopier and laser printer 
for black-and-white jobs. 

Nonetheless, the CJ1G represents an 
impressive package for first-time color 
users. All the basic copying, scanning, 
and printing functions are easy to access, 
and the results are satisfactory for low- 
volurne, in-house requirements. For those 
who've been thinking about taking the 
plunge into color output, the Canon Ci 10 
makes an excellent springboard. 

— Owen W T Linzmayer 

Get Info 

Canon CJ10 

tti % 

Manufactured by: Canon 
USA, 1 Canon Plaza, Lake 
Success, NY 11042: 516- 

List Price: CJ10, $6,995; 
IPU, $2,700; IPU Kit for 
Mac, $500. 


The rec 


Vdbe an idiot to get 

ommendations tor 
all so enthusiastic 
anything else! 


Eric Bote 

That was Eric’s conclusion after asking others for a recommendation of the 
best word processor for a new Macintosh®. Frankly, we couldn’t agree more 
— but we’re dearly biased. In fact, for all the awards WriteNow has won or all 
the great things the press has said, we believe whatyoa say matters the most. 

For 95% of humanity, WriteNow will 
serve all your word processing needs 
- easily, slickly, and well. 

Highly recommended. ”* 

- lofty Becker 

Fastest - WriteNow is written in the Mac’s native language, which makes 
it up to 4 times faster than the next fastest Macintosh word processor. 

Smallest - WriteNow requires only 490K of precious RAM, allowing you 
to use other programs and enjoy the benefits of System T. 

Easiest - Paragraph and character styles that are "without peer in ease 
of use, ” as Brian Forte was kind enough to point out. 

Friendliest - WriteNow will read and write documents from all popular 
word processors. Plus we provide Grammatik” Mac free! 

Finally, even though others have said such great things about WriteNow, 
we back their kind words with our 60-day, 10096 money-back guarantee. 

Word Processor Comparison WriteNow 3.Q 

Recommended RAM 
Application size 
S pelting Dictionary {size in words) 

Paragraph style sheets 
Character style sheets 

Check spelling 
Copy & paste large area 
Undo paragraph formatting 
Count words in document 

Suggested retail price 

To find out more about WriteNow, or for special pricing 
. when you trade in your current word processor, 
just call us at 1-800-395-0195. 

^Unsolicited com men Is d i scoured on electron ic bulletin boards, TM 804 

MacUser January 1993 71 



^ f see you ^ 

from FlacFriends 
L M/s yeorf^A 


and GIRLS. 

w 0 biisu«.P«f*’ 

r ian^h.0^ 

/TJarK Jgesa-r^ jJl 

p ifor K~F\as is a 1 
Al ac Hvi. and a cobr 
V. monitor and laser J 
x. printer and. jf \ 


&fw on "° r 

ExU(ybd. w/Q u ; ct , , 

gwd& you to 
The perfect 
\ho!tdoy giftj^ 

F TXtfs xj 

Mac comes 
{completely 1 




finish holiday 
shopping the 

~~ir. 200 MB HO 
Colot Monitor 


24 hour OUJCKFAX (503) 236^8710 
9 Local: (503) 28M350 

Wrap up**£ 
Y yoor holiday 1 
chopping with a ca!!\ 
k to your friends at / 
Bk FXacFrieodsy 


CA-Cricket Graph III 1.0 

Ease of use and affordability mark Computer 
Associates’ refashioned version of Cricket Graph. 

Computer Associates’ new business 
charting software doesn't win the stand- 
ing ovation that went to powerhouse 
DeltaGraph Professional, but CA-Cricket 
Graph lit does earn a solid round of 
applause for its ease of use and afford¬ 
able price. Once the dominant Mac chart¬ 
ing program. Cricket Graph was pur¬ 
chased by Computer Associates several 
years ago. The long-awaited upgrade is 
a totally rewritten program that bears 
liule resemblance to its predecessor. 

Two Windows 

To construct charts with CA-Cricket 
Graph 111, you work in two main envi¬ 
ronments — a spreadsheet like data win¬ 
dow and a document window that dis¬ 
plays charts, pictures, text, and drawn 
objects. You can have multiple data and 
document windows open simultaneously. 
Each document window can consist of 
multiple pages, so one chart can span 
several pages. 

You can temporarily place objects that 
are destined for charts on a nonprinting 
pasteboard that surrounds the drawing 
area. Chari layouts are WYSIWYG, and 
alignment and layering controls let you 
combine drawing and charting elements 
in virtually any fashion. A palette pro¬ 
vides a zoom tool, a tool for moving 

pages within the document window, and 
tools for creating and modifying text and 

In addition to entering your chart data 
manually, you can import data in SYLK, 
DeltaGraph, or delimited-text 11 le for¬ 
mat. The program can filter text files to 
eliminate extraneous control characters, 
leading, and trailing spaces, which makes 
il easy to import data from scientific 
instruments and on-line sources. Unfor¬ 
tunately, Cricket Graph doesn’t support 
System 7’s publish-and-subscribe, so you 
can’t link spreadsheet data to Cricket 
Graph documents for automatic updat¬ 
ing, You can, however, hot-link Cricket 
Graph charts to the program’s internal 
data sheets — an essential feature for 
any serious charting program. 

Once you’ve entered or imported your 
data into Cricket Graph’s 1,000-col umn- 
by-32,000-row spreadsheet window, you 
can sort and recode it, combine it with 
formulas, and format it in almost any 
way imaginable. Formulas can contain 
column and cel! references, mathemati¬ 
cal functions {such as sine, standard de¬ 
viation, and factorial), and logical opera¬ 
tors. A random-number generator is also 

You can generate charts from your 
data in one of two ways. Novice chart 

CA-Cricket Graph 111 is a capable and easy-to-use business charting package. 
Although it lacks true 3-D-chart support, you can create 3-D effects by adding 
depth to plot elements. 

“The only way I’d file my own 
return is if I knew it’d be 
easier and faster than taking 
the stuff to someone else. 

Of course, I’d have to know I was paying the 
least tax and it’d be perfectly accurate . 99 

With TaxCut® Software, filing your own 
tax return is a simple two-step process: 

1. Key in answers to the 
questions your computer asks. 

2. Print and file! 

It’s guaranteed accurate, and 
you’ll pay as little tax as the law 



" ’ • it; 

- =- Jj 

allows. p| US y OU -n se t two Free Gifts: **""* &3 - 

This year, team up with Andrew Tobias' TaxCut 
to complete your tax return. You'll have the skill 
of America's best tax professionals, plus computer 
power to save you time and money. Better yet. 
you'll fully understand your taxes as you never 
have before. 

How It Works 

You start by selecting the Interview, Shoebox, 
or the DirecHo-Forms method. 

The Interview. TaxCut asks you simple Yes-or-No 
questions right on your computer screen. Based 
on your answers, TaxCut selects just those questions 
you must answer to correctly fill out your return, 
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CA-Cricket Graph 
III doesn’t provide 
all the charting 
bells and whistles 
required by 
users, but it does 
offer several 
scientific charting 
features, such as 
the ability to 
generate complex 

makers can select a chart type from the 
menu and specify the columns of data 
they want the program to plot, and Cricket 
Graph displays a helpful dialog box 
showing how the data will be graphed 
along the axes. Experienced chan mak¬ 
ers can bypass the dialog box and pro¬ 
ceed directly to selecting data columns 
and choosing a chart type. 

Customizing charts alter you’ve cre¬ 
ated them is easy. You can apply fill 
patterns and colors to any object; add 
text: and manipulate axes, legends, plot 
symbols, and grid lines. You can group 
sets of objects to resize and move them 
around in the document window as a set 
or you can manipulate elements indi¬ 
vidually. Bezier drawing tools let you 
embellish your charts with freehand 
shapes, basic ovals, rectangles, and stars. 
One glaring omission, however, is a tool 
for creating arrows. 

Cricket Graph’s text-entry box func¬ 
tions as a mini word processor complete 
with ruler; indent markers; justification 
icons; and a full set of font, size, and 
style options, including kerning. 

You can control the spacing width 
between your chart’s bars and columns, 
change the color of any chart element, 
and modify borders and rills (35 patterns 
are supplied). Line styles and plot sym¬ 
bols are fully customizable as well 

One of Cricket Graph’s strongest fea¬ 
tures is its ability to save chart formats 
for application to future charts. You can 
opt to apply a formal either before or 
after a chart is created, or you can selec¬ 
tively apply formats to specific elements 
such as titles, axes, legends, labels, and 

The options for customizing charts are 
indeed impressive, but we found Cricket 

Graph's color support disappointing. The 
package has several basic paletLes, in¬ 
cluding a set of grays for gray-scale 
output, and you can create your own 
customized palettes. However, you can 
work only with a single paleite of 64 
colors per document. By contrast, a 
DeltaGraph Pro palette holds as many as 
90 colors. Although Cricket Graph lets 
you import PICT, MacPaint, and EPS 
images, colors are mapped to the closest 
available colors on the active 64-color 
palette, resulting in some rather strange- 
Jooking effects. 

Cricket Graph also gives up points to 
DeltaGraph Pro when it comes to chart 
types. Compared with DeltaGraph Pro’s 
40 chart types. Cricket Graph supplies 
only 10 — scatter, line, bar, column, 
stacked-bar, stacked-line, area, pie, po¬ 
lar, and Quality-control. 

Although true 3-D charts are not sup¬ 
ported in Cricket Graph as they are in 
DeltaGraph Pro, you can create 3-D ef¬ 
fects by adding depth and drop shadows 
to chart elements and drawn objects. 

Cricket Graph is by no means a full- 
fledged scientific graphing program, but 
it provides solid support for quality-con¬ 
trol graphs (specialized graphs for study¬ 
ing continuous processes) as well as good 
curve-fitting options for scatter, line, and 
quality-control graphs. Combine these 
features with its text-file-filtering options, 
data-manipuiation tools, and extensive 
numeric-formatting features, and you 
have a program that meets many of the 
needs of engineers and lab technicians. 

Cricket Graph is Quick Draw-based 
and can print to any Mac-compatible 
printer in gray-scale or color. However, 
because it lacks PostScript support, the 
program doesn’t provide gradient rills 

— a popular feature for presentation- 
quality charts — and its output quality is 
not on a par with that of DeltaGraph Pro, 
which does provide PostScript support. 
Direct support for 35mm film recorders 
is also missing. 

If you need to present your charts on¬ 
screen, you're better off with DeltaGraph 
Pro, which includes a slide-show pre¬ 
sentation module that Cricket Graph 

On the other hand. Cricket Graph is a 
good choice for law-end-Mac owners. It 
requires only 2 megabytes of RAM on a 
color Mac and even runs on 1-megabyte 
Macs that lack color support. The pro¬ 
gram is 32-bit clean and provides on-line 
help. Us manual is thorough and precise, 
although the short introductory guide that 
accompanies the manual will suffice for 
most users. 

The Bottom Line 

With its ease of use and flexibility * 
CA-Cricket Graph III is an attractive 
alternative to the built-in charting func¬ 
tions of Microsoft Excel. However, chart 
jockeys who do financial and statistical 
analysis and who demand every bell and 
whistle from a charting program won’t 
be satisfied with Cricket Graph. Com¬ 
pared with powerful rival DeltaGraph 
Pro, Cricket Graph has fewer chart types, 
no true 3-D support, no publish-and-sub- 
scribe support, no built-in links to Excel, 
and no presentation module. 

Still, the program’s SI95 price tag 
makes it $ I (X) less expensive than Delta- 
Graph Pro. That advantage, teamed with 
the program's ability to run on low-end 
Macintoshes equipped with 2 megabytes 
of RAM and less, makes Cricket Graph 
a good choice for students, teachers, and 
business users who don't require the 
sophisticated capabilities of DeltaGraph 

— Becky Waring 

Get Info 

CA-Cricket Graph III 


Published by: Computer 
Associates International, Inc., 
One Computer Associates 
Plaza, Islandia, NY 11788; 


Version: 1.0. 

List Price: $195. 

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Special Delivery 1.0 

Lack of a Player weakens the delivery of Interactive 

Media’s presentation tool. 

If you crossbred HyperCard with 
Aldus Persuasion, you’d likely gel soft¬ 
ware that resembled Special Delivery, a 
new' kind of preset! tat ion package from 
Interactive Media. Special Delivery com¬ 
bines the slide metaphor of Persuasion 
with the Ilexibilily of HyperCard, Un¬ 
like Persuasion. Special Delivery slides 
are destined for on-screen delivery only 
— you can't send output to service bu¬ 
reaus and get slides in return. But what 
you can do with Special Delivery slides 
that you can't do with Persuasion’s is 
make them interactive. 

Racking Up Pointers 

With its focus on interactive presenta¬ 
tions, Special Delivery appears to be in 
the same software category as Magic 
and Cinematiou. Unlike those two pro¬ 
grams, however. Special Delivery is 
designed primarily for collecting and pre¬ 
senting graphics. QuickTime movies, and 
sounds that have already been created. It 
lacks animation tools and a time line, 
providing only a text tool and a few 
rudimentary drawing tools for creating 

Special Delivery creates pointers to 
the source material used with its slides. 
To help organize source files, a conve¬ 
nient Table of Contents feature lists all 
the source files used in a presentation. A 
separate utility, the $99 Media Cataloged 
quickly searches for and retrieves files. 

In this unique role. Special Delivery 

resembles a page-layout program. Its 
developers probably reasoned that be¬ 
cause you don’t use a page-layout pro¬ 
gram to write a report, you shouldn’t 
have to use a presentation program It) 
create artwork. This is a radical depar¬ 
ture from other interactive presentation 
programs built around painting, anima¬ 
tion, and movie-editing tools. 

Special Delivery proves that less can 
be more, though. Its tighter scope and 
familiar slide format make creating in¬ 
teractive presentations a breeze. In many 
ways. Special Delivery is as easy to use 
as Persuasion. 

Interactive features are key to navi¬ 
gating through the numerous slide se¬ 
quences you can create with Special De¬ 
livery. That’s because the program isn't 
confined to a linear presentation struc¬ 
ture that requires you to move from slide 
1 to 2 to 3. Instead, you First set up a 
main sequence of slides and then create 
as many secondary sequences — 
hyperlinks, in effect — as you wish. The 
secondary sequences offer a flexible way 
to expand on the ideas presented in your 
main slides. 

If youVe familiar with Persuasion, 
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Delivery. The program lets you work in 
one of lour view's: In Layout view, you 
select colors, enter and format text, and 
place graphics, movies, and sound: in 
Button view, you set up interactive con¬ 
trols; Note view lets you create speaker 

Special Delivery lets 
you assemble slides 
for multimedia 
presentations, but you 
must use existing 
artwork — the program 
doesn't provide 
animation or video- 
editing tools. You can 
make slides interactive 
simply by drawing lines 
between presentation 

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notes and handout information; and in 
Run view, you deliver your presentation. 
Unlike with Persuasion, there’s no Out* 
line view' and you can’t import text tiles 
to automatically create slides. This makes 
Special Delivery less than ideal for text- 
heavy presentations but a good choice if 
you’re using a variety of source-file types. 

The basic building blocks of Special 
Delivery presentations are Portals, which 
are similar to the frames in page-layout 
programs. You create Portals to hold the 
artwork and the interactive controls that 
make up your presentation. You can draw, 
colon frame, move, and resize Portals in 
Layout view. 

When you’re ready to specify how 
you want your presentation’s interactive 
controls to work, you move to Button 
view. This is where things get interest¬ 
ing. You arc presented with a kind of 
skeleton of your current slide that dis¬ 
plays all the Portals you have created. 
These Portals appear transparent, delin¬ 
eated by colored dashed lines on a white 

Imagine you’ve drawn four Portals 
and you want a QuickTime movie lo 
play in one large Portal, with the Re¬ 
wind, Stop, and Play buttons occupying 
the three smaller Portals. To link the 
movie to the controls, you simply draw 
a line from each of the smaller Portals to 
the large one and select each lino and 
specify its function, using the pull-down 
Button menu. When you configure the 
line linking the Play button to the movie, 
you also select the movie in a standard 
Place File dialog box. To see your slide 
in full color, complete with three func¬ 
tional VCR-like control buttons, you 
select the Run View command. Interac¬ 
tive buttons that play sound and bring up 
pictures and text arc just as easy to con¬ 
figure, Special Delivery also lets you 
add standard transition effects such as 
wipes and fades. 

You can add a wide assortment of 
navigation controls to your Special De¬ 
livery presentations. Pop-up Go To but¬ 
tons let you jump to any slide in the 
presentation. Special Delivery lets you 
give each slide a name for easy recogni¬ 
tion. What’s more, a Portal can act as a 
hot link to another slide. You can also 
configure buttons to control presentation* 
wide settings, including volume adjust¬ 
ment, soundtrack control, and overall 
pause and resume. A dialog box makes it 
easy to select snippets of movies or sound 
and control their duration. 

Special Delivery is a brand-new prod¬ 
uct. As such, it suffers from a few rough 
edges. Several features arc inconvenient 
ornonintuitive. For example, formatting 
lexL can be a real chore, because the 
program doesn’t provide a text-format 
dialog box — you must select font, color, 
size, style, and alignment separately. 
Some interface elements don’t gray out 
when they’re inactive, and Balloon Help 
is paltry. 

However, Special Delivery’s most 
egregious flaw is its lack of a run-time 
version for distributing presentations, a 
feature that Persuasion, Cine mat ion. and 
Magic all provide. This omission just 
doesn’t make sense. 

Special Delivery requires System 7, 
QuickTime, and 4 megabytes of RAM. 

The Bottom Line 

Special Delivery’s lack of an adequate 
distribution capability seriously detracts 
from its usefulness as a presentation tool. 
Nevertheless, the program represents a 
unique entry in the presentation-software 
arena. Because it lets you build on-screen 
presentations with elements created in 
other programs, it doesn't force you to 
learn another set of tools. Moreover, 
many companies maintain a substantial 
collection of presentation materials cre¬ 
ated by their own graphics departments 
that users can tap in to for their Special 
Delivery presentations. 

If you’re familiar with Persuasion’s 
slide-making concept, you’ II immediately 
uda pt to S pec i al De 1 i very ’ s c n v i ion i ne nt, 
although what sets it apart from Persua¬ 
sion is its ability to create interactive 
presentations. Special Delivery’s method 
for creating links that join button con¬ 
trols to slides and presentation elements 
is unmatched in its simplicity. Bven 
though it borrows from other applica¬ 
tions* Interactive Media’s Special Deliv¬ 
ery represents a unique presentation-soft¬ 
ware offering. 

— Shelley Cryan Eq| 

Gel Info 

Special Delivery 

4 « 

Published by: Interactive Media 
Corp., 27284 Burnepark, Los 
Altos, CA 94022; 415-948-0745. 

Version: 1.0. 

List Price: $399. 


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EfllDDSIT_ $1991 

© Digital Equipment Corporation 1992. The DIGITAL Logo and DECIaser are trademarks of Digital Equipment Corporation, PostScript and Adobe are trademarks 
of Adobe Systems, Incorporated which may be registered in certain jurisdictions, Macintosh is a registered trademark of Apple Computer, Inc. 

The best place to get your 
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Circle 38 on reader service card. 





KeyPad tMi 


PowerBook users, take note: Three 
companies have come out with keypads 
that give you back the function keys and 
numeric keypad you gave up when you 
bought your notebook Mac. All of them 
are lightweight, small, and easy to in¬ 
stall, but the similarities end there. 

We found Plusware's Numeric Key¬ 
pad to be the least ergonomic of the three. 
It’s flatter than the others, making it dif¬ 
ficult to curve your lingers comfortably, 
and its keys Feel sluggish and tend to 
stick. However, it does provide some use- 
ful extra keys for the Home, End, Page 
Up, Page Down, and Forward Delete 

Kensington's NoteBook KeyPad has a 
smoother feel and is the handiest of the 
three for entering consecutive functions. 
Its keys are larger, matching the size of 
standard adding-machine keys, but the 
arrow keys are awkwardly positioned at 
the lop of the pad and require you to 
suspend your wrist uncomfortably above 
the other keys in order to use them. The 
NoteBook Keypad is the only one of 
these keypads that lets you enLer con¬ 
secutive functions without bolding down 
or pressing an additional key — an im¬ 
portant capability for users who connect 
to mainframes to access programs that 
rely on function keys. However. Kensing¬ 
ton's is also the only keypad that mono¬ 
polizes the PowerBook *s ADB port; the 
Plusware keypad has a port on the back 
of its cable connector, and Sophisticated 
Circuits put two ports on the back of the 
PowerPad, leaving one free for another 

Sophisticated Circuit's PowerPad was 
our overall favorite by virtue of its el¬ 
egant feel, its financial-calculator-key- 
layout option, and its unique bundled 
software. The PowerPad's keys are light¬ 
est to the touch: its stand elevates and 
tilts it slightly; and it has the fewest keys, 
minimizing the area your fingers have to 
cover. It also comes with extra keys, so 
you (or Sophisticated Circuits, free of 

charge) can switch the places and size of 
the + and Enter keys to convert to the 
key layout of a financial calculator. The 
PowerPad doesn't shine in the area of 
access i bi I i t y o f fu n ct ions, h o we ver. Th e 
Mode key, which switches among the 
number-key, function-key, and arrow- 
key modes, isn't easy to press, and the 
light that indicates the current mode — 
by being on, off, or blinking — is 
non intuitive. 

Bundled software is a major advan¬ 
tage of the PowerPad. The 10Key Tape 
DA alone may make it worth your while 
lo choose this keypad. 10 Key Tape dis¬ 
plays an on-screen running total, much 
as the tape of a ten-key adding machine 
does. This data can be edited, copied into 
other applications, and printed. You also 
get a ModifierKeys extension, which lets 
you use the PowerBook’s modifier keys 
in conjunction with PowerPad keys for 
keyboard shortcuts. Plusware bundles 
QuicKeys2 Lite with the Numeric Key¬ 
pad, and Kensington hasn't {as of press 
time) bundled any software with the 
NoteBook KeyPad but plans lo include 
the same type of software Sophisticated 
Circuits does {by the time you read this 

Plusware Numeric Keypad. Plusware, 
Inc., 80 Citizen Couru Unit 2, Markham, 
ON L6G 1A7 Canada; 800-268-7587 or 
416-477-0015. $1 29. 

NoteBook KeyPad, Kensington Mi- 
erowure Ltd,, 2855 Campus Drive, San 
Mateo, CA 94403:800-535-4242 or 415- 
572-2700. SI49.95. 

PowerPad, Sophisticated Circuits, Inc., 
19017 120th Avenue N.E., Suite 106, 
Bothell. WA 98011; 800-827-4669 or 
206-485-7979. $129; with QuicKeys, 

— Nancy Peterson 


III 1 /* 

FastTrack Schedule is an easy-to-use 
tool for making Gantt chans, those 
graphical representations of activities and 
milestones that project managers spend 
hours juggling. 

To create Gantt charts with FaslTrack 
Schedule, you simply enter activity 
names and draw activity bars or mile¬ 
stones on your chart, using tools from a 
floating toolbox (you can also provide 
date and duration information and let 

FastTrack Schedule do the drawing for 
you). An outlining feature automatically 
indents activities that are part ofa project 
phase and enables you to collapse the 
outline to display only certain levels. 
You can also create dependencies among 
activities, using two types of links, and 
you can lock activities to prevent them 
from being changed. As the project 
progresses and you add actual start and 
completion dates, FastTrack Schedule 
automatically updates the dates for any 
dependent activities. 

FastTrack Schedule offers a great deal 
of formatting ilexibility. You can vary 
column widths and headings; create new 
bar and milestone styles; choose from 
six time scales: shade or hide non work 
days or hours: and change the format of 
text, dates, times, and numbers. You can 
also insert pictures or text blocks any¬ 
where in a chart. The Page Preview view 
permits formatting as well — you can 
add text, graphics, page numbers, dates, 
and times. Plus you can print your sched¬ 
ule as a standard chart or as pieces of a 
wall chart that can be assembled after 
printing. For other formatting or manipu¬ 
lation, FastTrack Schedule lets you im¬ 
port or export tab- or comma-deli mi ted 

FastTrack Schedule's interface and 
features have a few shortcomings. The 
program lacks on-line help (although the 
manual is thorough and well written), 
complete support of the Undo command 
(several commands can't be undone), and 
support for Balloon Help and publish- 
and-subscribe (although otherwise 
FastTrack Schedule works fine under 
System 7). Also, the dialog boxes and 
buttons are not entirely Mac-looking, and 
increasing the font size of an activity 
name can cause part of the text to be cut 
off (because the row height doesn't in¬ 
crease correspondingly). The program 
lacks a feature some users may sorely 
miss: It can't automatically change an 
activity’s duration based on actual dates, 
locked deadline milestones, and activity 

On the whole, FastTrack Schedule is 
a fine project-management tool. If you're 
looking for a quick and easy way to 
create Gantt charts, this program might 
be just the one for you. 

AEG Software, 2261 \ Markey Court, 
Building 113, Sterling, VA 20166: 800- 
346-9413 or 703-450- i 980. Version 2.0. 

— Maria L, Lunger 

Macllser January 1993 83 

Do You Make lliese 
Six Common Mistakes 

SPN' n, „ 


On Your Taxes? 

/,Cc «rate 

S ix common mistakes can cause you big 
headaches on your taxes. An oversight 
here, an omission there. From unnecessary 
tax payments to full blown IRS audits -- you 
can end up paying too much... or worse. 

But now, using MacInTax and your per¬ 
sonal computer, you can avoid these simple 
but costly mistakes: 

The Arithmetic Error 

Today, even the simplest forms con¬ 
tain complex calculations, And with 
all the late-night scrambling, an innocent 
mistake could cost you plenty. 

The Transcription Error 

With all those numbers being juggled 
from schedule to schedule, it's no 
wonder the figures are so often transcribed 
incorrectly or entered on the wrong line. 

The Omitted Form 

Even "ordinary" returns require any¬ 
where from six to a dozen forms to 
complete. It's easy to miss one... or end up 
rushing all over town to find the one you need. 

4 The Misinterpreted instruction 

At best, IRS instructions can be tough 
to understand. At worst they can be 
mind-boggling. What you need are clear 
directions in plain English. 

The Overlooked Deduction 

You'd have to be a professional tax 
preparer to know all the deductions 
you’re entitled to. If you miss just one, it 
could cost you hundreds of dollars, 

6 The Exceeded Guideline 

The fastest way to trigger an IRS 
audit is to exceed the "normal ' 1 range 
on one of your deductions. You need to know 
what the IRS looks for on a line-by-line basis. 

When you do your taxes with MacInTax, 
mistakes like these are virtually impossible. 
And filing your taxes couldn’t be easier. 

America's # 1 
Tax Software 

MacInTax is America's #1 best-selling tax 
software for the Macintosh. With MacInTax (or 
TurboTax on your PC) and the new EasvSteo"' 
system, you can completely and accurately pre¬ 
pare your income taxes in just a few hours. 
Here's how easy it is! 

A. Gather your records and receipts, 

B. Enter your data into MacInTax. 

C. Print out, sign and drop in the mail. 
MacInTax does the rest. Even if your records 

and receipts aren't in any particular order, 

MaclnTax’s new EasyStep system 
will guide you every step of the way. 

And like a good tax advisor, MacInTax 
helps you identify every deduction 
you can claim. 

MacInTax makes ail the calcula¬ 
tions, checks for accuracy and con¬ 
sistency, and transfersevery number to the proper 
lines on the proper forms. And MacInTax prints 
every form you need in IRS-approved format on 
your own printer - ready to sign and mail (or file 
electronically, if you prefer, for a faster refund). 

Macworld Magazine says that MacInTax is 
"... the most successful special-purpose pro¬ 
gram yet for the Macintosh.” We know that if you 
try It, you'll never go back to doing your taxes the 
old-fashioned way. In fact, we back MacInTax 
with our Double Guarantee : 

1. Guaranteed Satisfaction. Try Mac¬ 
InTax. even use it to prepare your taxes. If you're not 
completely satisfied, return it anytime before April 
15,1993 for a full refund. No questions asked. 

2. Guaranteed Accuracy. Use MacInTax 
with complete confidence. If MacInTax makes an 
error in calculation on your return, we'll pay any IRS 

Free Bonus- SimCity! 

With SimCity® by MAXIS, create your own 
dream city and find out if you have what it takes 
to run a thriving metropolis, or one of 7 cities. A 
$49.95 value- yours free with your MacInTax or 
TurboTax orderl* 

r□ Yes, I'll try MacInTax! ChipSoft 

| Rush me MacInTax ASAP. If I don't like it for any reason, I'll just send it back by April 15,1993 and 
| my payment wilt be refunded, 

■ Please Choose: LI MacInTax (for Macintosh®) $59,95" 

■ □ 3-72" disks, or □ TurboTax (IBM 15 "-compatible) $59,95" 

■ □ 5-Vi" disks □ TurboTax for Windows" $59.95** 

• Name _ 

. Address 


1. Guarantee of Satisfaction- if you're not satisfied 

lor any reason, just return it by 4/15/93 for a fu ll refund. 

2. Guarantee of Accuracy- If MacInTax makes an 
error in calculation, we ll m any IRS penalty! 

City _ State Zip _ 

Bill My: O Visa Q MasterCard □ Discover □ Amex 
I understand lhal there is an additional $7.00 shipping per order. 
Card#Exp. Date 

Mail your order to: ChipSoft, Box 85709 
Or Call NOW: San Diego, CA 92186-9668 

1 - 800 - 964-1040 

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S*r €£i Ota. P b. fia fifW. S*i Owja CA HIM AS |HK ?vU5- Mai SKft «Uttr Mr MWfi 



Harry and 
the Great 
Paper Race 

III 1 /* 

If you'd like history to have the same 
immediacy as today's headlines, check 
out Davidson <& Associates' Headline 
Harry and the Great Paper Race. Featur¬ 
ing excel lent graphics, sound, and Quick¬ 
Time footage of news events. Headline 
Harry lets you play reporter on events 
from the T 5Gs through the '80s as you 
cover 12 stories. Using interviews, tapes, 
a radio, and a reference book (none of 
these are interactive — they burp up 
information when you click on them), 
you try to find the story of a historical 
event. Your competition is an unscrupu¬ 
lous rival paper named the Diabolical 
Daily, and your distractions include 
plenty of red-herring stories from other 
time periods. 

The way Headline Harry mixes up 
lime periods is fun for adults, hut kids 
tend to be so confused about lime peri¬ 
ods already that mixing time periods de¬ 
feats some of the purpose of a history 
game. Our 12-year-old tester liked the 
game but found even the easiest stories 
frustrating at times; red herrings from 
the same year as the main story could 
have provided a challenge in a less con¬ 
fusing manner. 

The program has some minor annoy¬ 
ances, including a glitch that sometimes 
occurs when you visit cities in a sequence 
that diverges from your itinerary (the 
game freezes, requiring a reboot); an¬ 
other problem is that the program makes 
you use the headline from the manual to 
get an event accepted. Headline Harry 
also takes up a lot of space on your hard 
drive (9,5 megabytes) and needs 4 mega¬ 
bytes of RAM to run; we wish we could 
have forgone the QuickTime movies to 
trim the space requirement. 

Aside from these quibbles. Headline 
Harry provides a worthwhile way for 

kids in grades 7 through 12 and adults to 
brush up on their recent history (and 
U.S. geography, as you travel around the 
country to gather information). The sto¬ 
ries are interesting, and the abundance of 
material about important female, black, 
and Latino figures makes Headline Harry 
a positive addition to school computer 

Davidson & Associates, Inc., P.O. Box 
2961* Torrance, CA 90509; 800-545- 
7677 or 310-793-0600, Version 1.0. 

— Carol Dorf 

^ Shiva 


Using ARA (AppleTalk Remote Ac¬ 
cess), bundled free with every Power- 
Book sold in the U.S.* is a handy way to 
stay in touch with the network back at 
the office — if there's a Mac running 
ARA at the other end of the phone line. 

Statement of Own a rah Ip. 
Management and 

i P j? 4/5. £ 3Sifi5' 



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Haney 950 Lino, City. CA 9^404 

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m. M. f n« t, 

-:-• ■ • : : ^ ■ r - ■ :j - 

Im, 3536. I W« y, wtlnM w Innl 

didn’t have 

wallpaper in 
his garage, 
but he has 
in his Mac. 

“Wallpaper" is the most indispensable 
software for making my computer enjoyable*” 

-Steve Wozniak, founder, Apple Computer 

Like Woz, you can start enjoying your computer more 
today with the premier program for customizing your 
Mac. Wallpaper includes hundreds of desktop patterns 
and helps you make your own, 


For SE/30. Classic II and above 


107 University Place, Suite 4L>. New York, NY L0003 USA 
Ordcrs/litquiries - (212) 673-9724 

Circle 21 on reader service card* 

MacUser January 1993 35 

©1992 Thought [ Could 1 

Double Yxir Disk Space 
Without Compressing Files. 


Priced ill /H5( 5 
TfFPicsTrr^ is fis pmclioif 
as if is affordable. 

If you've got a hard disk bursting 
at the seams, you need TimesTwo? 

It's new from Colden Triangle and it's 
the most sensible solution for dou¬ 
bling the capacity of your disk 
without cramming and stuffing files 
into limited space. Your PowerBook's 
40 MB disk becomes 80 MB instantly. 
Your lid's 80 MB disk swells to 160 
MB. Without ever opening your 
Mac or installing 
expensive hardware, 
you can double your 
disk space in minutes. 

TimesTwo s revolu¬ 
tionary approach to 
disk storage leaves 
your files untouched, 
so there's never any 
problem or any delay "unstuffing" 
them when you need them. And 
since TimesTwo doesn't compress 
files, there's never any need for an 
unpacking utility when you want to 
pass them on to someone else. 

TimesTwo is fully compatible 
with all Macintosh applications, 
including file recovery programs like 
Norton Utilities and MacTools. It 
works with any SCSI hard disk 
including SyQuest, Bernoulli and 
erasable optical disks. You can even 
double an 88 MB SyQuest cartridge 
to 176 MB and use it on a Mac that 
doesn't have TimesTwo installed. 

Next time you're atnning out of 
storage for your files, don't try to 
cram more in. Get TimesTwo instead. 
And give your disk twice 
the elbow room. 



For information or a d e tt f e r nta res I y o it call i 

8 00- 3 2 6 - 1 8 5 8 

Circle 111 on reader service card. 

■Palenl perKing. TittwsTwo and the Golden Triangle togo are trademarks of Gcfden Triangte Computers, Inc. All odwr trademarks and registered trademarks are |he property q 1 their respective owners Golden Triangle * Sar Diego. CaSdomia * 1Q0 + FAX 619-2T9.1QI 

There’s only one way to get the big picture about 
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But some PowerBook users don't have 
an office Mac readily available to call in 
to, or they don't want to be vulnerable to 
losing the remote connection if the of¬ 
fice Mac crashes. Now these users can 
turn to Shiva's LanRover/L, a modem¬ 
sized gray box that serves the same re¬ 
mote-connection purpose as a dedicated 
Mac — for much less money and with 
greater reliability. 

Setting up a LanRover/L is straight¬ 
forward. You plug in the power supply, 
connect the single serial port to a modem 
with the included cable (or a cable you 
purchase, because the included cable 
doesn’t support hardware handshaking, 
which is necessary for reliable 9,600- 
bps or higher-speed modem communi¬ 
cation), and connect the single LocalTalk 
port to your LocalTalk network (both 
ports use standard DIN-8 connectors, like 
those on the back of your Mac). Then 
you tum the unit on. You perform the 
remaining setup tasks on a Mac on the 
network, using software that Shiva in¬ 
cludes with the LanRover/L. 

Because the LanRover/L is meant to 
replace a Mac running ARA, it performs 
the same functions as ARA, with no ad¬ 
ditional features such as user-specific 
network-access control. As with ARA, 
the LanRover/L setup involves defining 
users, their passwords, and optional call¬ 
back phone numbers. The LanRover/L 
also keeps a log of successful and failed 
connection attempts. In addition, it uses 
the same CCL (Connection Control Lan¬ 
guage) files that ARA uses to configure 
and operate modems: You select the CCL 
files from within the Shiva management 
application and transmit them to the 
LanRover/L over the network. One po¬ 
tential pitfall with this approach is that 
subtle CCL errors may cause you to think 
that the LanRover/L is malfunctioning 
when in fact the CCL file is at fault — so 
be sure the CCL files you select to use 
with the LanRover/L already work cor¬ 
rectly with ARA. 

As well as employing it for remote 
connection, you can also use the Lan¬ 
Rover/L as a network modem, much as 

you would use Shiva's NetModem prod¬ 
ucts. To do so, you need to install the 
necessary software (included with the 
LanRover/L) on the Macintoshes of net¬ 
work users. 

A detail of importance to network ad¬ 
ministrators is that the LanRover/L acts 
as a half-router on a network and emits 
RTMP (Routing Table Management Pro¬ 
tocol) packets. For the unwary adminis¬ 
trator, these unexpected packets can cause 
no end of confusion. 

Overall, the LanRover/L admirably 
serves its purpose, and it's simple to set 
up, configure, and maintain. Although it 
has its limitations — the single serial 
port allows just one connected modem, 
and the network connection is LocalTalk 
only — we recommend the LanRover/L 
as a reliable alternative to dedicating a 
more costly Macintosh to the task of 
remote connection. 

Shiva Corporation, One Cambridge 
Center, Cambridge, M A 02142; 617-252- 
6300. $699. 

— Stephan Somogyi ^ 

Whether used alone or together, 
CheckMark’s Multi Ledger* and 
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accounting software. See for 
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MultiLedger is a registered trademark of CheckMark Software, Inc., 1520 East Mulberry, Suite 2QQ r Fort Collins, Colorado 80524 (303) 484-3541 (303) 484-0429 fax. 

Circle 86 ok header service card. 

MacUser January 1993 39 



Maximum RAM 

The ultimate guide to memory for your Mac — where to buy it, 
how to install it, and why you need so much of it 



M robat 

robabiy the question you get asked most about your 
Mac — from idle conversation at user-group meetings to 
technical-support calls — is, How much RAM do you 
have? Chances are, if s not enough, at which point you 
need to get answers to a couple of even more important 
questions: How much RAM do you need, and how do you 
go about adding more to your Mac? 

RAM (random-access memory) is the electronic fuel 
that runs your Macintosh's operating system and applica¬ 
tions. If you don't have enough, you won’t get very far. 
RAM is composed of integrated circuits (“chips”) that are 
wired into your computer’s logic board, snapped in as 
separate memory cards, or both, depending on your Mac’s 
configuration (see Table 1), RAM is measured by capacity 
in kilobytes (K) or megabytes (ME) and by speed in 
nanoseconds (ns). 

MacUser January 1993 91 


Macintosh Ilex 

Total Memory : 8,192K 


Adobe Photoshop... 

2 ,GQ0K 

Microsoft Excel 



Square One 



System Software* 


System Software 7.0.1 • 

© Apple Computer, Inc. 1983-1991 

Largest Unused Block : 1,347K 

Figure 1: To see bow 
much RAM you have, 
choose About This 
Macintosh from the 
Apple menu. Turn on 
Balloon Help, and 
point to each 
application to find 
out how much RAM 
each application is 
using and how much 
is allocated to it 

A common error is to confuse RAM with storage (such 
as hard-disks, floppy disks, and other media). That's an 
easy mistake to make, in that both RAM and storage are 
often referred to as memory and have to do with things 
inside the computer, which most Mac users never see. But 
unlike data that is stored on a hard disk, data stored in 
RAM is volatile; that is, once the Mac's power has been 
turned off, the data is lost (unless you 1 ve saved it to a disk). 
RAM's advantage is speed — your Macintosh can access 
data in RAM much faster than it can access data stored on 
a hard disk. When you open an application or document, 
some or all of it is loaded into RAM, so you can access it 
much more quickly. 

A simple way to remember the difference between 
RAM and storage is to picture your computer as a digital 
desk: The RAM is the top of the desk; 
your hard disk or other storage medium is 
the desk drawers. There is a limit to how 
much you can take out of your desk draw¬ 
ers and still have enough room to work 
comfortably on your desk without having 
something “crash” to the floor By anal¬ 
ogy then, the more RAM you have, the 
more things (or the larger the things) you 
can comfortably work with on your Mac 

The good news is that RAM prices are 
constantly dropping. Since 1988, the cost 
of I-megabyte SIMMs (single in-line 
memory modules — the most common 
type of memory-expansion card for the 
majority of Mac models) has dropped more 
than 95 percent. Many vendors are selling 
SIMMs for less than $30 per megabyte. 

You can buy 4-megabyte SIMMs for less 
than $100 each. Higher-capacity SIMMs 
(8- and 16-megabyte) and other RAM- 
expansion cards (for PpwerBooks, for ex¬ 
ample) are still a bit on the high side, but 
their prices are coming down as well. 

BAM Hogs 

If you don't have enough memory, you probably aren’t 
working very productively. Too little RAM prevents you 
from having several applications open at once (or using 
MultiFinder in System 6), limits the number of extensions 
you can use to customize your system, and may result in 
crashes or constant messages informing you that you don't 
have enough memory to run a particular program. Unless 
your work on the Mac is limited to basic word processing 
and simple spreadsheets, you'll benefit from purchasing 
more RAM than was included when you bought your Mac 
(see Table 1). To find out how much RAM you have, 
choose About This Macintosh from the Apple menu in 
System 7’s Finder (see Figure 1). If you’re running System 
6, choose About the Finder, also on the Apple menu. 

Figure 2: You can 
change the amount of 
memory allocated to 
an application in its 
Get Info box. To do 
so, highlight the 
application's icon In 
the Finder and press 
Command-1 (Get 
Info). Allocating more 
than the suggested 
size wilt probably 
help the application 
work faster, but if 
you'reshort on 
memory, you can 
also try allocating 
less than the 
suggested amount 
of memory. 

□ Hdofae Photoshop™ 2.0 Info 

Adobe Photoshop™ 2.0 

Kind : application program 
Size: 1.3 MB on disk (1 ^374,840 bytes 

Where: Gennifer: System Folder: Apple 
Menu Items: 

Created: Fri, Jun 14, 1991,3:47 AM 
Modified: Fri, Sep 11, 1992, 3:31 PM 
Version: 2.0 0 1989-91 Adobe Systems fnc. 


Photoshop requires a lot of RAM to run well. 
Increasing the memory allocated to it (if you 
have the RAM) will improve performance. 

FI Locked 


Suggested size : 4,09£ 

Current size: 500Q 

92 January 1993 MacUser 

The vast majority of mainline productivity software 
(word processors, spreadsheet programs, graphics pro¬ 
grams, database programs, and so on) require at least 1 
megabyte of RAM to work well. Many programs, espe¬ 
cially graphics programs, need a great deal more. In addi¬ 
tion, many applications simply work better and faster if 
they have more RAM assigned to them than the default 
RAM allocation the manufacturer assigned at shipment 
(Adobe Photoshop is an excellent example). You can 
easily change the RAM allocation in the Get Info box in 
the Finder (see Figure 2) — but only if you have enough 
RAM to do so. 

If you install extensions (files that enhance your system 
in various ways), you’ll make computing more productive 
and enjoyable but you’ll also eat up RAM. A few exten¬ 
sions are included with the Apple system software (File 
Sharing, AppleShare, and 
Easy Access, for example) or 
are available as add-ons from 
Apple, but most extensions 
come from commercial de¬ 
velopers (Now Utilities, for 
example) or are available from 
on-line services as shareware 
(SoundMaster, for example). 

Unfortunately, running even 
a few extensions consumes a 
sizable chunk of memory. If 
you’re not sure how many 
extensions you have installed, reboot your Mac and count 
the number of icons that line up across your screen at 
startup or use an extension manager (such as Apple’s 
Extensions Manager) to count the number of extensions 
you have installed. Having a lot of extensions isn’t neces¬ 
sarily a problem, as long as you have enough RAM to 
accommodate them. 

System 7 is another RAM hog. There’s no doubt that 
this latest generation of system software provides a wealth 
of productivity benefits—aliasing, file sharing, the ability 
to have several applications open at once — but those 
extras require more RAM than was needed for previous 
generations of system software. Apple used to say that you 
could run System 7 on any Mac with 2 megabytes of 
RAM. But even without adding extensions, and keeping 
fonts to a minimum. System 7 alone consumes 1.2 to 1.5 
megabytes of RAM (depending on which Mac you have). 
Because that doesn’t leave much room to run your applica¬ 
tions, Apple has now changed the party line to say you 
need at least 4 megabytes of RAM to adequately run 
System 7. 

How Much Is Enough? 

We recommend at least 4 megabytes of RAM. For 
System 6 users, this is probably a comfortable amount to 
work with, depending on what software you run. For 

System 7 users, 4 megabytes of RAM is enough to run the 
system and one, maybe two, applications simultaneously. 
However, you still have to watch how many extensions 
you have installed. 

For most users, 8 megabytes is a good, functional amount 
of RAM (unfortunately, it’s not possible to install that 
much in a Mac Plus, SE, or Classic). With 8 megabytes, 
you can install a nice collection of extensions and keep 
three to four applications open. 

If you do a lot of graphics or CAD work or have a 
tremendous appetite for extensions, you’ll probably work 
most comfortably with 16 to 24 megabytes of RAM. If you 
are doing extremely heavy graphics work (especially with 
Photoshop) and have a Quadra 950, you’re able to go up to 
256 megabytes of RAM. 

Theoretically, current versions of System 7 can accom¬ 

modate 1 gigabyte (GB) of RAM — in fact. System 7's 
architecture is capable of supporting up to 4 gigabytes — 
but in reality, there's a limit to the amount of RAM a Mac 
can use, depending on the amount of RAM on the logic 
board and the number of SIMM slots. The amount of 
RAM is also limited by the density of the SIMM chips, 
which currently tops out at 16 megabytes. 

What's more, only Macs running System 7.0 and later 
can access more than 8 megabytes of RAM and then only 
with 32-bit addressing turned on (see the "Memory Con¬ 
trols” sidebar). If you have a Mac SE/30, II, IIx, or Ilex and 
have not yet installed System 7.1, you must install 
Connectix's MODE32 utility (it overcomes Apple’s “dirty 
ROM” syndrome) in order to turn on 32-bit addressing. 
MODE32 is available free from dealers, user groups, and 
on-line services. 

Running with 32-bit addressing means that all of your 
applications and extensions must be “32-bit clean.” If 
you have kept your software current, this requirement 
shouldn’t be a problem, but if you're using older versions 
of some software (more than 18 to 24 months old, say), 
you may want to check with the publishers about upgrad¬ 
ing your applications. 

It’s easy to detect if an application or extension isn’t 32- 
bit clean: Your Mac bombs when you try to use that 
software. In the case of an extension, the system bombs 

Figure 3: Each SIMM has its capacity and speed printed on the side of the module. All 
manufacturers differ in how they present this information, but in general, the numbers 
before the dash (in this case, 256) indicate capacity and the numbers after the dash (in 
this case, 80) indicate speed, so this SIMM is 256K and has a speed of 80 nanoseconds. 

MacUser January 1993 93 


Installing RAM 

After you've bought your RAM, you 
have to install it. For most Macs, instal¬ 
lation is pretty easy, but be aware that 
you will void your warranty if you dam¬ 
age anything while installing memory 
yourself; in the case of compact Macs 
and PowerBooks, merely opening the 
case yourself voids the warranty. Con¬ 
sider having an authorized Apple dealer 
do the installation. Most dealers don't 
require that you purchase the RAM from 
them and will probably charge you for 
no more than one hour's worth of work. 

If you choose to install the memory 
yourself, observe certain safety precau¬ 
tions. In most cases, you should keep 
your Mac plugged in but turned off. 
You're dealing with sensitive electronic 
components — one static spark, and 
you can zap your investment (and/or 
yourself). To avoid this, all you have to 
do is ground yourself. You can simply 
touch the Mac's power supply (that metal 
box with power ratings on it) once you've 
opened your Mac, but a safer method is 
to buy an inexpensive disposable 
grounding wrist strap Q from an elec¬ 
tronics store. You can also buy indus¬ 
trial-grade grounding straps, which last 

Do not remove the new SIMMs from 
their protective package until you're 
grounded. Store old SIMMs in the pack¬ 
ages. You can reuse them to diagnose 

problems that may be RAM-related. 

If you'll be installing RAM yourself, 
make sure you get all the information 
you’ll need to do so, such as a video or 
illustrated booklet outlining the steps, from 
the RAM ve ndo r. As k what s pec lal too Is 

you’ll need, such as a Phillips-head 
screwdriver © , Tor* screwdrivers 0 
and ©, a case cracker © (which also 
includes a Torx screwdriver), or a SIMM 
remover © — some vendors include 
these gratis. 

Performs 400 and 600, IKvx, LC, LC 11, Kl, llx, Ilex, llsi, Hoi, llfx, and Quadra 900 and 950 

Remove the lid, which may be 
secured by a screw (lately Apple © 
has started shipping these com¬ 
puters without the holding screw), 
so you may need a screwdriver. 

When you have the lid off, you 
should quickly be able to locate 
the SIMM banks — neat rows of 
upright little cards © 

Note; If you are mixing RAM 
sizes (four 1 -megabyte SIMMs and 
four 256K SIMMs, for example), 
the same sizes must be together 
in each RAM bank. 

If you're replacing existing 
SIMMs (exchanging 256K SIMMs 
for 1-megabyte SIMMs, for ex¬ 
ample), gently pull aside the tabs 
holding in each SIMM and slightly 
push back the SIMM. It should 
unseat and rest at a 45-degree angle, where you can just lift it 
out. Using a SIMM remover Q, which you can buy at a 
computer-supply store, is a safer bet © 

After the old SIMMs are out, put in the new SIMMs by sliding 
them into the sockets at a 45-degree angle and then gently 

pulling forward until you hear a faint click (on the Ilex and I lei, 
it may sound more like a slight crunch). Put the lid back on, 
and return the holding screw, if necessary. Double-check to 
make sure that both tabs are attached (this applies to all Macs 
except PowerBooks). 

94 January 1993 MacUser 

Pius, SE, SE/30, Classic, Classic It 

Installing RAM on a compact Mac requires a little more work 
and some special tools. You'll need a Torx screwdriver with a 
long handle 0 to reach the screws that are in the Mac's handle 
and a special device known as a Mac cracker ©to separate the 
housing from the chassis. Do not plug in compact Macs when 
installing RAM. Remove the two screws on the handle and the 
two screws on the back of the machine (if you have a Mac Plus, 
you also have to remove the screw inside the battery slot). 
Place the Mac cracker in the groove just behind the front of the 
unit, and gently squeeze to open the unit©. Make sure you're 
grounded. Be extremely careful not to touch the back of the 

picture tube. ft contains a good dose of static electricity r 
which can cause serious injury or death; it is at so very 
sensitive and damages easily. Remove all the drive cables 
and the power cable; lay the Mac face down. Slide the 
motherboard up until you can pry it out from the right Q The 
speaker wire is still attached; remove it by pulling off the 
connector. Remove and replace the SIMMs as described above. 

Note: Adding RAM to a Mac Plus and some early SEs also 
requires that you cut a resistor wire ©. Many SIMM resellers 
include an installation guide (some even give you a video) to help 
with this somewhat tricky installation. 

Quadra TOO 

Rower Books 

The RAM on the Quadra 700 is located underneath the 
floppy-and-hard-drive assembly, so you have to remove 
the power supply and the drive assembly before you can 
Install the SIMMs, After you've removed the lid, you'll see 
on the disk assembly a plastic “finger/ 1 a bracket pressing 
next to the power supply. Puli this bracket toward the front 
of the Mac to release the power supp1y t and pull It straight 
up and out of the Mac © Then undo the single screw on the 
disk assembly, using a Phillips-head screwdriver©; unplug 
the drive cables; and pull a similar finger on the assembly 
toward the Mac housing and remove the assembly. Re¬ 
move and install the SIMMs 0. and reassemble the unit. 

Using the correct Torx screwdriver©, remove the screws 
from the bottom of the unit plus the one located under the port 
cover. Gently remove the cover halves. Looking at it from 
the back, you see the slot where the PowerBook RAM- 
expansion card goes 0 Seat the card in the slot. For some 
4-mega byte and 6-megabyte cards, a protective plastic or 
rubber pad must be placed on the card to prevent contact 
with the metal lining of the PowerBook case, because 
contact with the lining can short the card. 

When putting the PowerBook back together again, make 
sure the video cable is attached, otherwise you won’t be able 
to start up. 

MacUser January 1993 95 


when it tries to load its code during startup. To remove the 
offender, use an extension manager or hold down the Shift 
key on startup until you see “Welcome to Macintosh. 
Extensions off.” You can then open your Extensions folder 
(inside the System Folder) and remove the offender. 

SIMM-Buying Basics 

Unless you're a PowerBook owner, you can upgrade 
your Mac’s RAM by adding SIMMs to specially allocated 
memory banks inside your Mac. (PowerBooks need snap- 
in memory-expansion cards.) 

SIMMs are small cards comprising two or eight DRAM 
(dynamic RAM) chips that are rated by speed. Speeds 
range from 150 nanoseconds (slow) to 70 nanoseconds 
(speedy). You need to buy at least the minimum speed 
required for your Mac (see Table 1). Your Mac can use 
faster SIMMs, but they won’t improve performance. 

Two-chip SIMMs are special 1-megabyte cards that 
can be used by the Performa 400, LC, LC II, Ilsi, and 
Quadra machines. The two-chip configuration provides a 
slight cost advantage (one or two dollars per megabyte). 
Eight-chip SIMMs are available in 256K and 1-, 2-, 4-, 
8-, and 16-megabyte capacities; what SIMM capacities 
you can use depends on what Mac model you have (see 
Table 1). 

SIMMs are arranged in one, two, or four banks, depend¬ 
ing on which Mac you have. Each bank contains two or 
four sets of SIMMs each, and the SIMMs in each bank 
must be the same size and speed as the others in the same 

bank. Within your Mac. you can mix SIMMs of different 
sizes and speeds, but not within the same bank. For ex¬ 
ample, a Mac Ilci has two four-SIMM banks. One bank 
might contain four 80-nanosecond, 256K SIMMs, and the 
other might hold four 70-nanosecond, 4-megabyte SIMMs, 
for a total of 17 megabytes of RAM. 

You may also see the terms low-profile and high-profile 
used to describe SIMMs, depending on how high the chips 
stand up from the board. Low-profile SIMMs are used in 
cases where space is tight within the Mac; in a Quadra 700, 
for example, the standard 16-megabyte SIMMs don’t fit, 
so a special low-profile configuration is necessary. 

Mac Ilfx owners need to buy specially configured 
SIMMs, because Apple changed the design for that model 
only. Ilfx SIMMs are a bit more expensive than SIMMs 
for other models but usually by only a few dollars per 

If you want to add RAM to a Mac Classic, you have to 
purchase a RAM-expansion card that can accept 256K or 
1 -megabyte SIMMs. Classic owners can also buy a special 
3-megabyte expansion card. Either way, the maximum 
RAM a Classic can accommodate is 4 megabytes. The 
Classic II uses standard SIMMs; no expansion card is 

The PowerBook 100, 140, 145, 160, 170, and 180 
require expansion cards that use pseudostatic (low-power) 
RAM (PSRAM) cards, which are actually specially de¬ 
signed DRAM cards. The new PowerBook Duos use 
DRAM rather than PSRAM. 

Memory Maxers 

If you can’t upgrade your RAM, because of budget or ma¬ 
chine limitations, here’s how to get the most mileage out of 
what you already have: 

1. Weed out your Extensions folder. Be brutal: Even some 
of the items Apple’s System Installer puts into your System 
Folder (DAL and Easy Access, for example) may be unnecessar¬ 
ily eating up available memory. As for other extensions, well, you 
may be in love with your Oscar the Grouch trash extension, but if 
you’re constantly getting “out of memory” messages, he’ll have to 
go too. Using an extension manager such as Apple's Extensions 
Manager makes the job a lot easier, especially because most let 
you save different sets of extensions for specific activities (for 
using QuickTime, for example). 

2. Turn off File Sharing (in the Sharing Setup control panel) if 
you aren't using it. 

3. Lower the size of your disk cache in the Memory control 

4. Install a font-and-sound manager such as Fifth Gen¬ 
eration Systems’ Suitcase or ALSoft’s MasterJuggler. Using 
one of these extensions means that you don’t have to have all 
your fonts and sounds installed in your System file. 

5. Reinstall your system software. Move yourexisting Sys¬ 
tem file out of the System Folder, and trash it. Then use the 
Installer’s Customize option to install the version of system soft¬ 
ware that’s specially configured for your Mac. This saves both 
RAM and hard-disk space by excluding code that’s not needed 
for your particular machine. 

|J=H E»tensions Manager 

Extensions Manager 
by Ricardo Batista 

Apple Modern Tool 

| AutoClock E xtension 
I Cache 

EtherTalk Phase 2 
File Sharing Extension 

First Things First™ 
Foreign File Access 




nil Off ) [ Rll On ) [ Reuert 

©1991 Apple Computer, Inc. 

- ^1771 nppie uomputer, 

_ CPU/System Software 

96 January 1993 MacUser 

Mirror Introduces 
Desktop Performance 
For Your RwerBook... 

With Mirror’s exciting new peripherals, 
your PowerBook can function just like a desktop 
machine, with a high resolution monitor and 
plenty of storage. 

The Mirror PoiuerVIsion; an internal video 
board for the PowerBook 140,145, or 170, works 
with a variety of standard monitors, including our 
NEW 14-inch Color Display and 15-inch Gray-scale 
Display. With 0,2 or 4 MB of on-board RAM, the 
PowerVision’s pass-thru connector lets you use 
existing RAM, and our installation video makes 

setup a snap (professional installation also available). 

Tire Mirror Viewport" is a 15-inch 
monochrome display with a built-in SCSI video 
controller and QuickDraw acceleration for 
performance rivaling internal video boards. Ideal for 
PowerBooks, the ViewPort brings big screen power 
to any Mac with a SCSI port, (amamicd) 

The NEW Mirror I4'inch 
Color Display 


Mirror PowerDock’ 11 
battery powered hose 
unit and charger* 


Mirror Pocket Hard Drives 

80 MB $599 PowerVision internal video 

I 20 MB $699 adapter hoard inckb tools and a 

Incltdes SCSI cable far PowerBooks comprehensive installation video, with 0MB $499' 
and standard Macs-a $ i 00 value! with 4MB $999' 

Mirror Viewport" 1 
built-in video controller. 
Works on any Mac 
with a SCSI port. 

Systems including PowerVidon hoard and display from $898' 

•Usesyour Power Boole hntlciy and AC'Call furEither ofAsuntf, 




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...And A Line Of Powerhouse 

The NEW Mirror 14-inch Color Display is the lat¬ 
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display features razor- 
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The Mirror 
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and optional 

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wl 16-bit video card $1,449 
a/ 24-brt tiffeo card $1,549 

14'mch Color Display $399 f 

Drives * 



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123 MB Cartridge 


Quick! JPEG Board 


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Circle 118 on reader service card. 


Memory Controls 

Here's a guided tour of System 7's Memory control panel. Note that not all Macintoshes are able to use the 32-Bit Addressing 
and RAM Disk options. 

Disk Cache. The disk cache sels aside RAM for storing frequently 
accessed fifes, meaning lhat it robs RAM from applications that need it. 
Keep your disk cache set to 12SK or lower. 

Virtual Memory. Virtual memory is a trick whereby the computer 
assigns part of the hard disk as RAM, Hard-drive speeds are much 
slower than RAM speeds, so if you use the virtual memory that comes 
with System 7, you’ll notice a significant slowdown in performance. It’s 
OK in a pinch, but you’d do better by upgrading to real RAM. 

32-Bit Addressing. This option lets all but €0000-based Macs {the SE, 
the Plus, the PowerBook 100, and the Classic) use more than S 
megabytes of RAM. If you have an SE/30, II, llx, or (lex without System 
7.1, you must install Coonectix's MODE32 utility in order to turn on 
32-bit addressing. To avoid crashing, make sure your applications are 
“32-bit clean" (most current applications are). 

RAM Disks. A RAM disk is just the opposite of virtual memory: It 
assigns a portion of RAM as a hard disk. And because RAM can run 
much faster than a hard drive, you can dramatically speed up 
performance. Unlike other Macs, Quadras and PowerBooks let you use 
the Memory control panef to create RAM disks. There are also 
commarciaf products for creating RAM disks, such as Connectix’s 
Maxima, and shareware RAM-disk-creation programs, such as 


Select Herd Disk: 

Virtual Memory 



Avafbbl* on tftsk : 781M 
Available built-in menwtj : 5DM 

After restart 


h56M I Ig 

32-Bit Addressing 
® Dn 


RAM Disk 
® On 


Percent of available memory 
to use for a RAM disk: 

cm 50 % 

RAM Disk Size 



[ Use Defaults ) 

If you look in the back of Macllser or other computer 
magazines, youll find many ads from vendors touting the 
latest RAM prices. Go ahead and buy your RAM from a 
mail-order house; before you do, however, if s a good idea 
fo ask around (friends, associates, user groups, on-line 
services) and get recommendations about which supplier 
provides the best combination of price, delivery, and ser¬ 
vice (for more on buying RAM, see l4 How to Buy Memory/* 
February ’92, page 259). 

Other Kinds of RAM 

Jn addition to operating RAM, the LC, LCII, Performa 
400 and 600, and Quadra-series Macs also use special 
video RAM (VRAM), which lets you increase your 
monitor's color depth (the number of bits), depending on 
the monitor size, without having to purchase a separate 
video card. A couple of caveats: Standard SIMMs cannot 
be used in VRAM slots, and the LC and Quadra VRAM is 
not interchangeable* 

Many laser printers can also accept RAM expansion. 
Upgrading your printer’s RAM means you can handle 
more downloadable fonts and work Faster. The Apple 
LaserWriter Ilf and Ilg can use standard 1-megabyte 
SIMMs, so if you* ve just replaced the l -megabyte SIMMs 
in your Macintosh with higher-capacity cards and you 
have a LaserWriter Ilf or Ilg, you can recycle those one- 
meggers by installing them in your printer. Other Apple 
laser printers and those from third parties require special 

memory modules that are best installed by a dealer or 
authorized technician. 

With more-sophisticated applications and System 7 now 
in wide use, memory is being gobbled up in ever greater 
amounts. Fortunately, it is no longer an expensive proposi¬ 
tion to get all the RAM you need. Buy as much as you can 
afford and can fit into your Mac, and you'll be a happier 
and more productive computer user. It's the most cost- 
effective Mac purchase youll ever make. 

Tim Peiacda is an independent Mac consonant based In Charlotte, North 

Table 1 Criteria 

Minimum configuration — The smallest amount of RAM, 
in megabytes, included on the Mac at purchase. Current 
models reflect minimum RAM configurations from the Apple 
price list current at press time, "On board" RAM is soldered 
onto the CPU logic board; "slots" signifies removable SI MMs 
in RAM-expansion slots. 

Slots —The total number of SIMM slots available for expan¬ 
sion (includes those from minimum-configuration category. If 

SIMM/card capacities — The size, in kilobytes or mega¬ 
bytes, of SIMMs or expansion cards that the Mac can use. 
Minimum RAM speed — The minimum RAM speed, in 
nanoseconds, that the Mac model requires. 

Possible configurations — Potential RAM totals, in mega¬ 
bytes. based on use of the various acceptable SIMM sizes. 

continue}: ► 

100 January 1993 MacUser 

Don’t say 
we didn’t warn 
you. Because the PLI 
MiniArray runs a little faster 
than you’re used to. But we figure you 
could get used to it. 

You see, the PLI MiniArray uses striping, which places 
alternate bits of data on its two (or four) separate drives, 
effectively splitting data throughput, seek and access 
chassis*, although your computer will think of the 
MiniArray as just one large, fast drive. 

Which is how it should be. 

Another benefit of the MiniArray, besides tremendous 
speed, is tremendous capacity (up to 4.2GB). So your 
multi-media presentations will look like movies, not slide 
shows. And just think how important that kind of capacity 
is for networking and desktop publishing. 

A typical fast drive will transfer data at 1.5MB per second. 
The MiniArray 040 transfers up to 8.4MB per second. 

more than six times faster. So you may find yourself being 
very cost-effective all of a sudden. 

Let’s face it: Haven’t you gone long enough without one? 

’external drives CIRCLE 66 ON READER SERVICE CARD. 


At a transfer rate of up to 10MB per 
second, you can run QuickTime 
movies that look like movies- not 
slide shows. 

MiniArrays’ tremendous speed and 
capacity, along with RAID 1 disk 
mirroring, make them ideal for 
network servers. 

—ft—. Stop waiting for images to move to 
p'fll and from your hard drive-the 
— k — 1 MiniArray is lightning fast. 

High-speed multichanneling sub¬ 
stantially reduces RIP time. 

Peripheral Land Incorporated 47421 Bayside Parkside Parkway Fremont, California 94538 
Phone 510. 657. 2211 fax 510. 683. 9713 

MiniArray. Because two 
drives are better than one. 

800 - 288-8754 



Table 1: How Much RAM Can You Add? 





SfM M/card 


RAM speed 




Plus. SE 

1 MB (slots) 


256K; 1 MB 

150 ns 

1,2.4,5 MB 

* t 

SMC, Ilex 

1 MB (slots) 


256K; 1,4,16 MB 

120 ns 

32,64,65,128 MB 



1 MB (Slots) 


256K; 1, 4,16 MB 

120 ns 


128 MB 

Requires FDHD 
upgrade and PMMU 
chip to use 44/IB- 
and higher 



1 MB (slots) 


256 K; 1,4,16 MB 

120 ns 


32,68,128 MB 



1 MB (on board) 



256K; 1 MB 

150 ns 

1,2,4 MB 

* * 

Classic 11/ 

Performa 200 

4 MB (2 on 
board; 2 in slots) 



100 ns 

4, 6,10 MB 


2 MB [on board) 


1.2.4 MB 

100 ns 

4,6,10 MB 


Performa 400 

4 MB [on board) 



100 ns 

4,6,8,10 MB 

Although physical 

RAM can total 12 

MB, CPU can address 
only a maximum 

of 10 MB. 


3 MB [2 on 
board; 1 in slot) 


256,512K; 1.2, 

4. 8,16 MB 

100 ns 

1,2, 3,5,9,17, 33,65 MB 


5 MB (Slots) 



4, 8.16 MB 

80 ns 

1.2. 3,4, 5. 6, 8,9,10,16,17, 
18, 32,33, 64, 65,68,128 MB 


1 MB (Slots) 


256K; 1,4, 8,16 MB 

80 ns 

1,2,4, 5,8,9,16,17, 32, 

33, 64, 65,128 MB 



Performa 600/600 CD 

4 MB (on board) 


256K; 1,2, 4, 8, 

16 MB 

80 ns 

4,5,8,12, 20. 36. 68 MB 

Quadra 700 

4 MB (on board) 


1,4,8.16 MB 

80 ns 

4, 8, 20, 36, 68 MB 

Need to remove 
power supply and 
disk assembly to 

Quadra 900/950 

8 MB (slots) 


1,4,8,16 MB 

80 ns 

various, up to a 
total of 256 MB 

PowerBook 100 

2 MB (on board) 



2,4.6 MB (cards) 

100 ns 

2,4,6,8 MB 

* t 



2 MB (on board) 



2, 4, 6 MB 

100 n$ 

2,4,6,8 MB 

* t 



4 MB (on board) 



4,8 MB 

100 ns 

4,6, 8,12,16 MB 

* t tt 


Duo 210/230 

4 MB (on board) 



4,8 MB 

100 ns 

4,8,12,24 MB 

* t tt 

*User installation voids warranty. 

‘Requires special Torx screwdrivers and/or Mac-cracker tool. 

5MODE32 required to access more than 8 MB of RAM if System 7.1 not installed 
^Requires special SIMM configurations. I I/I lx format different from llfx. 

* ‘Requires expansion card. 

‘‘Expansion-card sizes represent Apple offerings only. At press time, no third parties had announced higher-capacity cards 
that would up the unit to the maximum possible RAM. 

102 January 1993 MacUser 

sionak view anti analyze data with spread¬ 
sheets, databases anti occasionally in business 
graphics packages. While these types of soft¬ 
ware work well when 
displaying statistical data, they are blind to 
important geographical infor¬ 
mation - such as 

Slftfl LtVH 

market potential by 
sales territory, dis¬ 
tribution co ve rage 
by product, or cus¬ 
tomer locations by 
ZIP code or street 

Atlas Pro is chang¬ 
ing that. By linking 

data from spreadsheets, databases and even 
other programs on your Macintosh* or 
elsewhere in your AppleTalk’'* network 
you can now add the important geographic 
dimension to your information system. 

mission critical. For example, Alia* Pro can 
help business professionals answer “what 
if 1 ' and “show me where 1 * questions for 
optimizing sales territories, targeting cus¬ 
tomers, and selecting ideal site locations. 
Government professionals can use Atlas 
Pro for everything from political redis¬ 
tricting to I and-use planning and public 
safety analysis. Without Atlas Pro 
decision makers often over¬ 
look important geographic 
information and allocate 
resources ineffective]y. 

Atlas Pro comes equipped 
with a built-in data man¬ 
agement spreadsheet, map 
importing and digitizing tools, a generous 
base map and data sampler from our com¬ 
prehensive library, pie and 

hi Canada, rad 416-691 4166 
In the UK, rail 44-SI-994-27SQ 

In tiirmaiiy, gait 49-228 62-71 32 
In all 6l-i-866-l766 

enhancement tools. 

Of course, 

/Iffas Pro is 
System 7 
“savvy," It sup¬ 
ports everything 
from balloon help to 
publish and subscribe, the Data Access 
Manager, and Apple Events. It also runs 
fine on System 6, and there’s a version for 
PC comaptibles. 

So if you’re ready to add a dynamic new 
dimension to the way you use information, 
like 25,000 other Strategic Mapping cus¬ 
tomers, call us for a free Desktop Mapping 
Guidebook and demo disk. We’d be happy to 
map out a plan for you. 

Phone: (408) 970-9600 
FAX: (408) 970-9999 

In Bdgium/LUX. call 12-2-771-25 75 
In the Netherlands rail 31 • 340-266-336 

En Fraitif, till il 1-45 27 20 61 
In Denmark, call 45 42 25 17 77 

Circle 187 on reader service card. 

Display Systems 

Setting the 
New Standard: 

16-Inch Color 

Not too big, not too small — 

16 inches looks just right . One of 
these 16 midsized monitors will 
make your old 13-incher obsolete. 



Wmc never did like the number 13. Apple ap¬ 
parently agrees. The Quadras’ built-in video 
circuitry has advanced past the 13-inch stan¬ 
dard to support 16-inch monitors in full 24- 
bit color. Apple has replaced the familiar 
13-inch AppleColor High-Resolution RGB 
Monitor with the new ! 4-inch Macintosh 
Color Display. Apple also now offers a 16- 
inch monitor. Unlucky 13 is gone. Sweet 
16 is here. 

104 January 1993 Macilser 


16 -Inch Color Monitors 

A 16-inch display is more than a 
comfort to the superstitious — it gives 
70 percent more pixels than the old 
13-inch standard model. That trans¬ 
lates as more cells in your spread¬ 
sheets and more words in your word- 
processing documents. With prices of 
16-inch monitors starting at less than 
$1,000, even the average Joe or Jane 
can justify the cost of these bigger 
screens — and because 9 of the 16 
monitors we tested come from ag¬ 
gressive vendors in the PC market 
that are veterans of vicious price wars, 
we expect their entry into the Mac 
market to force prices to drop even 

Aside from offering more pixels 
for your money — 832 x 624 versus 
the 640 x 480 of the 13-inch standard 
— 11 of the products in this roundup 
are autosynchrontms monitors that can 
automatically display a variety of tim¬ 
ings and resolutions when connected 
to a Mac or a PC. Autosyncs, as they're 
commonly known, are of particular 
benefit if your office has both types of 
computers and you’d like to standard¬ 
ize on one monitor model. Although 
early autosyncs were guilty of poor 

image quality, our tests show that 
they’re now every bit as good as the 
best Mac-specific models (see “Per¬ 
fection for Pennies: Autosy nchronous 
Monitors," August ’92, page 158). 

As 16-inch monitors become more 
popular — and more affordable — 
the prices of 19-, 20-, and 21 -inch 
monitors have also dropped. But for 
most of us, bigger can be too big. For 
example, the average desk wasn't de¬ 
signed with a 21 -inch monitor in mind. 
And although Cinerama-sized screens 
work well for specialized applications 
(painstaking photo editing and full- 
page desktop publishing), they’re more 
than you need for everyday work. Put 
a 21-inch, 80-pound behemoth on top 
of your Mac, and you may find your¬ 
self with 3 square inches of remaining 
desk space and a crushed Mac. Leav¬ 
ing more usable work space on your 
desktop is a big advantage of 16-inch 

In the 16 products we tested for this 
report, you'll find pivoting screens, 
bright phosphors, new lubes, and many 
brand names new to the Mac market. 
Better still, overall quality is so high 
that you can hardly make a bad choice. 

New Faces, Old Prices 

Along with the usual Macintosh- 
specific monitors from Apple, Radius, 
RasterOps, and SuperMac, we exam¬ 
ined some autosync monitors more 
common on DOS desktops, from Mag 
innovision, Magnavox, Mitsubishi, 
Nanao, NEC, Seiko, Sony, Taxan, and 
ViewSonic. We also tested a new 
autosync monitor from E-Machines, 
historically a vendor of Mac-specific 

Even the most critical measure¬ 
ments we made with our Microvision 
Superspot 100 System failed to dis¬ 
tinguish much difference between the 
image quality of the Mac-specific 
monitors and the autosyncs. Indeed, 
of our two favorite — and best-per¬ 
forming — monitors, one was an 
autosync (the Sony CPD- 1604S) and 
the other a Mac-specific model (the 
RasterOps Sweet 16). 

Considering the number of vendors, 
you’d think a price war would be right 
around the corner, and you’d be partly 
right. Engineered for PCs, midsized 
autosync monitors should bring the 
benefit of economies of scale, because 
they can be sold to Mac as well as PC 

On the Horizon 

Just after we finished our testing. 
Sampo America released its candidate 
for low-priced leader among midsized 
autosync monitors, the AlphaScan 17, 
which has a suggested retail price of 
$1 1 295. Billed as Sampo 1 s "economical 
solution," the AlphaScan 17 uses a 
shadow-mask tube. In addition, Sampo 
has introduced a high-end 17-inch moni¬ 
tor, the AlphaScan 17E r which also uses 
a shadow-mask tube. The 17E uses 
dynamic beam focusing and offers 
Sampo’s ColorKey color-calibration sys¬ 
tem. Revised electronics incorporate 
all-digital controls with 20-setting 
memory, Sampo America. 5550 Peach¬ 
tree. Industrial Bivd,. Norcross, GA 

Nanao’s new "budget" 16-inch 
autosync monitor, the shadow-mask 
Ftexscan F55QL is priced at$1,749. The 
F550i offers the same, easy-to-use con¬ 
trols as the T560i monitor we tested for 
this report, Nanao Corp., 23535 Teio 
Avenue. Torrance, GA 90505: 800-325- 

5202 or 310-325-5202. 

Aiming to push the price of 16-inch 
Trinitron technology to a new low. 
SuperMac has introduced the 
SuperMatch ITT, a companion to the 
SuperMatch 17, tested for this report. 
With a retail price of Si ,299. it's $100 
cheaper than the earlier model Unlike 
the current SuperMatch 17, the new 
model will match the Mac’s 13-, 16-, 
and 19-inch standards. By limiting the 
new monitor to three resolutions. 
SuperMac can make all adjustments for 
image size and position at the factory. 
Consequently, the SuperMatch 17T 
doesn’t require the all-encompassing 
SmartTouch controls of the current 
product — the only controls it has are 
those for brightness, contrast, and 
power SuperMac Technology, 485 
Potrero Avenue, Sunnyvale, CA 94086; 

Philips Electronics began a new moni¬ 
tor line under its own name (the com¬ 
pany has produced monitors under the 

Magnavox name since 1984) with the 
August 1992 introduction of its Fast- 
Refresh/17 at a $1 r 595 list price. True 
to its name, the 17-inch autosync moni¬ 
tor can lock to refresh frequencies as 
high as 120 hertz and supports horizon¬ 
tal-scan rates from 30 to 64 kilohertz. 
Its Invar shadow mask has a . 2 6-mi Hi- 
meter dot pitch, and its front-panel con¬ 
trols include an LCD display. The 
FastRefresh/17 can handle resolutions 
as high as 1,280 x 1,024 pixels, and its 
universal power supply can automati¬ 
cally adjust for any standard utility power 
in the world. It conforms to the MPR-II 
ELF (extremely low frequency) emis¬ 
sion standard. 

Philips will also be adding a Trinitron 
monitor with the same screen size and 
similar features. Both Philips monitors 
will ship with a Mac Quadra adapter 
and Mac-oriented instructions as stan¬ 
dard equipment. Philips Electronics, 
P.O, Box 14180, Knoxville, TN 37914; 
800-835-3506 or 310-217-1300, 

106 January 1993 Macllser 

owners. Unfortunately, they haven't 
— yet. 

Those engineered specifically for 
the Mac were among the lowest-priced 
products we found. The Radius Color 
Pivot LE had the lowest price {we 
found one dealer that offered it for 
$800, although the average street 
price was $840) — but you have to 
add the price of a Color Pivot video 
card ($599 list) to get it going, unless 
you use it with an LC II, Ilsi, Ilci* 
Quadra, or Performa 400 or 600 (and 
on these machines, without the card, it 
runs only at 640 % 480 pixels). How¬ 
ever, the Pivots ait- -designed to be 
full-page displays With a standard 
resolution of 564; x 760 pixels at 72 
dpi — or when pivoted to landscape 
orientation, a resolution of 760 x 564 
pixels. They are not true 16-inch dis¬ 
plays; although you can get them to 
display the standard 832-X-624- pixel 
16-inch resolution at 78 dpi* it re¬ 
quires some tricky adjustments to get 
the screen image properly centered 
and sized. 

Close behind in cost was the 
SuperMac SuperMatch 17, which we 
found for as little as $969. The least 

expensive autosync, the Magnavox 
CM9217, had an average street price 
of $995, showing that the price gap 
between autosyncs and Mac-specific 
monitors is closing. Far and away the 
highest-priced monitor was an auto¬ 
sync — the bright, sharp Nanao Flex- 
scan T560i — which had an average 
street price of $2*020, It offered the 
most-convenient controls and the best 
image quality of the bunch. 

More Dots 

The higher price of many of the 
autosyncs buys you the potential of 
higher resolution as well as cross¬ 
platform compatibility. Many of the 
autosync monitors are rated to pro¬ 
duce images with resolutions as high 
as 1*280 x 1,024 pixels, with the ap¬ 
propriate video card. 

Most of the resolution claims are of 
little value to Mac users, however. 
The highest resolution supported by 
on-board Mac circuitry — 1,152 x 
870 pixels on the Quadras (16-bit color 
on the 950,8-bit on the 900/700) — is 
still too many pixels for even a 21- 
inch screen to display a 72-dpi image. 
(72 dpi is the standard for WYSIWYG 

[what you see is what you get] screen- 
to-printer conformance). On a 16-inch 
screen, 832 x 624 pixels results in 72- 
dpi, WYSIWYG resolution — a 
higher resolution makes images on¬ 
screen appear smaller than when 
printed. This can be a problem if you’re 
a desktop publisher or an artist who 
needs to work in the world of 
WYSrWYG— if you’re not, the good 
news is that a higher dpi number will 
let you cram more onto your screen; 
the bad news is that what you cram 
will be quite small. 

All the monitors tested for this re¬ 
port support the 832-x-624-pixel 16- 
inch standard. It’s called the 16-inch 
standard because on monitors with a 
screen size of 16 inches* the image is 
displayed at 72 dpi. Displaying 832 x 
624 pixels on a monitor smaller than 

16 inches shrinks the image size, thus 
raising the dpi count and consequently 
making the image non-WYSIWYG. 

Of the 16-inch autosync monitors 
we tested* all can display the 640-x- 
480-pixel 13-inch standard in addi¬ 
tion to the 832-x-624-pixel 16-inch 
standard. Of the Mac-specific moni¬ 
tors, only the SuperMac SuperMatch 

17 has this ability. If you have a video 
card that can support only 640-x-480- 
pixel resolution* you can run a 16- 
inch autosync or the SuperMac moni¬ 
tor at that resolution and then upgrade 
your card later to take advantage of 
the monitor’s higher resolutions. 

Monitor as Transmitter 

The disadvantage of auto syncs* 
aside from their higher prices, is diffi¬ 
culty of installation. Few makers of 
autosync monitors bother to tailor their 
instructions for Mac installation. Three 
(Nanao, Sony, and Tax an) don’t even 
mention the Mac in their documenta¬ 
tion. Even worse, the ViewSonic V7 
we received had no manual at all — 
we had to ask for one (the one the 
company sent us did cover Macs* 

This lack of proper instructions is 
only part of the problem when you 
hook up an autosync. Even though all 
the vendors who submitted monitors 

With a list price of $1,749, Nanao's new shadow-mask FlexScan F550i is aimed 
at the low end of the 16 -inch-monltor price range — it's almost $1,000 less 
expensive than the FlexScan T560i we tested for this report. 

MaeUser January 1993 107 

16-Inch Color Monitors 

for this report knew that the monitors 
were going to be tested on Macs, nearly 
all of them failed to provide the cables 
or adapters needed to connect to a 
Mac, Mag Innovision, Mitsubishi, 
Nanao, Sony, Taxan, and ViewSonic 
all make Mac cables an extra-cost op¬ 
tion, whereas a PC-style connector is 
standard equipment. 

We also discovered that the FCC 
certification of the E-Machines, 
Mitsubishi, Nanao, NEC, RasterOps, 
Seiko, and SuperMac monitors is Class 
A, not the more stringent Class B. As 
Class A monitors, they’re legal for 
sale in commercial environments only. 
If you use one of these in your home 
and disrupt your neighbor’s TV re¬ 
ception, it’s your responsibility to end 
the disruption. 

Even the Worst 1$ OK 

In the past, monitor testing often 
came down to a battle of tube tech¬ 
nologies, with die Trinitron monitors 
generally outperforming those using 

shadow-mask tubes. But today, how 
the CRT (cathode-ray tube) actually 
puts the picture in front of you doesn’t 
seem to matter quite as much, 

A CRT is a glass bottle with elec¬ 
tron guns mounted in the small end 
that illuminate phosphors deposited 
on the inside of the wide end (the 
screen). To allow the electron beam to 
strike the correct phosphor for each 
color (red, blue, or green), each tube 
contains a metal mask between the 
gun and the phosphors. A Trinitron 
tube uses a mesh of fine, tightly 
stretched vertical wires, whereas a 
shadow-mask tube uses a perforated 
sheet of metal (see "Big Screens for 
Small Macs: Mac LC and Ilsi Color 
Display Systems,” February ’92, page 

Despite their well-deserved reputa¬ 
tion, Trinitron tubes are no longer 
alone at the top. Judging from our 
results, no one tube technology ap¬ 
pears to have an edge. Our exhaustive 
testing with the Microvision Superspot 

100 System did confirm what we saw 
with our own eyes, however: There 
are definite winners. But — and this is 
good news for buyers — there are no 
real losers. You can buy any monitor 
on our list and get a good image. 
Unlike in other monitor classes we’ve 
examined, the minimum quality level 
of the 16-inch monitors we tested is 
entirely acceptable. 

You Gotta Look Sharp 

Top on the list of factors that make 
a monitor "acceptable” is its sharp¬ 
ness — how well focused the images 
are. To see just how sharp our 16 test 
subjects really were, we passed each 
before the steely gaze of our Super¬ 
spot 100 (see the "How We Tested” 

The most telling of the tests was our 
measurement of MTF (modulation 
transfer function), which measured the 
contrast between very fine lines (1 
pixel wide in our tests), alternating 
between minimum and maximum 

How We Tested 

To test these sixteen 16-inch monitors, we used two sophis¬ 
ticated pieces of equipment: a Micro vision Superspot 100 Sys¬ 
tem and a Minolta Color Analyser CA-100. We used the 
Superspot to measure each monitor's MTF (modulation trans¬ 
fer function) and pincushion distortion. The Color Analyzer was 
used to measure the monitors' maximum usable brightness. 

Lack of Sharpness: 

MTF provides a measure of a monitor's sharpness: A higher 
MTF value means that the monitor can distinguish finer detail. 
The percentage value is calculated from the contrast between 
white and black lines. An ideal monitor would give exactly the 
same brightness ratio for black and white lines spread far apart 

as for lines that are close together. As lines get closer, how¬ 
ever, monitors have difficulty keeping the lines sharply distinct, 
because the white areas bleed into the black ones. The result is 
an image that looks fuzzy or blurred. 

The most difficult pattern for a monitor to render sharply is 
alternating white and black lines 1 pixel thick. We used this 
pattern and the Superspot to measure the MTF of each of the 
monitors after we had adjusted the brightness and contrast 
controls to achieve the sharpest, brightest picture possible. 

Pincushion Distortion: 

Pincushion distortion is a measure of a monitor’s ability to 
display straight lines. When a line shows obvious outward 

108 January 1993 MacUser 

Street price 

Figure 1; Beauty by the Buck 

Better performance ►- 


•-Ridius Color Pi votLE 

•-Apple n 

inch AppleColor High-Resolution RGB Monitor 
^-Magnavox CM92I7 


L*SuperMac SuperMatch 17 

^Mitsubishi Diamond Pm 


17 #-SonyCPD-l604S 

-Apple Macintosh 16" Color Display 


•-Rrfus Color PiW ^"ViewSonic V7 < 

t f 

' Taian Multi vision £75+ 

i •-KastertJps Sweelfb 

p •-E-Machines ColorPage TI6II 



'—Mag Inaoviston M) 


^-Mag Innovisicm MXI7S 




Nanao FlexScan T5tftki 


.80 .85 ,90 ,95 1,00 105 1.10 1.15 120 1,25 130 

Performance relative to that of an Apple Macintosh 16" Color Display ' • MacUsefS "Bottom Line” picks 

Figure 1: To find 
an overall ranking 
for the 16-inch 
monitors, we 
combined each 
monitor's scores 
for the sharpness, 
brightness, and 
geometry tests 
and calculated the 
result relative to 
that of the Apple 
Macintosh! 6" 
Color Display. We 
then plotted each 
monitor's overall 
performance rating 
against the street 
price to see which 
monitors offer the 
best image quality 
for the money. The 
familiar 13-inch 
AppleColor High- 
Resolution RGB 
Monitor is 
included for 

bowing or curving, the monitor is said to have a large pincush¬ 
ion error. A common problem is for the monitor to have very 
straight lines in the center of the screen and some amount of 
bowing toward the edges. Most monitors have at least some 
pincushion distortion because of the difficulty of accurately 
steering the electron beams along their intended paths. How¬ 
ever, some monitors enable users to adjust the degree of 
pincushion distortion. 

We measured the pincushion distortion for both a line in the 
center of the screen and one at the edge. If the monitor had a 
pincushion-adjustment control, we adjusted the monitor to the 
best overall geometry before taking the measurements. 

Low Usable Brightness: 

Maximum usable brightness is a measure of how bright a 
display can be before the focus is affected. As the brightness is 
increased, the eiectron beams that scan across the screen’s 
phosphor become more intense, causing the phosphor glow to 
spread and the focus to decrease. 

We set each of the monitors at its sharpest, brightest setting 
as determined by the Superspot when taking the MTF mea¬ 
surement Then we used the Minolta Color Analyser CA-100 to 
measure the brightness of the screen when displaying a com¬ 
pletely white image, 

- — Katherine Barnes 

MaeUser January 1993 109 


HP wins first-place awards for 
Mac-compatible products. 

"Macworld, August 1992 €1992 Hewlett-Packard Company PE 12212 


HP gives $100 or $50 rebates on 
award-winning ScanJets and DeskWriters. 

HP’s Mac-compatible scanners 
and printers seem to run forever. 
But our rebate program won’t 

Now through January 31,1993, 
you can er\joy the famous perfor¬ 
mance ofHP^i products for the 
Macintosh. And save a modest 
fortune in the bargain. 

We’re giving $50 rebates on the 
enormously popular HP DeskWriter 
printer, providing laser-quality 
output at a dot-matrix price. $50 

on the HP DeskWriter C, so you 
can add a splash of color. And $50 
off the already low price of the 
HP ScanJet lip grayscale scanner. 

We’re also offering a $100 rebate on 
the HP ScanJet He color scanner. 
With its superior scanning capabil 
ities, it meets all your imaging and 
text needs. 

HP DeskWriters and ScanJets won 
landslide victories in Macworld 



So call 1-800-35HPMAC, Ext 7037 
for more details and the name of 
your local authorized HPdealer. 
You’ll find that the price of fame 
is very reasonable. 

magazine^ World-Class Awards! 
Voted on by Macintosh enthusiasts 
who subscribe to Macworld. 

16-Inch Color Monitors 

brightness (black and white). Not sur¬ 
prisingly, the monitors that fared best 
with the Superspot 100 in this test — 
the Nanao FlexScan T560i (a Trinitron) 
and the RasterOps Sweet 16 (a shadow 
mask) — also appeared to human eyes 
to have the best overall image. 

Misconvergence, or the misalign¬ 
ment of a CRT's electron guns, can 
also reduce picture sharpness. If the 
colors used to create an image — red, 
blue, and green in the case of a color 
monitor — are misaligned, the whole 
picture seems fuzzy, like the hideous 

results frequently seen in color images 
in newspapers. When we measured 
misconvergence with our Superspot 
100, we found that all the monitors 
we tested for this report had excellent 

A sharp monitor can still look bad if 
it suffers from geometric distortion, 
in which shapes are not accurately 
represented on-screen. In o urpincush¬ 
ion, or distortion, tests, we used our 
Superspot 100 to measure how far 
from straight a straight line was at the 
edge of the screen (where geometric 

distortion is the worst). More than 3 
pixels of pincushion distortion is no¬ 
ticeable. Only the SuperMac Super- 
Match 17 and the Taxan Multivision 
875+ showed more than 3 pixels of 
pincushion distortion, and only just. 
Remember, most of the monitors in 
this report have controls that can elimi¬ 
nate pincushion distortion. 

In Living Color 

Aside from image sharpness, moni¬ 
tors stand out from one another in 
their range of colors, brightness, and 

Figure 2: Image Is Everything 

Iverall Image Quality 

-•-Nanao FlexScan T560i 
— •- Sony CPD-16Q4S— 


RasterOps Sweet 16 ——-———— 
— * E-Machines ColorPageT16 II — 

—Mag lnnovision MX17S- 

—Magnavox CM9217- 

—-Apple Macintosh 16" Color Display- 

—Seiko CM1760LR- 

Better* ShaipflfiSS 


—ViewSonic V7 --- 

—Mag lnnovision MX17F — 
— Mitsubishi Diamond Pro 17 — 

—SuperMac SuperMatch 17- 

—Radius Color Pivot LE- 

—Radius Color Pivot- 

—Taxan Multi vision 875+- 

• MacUserb "Bottom Lina" picks 

H The best perfornrer(s) in each test 

0 2 A 6 .» 1.0 15 14 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 

Performance relative to tiial ol the Modulation Iransier (unction 

Apple Macintosh 16* Color Display 

Figure 2: We used a Micro vision Superspot 10O System and 
a Minolta Color Analyzer CA-100 to carefully evaluate the 
image quality of each of the 16-inch monitors. We found them 
all to perform well — not a lemon in the bunch. Because of the 
precision of our measurements, the test results exaggerate the 
differences we found. To the eyes of most users, the differ¬ 
ences between the best and the worst monitors are barely 

Overall Image Quality: 

To find each monitor's overall image quality, we averaged 
the results of our Individual tests for each monitor and then 
compared them with the averaged results of the Apple 16" 

Macintosh Color Display. Although all the monitors produced 
acceptable images, the Sony CPD-16Q4S and the Nanao 
FlexScan T5G0i led the pack, with the sharpest, most accurate, 
and brightest images. 


The Microvislon Superspot 100 System measured focus by 
finding each monitor's MTF (modulation transfer function), an 
objective measurement of image precision. We measured hori¬ 
zontal and vertical MTF separately and averaged the results. 
The RasterOps Sweet 16 proved the sharpest, although even 
the lowest-scoring five monitors (the Mitsubishi Diamond Pro 
17, Radius Color Pivot. Seiko CM1760LR, Taxan Multi vision 

112 January 1993 MacUser 

uniformity of screen illumination. We 
used a Minolta Color Analyzer CA- 
100 to take a closer look at the moni¬ 
tors’ color characteristics. 

The widest range of colors — as 
plotted on a C1E chromaticity chart (a 
widely accepted means of describing 
colors, established by the Commis¬ 
sion Internationale d’Eclairage) — 
was produced by the RasterOps Sweet 
16, thanks to a new phosphor blend in 
its CRT that delivers particularly bright 
reds. Only two of the monitors — the 
Radius Color Pivot and the SuperMac 

SuperMatch 17 — produced a CIE 
area index of less than .1, Over our 
years of testing color display systems, 
our expert juries have been able to 
notice a lack of color range only in 
monitors with CfE area indexes of 
less than .1. 

Another measure of a monitor’s 
color accuracy is to test its color track¬ 
ing, a measure of the intensity of each 
of a monitor’s three primary colors 
(red, blue, and green) at different 
brightness levels. If any of the ampli¬ 
fiers that control the power of the 

guns in the tube for each color is more 
powerful than the others, the monitor's 
ability to represent colors accurately 
on-screen is diminished. 

Even the worst of these monitors 
did very well. Only two fell distinctly 
below the pack, and they were easy to 
spot subjectively: At high brightness 
levels, the screen of the Magnavox 
CM9217 turned an objectionable blue, 
and the RasterOps Sweet 16’s screen 
turned slightly yellow as brightness 

The monitors’ maximum usable 

ieometry worse ► 

Pincushion distortion viabi 
but not objectionable. 



Nanao Rexscan T5601 

Sony CPD-16Q4S 
— NEC 5FG — 

RasterOps Sweet 16 

E-Machines ColorPage T16II- 

— Mag Innovision MX17S—— 

— Magnavox CM9217- 


Apple Macintosh 16" Color Display 
Seiko CMI760LR-— 

ViewSonic V7- 

USSLj-MW ^vision MX17F 

the other 

Mitsubishi Diamond Pro 17 - 
SuperMac SuperMatch 17 — 

Radius Color Pivot LE- 

Radius Color Pivot- 

Taxan Multivision 875+ - 

0 2 A G 8 1,0 

Maximum pincushion error, in millimeters 

U 1.4 

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 

Maximum usable brightness, in lootlamberts 

• MacUserb “Bottom Line" picks 

The best performer(s) in each test 

875+, and ViewSonic V7) were not so fuzzy as to be unusable. 


To find the quality of each monitor's geometry — its ability to 
keep straight lines straight —we used the Microvision Superspot 
1 DO System to check for pincushioning — how far a tine of 
pixels strays from perfectly vertical or perfectly horizontal. The 
precision of the measurements exaggerates the narrow range 
we found — from less than t pixel {,35 millimeter) of pin- 
cushioning to a bit more than 3 pixels. We judged more than 3 
pixels to be just noticeable, possibly a nuisance. Only the 
Taxan and the SuperMac monitors displayed this level of 


The Minolta Color Analyzer CA-l00 measured how bright 
each monitor could be while still keeping its best focus. The 
ViewSonic V7 proved to be the most suitable for brightly lit 
offices* because it kept focus even when adjusted to be quite 

Not Charted: 

We also used the Superspot and the Color Analyzer to 
check the gray linearity, color tracking, system gamma, spatial 
uniformity, color temperature, misconvergence, and time vari¬ 
ance of each monitor. All the results fell within a narrow range, 
and no monitor scored so well or so poorly as to stand out. 

NlacUser January 1993 113 

16-Inch Color Monitors 

brightness — the greatest brightness 
at which a monitor can operate before 
it loses focus — varied over a range of 
more than 2:1. The ViewSonic V7 
was distinctly brighter than the rest. If 
your office is brightly lit, by either 
sunlight or fluorescent lights, choose 
a monitor with a high maximum us¬ 
able brightness. 

We also checked contrast by mea¬ 
suring the gamma of each monitor at 
its manufacturer's default settings. 
Gamma mathematically describes the 
relationship between the signal input 
to the monitor and the corresponding 
output and is analogous to the con¬ 
trast control on a TV. A low gamma, 
dose to 1.0, is ideal for desktop pub¬ 
lishing; a high gamma, close to 2.0, is 
ideal for normal use. Although you 
can adjust gamma levels simply by 
adjusting the contrast control, one 
monitor, the SuperMac SuperMatch 

17, had a very high gamma that was 
bothersome to adjust, because of the 
side-mounted location of its knobs. 

Talking About Knobs 

Like the SuperMatch 17, many of 
the other monitors could stand some 
improvement when it comes to ergo¬ 
nomics. We took a close look at how 
each monitor gives you control over 
the screen. 

In general, the single-resolution 
monitors offer only brightness and 
contrast knobs, which makes life 
simple. But the autosyncs, because 
they accept many video standards, of¬ 
ten need more-extensive adjustment. 
Side- or rear-mounted controls on an 
autosync monitor such as the E-Ma- 
chines ColorPage T16 II, the Mag 
Innovision MX17S, and the Sony 
CPD-1604S make the often-difficult 
job of adjusting such a monitor even 

harder. The remaining monitors of¬ 
fered excellent control, although some 
are guilty of a little overkill (see the 
“Under Control” sidebar). 

Stand by Your Monitor 

How much a company is willing to 
stand behind its product is important, 
especially when that product costs 
more than $1,000. Unfortunately, all 
but two of the monitors in this report 
come with only a one-year parts-and- 
tabor warranty. RasterOps is to be 
congratulated for offering three-year 
coverage and Taxan for its two-year 
standard warranty. 

As for the servicing of these moni¬ 
tors, half the manufacturers require 
you to deal directly with them and the 
other half ask you to go through your 
dealer. Each method has advantages. 
Dealing directly with the manufac¬ 
turer should mean that the person to 

Under Control 

The more knobs, the better. That was once a common 
assumption when buying an electronic device. Well, it's high 
time we nix that myth. 

Ideally, fewer is better. After all, control adjustments com¬ 
pensate for things that aren't right — the wrong location or 
shape of the on-screen image, for example. On an ideal moni¬ 
tor, all you would need would be brightness and contrast 
controls, necessary for dealing with the vagaries of ambient 

If all you want to do Is run your monitor at 832 x 624 pixels 
(the Mac's 16-inch standard), the minimal pair of controls — 
contrast and brightness — on the Radius and RasterOps 
monitors are both sufficient and simple. 

Currently, autosync monitors need and have more controls, 
but as these monitors get smarter, they'll need fewer. Most of 
the monitors we tested for this report can automatically adjust 
to handle almost any video signal sent to them. The problem is 
that they usually can’t automatically adjust for the timing of the 
signals (which affects image position and size). 

To deal with this, autosync monitors include controls for 
adjusting the horizontal position (sometimes called phase) and 
the size (or width) of the on-screen image as well as its vertical 
size {height) and position. Properly used, these controls allow 
you to fill the screen with your Mac desktop, center it, and 
ensure that it has the correct aspect ratio ^ that is, adjust it so 
that squares appear truly square. 

These controls can be analog or digital. Analog controls 
(such as those of the Apple, Seiko, and Sony monitors) are 
typically knobs or shafts you twist to adjust the image. Digital 
controls are push buttons, although the Nanao FlexScan T560i 
combines an analoglike thumb wheel with a digital selector. 

Digital controls are preferable, because they have no me¬ 
chanical devices that can wear out. Most all-digital autosyncs 

can also store control settings, automatically correcting the size 
and position of the image as they detect a particular set of 
scanning frequencies. So although the first time you hook up 
the monitor, you may have to make some adjustments, subse¬ 
quent changes should be automatic. 

The RasterOps Sweet 16 has just two adjustments, 
brightness and contrast, but these are adequate for the 
monitor's purpose — generating the 16-inch display 
standard, an 332-x-624-pixel Image. The Sweet 16 can 
use preset factory settings for image size and position, 
because it supports only this resolution. 

114 January 1993 Macllser 

Bargain Color 

If you don’t own a Quadra and you 
want to enjoy the benefits of a 16-inch 
monitor, you'll need a display card to 
drive the monitor — that's the bad news* 
The good news is that you don't have to 
go broke buying one. Here’s a quick 
look at some of the least expensive 
color-display cards around. 

For those who want 24-bit color, Ra¬ 
dius offers the P reel sion Colo r24XP with 
built-in QuickDraw acceleration fora low 
$599 fist price. But if 8-bit color is all you 
need, look at the Spectrum/8 card ($499 
list), from SuperMac. If you want to plug 
a Spectrum/8 in to an LG or llsi, you’ll 
pay $100 more. Mirror Technology's 8- 
bit NuBus card and RasterOps' 8XL list 
for $599 each. 

Lapis Technologies is offering two 
families of 8- t 16-, and 24-blt NuBus 
display cards — the Match Maker line 
(cards that produce one resolution) and 
the ColorPro line (cards that let you 
change the resolution through a control 

panel). Eight-bit Match Maker cards cost 
$499 each; ColorPro cards cost $529 

Envlsio, maker of PowerBook video 
cards, has announced its first display 
product for modular Macs. The Quick 
16 display card supports 16-bit color on 
monitors as large as 16 inches for the 
LC II and has a $595 list price. 

The 16-bit Lapis ColorPro 8*16 

whom you send the monitor should 
know how to fix it better than anyone 
else* Going through a dealer usually 
means you don't have to pay for ship¬ 
ping —and mailing a 50-pound moni¬ 
tor is an expensive proposition* Each 
method has disadvantages too: It can 
be difficult to get in touch with the 
right person when calling the manu¬ 
facturer (often the documentation 
doesn't provide a technical-support 
phone number). And often your dealer 
can’t fix your monitor and ends up 
shipping it back to the manufacturer 

The bottom line is that monitors are 
delicate instruments and can be af¬ 
fected by rough handling. So if you 
believe you can get your best price 
through mail order, you should make 
sure you find out how the company 
plans to ship the monitor and if its 
repair policy states that it will pay for 

Unfortunately, some manufacturers, such as Mitsubishi, go 
overboard on controls — you shouldn't be required to keep the 
manual open to decipher what the pattern of lights on the 
control panel means. Poor positioning of controls is another 
common failing. The controls on the back of some 16-inch 

The NanaoFlexsean T560i combines digital control 
buttons with an analoglike wheel. You select the type of 
modification you want to make by pushing the button 
and then make the adjustment with the wheel. This 
arrangement is the easiest if you need to shift among 
various standards when using an autosync monitor. 

monitors — the E-Machines ColorPage T16 II and the Mag 
Innovision MX17S, for example — are difficult to reach. Side- 
mounted controls, such as those on the Apple, Sony, and 
SuperMac monitors, force you to look away from the screen to 
see what you’re adjusting — literally a pain in the neck. 

Mitsubishi uses digital adjustments for all of Its monitor 
controls. Advanced functions such as varying pincushion 
and trapezoidal distortion require selecting a mode 
indicated by a pattern of LEDs (which you must check in 
the manual). We found this control scheme overly 
complicated and confusing. 

MacUser January 1993 115 

Scan The 
Of The world. 

« K. 


r >4, - 


The eighth. 

The Agfa family of scanners: Horizon, Arcus, and Focus* 

It’s no wonder so many companies today are 
choosing Agfa scanners. 

From desktop publishing to high quality 
production prepress and graphic arts, Agfa offers 
a family of high-quality scanners that are not only 
affordable and easy to use, but designed for every 
production environment. 


Whether you choose our affordable Arcus™ 
color or Focus desktop scanners or our exception¬ 
ally fast Horizon* color prepress scanner, you* 11 
be getting a scanner that’s the highest quality in 
its class, 

Agfa scanners offer a range of features 
designed to meet your specific application needs* 
Like scanning resolution up to 1200 dpi. Multiple 
scanning modes from black and white to color. 
Transparency modules* Unique light sources* And 
image sampling up to 12 bits per color. 

Built for speed, flexibility and increased pro¬ 
ductivity, Agfa scanners also offer the ability to 
work with reflective and transparent art. Auto¬ 
matic exposure and density control. Sharpness 
enhancement* White balance calibration. Excep¬ 
tional dynamic range. And gamma and tone 
curve correction. 

In addition, we offer a full complement of 
drivers for MAC* PC* and SUN* platforms and 
Agfa’s professional imaging software. 



It’s not surprising our scanners help you 
reach new levels of image control and accuracy* 
Consider the company behind them. 

For over 100 years, Agfa’s photographic and 
prepress products have provided the graphic arts 
industry with innovative, productive solutions. It’s 
this long-term understanding of graphic arts needs 
that has enabled us to build a family of scanners 
and a service track record second to none. 

We’d like to show you Agfa’s family of 
high-quality scanners. Call us today at 1-800- 

Whatever your expertise, whatever your 
scanning needs, at Agfa, we can do wonders for 
your image* 


The complete picture. 

AGFA and rhe Agfa rhombus are registered trademark? of Agfa-Gevaert AG. Arcus is a trademark of Agfa-Gevacn N.V, Mortise I -Belgium. Horizon is a registered trademark of Agfa* Gcvacrt N.V., MortseL-Belgium. 
MAC is a registered trademark of Apple Computer Ine. PC il a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation. SUN is a registered trademark qfSUN Microsystem? Inc, 

Circle 20 on reader service card. 

16-Inch Color Monitors 

The Bottom Line 

If your 13-inch AppleGolor High- 
Resolution RGB Monitor is beginning to 
look a bit small, it's time to move up to 
the new standard: a 16-inch monitor 
that offers you 832 x 624 pixels. With 70 
percent more pixels, you can leave more 
applications open and see more of your 
page-layout, spreadsheet, and word- 
processing documents. 

For those who are looking for a solid 
16-inch monitor to plug in to their Mac 
— and virtually any other computer that 
will fit on (or next to) a desk — our top 
choice is the autosynchronous Sony 
CPD-1604S ($1,700 list, $1,105 street). 

It has one of the brightest and most 
stable images of all the monitors we 
tested and offers the best image quality 
for the money. Its only weaknesses are 
its lack of Mac cabling and documenta¬ 
tion and its side-mounted controls. 

The Nanao FlexScan T560i ($2,699 list, $2,020 street) is 
our second choice in autosyncs. It had superior image quality 
that stood out from all the rest in our tests, even at a casual 
glance. In addition, the Fiexscan T560i combines wide-ranging 
autosync abilities with the best-thought-out controls of any 
monitor. On the negative side, this monitor is the priciest of the 
bunch and it doesn't include Mac cabling or instructions as 
standard equipment. 

If you're looking for a plug-and-play monitor (it has the 
correct cables to hook straight up to your Mac), you can't do 
better than the Raster Ops Sweet 16 ($1,499 list, $1,215 

Worth a second look (from left): the Sony CPD-1604S, 
Nanao Fiexscan T560i, RasterOps Sweet 16 t and 
E-Machines ColorPage T16 11- 

street). It edged out the Nanao Fiexscan T560i in our sharp¬ 
ness tests and was hampered only by a slight deviation in color 
tracking (our evaluation monitor had a slightly yellowish screen). 
Its bright red phosphor gives it the widest color range of any 
monitor we tested. 

The E-Machines ColorPage T16 II ($1,699 list, $1 a 2S0 
street) is our second choice for a plug-and-play monitor. 

shipping the monitor back. 

In any case, a 16-inch standard 
monitor shouldn't give you any more 
problems than a 13-inch standard 
monitor. Thanks to advances in both 
Trinitron and shadow-mask technol¬ 
ogy, each size can give you a crisp, 
bright, and colorful screen — but a 
16-inch standard monitor gives you 
70 percent more pixels. Avoiding a 
13-inch monitor shouldn't be based 
on superstition alone. The 13-inch 
standard was fine for its time, but if 
you’ve ever hankered for more screen 
space — and who hasn't? — and 
couldn't justify the cost of a 19- or 
20-lnch monitor, a 16-inch monitor is 
the way to go. For our favorite picks 
of this excellent crop, see the “Bottom 
Line" sidebar. 

Winn L, Bosch highly recommends me Wirmftoscti 
Hartiivare Namtoook ter further information on 
computer gear. 

Table 1 Criteria 

List price — The vendor's retail price for the monitor. 

Street price — The average price of the monitor through dealers surveyed across 
the U.S. in September 1992 or through mail order. 

Screen size (diagonal) — The length, diagonally, of the exposed glass face of the 
monitor, in inches. 

Active screen size (diagonal) — The length, diagonally, of the portion of the 
screen that lights up, in inches. 

Max. pixel dimensions (W x H) — The maximum number of dots (pixels) that can 
be displayed on the screen, listed horizontally (width) and vertically (height). All 
monitors were tested at 832 x 624 pixels, 

Horiz.-scan rate (min,, max,) — The minimum and maximum number of lines of 
pixels that can be written on the screen per second, in kilohertz. 

Vert .-scan rate (mim, max.) — The minimum and maximum rate at which the 
screen is redrawn from top to bottom, in cycles per second (hertz). 

Footprint — The dimensions of the monitor's base given as length times width if 
the foot is square or as a diameter if the base is circular, in inches. 

Controls — Does the monitor have controls for adjusting brightness, contrast, 
position and size of the image, and pincushioning? If yes, the type (analog or 
digital) 1 and the location of the controls. Also, does the monitor have controls for 
degaussing, voltage, and power? 

Signal compatibility — The video standards accepted by each monitor. 

Mac cable/adapter«— Whether a Mac 11-series cable or adapter is included. 

FOC certification — According to the FCC. Class A products should not be sold in 
the consumer market. To have its product listed as Class B-certified, the vendor 
provided a verifiable FCC Grant of Certification, 

co minus & ► 

118 January 1993 MacUser 

impartial fesi of performance, me 
Real Tech Laser was chosen for 
Mac User's cover. For complete 
information see MacUser, 
September 1992 issue. 

stxrdefghijjii I mnopqrMwV'Hy^ 1234S67 


★ ★★★V2 

'' The RealTech features not just a 
genuine Adobe interpreter t but 
also a PostScript Level 2 raster 
image processor (RIP), which 
earns it more than a few points 
for forward compatibility ,' 

— Publish Magazine. 
February 1992 



September 1992 


Rttwinlcd from Scpl. 1992. 

Copyright *1992. Ziff CammumcalMMW Co. 

Why settle 
for second 
best when 
you can own 
the winner? 

If you need to print 
complex graphics on 
a daily basis or targe 
quantities of high- 
quality, time-sensi¬ 
tive documents, the 
RealTech Laser is 
the ideal solution. 
Designed for multi¬ 
user networking 
and mixed-piatform 
environments . 

□ Real 

300 DPI 



‘ 1595 . 

Complete desktop imaging, 
from scan to view to print 

20* Trinitron Multi-mode Monitor ft,895. 

17' Multi-mode Monitor $995- 

21 ■ Grayscale Monitor $795. 

15* Grayscale Monitor $449. 

Color 350 Color Printer $5,995. 

Scan mt Color Scanner $ J, 199. 

Laser 400 Printer S3,195- 

■ RISC processor 

■ Ail oho PostScript 
t Level 2 

t ■ SCSI port 
> tt ** (lilacs pc r m i nil I c 
S ■ 300 dpt 

■ 2 Mb of RAM, 

p\pan liable to 10 Mb 2nd paper drawer 
and envelope feeder 

■ Easy-to- ins Li 11 

For more information 
call toll-free: 


? 4-REAL 

Circle 97 on reader service card. 

16-Inch Color Monitors 

Table 1: Features of 16-Inch Color Monitors 

• = yes 

Apple Macintosh 

E- Machines 

Mag Innovislon 

Mag Innovislon 

O » no 

16" Color Display 

CdorPage TIG II 






List price 





Street price 

SI ,225 





ADB ports. Good 


Excellent image quality. 


Single resolution. 

Awkward controls. 

No cables for Mac included. 

Awkward controls. No 

Awkward controls. No 

FCC Class A only. 

No tech-support number. 

cables for Mac included. 

tech-support number. 

No tech-support number. 


Tube type 



shadow mask 


Screen size (diagonal) 

16 in. 

16 in. 

15.5 in. 

16 in. 

Active screen size (diagonal) 

14.8 m. 

15 in. 

15.5 in. 

14.5 in. 

Max. pixel dimensions (W x H) 832 x 624 pixels 

1,280x1.024 pixels 

1,152 x 870 pixels 

1,280x1.024 pixels 

Horiz.-scan rate (min., max.) 

50, 50 kHz 

30, 68 kHz 

30, 68 kHz 

30.68 kHz 

Vert.-scan rate (min., max.) 

75, 75 Hz 

50,120 HZ 

50,120 Hz 

50.120 Hz 

Power consumption 

130 watts 

130 watts 

130 watts 

130 watts 

Swivel stand 






11 in. diameter 

12 in, diameter 

11.5 in, diameter 

11.75 in. diameter 

Monitor depth 

16 in. 

18.5 in. 

19.7 in. 

18.5 in. 

Monitor weight 

50 lb 

54.9 lb 

50.6 lb 

50.6 lb 







Vert./horiz position 

analog/left side 

digital/front under panef 

digital/front under panel 

digital/front under panef 

Vert/hcriz, size 

analog/left side 

digital/front under panel 

digital/front under panel 

digital/front under panel 

Ve ft ./ho riz/don verge nee 















input select 





120/240-volt switch 





Signal compatibility 

Mac 12-inch 





Mac 13-inch 





Mac 1 6-inch 






Mac cable/adapter 



neither [optional) 

neither (optional) 

Service site 





Manufacturer's warranty 

1 year 

1 year 

1 year* 

1 year* 

Money-back guarantee 



FCC certification 

Class B 

Class A 

Class B 

Class B 


Apple Computer. Inc. 

E-Mach ines r Inc. 

Mag Innovislon 

Mag Innovision 

20525 Mariani Ave, 

9305 S,W. Gemini Dr 

4392 Corporate Center Dr, 

4392 Corporate Center Dr. 

Cupertino, CA 95014 

Beaverton, OR 97005 

Los Alamitos, CA 90720 

Los Alamitos. CA 90720 









*Two-year warranty for the CRT. 

120 January 1993 Macliser 

Appetizing color at 
an affordable price. 

RealTech 20" Trinitron 
Monitor . 24-hit color, with 
multi-mode and auto-sync 
capabilities. A vaihibic 
exclusively through 
Hardware That Fits. 

The ReaI Tech 20 n 
Trinitron Monitor: 
the perfect solution 
for desktop profes¬ 
sionals who need to 
view photorealistic 
color Ideal for 
graphics-in tensi ve 
Compatible with ail 
Macintosh CPUs that 
/rave on-board video , 

20" Trinitron* 

> 1895 . 

Complete desktop imaging, 
from scan to view to print 

17' Multi-mode Monitor 
21 “ Grayscale Monitor 
15* Grayscale Mon/far 
Color 350 Color Printer 
Scan 800 Color Scanner 
Laser Printer 
Laser 400 Printer 

$ 99 $, 

$ 795 . 


$ 5 , 995 . 

$ 1 , 199 . 

$ 1 , 595 . 

$ 3 , 195 . 


9 Auto-syncing 

(640x480, 832x624, 
1024x768, 1152x870) 

■ Macintosh CPU-ready 

9 Compatible with Radius, 
RaslerOps, Rea I Tech 
& Super Mac video cards 

For more information 
call toll-free: 


Circle 95 on reader service card. 

16-Inch Color Monitors 

Table 1: Features of 16-Inch Color Monitors, continued 

• = yes 







Diamond Pro 17 

FlexScan T560i 






List price 





Street price 







Toll-free tech-support 

Excellent image quality. 

Excellent image quality. 


Easy-to-use controls. 

Excellent documentation. 


Awkward controls. No 

Awkward controls. No 

Most expensive. FCC 

No antiglare included. 

tech-support number. 

cables for Mac included. 

Class A only. No 

FCC Class A only. , 

FCC Class A only. 

tech-support number. 


Tube type 

shadow mask 

shadow mask 


shadow mask 

Screen size (diagonal) 

15.5 in. 

16 in. 

16.25 in. 

15.5 in. 

Active screen size (diagonal) 

15.5 in. 

15.5 in. 

15.5 in. 

14.75 in. 

Max. pixel dimensions (W x H) 

1,024 x 768 pixels 

1,280x 1,024 pixels 

1,280x1,024 pixels 

1,280x 1,024 pixels 

Horiz.-scan rate (min., max.) 

30,57 kHz 

30, 64 kHz 

30, 80 kHz 

27,79 kHz 

Vert.-scan rate (min., max.) 

50,100 Hz 

50,130 Hz 

55,90 Hz 

55,90 Hz 

Power consumption 

120 watts 

130 watts 

148 watts 

190 watts 

Swivel stand 






9.5 x 9.5 in. 

10.25x10 in. 

11 x 11 in. 

11 in. diameter 

Monitor depth 

17.3 in. 

17.3 in. 

18.6 in. 

19.8 in. 

Monitor weight 

46.2 lb 

47.4 lb 

57.5 lb 

56.1 lb 







Vert/horiz. position 


digital/front under panel 


digital/front under panel 

Vert./horiz. size 


digital/front under panel 


digital/front under panel 

Vert/horiz. convergence 

digital/front under panel 




digital/front under panel 


digital/front under panel 






Input select 




120/240-volt switch 


Signal compatibility 

Mac 12-inch 


Mac 13-inch 





Mac 16-inch 






Mac cable/adapter 


neither (optional) 

neither (optional) 


Service site 





Manufacturer’s warranty 

1 year 

1 year 

1 year 

1 year* 

Money-back guarantee 

FCC certification 

Class B 

Class A 

Class A 

Class A 


Philips Electronics 

Mitsubishi Electronics 

Nanao Corp. 


P.O. Box 14180 

5665 Plaza Dr. 

23535 Telo Ave. 

1255 Michael Dr. 

Knoxville. TN 37914 

P.O. Box 6007 

Torrance, CA 90505 

Wood Dale, IL 60191 


Cypress, CA 90630 








*Two-year warranty for the CRT. 

122 January 1993 MacUser 



The ffcaifvih Svan mm. 
St art nnd fram- 

p,ifWi< i<S|vy7h 7>art$p.i 

vrn Optima 

evc/usryWvy though \ 

i t.intw ,i) r t ttS. 


lity scans you 
eally celebrate. 


124-bit color or 8-bit 

I HUB dpi 

12011 bright ncss/contrast 

I Fast scanning speed 
{9.1 seconds at 300 dpi 
grayscale; 75 seconds 
tor color) 

I Includes Scan Match 
color calibration software 

For more information, 
cat! toll-free: 

Now you don't have 
to buy two separate 
scanners for reflective 
art and transparen¬ 
cies. And the quality 
is so good you can 
actually use the sepa¬ 
rations for printing . 
We did!* 

* The party picture sho^vo above 
originated j/i 8m ! 0 color 
transparency. ft was canned on 
the fteafTech Scan BOO (with 
Transparency Optionl adjusted 
with ikanMatch color calibration 
software, and color-corrected ivrtfi 
Adobe fHxjtoshop. 

Circle 94 on reader service card. 

□ Rea l 

Scar* 800 



* 1199 . 

Complete desktop imaging, 
from scan to view to print 

Son BOO ^/Transparency Option 5 1695. 
!9“ Trinitron Mufti-mode Monitor StB95. 

17 M MuM-mode Monitor 5995. 

21 * Grayscale Monitor $795. 

15 M Grayscale Monitor $449. 

Color 350 Color Printer $5995. 

Laser Primer St595. 

laser 400 Primer j 3 f 95. 

16-Inch Color Monitors 

Table 1: Features of 16-Inch Color Monitors, continued 

• = yes 






Color Pivot 

Color Pivot LE 

Sweet 16 






List price 





Street price 






Very good documentation. 

Very good documentation. 

Excellent image quality. 

Pivots to portrait view. 

Pivots to portrait view. 

Simple controls. Three- 
year warranty. 


imperfect image quality. 

Imperfect image quality. 

Single resolution. FCC 

Class A only. 

FCC Class A only. 


Tube type 

shadow mask 

shadow mask 

shadow mask 


Screen size (diagonal) 

15 in. 

15 in. 

16.75 in. 

16 in. 

Active screen size (diagonal) 

13.75 in. 

13,75 in. 

14.5 in. 

14,75 in. 

Max, pixel dimensions [W x H) 870 x 640 pixels 

832 x 624 pixels 

832 x 624 pixels 

1,280 x 1,024 pixels 

Horiz.-scan rate (min., max.) 

68.9, 68.9 kHz 

48,48 kHz 

49.7,49.7 kHz 

31,64 kHz 

Vert.-scan rate (min., max.) 

75, 85.2 Hz 

72, 72 Hz 

75, 75 HZ 

50, 90 HZ 

Power consumption 

100 watts 

100 watts 

100 watts 

150 watts 

Swivel stand 






11.25x13.75 in. 

11.25x13,75 lit 

10x10 in. 

11 x11,5 in. 

Monitor depth 

17 In. 

17 in. 

17.4 in. 

17.5 in. 

Monitor weight 

47.9 tb 

47,9 lb 

35 ib 

51 lb 







VertThoriz, position 





Vert/horiz, size 





Veit/horiz, convergence 















Input select 




120/240-volt switch 




Signal compatibility 

Mac 12-inch 





Mac 13-inch 





Mac 16-inch 






Mac cable/adapter 





Service site 





Manufacturer's warranty 

1 year 

1 year 

3 years 

1 year 

Money-back guarantee 





FCG certification 

Class 8 

Class B 

Class A 

Class A 


Radius, Inc. 

Radius, Inc. 

RasterOps Corp, 

Seiko Instruments 

1710 Fortune Dr. 

1710 Fortune Dr. 

2500 Walsh Ave. 

1130 Ringwood Ct. 

San Jose, CA 95131 

San Jose, CA 95131 

Santa Clara, CA 95051 

San Jose, CA 95131 









124 January 1993 MacUser 

Our 11x17 printer is 

guaranteed to make 
ycxi smile, too. 

ReatTech Laser 400 
Printer. Choice of 300 
or 400 dpi & letter- or 
tabloid-size printing. 
Available exclusively 
through Hardware 
That Fits. 

M Adobe PostScript Level 2 

■ High-speed printing 
(IS ppm—letter; 

B ppm—tabloid} 

■ 300 or 4(10 dpi 

MACWOttiD Magazine 
September 1992 

feanne is thrilled that she 
doesn't have to fiddle 
around and tape pages 
together anymore. 
No more tiling1 
m No more 

t cut-and-taped 

mock ups! 

■ 2 paper trays included 

■ SCSI port 

■ Full-page 11x17 printing 
(prints to within 5mm 
of edge) 

■ 4 Mb RAM, upgradable 

to t G 

■ Weitek RISC processor 

■ ATM font rendering 

■ Three interface ports 
(Appletalk RS-422, IBM 
PC parallel, and RS- 

■ Hewlett Packard 
LaserJet Series II 

The RealTech Laser 
400. it's fast Flexible, 
And configured for 
speedy printing of 
documents . The ideal 
networking printer, 
and the perfect solu¬ 
tion for multi-user 
printing environments * 

Complete desktop imaging , 
from scan to view to print 

20* Trinitron Multi-mode Monitor $1895. 
17 m Multi-mode Monitor $995, 

21 ‘ Grayscale Monitor 5755. 

15 m Grayscale Monitor $449. 

Color 350 Color Printer $5,995- 

5c$n 800 Color Scanner $ /, / 55. 

Laser Printer 51,555. 

1 - 800-86 

“ forewarned: 

PustScript-done printers 
still haw a tong way to 
go before they can rival 
true Adobe PostScript 
printers. ” 

I^IHlr fmm Mu iJui SrpIniJin VJ'U 
irUUf. J lVtUN«l flKtSntyl Pijnlm' lij 
hutt Friw, 

For more information, 
call toll-free: 


Circle 96 on reader service card. 

M 16-Inch Color Monitors 

Table 1: Features of 16-Inch Color Monitors, continued 

• = yes 





C = no 


SuperMatch 17 

Multivision 875+ 






List price 





Street price 






Excellent image. 

Inexpensive. Good 


Two-year warranty. 


Awkward controls. No 

Awkward controls. 

Expensive. Imperfect 

No cables for Mac 

cables for Mac included. 

FCC Class A only. 

image quality. No 

included. No tech-support 

No tech-support number. 

cables for Mac included. 



Tube type 


shadow mask 

shadow mask 

shadow mask 

Screen size (diagonal) 

16.5 in. 

16 in. 

15.75 in. 

16 in. 

Active screen size (diagonal) 

15 in. 

14.7 in. 

14.8 in. 

14.75 in. 

Max. pixel dimensions (W x H) 

1,024 x 768 pixels 

1,024 x 768 pixels 

1,280x1,024 pixels 

1,280x1,024 pixels 

Horiz.-scan rate (min., max.) 

28,57 kHz 

30,75.23 kHz 

30,75 kHz 

31,60 kHz 

Vert.-scan rate (min., max.) 

50, 87 Hz 

56, 75 Hz 

50.90 Hz 

50,90 Hz 

Power consumption 

120 watts 

150 watts 

140 watts 

130 watts 

Swivel stand 






11.75x11.75 in. 

10 x 10 in. 

9.75x9.75 in. 

10x10 in. 

Monitor depth 

17.2 in. 

17.2 in. 

17 in. 

18.9 in. 

Monitor weight 

44 lb 

49.5 lb 

55 lb 

42.8 lb 




analog/right side 

anaiog/right side 


Vert./horiz. position 

analog/left side 

digital/right side 

digital/right side 

digital/front under panel 

Vert./horiz. size 

analog/left side 

digital/right side 

digital/right side 

digital/front under panel 

Vert./horiz. convergence 




digital/right side 

digital/right side 






Input select 


120/240-volt switch 





Signal compatibility 

Mac 12-inch 



Mac 13-inch 





Mac 16-inch 






Mac cable/adapter 

neither (optional) 


neither (optional) 

neither (optional) 

Service site 





Manufacturer’s warranty 

1 year* 

1 year 

2 years 

1 year 

Money-back guarantee 

FCC certification 

Class B 

Class A 

Class B 

Class B 


Sony Corp. of America 

SuperMac Technology 

Taxan America. Inc. 


655 River Oaks Pkwy. 

485 Potrero Ave. 

161 Nortech Pkwy. 

20480 E. Business Pkwy. 

San Jose, CA 95134 

Sunnyvale, CA 94086 

San Jose, CA 95134 

Walnut, CA 91789 








*Tv/o-year warranty for the CRT. 

126 January 1993 MacUser 

tion or * 

topsail toterOps 

• MSSSSSSS^™**-"^ 


THE & SC „ 9W51 FAX -. 40WSWOW 

J5W wa^ A ve..santac^.^^ 

eownpi'" ■"■ 

■ rts^'vt holrfCTfl- 



Time oft 

the ground using 
RasterOps® products. 

So it’s no surprise that 
we have the most 

complete interface for 
it. MoviePak supports 
all QuickTime capture 
software and saves 

videos formatted for use 

in any of its applications. 


S iVW* 

[>uvktv _ __ 

MoviePak dies 
with aU Quick¬ 
Time editing soft¬ 
ware including 
Adobe Premiere™ 
yours fit* with 

MoviePak ~ 

A $695 value. 

With MoviePak, 

the sky's the limit. 

It works with ad 
Raster Ops multi¬ 
media display 
adapter to give 

you full-motion 
digital video 
recording, and 


playback and 


all in a single- 
slot solution 
for any size 


Presenting PATHWORKS for Macintosh. Apple and Digital 
really did it this time. And now, networking will never be the same. 
Together we’ve created PATHWORKStm for Macintosh. Networking 
made so simple, that if you can run a Mac, you can network one to 
a server. 

Hook Up With The Big Boys. 

Isn't it about time you could 
access corporate and 
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Sfj not to mention ^ 

H applications— 

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ms can. ^ 

A Giant Leap Forward In 
Backup. Of course your files 
are safe with us because 
PATHWORKS automatically 
backs them up for you. Every 
step of the way. 

Now Loading Software Is Loads Easier. 

PATHWORKS lets you distribute fonts and applications all in 
one sbot. All across your network, all from a central location 
So everyone can work from the same software version. 

Brings Out The Best 
In Others. 

Thanks to ^ 
all PCs can share 
and share alike. 

r' . 

0) tv; oSjge' £U 

E T W O 

Serves All Kinds. 

ideal platform for client- 
server computing. 
Which means it can act 
as a database serv er. 
Applications server. And 
hcck, evenadevelopment 

Make Friends In 
Faraway LANs. 

From across the hall, 
to around the world, 
PATHWORKS connects 
all your ApplCTalk LANs 
to one another. 

Incredibjr- V * V 

friendliest < 


^ry S '—P! 

sound of P A THwr^„ Wa T °f 

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So now, DOS and 
OS/2 PCs and 
Macs can share 
printers and files. 
Without any 





Network Renderers: 

Drawing On 
All Resources 

Just because you 
need to sleep doesn’t 
mean your Macs do. 

MacUser Labs 

A rendering application puts the creative potential of 
a photo studio inside your Mac, Just as a photogra¬ 
pher manipulates lighting to enhance a photo, a 
rendering application lets you add the subtleties of 
light and shadow to 3-D images created on your 
Mac. Exceptionally lifelike images can be created, 
but the processing power — and time — required 
to produce them is equally exceptional. 

For experienced Mac designers, rendering has 
become synonymous with excruciatingly long 
waits. Even a Silicon Graphics Indigo — a work¬ 
station specifically designed for such computa¬ 
tionally intensive graphical tasks—can take many 
hours to render a single image. A CPU accelerator 
or a faster Mac can help, but don't expect even a 
Quadra 950 to single-handedly free you from the 
drudgery of rendering. It won’t, and it can’t. 

But imagine a world in which a rendering job 
could be parceled out to a collection of Macs, all 
working simultaneously to render the same image 
in a fraction of the time it takes a solitary machine 
to do so. Although this technology — dubbed 
distributed rendering or network rendering — has 
long existed in the UNIX-workstation world, art¬ 
ists have been anxiously awaiting its arrival in the 
Mac world. Now the watt is over: Mac-based 
distributed rendering has arrived. 

tests three rendering 
packages that 
make networked 
Macs productive 
24 hours a day, 







130 January 1993 MacUser 



B Network Rendering Software 

To find the best cure for your ren¬ 
dering headaches, MacUser Labs 
tested three new products that offer 
the power of network rendering for 
the Mac: Specular's BackBumer 1.0, 
Ray Dream's DreamNet 1.02, and 
Strata's RenderPro 1.01 let you dedi¬ 
cate multiple networked Macs to the 
task of rendering a single image. 

To evaluate these products, we com¬ 
pared their performance on several 
challenging benchmark tests in the 
MacUser Labs NetWorkShop testing 
lab. We also looked at each product's 
documentation, features, and capabili¬ 
ties and found that not all network 
rendering programs are created equal. 


A Tenderer is a computer-age paint- 
by-number system that takes an im¬ 
age containing geometric models — 
typically created with a 3-D-CAD or 
3-D-solid-modeling package — and 
adds color, shading, and texture on a 
pixel-by-pixel basis. The rendering 
process is computationally intensive; 
to accurately complete an image, a 
Tenderer must typically calculate the 
visual characteristics of many com¬ 
positional elements. Ray tracing — a 
particularly involved method of ren¬ 
dering — traces a single ray of light 
through the scene, calculating 
reflectivity, intensity, and absorption 
with respect to viewer, light, and ob¬ 
ject position as well as evaluating the 
physical characteristics and color at¬ 
tributes of each object. 

Before rendering, an image is typi¬ 
cally designed with software that of¬ 
fers solid-modeling capabilities. Once 
the objects have been designed — 
often as wire-frame replicas — and a 
scene has been laid out, the image is 
transferred to a Tenderer. Many pro¬ 
grams offer rendering capabilities, and 
the better the quality of the rendered 
image, the longer the rendering time. 
Only three programs, however, offer 
netoork rendering on the Mac. 

BackBumer, DreamNet, and 
RenderPro all tackle the distributed 
rendering task in a similar fashion; 
one Mac acts as the host, or master , 

machine and is charged with oversee¬ 
ing the Macs doing the rendering — 
known as the slaves. The image to be 
rendered is broken into small pieces 
and parceled out to the slaves. The 
slaves render these small blocks, and 
when each rendered component is fin¬ 
ished, it's sent back to the host ma¬ 
chine over the network (see the “How 
to Slash Rendering Times" sidebar). 

Your networked Macs can be 
brought into the rendering fold in two 
ways: First, the master can detect an 

Many programs 
offer rendering capabilities. 

Only three programs, however, 
presently let you dedicate 
multiple networked Macs to 
the task of rendering 
a single image. 

idle Mac on the network and enlist it 
in full-time slave duty in the render¬ 
ing process. Second, a slave can help 
render an image in the background, 
donating free CPU cycles even as you 
work in your spreadsheet or word¬ 
processing program. 


To harness the unused power of 
your network, you need to purchase a 
network rendering module for each 
Mac you plan to designate as a slave. 
Installing DreamNet’s network ren¬ 
dering module is simple: At each node, 
click on the installer, and in minutes, 
the job is done, its completion marked 

by a dialog box that prompts you to 
enter the product’s serial number. 
BackBumer’s installation is almost as 
easy: Just copy the BackBumer con¬ 
trol-panel device into each slave's 
System Folder, and enter the product 
serial number the first time you run 
the program on each Mac. RenderPro’s 
installation, on the other hand, is un¬ 
necessarily frustrating. Although 
RenderPro uses an installer, you must 
subsequently perform a series of steps 
to select, copy, and move files — the 
very tasks the installer should take 
care of for you. 

Once you've installed all the soft¬ 
ware, you'll want to create rendering 
workgroups, establish rendering 
schedules, and otherwise configure the 
software for your particular network 
and rendering needs. 

DreamNet is the easiest of the three 
to configure. On the master Mac, 
DreamNet's Chooser-like interface 
displays available slaves in each net¬ 
work zone. To assign slaves to a par¬ 
ticular rendering job, just select them 
with the mouse. DreamNet also con¬ 
veniently lets you name and save these 
rendering groups so that you can 
quickly and easily redefine which 
Macs will be participating in a given 
rendering session. 

BackBumer and RenderPro each 
require configuration via the Users & 
Groups control panel. This little bit of 
extra work is worthwhile because it 
allows each slave's user to limit the 
master’s access. In addition, Render- 
Pro lets each slave define a weekly 
rendering calendar to tell the master at 
what hours it is available for render¬ 
ing. BackBumer doesn't provide a 
calendar, but it does allow each slave 
to have password protection for pre¬ 
venting unwanted machine access. It’s 
smart too: If several slave machines 
have been given the same password, 
BackBumer automatically signs them 
in as a group. 

Mountains into Molehills 

For our testing of the three network 
Tenderers, we modeled test images in 
the native modeler of the respective 

132 January 1993 MacUser 

How We Tested 

Testing for this report took place in the MacUser Labs 
MetWorkShop, our mu Itiplatforrn-network testing facility. Our test 
network consisted of a Quadra 900 with 20 megabytes of RAM as 
the masterand four Quadra 700s with 8 megabytes of RAM each 
as the slaves. We connected all the machines via an Ethernet 
network, using the Quadras' built-in Ethernet capabilities. Our 
test image was created with each network Tenderer's native 
modeler: Specular's Inifini-D for BackBumer, Ray Dream's Ray 
Dream Designer for DreamNet and Strata's Strata Vision 3d for 
RenderPro. We first rendered each image on the Quadra 900 
alone. We then added one, two, and four Quadra 700s and 
noted the improvement in performance. 

In addition to obtaining raw performance-improvement num¬ 
bers, we also tested the products to see how they handled or 
executed background tasks. We first transferred a 5-megabyte 
file between two of the test Quadra 700s while they were execut¬ 
ing a distributed render. We did a find-and-re place operation on 
an 800K 100-page WriteNow 3.0 document during a render. We 
loaded Excel 3.0 during a render and recalculated the spread¬ 
sheet entries for 10,000 cells. Finally, we crashed the master and 
slave machines during a group render to determine whether the 
software could handle recovery and how the master machine 
accommodated the crash. Each test provided us with different 
insights into the effectiveness of each program. 

We created a background, or back 
plane, in Photoshop 2.01 that 
incorporated a texture map to 
make (he numbers appear to be 

The loop on top of the watch is a 
path-exifaded object—a three- 
dimensional object created by 
moving a two-dimensional object 
along a third axis. tnftnl-D 
doesn't support path extrusions, 
so we used a DXF import. 

We produced the watch 
body with th e lathe function 
— we created a sliver of the 
watch and then rotated It to 
define the full body. 

Si rata Vision 3d let us create 
the spring as a swept circle 
— we swept a circle in space 
and offset the axis of 
rotation. The other products 
can’t do I his, so we had to 
import the spring as a DXF 
object (DXF is a file format 
common to all modelers). 

We created the MacUserlogo in Illustrator 
and then extruded\t — turned it into a three- 
dimensional object by extending the two- 
dimensional letters into three dimensions. 

The face of Ihe watch ts a texture 
map — an image that creates the 
illusion of having the physical 
properties of a substance such as 
wood or metal — applied to the 

The ground plane was a procedural 
texture —a mathematically 
calculated image, as opposed to a 
bit-mapped image. 

To accurately assess the capabilities of each network renderer, we created a complex image composed of a variety of 
elements and timed how long it took multiple Macs to render the image. 

MacUser January 1993 133 

Network Rendering Software 

packages, as required by each prod¬ 
uct: We used Ray Dream Designer for 
DreamNet, Strata’s StrataVision 3d 
for RenderPro, and Specular’s Infmi- 
D for BackBumer. All three programs 
offered startling improvements in ren¬ 
dering speed, and the more Macs we 
added, the better the results (see Fig¬ 
ure l ). To take full advantage of the 
power of network rendering, we used 
— and we recommend — fast Macs 
on an Ethernet network. Ethernet can 
be crucial, because network transmis¬ 
sion and the required communications 
between rendering stations on Local- 
Talk can slow you down, depriving 
you of your distributed gains. 

Speedy Delivery 

Specular’s BackBumer came clos¬ 
est to delivering ideal speed. (We de¬ 
fine ideal speed as a simple multiple 
of Mac processing power, not taking 
into account the network and distribu¬ 
tion overhead necessary for manag¬ 
ing the net work rendering job.) Back- 
Burner achieves its excellent speed in 
part by the way it minimizes the 
amount of data transmitted from the 
master to its slaves. For example, 
BackBumer sends a texture map — a 

On the Horizon 

surface pattern for a 2- or 3-D image 
component, typically requiring a lot 
of memory — to a slave only if the 
slave is processing a segment of the 
image that actually uses that map; 
DreamNet and RenderPro send every 
texture map needed for the complete 

AH three network rendering 
programs offered 
startling improvements in 
rendering speed, 
and the more Macintoshes 
we added, the 
better the results* 

image to all the slaves, regardless of 
need. With a test image of moderate 
complexity, such as the one we used, 
DreamNet and RenderPro sent an ad¬ 
ditional 450K of data across the net¬ 
work to each slave machine. This un- 
necessaiy traffic slowed down Dream¬ 
Net — but in spite of the additional 
network traffic, RenderPro still of¬ 
fered excellent speed, only slightly 
slower than BackBumer’s. 

Like any image-manipulation pro¬ 
cess on the Mac, rendering requires a 
lot of RAM (particularly when youTe 
rendering 24-bit images), so the more 
RAM, the better the performance will 
be, BackBumer offers the most effec¬ 
tive use of memory: It requires only 2 
megabytes of RAM to run on the mas¬ 
ter or the slave machine. As a control- 
panel device, it occupies a minuscule 
8K of memory, becoming active only 
when the slave machine has been in¬ 
active for a previously specified pe¬ 
riod or when Berkeley Systems’ After 
Dark screen saver kicks in. 

The other programs occupy far more 
memory: DreamNet requires 3,58 
megabytes to run on the master and a 
minimum of 3 megabytes to run on a 
slave. Although memory requirements 

What could be faster than several Macs collectively rendering 
parts of the same image and then rushing their contributions over 
an Ethernet network to a Mac that puts it all together into a 
finished work of art? 

How about multiple Macs inside a single Quadra? That's what 
you get when you install multiple Radius Rockets — 68040-based 
accelerators on NuBus cards — running RocketShare. Radius' 
soon-to-be-released distributed-processing software. 

Our prelim in a iy tests show that four Radius Rockets running a 
beta version of RocketShare inside a Quadra 900 — with all four 
boards and the Quadra tackling the same rendering job — can 
easily outpace five Quadra 700s running the same job over an 
Ethernet network. In fact, our Rocket/Quadra configuration proved 
to be about 30 percent faster. 

Where does all that speed come from? In large part. Rocket- 
Share outperforms networked Macintoshes by bypassing net¬ 
work bottlenecks. Although Ethernet’s 10-megabit-per-second 
rate ts far speedier than LocalTalk’s 230 kilobits per second, 
the Rocket moves data across Ihe Mac's NuBus, which can 
theoretically support transfer rates of more than 100 megabits 
per second (although it delivers about 30 megabits per second 
in most actual use). 

All the network rendering products reviewed in this report can 
run under RocketShare, and Radius has signed a licensing agree¬ 
ment with Ray Dream to bundle DreamNet software with every 

Rocket. In addition, Radius is publishing Ray Dream's API 
(a ppli cat ion-prog ramming interface), which will allow any soft¬ 
ware developer to take advantage of distributed processing. 
Expect to see computational-intensive applications such as 
mathematical-simulation and color-separation software appear 
in multiprocessing versions, Radius. 1710 Fortune Drive. San 
Jose. CA 95131; 408-434-1010. 

Pixar will soon be announcing NetRenderMan 1.1. its version 
of a distributed-rendering product. An earlier version, 1.0. used 
the Mac solely as a front end to UNIX-based machines. Version 
1.1 will allow users in a multiplatform environment to distribute the 
rendering job to a combination of UNIX-based workstations, such 
as those from NeXT and Silicon Graphics, and Macs, Pixar, 1001 
W. Cutting Blvd., Richmond. CA 94804; 510-236-4094, 

NetRenderMan also runs on the superfast NuSprintcard. from 
Yarc Systems {Cray spelled backward — get it?), which Is based 
on an AMD Am29050 RISC processor and is purported to make a 
IIfx run 10 to 12 times as fast. But don't rush out and buy one and 
expect it to speed up your Excel recalculations — this special- 
purpose card can work only with applications specifically rewritten 
for its RISC chip. A NuSprint card equipped with 8 megabytes of 
custom DRAM SIMMs lists for $2,995, a 16-megabyte version 
lists for $3,995, and a 32-megabyte version is $5,495. Yarc 
Systems. 975 Business Center Circle, Newbury Park, CA 91320; 
800-275-9272 or 805-499-9444. 

134 January 1993 MacUser 

How to Slash Rendering Times 

© When the 
master has 
received all the 
segments from the 
slaves, it stores 
the finished 
rendering on its 
hard disk. 

It's a designer's dream come true: multiple idle Macs working 
together to render a single image. 

To accomplish this computerized teamwork, a network ren¬ 
dering program such as Specular's Back Burner, Ray Dream's 

DreamNet, or Strata's RenderPro can take a single image* 
break the image into small segments, and then distribute the 
pieces to participating Macs on a network. The Macs work in 
unison to render a complete image. 

0 One© a slave 
has rendered a 
segment, It passes 
It hack to the 
master. As each 
slave renders a 
segment, a colored 
square represent’ 
ing that sieve's 
segment appears 
on the master's 
screen. The master 
assigns anew 
segment lo each 
slave as it 

If a slave crashes, the 
master notes that the 
segment has not been 
completed and reassigns 
it to a different slave. 

0 The master 
breaks the Imago 
up Into email 
segments and 
parcels the 
segments out to 
the slaves, 

MacUser January 1993 135 

Your one-stop sourc 


In these difficult economic times , 
value is the most important criteria 
for making a purchasing decision. 
We're in our eighth year of provid¬ 
ing the best value in the Mac 
market Sure, there are some com¬ 
panies that can give you a better 
price on a particular product...but 
wifi they stand behind it (and by 
you...and wifi they even stiff be in 
business)? We will . We're a sub¬ 
sidiary of a financially-sound 
public company, and have been 
members of the Better Business 
Bureau since 7 987. We offer you 
the best overall value, customer 
service , technical support, and 
financing options because we're 
interested in being vour total 

solutions oartner ...and because 
we'll be around to help you, 

ffloC PaovCvcJL^, 

Rial Provencher, President 


fust a few of the l OOs of 
cards we offer Call if you 
don't see what you want! 


ProColor 32 

PaintBoard 24 


PaintBoard Li 







32 1152x 870 

24 H52X870 

8 1752x870 

24 1024x768 

24 640 x 480 

24 640 x 480 


Spectrum/24 PDQ Plus 




24 1152x870 

8 1152 x870 

SpectrunV‘24 Series III 

24 1024x 768 

Spectrum/8+24 PDQ 

24 640 x 480 


Video Spigot 



24 640 x 480 

24 160x120 

Video Spigot & Sound 

24 160x120 


Precision Color 24X 


24 1152x882 

Precision Color 8XJ 

Precision Color 8X 

8 1152 x882 

8 1152 x882 

Precision Color 24XK 

Precision Color 24XP 

24 1024x768 

24 832 x 624 

Video Vision 


24 640 x 480 

Up to 30 

1 Up to 30 


1 ;UptP3Q 

4 | Up to 30 

Rea l 



Monitors shown on this page are listed in the chart at right. 

for monitors! 

Hours: 8 am-7 pm Central Standard Time 

Jti-UAY MONlY-flACk fitMRANUk Bf(iht rtfftirnklg mertfltttdlsCj tdll 
mir Cust'Hnfr Smitf PtyMuil fnr in rm-htf -i reiyrfwfl rurfi h-milKc 
.in1limi/.Hkin iiumlwr iHMA)., wliidi nttftl lw imhuka! with <my |irodiif.H 
VlHI MfURI. Mo C.CUX rvlLimv uk'4»C' Itumh uw fof t^khi^tina 
AIL PM PC t S Altt SUB! to TO CHANGt WllHOUl NOllC t\ H,in|wjr« 
Thai t fit L> liHAlrO jT Ij>U S. in Conroe, Un.H 77 Wl. 


cd NEC 

j RosterQps 


M SII •’ 

Monitors: all sizes, 
types, and prices. / 

// fn 

•s £> S 



1 $ 

,4 /4 -4 #4 / # 

1 & 4 / 2 ? 

A. Radius 21" Color 





B. RasterOps 2 1" Color 





C Rea ITech 21" Mo no/C rayscal e 






O. SuperMac (SuperMa(ch) 21" 





SuperMac 21 * Mono/Grayscale 





E, RasterOps 20" Trinitron Multi-Mode 









Radius Precision Color 20* 









RasterOps 20" Hitachi Color 









F . Rea iTech 20" Triniiron Mu 11t-Mode 










C. SuperMac 20" (SuperMateh) 





H. SuperMac 20" (SuperMatch Dual-Mode] 






1. NEC 1 7" 5FG Color 









J r RasterOps 16" (RasterOps Swccl 16] 





JC RealTech 17" (RealTech Multi-Mode) 









L. Sony 17" 









M. Seiko 17" (1760) 








Radius 15" Color Pivot ( shown at left) 


Non-Tr ini iron 



RealTech 15" Grayscale (shown at left) 





Seiko 14" Color 1445 (shown at left) 



1 ■ 


Sony 1 J " Color (shown at left) 



1 ■ 



TelHwe phone ordering 
in the U S. and Canada . too! 


1 - 409 * 539-4141 


1 - 409 - 539-4141 



We’ve got 

At Hardware That Fits, your order isn't 
taken by a lackluster clerk who merely 
wants to fiCl today's quota, A real person 
who actually cares about helping solve 
your problem will answer your call. A 
few of those friendly folks are pictured 
here. Front row, left to right: Dona, Gina, 
Barbara . Standing: I ini Don , Mike , Cecil. 

The photo above is .* 100 dpi image 01 .in 
8 X W transparent v. h was srjnnedfm the 
KealTech BOO with Transparency Coition 
(shown ji right), then adjusted with St.mMiatc h 
and cafoworrecled with Adobe Photoshop. 

Flatbed desktop scanners for 

24 -bit color, 8-bit grayscale, 
and blackAvhite images, 
ideal for mid-range output a 

or position prints for ^ 

mockups/presentations. ^ 

//F J N 
/ F 
^ J •£ / 


i & 

N / 


Scanmaker M 




0.5 ■ 

Includes limited 

Includes ScanMafdi 



color calibration software 


Adobe Photoshofi 

Scan maker IIXE 




0.5 m 

includes inti 

/fidurte SoirvUjfcfi 

versiiHi «r 

color calibration software 


Adobe PlxM 

Sea maker 1850 





■ IrKbikrs hid 

Slide Scanner 


version at 


Adobe Photoshop 


Scan SOO 




8.5 ■ 

Includes Scan- 



Match color cali- 

Adobe Photoshop 



bralion software 

Scan 800 




8.5 ■ ■ 




Tra nspa rency Option 







0.5 ■ 

Includes iull 


\erskm of 


Adobe PhotudKij) 


UC 6.10 




0.5 ■ 

Includes iuit 


version of 


Adobe Pbutcnhop 

UC 1 200s 




8 mm 

includes ft di 


version ol 

Transparency Option 


t T 200) 


1 1.8 ■ ■ 



YOU COULD m$woo 
off your next order!* 

Your winning number could be 
on the back of our catalog. 

Keep your Hardware That Fits “ SOLUTIONS" 
catalog as a reference tool. Because even if 
you don't win this month , maybe YOUR 
matching catalog number will appear in 
the February 93 issue of MacUser, and 
make YOU a winner! 

If you're one of our 5 instant 
monthly winners, we'll give you 
a gift certificate good for $1000 
worth of products from our 
catalog! You win if the last 6 
digits of the number on your 
catalog exactly match one of 
the following 5 sets of numbers: 
545811, 648057, 398679, 275406. or 
192858. There will be 5 winners for this issue 
(January, 1993) of MacUser, and 5 winners for the February 
issue. To redeem your $1000 gift certificate, mail us the back 
cover and order form of the catalog with your next order 
before February 1, 1993. If you haven't received a catalog, 
call us toll-free and we'll mail you a copy right away. 

*OFFICIAL RULES. Gift certificates ior winning numtten tor this issue tfjnujry 1993) will 
lx* honored only on orders placed between the magazine issue dale and February I. 
1993. and only it the winning number is validated by mailing in the catalog's back cover 
and order form to: Hardware That Fits. 6 10 5. Frazier, Conroe. TX 77301. This pro- 
motion fs open to persons 18 years of age or older, except employees of Micro business 
Solutions. Inc., its affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising and promotion agencies and 
members of their immediate families. Taxes and shipping arc the responsibility ot the 
winneris). Winning constitutes permission to use the names and likenesses of winners for 
publicity and promotional purposes. Void where prohibited by law. 


When you order from us, you 
get computer experts, not 
clerks! All of our salespeople 
have a minimum of three years 
of computer experience. 
They're trained in Apple's 
intensive program, as well as 
our own. They're ready to help 
you (with a smile!) both before 
and after the sale. 


We've made it easier than ever 
to own our productivity¬ 
enhancing products. 

■ VISA and Master Card 

■ corporate P.O. accounts 
(call for information) 

■ business leasing available 


Our tech team is well trained, 
well informed, and well known 

for their ability to solve custom¬ 
ers' problems with a minimum 
of inconvenience to the cus¬ 
tomer. We have the best tech 
support in the business. And it's 
toll-free: 1-800-364-MACS. 


Our famous guarantee: If you 
don't like it, we'll buy it back. 

If you're not 100% satisfied, 
call for your RMA number and 
return the product within 30 
days of the ship date. We'll re¬ 
fund your purchase price (min¬ 
us consumables for printers). 

RcalTech and the RealTech lotto an* trademarks 
of MBS), All other trademarks used in this ad are the 
properties of their respective miners 

All p rim ate subject to change without notice. ©190.1. 


1 True Lease ...with 10% buy-out option 

2 Installment Lease ...with $1.00 buy-out option 

3 Speed Lease... 90- or 180-day terms, with buy-out 
or conversion to other leases 

4 20/20 Lease... 10% security deposit, 20 equal 
payments, 10% buy-out 

5 90-day Deferred Lease payment for 90 days; 
first and last payment in advance 

■All leases are subject to credit approval. All lease payments in our 
ads are based on the "True Lease " program at 48 months. Prices. lease 
prices, and rates are subject to change without notice. 

NOTE: Minimum lease payment is $50 per month. 


Seiko Instruments 
Personal ColorPoint PS 

Lease; S99/mo. 

Prints full-bleed comps on plain 
laser paper or transparency film. 
300 dpr color thermal printer uses 
16 MHz RISC processor. 6 Mb 
RAM standard, upgradable to 10 
or 22 Mb. Adobe PostScript" 
compatible. Download, process 
and print simultaneously with the 

ColorPoint's multiple frame 
buffers. Includes AppleTalk, 
parallel, and R5-232 interfaces, 
plus a SCSI port. Continuously 
po 11 s a 11 in terfaces; reco n f i g u res 
automatically. 39 resident fonts. 

Lease: $216/mo. 

RasterOps CorrectPrint 
300 Dye Sublimation 

Uses a 4-color (CMYK) dye 
sublimation thermal process at 
3G0 dpi to a print a continuous- 
tone image that resembles 
photographic-quality output. 

Prints on special sheetfed paper or 
transparencies, not on rolls. Uses 
a RISC controller with JPEG 
compression. Three standard 
interfaces. 35 resident fonts. 

66 We comps red your color printer ... 
The RealTech Color 350 was the near winner 
In price, performance, 'live' Image area, ease 
ot use and Installation....we saved a 
considerable amount of money on service 
bureau charges and were able to meet a wry 
stringent deadline. Our client was particularly 
phas'd by the vibrant colon and the 
sharpness of the output, 

— Achlnta K. Mitra 

TIECAS Type & Graphics, Inc , 

Add color to your comps or 
presentations for only SI. 13 
per tabloid size page! 

□ Real 

RealTech s 5.995 

Color 350 

Prints 11x17 (OB size) edge-to- 
edge comps on laser paper or 
letter-size transparencies, not on 
rolls. Can print on both sides of 
the paper. 300 dpi output. Creates 
true black text because it uses 4 
colored ink sheets (cyan, 
magenta, yellow*, black). 10 Mb 
of RAM {upgradable to 1B or 34 
Mb); 3 standard interfaces. 39 
resident fonts. Letter-size 4-color 
output costs only 69c per copy. 
An 11x17 OB-size color printout 
costs about $1J3. 
RISC processor. 
Adobe PostScript® 

Do you need to print 
/ complex graphics on a 
/ daily basis or large quart- 
/ tides of high-quality, time- 
sensitive documentsI We 
can recommend the right 
printer for your needs. 

Printing solutions 

Laser printers. 

The right printer can do wonders 
for your productivity, Do you 
need speed? Adobe PostScript 
Level 2? Do you need to print/ ^ 
a lot of pages each month? v 

S' ^ 

Q Q 


NEC Silentwriter 
Model 95 UU 


Lease: $40/rmnth 

■ 300 dpi 

■ 6 pages/m in 

■ 2 Mb RAM 
(expandable to 
5 Mb) 

■ Adobe Post¬ 
Script Level 2 

■ Motorola 
60000 processor 

■ 6,000 pages 
per month 

■ Built-in enve¬ 
lope feeder & 
250-sheet tray; 
option a \ 2nd tray 
available in let¬ 
ter or legal sizes 

■ No SCSI 

■ Appletalk 
R 5-42 2, 
and R$- 

■ 35 

toner and 
NEC's patented 
"Sharp Edge ” 
technology cre¬ 
ate sharp black 
print quality 


□ Real 

■ 400 dpi 

■ 4 pages/min. 

■ 4 Mb RAM 
(expandable to 
16 Mb) 

■ PostScript 

■ Weitek XL- 
6220 processor 

■ 3,500 pages 
per month 

■ Optional 2nd 
paper drawer 

■ Optional 
SCSI port 

■ Apple- 
talk RS-422, 
parallel, RS- 


NewGen 400P 

* 1,879 

Lease: $51/month 

1300 dpi 
19 pages/min. 
12 Mb RAM 

■ Adobe Post- 
Script Level 2 

■ Wettek RISC 

■ 5,000 pages 
per month 

■ Optional 2nd 
paper tray & cas¬ 
sette feeder are 
available for 
$250 (for both) 

■ SCSI port 
9 Appletalk 
and RS- 


(hnwrui .lOV 

.IiMV .Ufit.inci 

MtnnKV lenity 

: i -i J.! J 

■ 35 

ATM font ren¬ 
dering technol¬ 
ogy buiids raw 
type characters 
4 to 5 times 
faster enabling 
the Real Tech 
Laser to print 
complex docu¬ 
ments faster 
than other 
printers in its 
price range, 

RealTech Laser 

*1595 ««» 

MftcUstn, Sepi IW2. 
cop^ighierm m 
ComamKikiiions Co, 

Texas Instruments 
MicroLaser XL Turbo 


Lease: $77/month 

Texas Instruments 
MicroLaser Plus 


Lease: $34/rmnth 

■ 300 dpi 

■ 16 pages/mln, 

■ 2.5 Mb RAM 
(expandable to 
10.5 Mb) 

■ 300 dpi 

■ 9 pages/min, 

■ 1 5 Mb RAM 
(expandable to 
4,5 Mb) 

Lease: $44/month 

"The Real Tech features not just a gen¬ 
uine Adobe interpreter but also a 
PostScript Level 2 raster image proces¬ 
sor (RIP), which earns it more than a 
few pewits for forward compatibility ." 

— Publish Magazine , Feb. 1992 

■ Adobe Post¬ 
Script Level 2 

■ Weitek RISC 

■ 25,000 pages 
per month 

■ Optional 2nd 
paper drawer 

■ Optional 
SCSI port 

■ Appletalk 
and R5- 

■ Adobe Post¬ 
Script Level 1 

■ Motorola 
68000 processor 

■ 1 0,000 pages 
per month 

■ Optional 2nd 
paper drawer 
and envelope 

■ Optional 
SCSI port 

■ Appletalk 
and RS- 

The only 11x17 printer with 
Adobe PostScript Lewi 2 
for less than $3500. 

■ Choice oi 
300 or 400 dpi 

■ 15 ppm (let¬ 
ter size); 0 ppm 
(tabloid size) 

■ 4 Mb RAM 
(expandable to 
16 Mb) 

□ Real 


■ Adobe Post¬ 
Script Level 2 

■ Weitek RISC 
processor (and 
ATM font render 
ing technology) 

■ 30,000 pages 
per month 

■ Two paper 
trays included 
(one tray for fet¬ 
ter size; one tray 
tor tabloid size J 

■ SCSI port ■ 35 

Three ini erf ace ports. Appletalk 
RS-422, IBM PC parallel, and 

_ Texas 

■ o 


■ 17 
Available with 
35 resident 
fonts ($1349) 

feanne is thrilled that she can 
print proofs of her company 
newsletter on 
paper. No 


September 1992 

‘'...he forewarned: PostScript- 
done printers still have a long way 
to so before thev can rival true 

o before they can rival true 
he PostScript printers 


Quote from MacUser September 1992 
issue. H ppf«irv,it PostScript Primers" by 
Bruce Fraser. 

lease: 588/mo 

Laser 400 

QMS 860 

■ 600 dpi 

■ 3 ppm (letter 
size); 4.6 ppm 
(tabloid size) 

■ 12 Mb RAM 
(expandable to 32) 

■ Adobe Post- ■ 10,000 pages 

Script compatible per month 

■ Intel 8O960CA ■ Optional 2nd 

RISC processor paper cassette 

Three interface ports: Appletalk 
RS-422 , IBM PC parallel, and RS-232C 


Optional | 
■ 39 fonts 


Lease: 111 7/mo 

1-800-364-USER i -aodf#MAcs 





Applied Engineering* 



Add the power of a Quadra! 

Based on the same (68040) 
processor as the Quadra. 
TransWarp SE 

(40 MHz w/16-FPU).... . $959 

TransWarp LC (25 MHz). 459 

TransWarp LC (50 MHz)... 1059 
TransWarp LC . _ ^ 

(50 MHz w/50-FPU). 1319 

TransWarp 040 

(25 MHz). 1749 

Quicksilver. 189 

1.44 SuperPlus Drive. 279 

QuadraLink. 199 

PowerCache Accelerators 
Will make your Mac II, Ilex, llx, llci, LC 
or SE/30 run like a Quadra — but with¬ 
out Quadra's fast-mode compatibility 
problem. Guaranteed 100% compatible 
with all your utilities and applications. 

33 MHz Accelerator. . $529 

40 MHz Accelerator. . 739 

50 MHz Accelerator. . 1065 

ComboCache Card for llsi. . 209 

PowerMath Card for LC. . 109 

Equalizer Card for LC. 159 

FastCache for Quadra 700, 900 & 950 . 389 

PowerCache Adapter 

Provides space on your Mac Classic or 
SE to install up to 16 Mb of RAM. 

PowerCache Adapter. . $40 


TokaMac Accelerators 
TokaMac's 68040 accelerators provide 
high-speed performance for the Mac llci, 
llsi, and LC. The same processor used in 
the Quadras can increase performance 
up to 300% for graphics and multi-media 
programs...or up to 600% when you're 

TokaMac llci. .,. $1409 

TokaMac llsi. . 1409 

TokaMac LC. . 1075 


Quadra 700 Overdrive Accelerator 

Increases performance up to 32%. 
Quadra 700 Overdrive.... . $ 259 

Image Magic 

DSP board accelerates Adobe 
Photoshop filters by 200-964%. 

Image Magic NuBus. . $769 

Image Magic FX/PDS. 699 

Image Magic Quadra/PDS. 699 


Quick SCSI Accelerator 
A SCSI-2 NuBus host adapter; im¬ 
proves SCSI performance by up to 
500%. Partitioning allows a smal¬ 
ler capacity drive to be mirrored 
into a partition of a larger capacity 

drive. SCSI-1 compatible to work 
with your existing SCSI devices. 

Quick SCSI Accelerator. $339 


Rocket Accelerators 
For the Mac II family. The 25 MHz 
Rocket 25i is powered by a 
68LC040 processor. The 25 MHz 
Rocket and 33 MHz Rocket 33 are 
powered by a 68040 processor, 
which has an integrated math- 
coprocessor. All include: 8 SIMM 
slots for up to 128 Mb of DRAM; 
040 PDS slot; and QuickDraw and 
display-list acceleration software. 

Radius Rocket 25i. $1239 

Radius Rocket. . 1649 

Radius Rocket 33. 2069 


^ Asante 10T Hub/8 
^4 (Ethernet 

Lets you use inexpensive 
unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) 
telephone wire instead of expensive 
coaxial cable for local area networks. 

lOBase-T Hub/8. . $265 

Asante EN/SC (SCSI-to-Ethernet adapter). 

For Macs without available slots. 

EN/SC. $339 

Asante MacCon 3 Ethernet card. Auto¬ 
matically configures to media used. 
MacCon 3 Card. . $216 

TechWorks GraceLAN 
Update Manager 

The most advanced tool available 
for updating/installing software 
on your network. 


|for 50 Users. $285 

100s more networking products 
waitable! (There's not enough 
room to show them all In this ad.) 

DaynaPORT E/ll-T 
NuBus Card 

Connects Mac II computers to 
thick , thin , fiberoptic or 1 OBase- 
T Ethernet cable systems. 
Includes an RJ-45 jack for 
lOBase-T wiring. 

DaynaPORT E/ll-T ^ 

NuBus Card. $149 

DaynaPort E/Z. Ideal for Macs 
that don't have a slot for a 
network interface card. 
DaynaPORT E/Z. $269 


Dayna EtherPrint 

Supports AppleTalk Phase 1 
and Phase 2 protocols; divide 
your network into multiple 

Dayna EtherPrint..... . $335 

Dayna EtherPrint Plus. 439 


CatorBox CS is the 
most advanced 
gateway available... 
connects an entire 
LocalTalk network 
to Ethernet. 

The only gateway 
that can be 
upgraded to a file-sharing and 
UNIX-AppleTalk printer sharing 
gateway. Two-year warranty. 

GatorBox CS. . $2029 


PhoneNet Liaison Software Router $279 

Ether 10-T Starlet (9-port) . 279 

EtherMac Cards(Mac U/LC/SE)...219 
EtherMac Card (Si and SE/30) ...259 

Timbuktu 4.02 . 139 

PhoneNet Star Controller 

(stand-alone hub) . 1099 

(24-port) . 1389 

PhoneNet Star EN (12-port) . 1369 

PhoneNet Card (LocalTalk) . 219 

PhoneNet Connector Din-8 (10). 199 
PhoneNet Repeater . 369 

FastPath SR Router/Gateway ..$1669 

EtherGate Router . 

Net Serial . 

. 1239 

. 269 

NetModem/E . 

. 1409 

NetModem V2400 (tor Locatralk)329 

NetModem v.32 (for LocalTalk). ..989 

Hublet . 

. 229 

LanRover/L . 

. 579 

LanRover/E (4-port) . 

. 1659 

TeleBridge . 

. 399 

If you don't know which net¬ 
working product will work with 
your particular setup, give us a 
call. We can help! Clockwise 
from bottom: Daria, Jon, Michael, 
Chuck, fames, Ed (a few members 
of our friendly sales team). 

Netwoiidng solutions 

[J] Kodak 
Diconix 180si 

Thermal inkjet print¬ 
er can print continu¬ 
ous copies for up to 
50 minutes. Self- 
contained ink supply 
is easy to replace, 
Kodak Printer,.,., 5379 

(w/Mac kit) 

Powerful, practical, 
portable solutions 
for people on the go, 

The PowerBook Duo 210 and PowerBook Duo 
230 each transform into a desktop computer 
by using the optional Duo Dock , Each 
PowerBook Duo 2W or 230 includes: 

■ 640 x 400 Supertwist liquid crystal display 
with 16 grayscale levels 

■ 4 Mb of RAM, expandable to 24 Mb 

■ Ever Watch Battery Saver technology 

■ Optional internal modem 

33 MHz 68030 FPU, 
Active matrix display. 
80 Mb hard drive, 
PowerBook Duo 
1 BO with 4/1 20. J 

25 MHz 68030, Super¬ 
twist display, 40 Mb hard 

PowerBook Duo 

160 with 4/80... $2789 

PowerBook Duo _ . 

160 with 4/120.. 3149 

Each includes; 4 Mb of RAM, expandable to 14 Mb; display with 
16 grayscale levels; 1.4 Mb floppy disk drive. 

25 MHz 6S03Q micro¬ 
processor. 80 Mb 
hard drive. 

All Power Books listed 
here are equipped with 
a 19mm trackball. 

33 MHz 68030 
microprocessor. FPU, 
80 Mb hard drive. 

PowerBook Duo _. 

230 with 4/120.... $2969 

as a portable and as 
your desktop computer. 

$ /MQ H PowerBook 
H_I7 Full-Page 
Wimammm Display 

Supra 2400 MacPac. 

Supra v.32 brs.. 

MassMicro FM 24/96 Network.. 
MassMicro FM 24/96 Personal 
Global Village Tele Port- Gold... 
Global Village TelePort -Silver... 
Global Village Tele Port- Bronze 

Zoom Modems 

9600 bps send/receive fax with a Hayes- 
compatible 2400 bps modem. V.42bis/MNP5 
data compression provides high-speed fax and 
data capability. Group III hhmk 
compatible. IT flUBII 1188 J 

Zoom 2400. $75 

Zoom FX 96/24v. 149 1 ® .j 

Zoom 9600 

v32/42 bis . .. 259 ■ 

Flicker-free 15" Rea I Tech portrait display 
has 870 x 640 resolution, 80 dpi. Vertical 
refresh rate of 75 Hz. Flat CRT; anti-glare 
screen. Compatible with PowerBooks 160, 
180, Duo Dock and Mini Dock. 

PowerBook Modems 

Global Village 

PowerPort- Cold ...... . $ 

Global Village 

Po werPort-5// ver.. 

Global Village 


PSI Integration... 

PSI 10/42.. 

MassMicro FM 24/96 PB .... 

Solectek Pocket Fax..... 

Zoom Pocket Modem. 




Newer Technologies 

Ultra-low power DRAM 
design ensures long 
battery life. 

PowerBook 160/180 

6 Mb Upgrade. $279 

8 Mb Upgrade. ...189 

10 Mb Upgrade. , A79 

PowerBook 210/230 

4 Mb Upgrade... . 1259 

8 Mb Upgrade . 559 

16 Mb Upgrade. 2249 

PowerBook 1 
Carrying Cases 

Case G is made of genuine leather; Cases 
H and I are constructed of 1000 denier 
cordura nylon fabric and high-density 
foam, for maximum computer protection. 

Leather Allache (G1... . 5 13 

SuperBrief Double-sided Carryall (H) 7 

Companion Case (I)... ..... 5 

Auto Power Adapter.., 
Charger/Recond itioner 
Auxiliary Power Pack,. 
Radius PowerView ...... 

PowerBook Battery.. 

lease: $67/month 

Lease: $U3fmonth 


modems — 
navy to install, 
easy to use. 

Lease: $12fmonth 



FAX: 1-409-539-4141 Call: 1-409-760-2400 

Toll-free tech support: 






nil & 210 M*$$Mlcro Ate«M/rm 

Diamond Drives 88 Mb Syqucsl Drive p wf# y e D;, mo ,„| [},j ve 

MassMtcfo MassMicro 

2\ Mb Floplipak Drive HitchHiker 
80 Drive 

Storage: 21-212 Mb 

21 Mb 

Floptical Drive 
and Syquest 

(shown above) 

We test alt our systems before 
shipping them to you. (We even 
balance the SCSI bus.) 


T20Mb Internal/External Drives... $359/449 
170 Mb Intern a (/External Drives ,...399/489 
212 Mb Intern a I/Ex ternai Drives.... 589/679 


21 Mb Infinity Floptical Drive. $.359 

21 Mb Infinity Flop. (Int-for Quadra) ....329 

44 Mb Turbo Drive..... 549 

88 Mb Turbo Drive... 629 

128 Mb 3.5” Magneto-Optical Drive... 7559 


ELS 127 Mb Internal/External... $36^59 

ELS 170 Mb Externa l/Extemal . 419/509 


21 Mb Floptipak Drive......... ..$459 

45 Mb DataPak 

Removable Cartridge Drive...... 549 

88 Mb DataPak Removable 

Cartridge Drive..... 659 

128 Mb 3.5“ DataPak 

Magneto-Optical Drive.. 1559 

120 Mb DEamondDrtve ...... 589 

210 Mb DiamondDrive .. .729 

120 Mb Diamond Drive-1" Portable. 499 

210 Mb Diamond Drive-2" Portable. 679 

HitchHi ker 80..... 679 

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Network Rendering Software 

depend on the complexity of the im¬ 
age, the program occupies 200K of 
the slave’s RAM, even when inactive* 
RenderPro has the largest require¬ 
ments, demanding 4 megabytes of 
RAM to run on the master and 3 mega¬ 
bytes of RAM to run on each slave. 
RenderPro itself occupies 32QK on 
each slave and swallows up 512K on 
the master. 

Mastering Your Slaves 

Although all three products achieve 
the same end, they each do so differ¬ 
ently , offering unique options along 
the way. DreamNet and RenderPro, 
for example, allow a master or a slave 
machine to render in the background, 
leaving the Mac free for other uses as 
it renders* The slave CPU’s process- 
ing time can be divvied up so that you 
can continue to work on any slave in 
any application — memory permit¬ 
ting — and still dedicate a percentage 
of its processing time to a background 
renderi ng job. 

To take full advantage of 
the power of network 
rendering, we recommend that 
you use fast Macs on an 
Ethernet network. Network 
transmission and 
communication on LocalTatk 
can deprive you of 
your distributed gains. 

To test how this background-pro¬ 
cessing feature affects a slave’s per¬ 
formance, we performed a find-and- 
replace operation on a WriteNow text 
file while rendering with DreamNet 
and RenderPro (BackBumer doesn’t 
provide background processing). 
When we specified that the rendering 
task be given 50 percent of the slave’s 
processing power, both the fmd-and- 
replace chore and the background ren¬ 
dering proceeded without a hitch, but 
the speed of the rendering and the 
find-and-replace task slowed by about 
50 percent. 

To test the accuracy of the settings 
that let you designate die amount of 
processing power to be shared, we 
copied a 5-megabyte file between two 
of the slave machines at different set¬ 
tings. We found RenderPro’s settings 
to be more accurate than DreamNet’s* 
We also tried to recalculate a complex 
Excel spreadsheet on a slave machine 
that was busy rendering. BackBumer 
worked without a hitch during the 

Figure 1:1 Mac + 1 Mac = 1 Superfast Mac 

as master and four Quadra 



l Figure 1; Rendering a 
complex 3-D Image takes a 
1 long time, even if you use a 
^ high-speed Mac. Combin¬ 
ing the power of multiple 
Macs speeds things up 
considerably* Using our 
test networ ik, whlc h 
consistedof a Quadra 900 


3 200 % 

700s as slaves, we timed 
how long it took to render 
a complex image on one, 
two, three, and five 
Quadras* Wethen 
compared this speed with 
the theoretical, ideal speed 
thatwoutd be achieved if 
there were no network or 

commun icat ions dela y s* 
{For example, if one Mac 
took 10 minutes to render 
an image, two Macs would 
ideally takeS minutes to 
render the same image.) 
Speculars BackBumer 
came c l o sest to th e idea l, 
offering the greatest 
overall speed increases 
with the addition of more 

1 2 
Number of Quadras 

-•— Ideal speed 

-•—BackBumer 1*0 

• RenderPro 1.0! 
—•— DreamNet 1.02 

146 January 1993 MacUser 

Whydolneedafaxmodem? That’s exactly what I thought! As 
a graphic designer at Supra, my job is to design great-looking stuff, 

not to use our products. Sol 

was skeptical — and 
downright reluctant—when 
my boss told me to start using a SupraFAXModem. 

But I tried it. And Hove it! Here’s why... 

SAVES TIME. Now I h ave extra time 
because I don’t wait in line at the fax machine 
anymore — in fact, I don’t even leave my desk! I 
simply use the Chooser to select the modem (instead of a 
printer), "print’’ an open file, 
and tell the modem where to 
send it It only takes a minute! 

SAVES MONEY. Besides the money we save 
because I’m designing 
instead of "chasing paper,’’ 

I save a lot by using the 
SupraFAXModem’s data 
capabilities. It’s usually less expensive to 
transfer a fde using my modem than to 
use an overnight delivery service. And 
because SupraFAXModems 
feature V42bis data 
compression, my files 
transfer up to 4 times 
faster—which means 
lower long-distance charges! 

It has also saved me when 

I’ve forgotten 
important files at 
work, because I can 

easily call our network and retrieve 

them using AppleTalk Remote Access. 
Circle 90 oh reader service card. 

Supra Corporation 

1 - 800 - 944-8772 

EASY TO USE. Not being particularly technical, I was a little 
intimidated when my boss dropped the modem on my desk and said 
“Go for it,” But getting started was easy. The SupraFAXModem for 
Macs has everything I need in the box — FAXstf™ 
and Microphone™ 1.6software,cables,and 
manuals—so I dove in. A great little 16-page 

manual walked me through installing the modem 
(which went really fast), sending and receiving my 
first faxes, and transferring data files. The software 
was easy to use, worked great with my Mac, and did 
everything I wanted it to. Before I knew it, I was using a fax 

GREAT FAX QUALITY. As a graphic designer, I care 
about how things look. That’s why I was 
I saw how dear die faxes I send 
look when they reach 
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I’m sending a 
memo, or a 
proof page, the 
Modem faxes a near laser 
quality, perfect page. 

PLANET. And to top it all 
off, my SupraFAXModem 
Modem lets me avoid extra 
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I strongly recommend that all VI fl 
Macintosh owners consider the benefits of using 

a SupraFAXModem. 

Ato. Featuring 

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Supra Graphic Designer 


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All trademarks belong lo Iheir respective companies. 7101 Supra Drive SW, Albany, OR 97321 USA' Fax; 503-967-2401 * 503-967-2410 

Network Rendering Software 

recalculation, but we couldn’t even 
open the spreadsheet test file when 
either DreamNet or RenderPro was at 
work: each program required more 
memory than was installed. 

Crash Landings 

Finally, we intentionally crashed 
slaves during the network rendering 
process to see how well each product 
could recover. DreamNet fared the 
worst, as it does not provide any crash 
recovery. RenderPro and BackBumer 
both offer crash recovery, although 
only BackBumer handles such events 
with flair — and with status messages 
that let you know which slaves have 
disconnected. BackBumer also auto¬ 
matically reconnects a restarted slave 
and puts it back to work, reporting on 
its status along the way, 

BackBumer goes the extra mile; it 
is the only product that can recover 
even when the master machine 
crashes. BackBumer’s master machine 
saves a render-in-progress to its hard 
disk. If the master machine crashes 
and you restart it, the BackBumer ren¬ 
der can continue from where it left 

off. On the other hand, if the master 
Mac that’s handling a DreamNet or 
RenderPro network rendering session 
crashes, you lose all the work that’s 
been done up to that point — even if 

We intentionally crashed 
both master and slave 
machines to see 
how well each product 
recovered. Only BackBumer 
could recover when the 
master crashed. 

the master and its slaves have been 
churning away for an hour or more. 

A product as feature-laden as 
Specular’s BackBumer requires a lot 
more explanation than the other prod¬ 
ucts. Although BackBumer’s docu¬ 
mentation is thorough, it isn’t as el¬ 
egantly written or as well thought out 
as the application itself. The manual 
provides a conceptual overview of the 
product and an explanation of the fea¬ 
tures, but it isn’t particularly well or¬ 
ganized and has a poor index. 

DreamNet’s documentation comes 
in a small booklet that clearly de¬ 
scribes the concept of network ren¬ 
dering. Because DreamNet is simply 
a System 7 extension and not a full 
application, the booklet’s few pages 
are sufficient. The booklet also ex¬ 
plains the simple procedure of select¬ 
ing multiple Macs for a render and of 
saving the selected Macs as a named 

The RenderPro documentation 
gives a good explanation of the 
program’s scheduling feature, net¬ 
work-zone selection, and machine 

' The Bottom Line 

A network Tenderer can harness the power of all the Macs on 
your network to accomplish complex 3-D rendering in a fraction of 
the time it would take on a single Mac. Choosing the right network 
Tenderer for your needs is simple: If you already own 3-D model¬ 
ing software, buy the companion network Tenderer. All three of the 
network Tenderers we tested for this month's report can reduce 
rendering time dramatically. (If you’re looking for the right model¬ 
ing software, see The Third Dimension.” September ’92. page 

Of the three products we reviewed, we found Specular’s 
BackBumer (first two nodes, $395; additional node, $295; 
three-node pack, $695) the most elegantly designed. Its excel¬ 
lent speed is helped by the intelligent transfer of texture maps 
across the network. Fast speed combined with excellent on¬ 
line status information are but two fine features of a product 
that’s very well thought out. 

Strata's RenderPro (three-node pack, $695; ten-node pack, 
$1,495) offers an excellent speed increase and a unique schedul¬ 
ing system that lets users give up their machine at predesignated 

Ray Dream’s DreamNet ($50 per node) offers a good 
Chooser-like interface for administering the slaves plus a sub¬ 
stantial speed increase, although less than that of the other 
products. But quickly rendered images aren’t the only attractive 
thing about DreamNet: At $50 per user, it’s the hands-down 
best buy among network Tenderers. 

You’ll see a dramatic improvement in rendering speed 
with one of these three network Tenderers (from left to 
right): Ray Dream’s DreamNet, Specular International’s 
BackBumer, and Strata’s RenderPro. 

148 January 1993 MacUser 

Sharing files between PCs and Macs is no longer a luxury, it is a 
necessity. But it doesn’t have to be a foreign concept* 

Lots of products on the market claim to solve your problems of sharing 
files across platforms, but lake a careful look before you buy. 
Some, such as disk mounting utilities only give you a 
partial solution; and when your file appears on screen, 
you get a big surprise. You can’t read a word of it - not 
your text, not your formatting - it looks like garbage. 

You see, transferring your files only gels half the job 
done. What you need to finish the job is translation. 

W hat good is it to simply transfer a file from a PC if you 
can’t decipher it once it hits your Mac? 

M ac Li nk PI us from DataM z is the total solution for both file transfer 
and translation. 


It’s been on the market since 1984 and has led the way in bridging the 
gap between PCs and Macs. With over 600 translation combinations for the 
most popular word processing, spreadsheet, database and graphics 
applications, you’ll find it the strongest translation product with the widest 
breadth of translation possibilities anywhere! 

MacIinkPlus is the solution to virtually any problem you may 
encounter in moving files between PCs and Macs, And being able to read 
them - with their formatting intact - once they get there. 

For more information, call DataViz today at (800) 733-0030. And be sure 
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IVtacLink Plus - Freedom To Use The Fite You Choose 

All product names are irademarks or registered trademarks of iheir respective holders. DataViz, Inc. 55 Corporate Drive, Trumbull, CT 06611 (205) 268-0030 

Circle 172 on reader service card. 

Network Rendering Software 

For those hampered by seemingly 
endless rendering sessions who want 
to increase their productivity. Spec¬ 
ular’s BackBurner, Ray Dream's 
DreamNet, and Strata's RenderPro 
each represent an excellent network 
rendering solution- The increase in 
speed depends on the number of Macs 
available, the horsepower of each Mac, 

and whether those Macs are networked 
via LocalTalk or via Ethernet. 

These three network Tenderers have 
pioneered Mac distributed processing, 
a technique that is sure to affect how 
all computationally intensive tasks are 
performed. Imagine a day in your fu¬ 
ture when each Macintosh on your 
network, working at its own pace, will 

selflessly contribute to the common 
good. This is not a naive computer 
socialist's rosy picture of the future 
but the altogether reachable goal of 
distributed processing—and network 
Tenderers got there first. 

Stefan B. Upson is a MacUser associate editor. Sean 
Safreed is a MaeUser Lairs technician. 

Table 1: Features of Network Rendering Software 

• = ¥0S 

BackBurner 1J 

DreamNet 1.02 

RenderPro 1.01 

= 110 




List price 

first two nodes. $395 

$50 per node 

three-node pack, $695 

additional node. S295 
three-node pack. S695 

ten-node pack, $1,495 


Easy installation. Excellent 

Low price. Easy installation. 

Excellent speed. User- 

speed. Low memory 

Very good speed. Storable 

definable scheduling. 

requirement Elegant master 
and slave crash recovery. 

network configurations. 

Slave crash recovery. 


Cannot operate in the 

Poor memory management. 

Convoluted installation 


Wo crash recovery. 

procedure. High memory 

Associated modeling software 

JnfinhD 2.0 

Ray Dream Designer 

St rata Vi sion 3d 

RAM requirements 


2 MB 

3.58 MB 

4 MB 


2 MB 


3 MB 


Image queuing 




CPU-eycle allocation 




Password security 






Crash recovery 









Specular International 

Ray Dream. Inc, 

Strata, Inc. 

233 N. Pleasant St. 

1804 N. Shoreline Blvd. 

2 W. St. George Blvd. 

P.0. Sox 880 

Mountain View, CA 94043 

Ancestor Square, Ste. 2100 

Amherst, MA01004 


St. George, UT 84770 


415-960-1198 (fax) 


413-549-1531 (fax) 

801-628-9756 (fax) 

Table 1 Criteria 

Associated modeling software — The name of the software, 
from the same company, that is used to create the 3-D model 
for rendering. Network Tenderers work oniy with images cre¬ 
ated in the associated modeling software. 

RAM requirements — The space the application needs for 
rendering on the master or the slave machine, in megabytes, 
image queuing — Can a list of files be designated for render¬ 
ing in succession? 

CPU-cycle allocation — Is the slave able to designate the 

percentage of CPU cycles it will use when processing a 
network rendering in the background? 

Password security —Can access to a rendering slave be 
limited by a password? 

Scheduling — Can a slave's avaliability be defined by a 
rendering calendar or schedule? 

Crash recovery — Can a master or slave reconnect and 
continue a rendering job that has been interrupted by a system 

150 January 1993 MacUser 

Accelerate SCSI 

into the fast lane. 

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flash ROM enables 
quick at id easy updates 
through software 

J2SK adaptin' static 
RAM HammerCachc 

accelerates disks 
to RAM speed 

Advanced NCR 53CT20 
RISC-based SCSI 
processor allows 
transfen up to 20 MBf&ec 






Powerful 77" 
chipset enables 
bus master 
control and 
DMA block 
mode transfers 

I ’ll is is how you get ahead ui the office. Especially if you've 
got a network file server. Or do professional-level color prepress. 
Or any other kind of disk “in tensive work. 

You simply get the SCSI jaekl lammer*—a RISC-based, 
40 MHz NuBus™ SCSI-2 accelerator board that elevates the 
performance of any standard Macintosh® SCSI-1 drive to 
unheard-of speeds. Even on a Quadra®, Wharfs more, there's a 
path to exploit not only today’s Fast SCSI-2 drives, but the Wide 
SCSI-2 drives that will be available soon. 

How fast is fast? FileMaker* saves in a third the time ii 
takes on the current fastest hardware. Photoshop 1 * rotates'40% 
faster. And 4th Dimension* exports twice as quickly. 

The jaekl him j tier achieves these blazing speeds by freeing 
the CPU ham having to oversee the drive's I/O operations. 
Which means that your Mae can focus its CPU power on what ii 
does best: processing. Not only that, the Jack! humncr gives you 
all this at a very affordable price—and one that's even more 
affordable when you purchase it with an FWB drive. 

The SCSI Jaekl la miner. Its the fast lane to success. 

y 6S-pitu 16-bit wide 
3 / SCSI-2 connector 
w includes a 
adapter cable for 
connecting any 
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six-layer circuit 
board with surface, 
mount components, 
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The SCSI Jackl Jammer 
is (tradable e.vctusirety 
nt authorized Hammer 
den levs worldwide* 
lor more information 
and the name of the 
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nearest you, call FIVE at 
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lts at ft 15) 77 5-2125. 


I incorporated 


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Circle 84 on reader service carp. 

■ Word Processing 

Can You Read This? 

OCR Software 

There’s hope for the hunt- 
and-peck crowd. We look 
at eight OCR packages 
that help you input reams 
of documents without 
hiring a temp. 

BY ELISA M. WELCH ■■ f your job requires you to manage a 

lot of information, you’ve got a prob¬ 
lem: Although some information 
comes in neat little electronic packets, 
ready to click and drag, most arrives 
in messy printed form. Your desk is 
probably teeming with dog-eared 
laser-printed copies from the sales de¬ 
partment, blurry faxes from associ¬ 
ates on the road, and even dot-matrix- 
printed letters from customers. If you 
want to get all this information into 
your Mac, someone — you or (if 
you’re lucky) your assistant — has to 
retype the sometimes-lengthy docu¬ 
ments. It’s a tough job, but someone’s 
got to do it — maybe. 

You may have considered using a 
scanner to input those documents. 
However, scanning any document pro¬ 
duces a bit map — a pixel-by-pixel 
representation of the overall image in 

152 January 1993 MacUser 


OCR Software 

Table 1: Plug It In 

• = yes 

AccuText 3.0 

OmniPage 3.0 



Read-It! 3.0.1 

TextPert 3.7 

WordScan 1.0 


= no 

Direct 1.0 

Professional 2.1 

Plus 1.01 






































Complete PC 










































Lightning Scan 














































Table 1: Need to know which OCR programs work with the flatbed scanner you already own? Here’s a list of popular scanner 
brands supported by the software we tested. For information about specific scanner models, contact the OCR company 
(addresses and phone numbers can be found in Table 2 at the end of this article) or your scanner’s manufacturer. 

the computer’s language of Is and Os. 
A bit map is perfect if what you want 
to do is manipulate an image with 
your favorite painting application or 
image-editing software. But if you 
want to edit or access data, you won’t 
be able to, because a word-processing 
or spreadsheet application doesn’t 
speak bit-map-ese. Instead, it defines 
letters and numbers by using a code 
called ASCII (American Standard 
Code for Information Interchange). 
When you’re editing a letter in Mi¬ 
crosoft Word or refining your latest 
financial projections in Excel, you’re 
manipulating ASCII-coded letters and 
numbers, not just pushing pixels. 

To turn scanned text into an editable 
document, you need a translation ap¬ 
plication that uses a technology called 

OCR (optical character recognition). 
Numerous OCR-software products are 
available for the Mac as well as for 
other computer platforms. Some come 
bundled with inexpensive hand-held 
scanners, and others are incorporated 
into expensive OCR-dedicated work¬ 
stations. If you’re like most Mac us¬ 
ers, you’re somewhere in between: 
You’ve already equipped your office 
with an assortment of Macs and busi¬ 
ness software, and you either have or 
are ready to buy a flatbed scanner. 
Table 1 lists several popular scanners 
and which of the tested OCR pro¬ 
grams support them. Table 2, at the 
conclusion of this article, provides de¬ 
tails about the memory and system- 
software requirements of each of these 
OCR programs. 

We tested eight stand-alone OCR- 
software packages for the Mac, rang¬ 
ing in price from Calera’s WordScan 
1.0, at $295, to Caere’s OmniPage 
Professional 2.1 and Xerox’s Accu- 
Text 3.0, at $995. The other programs 
we evaluated were OmniPage 3.0 and 
OmniPage Direct 1.0, from Caere; 
Read-It! 3.0.1, from Olduvai; TextPert 
3.7, from CTA; and WordScan Plus 
1.01, from Calera. We tried to run 
OCR Systems’ ReadRight 1.0, but it 
consistently locked up our testing plat¬ 
form (see the “How We Tested’’ side- 
bar for a description of our setup). 
OCR Systems’ technical-support de¬ 
partment was unable to resolve the 
problem. Another package, Exper- 
Vision’s TypeReader, was not released 
in time to be included in our extensive 

154 January 1993 MacUser 

lab testing, but the December '92 re¬ 
view (page 81) found it to be quite 

What Do You Expect? 

If a document is difficult for you to 
read, it will be even more of a chal¬ 
lenge for your OCR software to deci¬ 
pher. (For an explanation of how OCR 
works, see the “Translation, Please' 1 
sidebar.) Here's a suggestion: When 
deciding whether to type a document 
manually or to scan it and use OCR to 
recognize it, subtract several reading 
levels from your own. You’ve been 
reading for most of your life, after all. 
You've learned to interpret characters 
and words in a variety of type styles 
and sizes — you can even read hand¬ 
writing. If pan of a sentence has been 
crossed out and rewritten, you can 
follow the correction. If a word is 
misspelled, you can probably figure 
out what was intended, by making a 
short mental leap. 

Such flexibility is a giant step for 
OCR, which has been available for 
the Mac only since 1988, when Caere 
shipped its first version of OmniPage. 
An OCR program must first break up 
the bit map into chunks that look like 
letters and then compare the chunks 
with its internal bit-map database of 
letters, decide on the best-choice 
match, and piece the letters together 
into words. You can immediately rec¬ 
ognize a word such as Macintosh, and 
you may get a mental picture of your 
computer when you see the word. But 
an OCR program has to scrutinize 
each and every shape to identify the 
letters, and even after it’s done this, it 
still has no concept of what a Macin¬ 
tosh is. That's why it might guess 
Macintosh, for example. 

But before you abandon OCR soft¬ 
ware as the electronic equivalent of a 
preschooler, think again. Many of 
these programs do a reasonable job of 
interpreting printed text, and they don’t 
get bored reading the same tired 
phrases over and over. With the right 
documents, the right OCR software, 
the right scanner, and a little practice, 
you can gain a lot of productivity. 

(Mostly) Easy Installation 

All the OCR programs we tested 
assume that a flatbed scanner is al¬ 
ready a part of your computer system. 
Some of these programs can use your 
scanner’s existing driver, the software 
that enables your computer to com¬ 
municate with your scanner. If you've 
already installed a scanner, its driver 
most likely resides in your Mac’s Sys¬ 
tem Folder. Other OCR programs 
come with their own scanner drivers, 
and you install these drivers along 
with the OCR software. 

OmniPage Direct is the easiest to 
install: It's contained on a single high- 

How We Tested 

ZD Labs, the testing facility that pro¬ 
vides some of the data used by MacUser 
and other Ziff-Davis publications, per¬ 
formed the OCR tests for this article. 
The objective was not only to identify 
the best OCR package but also to find 
out what kinds of documents could be 
recognized acceptably by the software 

Our hardware consisted of a familiar 
office configuration: a Macintosh I lei with 
8 megabytes of RAM and a 200-mega¬ 
byte Internal hard drive connected to a 
monochrome full-page display. We ran 
System 7.01 In 32-bit mode with virtual 
memory switched off. 

To scan our test pages, we used a 
popular scanner, a Hewlett-Packard 
ScanJet flc with an automatic document 
feeder. The scanner's buitt-in AccuPage 
capability provides two advantages: dy¬ 
namic thresholding, which automatically 
adjusts the brightness level, enabling it 
to distinguish text from a shaded back¬ 
ground. and automatic recognition of 
page composition such as columns and 

We tested documents commonly 
found in business environments, begin¬ 
ning with a two-page business letter 
printed on letterhead with a logo. The 
letter contained 586 words (3,223 char¬ 
acters) and included some difficult let¬ 
ter combinations (m, 8B t 5S, //); italic, 
bold, and underlined words; and a small 

Because so many offices communi¬ 
cate by fax, we tested a 12-point Times 
version of the letter in three fax configu¬ 
rations: one sent from a fax machine in 
high-resolution mode and received by a 
fax modem, another sent from a fax 
machine in high-resolution mode and 

density floppy disk and, when in¬ 
stalled, appears as an item on the Apple 
menu, so you can access it from within 
an open word-processing or spread¬ 
sheet application. OmniPage Profes¬ 
sional comes on two high-density 
disks. You need to be sure your Mac 
is equipped with a SuperDrive to in¬ 
stall either of these programs. All the 
others are installed from double-den¬ 
sity disks. 

WordScan comes on six disks, and 
WordScan Plus is installed from four. 
Either program appears in a folder 
called Calera Folder on your hard disk, 
and each comes with its own scanner 

received by a fax machine, and a third 
sent by a fax machine in normal mode 
and received by a fax machine. 

We also tested an assortment of other 
business documents: an Excel spread¬ 
sheet, to determine whether the recog¬ 
nized data could be exported usefully 
into a spreadsheet; a waterfall of letters 
and numbers in sizes ranging from 6 to 
36 points; a complex invoice with a 
shaded background and difficult alpha¬ 
numeric codes; and a multicolumn table 
from MacUser 

To correct for any irregularities, we 
performed three recognitions for each 
document with each OCR program 
Wherever possible, documents were 
loaded with the automatic document 
feeder: the remaining documents were 
placed directly on Ihe scanner bed. 

We divided errors into three catego¬ 
ries: characters the OCR software ad¬ 
mits it cannot recognize (shown as a 
tilde or a bullet), incorrectly interpreted 
characters, and the omission or inser¬ 
tion of spaces. The sum of these errors 
constituted the error count for accuracy 

We ran a series of tests with the 
same document scanned at 400 and 
300 dpi For smaller characters (6 to 12 
points), some OCR programs showed 
greater accuracy at the higher resolu¬ 
tion; for larger characters (larger than 
30 points), however, accuracy suffered 
at Ihe higher resolution. We concluded 
that letters scanned at higher resolution 
are interpreted as larger letters by the 
OCR engines; hence a program that 
recognizes sizes between 8 and 36 
points at 300 dpi may recognize sizes 
between 6 and 30 points at 400 dpi. 

— Mark Jonikas 

MacUser January 1993 155 

Hill OCR Software 

Setup til in do tu - Untitled (0 pages) 

' Read ing F or 

lil Te "' °"'*i 

Page Orientation 

Da 00 El 


Type Quality 


I mate Source 



iOllllllUllllllOl 50% 

Darken Lighten 

Start Processing 


II c 


Figure 1: The Setup 
Window in WordScan 
Plus offers a variety of 
input choices, including 
four page-orientation 
options. However, when 
we selected the second 
^called Landscape — 
the preview showed us 
the fourth — called 

300 DPI. 

ia ^Ezznzinm 

12 1600 


Id.; WMMMZmm 

Lighten Normal Darken 

□ Ruto Background 
Scan Size 

Horizontal: 8.64 in. 

Vertical: 14.00 in. 

Ruailable Memory: 2238 K. 
Selected size: 1343 K. 

[ Cancel ) (Preuieiu] [[ Scan j 

Figure 2: Read4t!"s preview scan doesn't provide enough detail on-screen for you 
to decide whether the scan will be readable. 

driver. When we used WordScan Plus* 
Easy Install option, it failed to install 
the driver. We had to locate the scan¬ 
ner driver (on disk 4) and manually 
drag it into the System Extensions 

The AccuText package has seven 
disks, but four provide an assortment 
of foreign-language dictionaries; if 
you're working in English, you need 

copy Files from only three disks. 
TextPert and its scanner driver are 
installed from three or four floppy 
disks, depending on the configuration 
of your scanner. 

A Look at the Books 

Many Mac users are loath to look at 
product manuals, but you need to do 
some reading to make the most of 

these OCR packages. At first glance, 
TextPert* s documentation looks like 
a nice idea: The manual and the pro¬ 
gram disks are in an attractive three- 
ring binder: however, the odd shape 
of the rings makes it difficult to turn 
pages. The “Getting Started 1 ' section 
features a quaint entry-level tutorial 
on using the mouse and menus but has 
no information on installing the soft¬ 
ware. (Reportedly this information is 
provided in a separate Installation 
Guide , but the guide was not in any of 
the three sets of software we received.) 
The manual also contains some basic 
errors, such as referring to the Mac's 
Command key as the Control key. 

Read-Id's manual includes a step- 
by-step tutorial to get you started. But 
some of its in-depth instructions are 
more confusing than helpful. For ex¬ 
ample, the Recognize & Learn Confi¬ 
dence Level setting is discussed in 
numerous places: Sometimes the 
manual indicates that a lower confi¬ 
dence level makes Read-It! “screen 
entries more critically"; at other times, 
a higher confidence level is said to do 
this. In reality, the higher the confi¬ 
dence level, the more often Read-It! 
prompts you to check its choices; at 
the lowest confidence level. Read-It! 
chooses without consulting you. 

AccuText has the thickest manual, 
and you'll need to refer to it frequently 
to find your way around in this appli¬ 
cation. The documentation contains 
detailed information on setup, scan¬ 
ner settings, advanced features, and 
error messages. There's also a tear- 
out reference card at the back of the 

WordScan and WordScan Plus are 
both covered in a single manual, with 
separate chapters entitled “Getting 
Started" and “Additional Features" for 
each program. The manual includes 
plenty of illustrations of the programs' 
dialog boxes and menus, but having 
two programs covered in one manual 
is confusing. 

The OmniPage and OmniPage Pro¬ 
fessional manuals are well written, 
well illustrated, and well organized, 
offering various levels of detail to suit 

1S6 January 1993 Macllser 

individual users. OmniPage Direct 
comes with a succinct, well-organized 
manual. Because the program imports 
recognized text right into your open 
application, you may not need to refer 
to the manual very often. 

Ease of Use 

All the programs provide a preview 
scan that lets you check for basic prob- 
lems such as an upside-down page. 
WordScan and WordScan Plus allow 
you to adjust the page orientation in 
the programs 7 Setup Window instead 
of making you reset the page in the 
scanner. However, we did notice that 
the programs 7 landscape-orientation 
settings were reversed: If you select 
the second page-orientation option, 
your page will appear as if you had 
selected the fourth option (see Figure 
1), Read-It's preview scan doesn’t 
provide enough detail to tell you 
whether the scan will be usable (see 
Figure 2). 

WordScan’s initial recognition stage 
is fairly straightforward: In the Setup 
Window, click on the Automatic but¬ 
ton under Start Processing, Once the 
text has been recognized, however, 
you must select Verifier, on the Op¬ 
tions menu, to see the text. WordScan 
does a better job of retaining the 
document’s format than any of the 
other programs, but its Verifier win¬ 
dow isn’t the best. 

OmniPage Direct is the easiest to 
use. Simply open a window in your 
target application — in a Microsoft 
Word file, for example — and posi¬ 
tion your cursor where you want the 
recognized text to appear. Then ac¬ 
cess OmniPage Direct from the Apple 
menu and click on the Scan button in 
the Scan Text dialog box. The pro¬ 
gram will scan and recognize the text 
and paste it into your open file. If you 
haven’t opened a window, the pro¬ 
gram will paste the recognized text 
into the Clipboard. 


Because you can’t expect your OCR 
program to recognize every single 
character correctly, you need to proof 

Figure 3: AccuText's Feedback window provides a pop-up bit map of the scanned 
image along with the program's interpretation of the characters. You can use the 
keypad to navigate forward and backward and to type in corrections. 

Train Characters - Untitled 































| Specify^ 

[ Delete ] . 

f Saue,,, ] 

( Append„ v ] 

[ Cancer ] 

Double-click on a character to specify it. Only 
specified-dtiaracters uMlf be saued. 

Specify Character - 

;r aatea iepte 
my office set 

: In ron firm tt 

Character Code: 


[~Cancei~ ] 

Figure 4: In OmniPage Professional's Train Characters window, you can teach 
the program to recognize an unusual character by selecting its bit map and 
then clicking on the Specify button. 

IVlacUser January 1993 157 

HI OCR Software 

Translation, Please 

The OCR programs we tested are called omnifont packages, 
because they attempt to interpret all (omni) fonts. Other OCR 
technologies employ matrix matching, a technique designed for 
use with single fonts. 

The omnifont process is sometimes called feature extraction, 
because it examines character boxes for features or shapes. For 
example, it may spot a triangle and half a hexagon in a box and 

then, by comparing these shapes with an internal database or 
library of shapes, narrow its choice down to the uppercase A. This 
baste structure holds true over a wide variety of fonts, whether the 
letter is cleanly printed or even somewhat degraded because of 
poor document quality. 

Here’s a look at the steps current omnifont OCR programs 
perform once a page has been scanned: 

1 * The software ascertains which areas contain graphics, relying 
on such techniques as density analysis, and then dismisses these 
areas a s far as text recognition is concerned, 

2. The program then breaks down the page into columns 
and text blocks, using built-in algorithms that take empty gut¬ 
ters of white space into account. 

3* The program searches for spaces and defines charac¬ 
ter boxes as the areas between them. If characters are not 
so simply defined — kerned, thick, or smudged characters 
touching, as with ligatures — the program may employ a 
built-in database to help break the lines into boxes. 

4, The page is processed, character box by character 
>x, with whatever techniques the program supports. In 
general, omnifont programs examine each character 
box, looking for shapes, and then try to match those 
shapes with ones in an internal database or library. If the 
program is confident that a match has been made, the 
character is recognized and written to a file. 

5. If the software doesn’t find a definite match, 
it may turn to a spelling dictionary to find the 
most likely choice, given the character box's 
context within the word. 

Shapes library 











Shapes library 












Ppple - no match 
fA|pple = Apple 

Shapes li 












6. The program may also flag these 
characters as suspect, so that the user is 
forced to confirm the program’s selection. 

7. If the program cannot recognize the charac¬ 
ter with the required level of confidence, it inserts a 
special character {often a tilde) to alert the user. 
— Gregory Wasson 

15B January 1993 MacUser 

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OCR Software 

The Good, the Bad. and the So-So 

Publishers of OCR software often quote high percentage- 
accuracy ratings tn describing how well their programs recog¬ 
nize text. But what do these figures really mean? You may think 
94-percent accuracy sounds pretty good, until you do some 
quick arithmetic. Consider a two-page, 586-word (3,223-char¬ 
acter) business letter. At 94-percent accuracy, that document 
would contain 193 errors. Would you hire a typist who made 
193 errors in a two-page letter? 

To debunk these percentage ratings, we compared recogni¬ 
tion results for a typical business letter and carved up the 
nebulous percentage-accuracy territory into useful chunks. We 
felt that recognition was good when the 3,223-character docu¬ 
ment was more than 98.5-percent accurate, meaning that it 
contained 48 or fewer errors (sample at left). Yes, someone 
has to find and correct those errors, but assuming that your 

word-processing application has a spell-checking capability, 
making the corrections lakes much less time and effort than 
retyping the letter manually. 

At 97-percent accuracy, the same document contained 96 
errors (sample in middle). We felt that this was an acceptable 
level of recognition: more errors to correct but still a better 
solution than retyping the document. Between 94.5- and 97- 
percent accuracy (97 to 177 errors) we judged to be a gray 
area . Your proofing resources, your own typing skills, and the 
nature of the document (a one-time job or two out of hundreds 
of similar pages) will help you decide whether ifs easier to 
make corrections to the recognized document or retype it. 

Less than 94.5-percent accuracy (more than 177 errors; see 
sample at right) was not a gray area, in our opinion — you‘d get 
better and faster results by retyping the document. 

PuMi,4ii** C-fflF-r,* 

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tMnhff J. Iffi K-n— 

General kffeloo 

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111 M.n HlH, At„SH 

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F-H* [fir- 

CJflJ fiutil CA ■iHtefe:.! 



ne*r M*. sum 

1 If- 

□cwhti *, iw: 

hlrtrlU PfK. 

FanriJ to. 

KlX-lHi l» PWilMlftfip. Cfltfrpwflf >:n Ukrihlf Hitt Fd«Mf Cdjp. CA 

Gntfial AftnnO 

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wutfl Tet: JlS-SfS W*m Infcn 

IPI Midi Hall, RmiB 

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fluid >vLl rpn lefln dUrd SqdeUht 23 akrljnjr Lit UUI lllc 

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lrfe^un)ccv*.terutKni lair JuU. If 

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ycur hone vn irmrd: Mi 

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Tlmlk >im Iit jinir Iwtn dated Se^ernlm 23 atefHnf 111 . fhrtl Ik 

[te^rrtj S'.I M , it 9 Pacific Si. Apt S J. {Jertd Jfe«, CA 

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At pm etpiaium Uui imlj wet¥ in a n-4i wJ needed itm iLu, 41 u? 

telephone uomeiuiliMi Uie Inly. If 

jekphrae cvntmitKMi lair fulj. El 

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ftm WLnild be hi kind at In Eimlirrc Itoi we fee the c wnii Adiiien, 

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Ihi., CA MWI- 

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rndacti W-ttiri Unbr bu Hdl ’1 MciMpT 1 IX 

to phuhlf 1 ulmp to Ittan* ef itedmc ihc .ntortomi, 


j™ mrw. At 1 «t*MiPwd »r untie H Hill inn * yiM in mkn. 

IS $rtl art*. At 1 towitotd wy nirfaf? tiillrnn a franr id mtibWi 

1* 3 kit 537---7«.U5 

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inRirttulua SoprlhtT wiili ifrnml hi formal ton atooLil If* 1J* Wr wild 



hi Kddm)- il Jo Fiirrka Iik In rr^iuend mail befji n ihe end of thr 

Pfeduilt wltefl *rntr ltd IViy hwl 

Pn dwelt whirlt Jrd hen* J*to 474 

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rndMi * h*h arm c 111 Pile Mcmtftfl 1 'i 

hnhtU wtlhrb tftttt lit F14t Mhin(a 1 Vt 


Good Recognition; 

If a 3,223-character letter contains 
48 errors, as in this example, it is 
98.5-percent accurate. Someone will 
have to correct all those errors, but 
that's probably easier than retyping 
the entire document. We consider 
this good recognition. 

Acceptable Recognition; 

Ninety-six or fewer errors out of 
3,223 characters means 97-percent 
or better accuracy. We felt that this 
was still better than retyping the 
document and was therefore 
acceptable recognition. 

Maybe So, Maybe Not: 

Between 94.5- and 97-percent 
accuracy was what we considered 
a gray area. However, we felt that 
anything below 94.5-percent 
accuracy — more than 177 errors 
out of 3,223 characters — was 
poor recognition. 

OCR packages are often sold with the promise of high accuracy, but some basic arithmetic shows how a little 
inaccuracy can be a big problem. We’ve carved up this accuracy territory to provide some guidelines. Your own 
decisions on where to draw the line between good and acceptable or gray area and bad may vary. 

the results and make corrections. Some 
packages let you do this entirely on¬ 
screen before they export the recog¬ 
nized text to your word-processing 
application. Others assume that you 
prefer to make corrections after ex¬ 
porting the text, while referring to the 
original piece of paper. 

The on-screen approach, offered by 
AccuText, Read-It!, TextPert, and 

WordScan Plus, involves a pop-up bit 
map, a detailed area of the scan show¬ 
ing a close-up of the image from which 
the OCR has interpreted a letter or 
letters. You can then judge whether 
the OCR program has made a correct 
interpretation and either accept its 
choice or override it and type in your 
own. Some of the programs that em¬ 
ploy the bit map allow you to train 

them to interpret characters you 
choose, as described in the nexi sec¬ 
tion of this report. 

With the postexport correction 
scheme, instead of referring to a bit 
map, you take the original document 
out of your scanner and compare the 
scanned text with it. This choice is 
advocated by Caere, which provides 
only limited user control of proofing 

160 January 1993 Macllser 

How Butterflies Transform 

How Butterflies Transform 

I hr iN 


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Place the image you want on the scanner. 
ScanMaker II has built-in features to make the trans¬ 
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Images are crystal dear, brimming with all the rich 
color and fine detail of the original at resolutions up 
to 1200 dpi. You can even scan printed text directly 
into your word processing program with optional 
OCR software. No more re-typing! 

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Circle 180 on reader service card. 

How to be 



Jk Now Up-to-Date lets you schedule appointments 
and To Do's instantly — just dick on the dote you 
want and enter your information. Calendars can be 
viewed by day f multcday, week , month or year, and 
can be customized In a myriad of fonts, styles and col¬ 
ors. You can even share schedules and events with 
your associates over a network or wo modem. 

▼ The To Do list lets you sched¬ 
ule tasks for certain due dates or 
simply for whenever you get 
around to them. It also allows 
you to prioritize tasks and auto¬ 
matically forwards them on to 
the next day's To Do fist until 
each task is completed. 

► 4s well as display¬ 
ing the current time 
in the menu bar , 

AlarmsClock auto¬ 
matically alerts you 
and your assodates of upcoming meetings. To Do's 
and other events (including recurring events), Even 
when you're not running Now Up-to-Date, 

▼ Calendars can be printed in all the major appoint¬ 
ment book sizes and formats , each in a wide vaiiety of 

You can even print 
out wall 

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Step 2, Notice how incredibly simple Now 
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Circle 170 on reader service card 

m OCR Software 

Figure 5: Overall Performance 


Acceptable - 


Gray area - 

-♦—OmniPage Professional 2.1 - 
-•—WordScan 1.0- 

- WordScan Plus l .01 

OmniPage Direct 1.0 
OmniPage 3.0- 

-TextPert 3*7--- 

- AccuText 3.0-- 

Read-Ill 3.0.1 

• tetter “Bottom Line" picks 
TIib best performers 


97,0% — 




100 % 

Figure 5: In order to arrive at an 
overall accuracy rating, we considered 
the results of the tests discussed in this 
article {see Figures 6 through 9 for indi¬ 
vidual test scores). Because business 
letters tend to be the most common 
documents you're likefy to encounter, 

we gave more weight to the resuits of 
our tests with the business letter in its 
various permutations and less weight 
to the results of our spreadsheet, in¬ 
voice, and table tests. And following 
our own recommendations about ap¬ 
propriate documents, we included the 

results for the darker photocopy — not 
the lighter one — and the high-resolu¬ 
tion-mod e fax —- not the norma I-mode 
one. Overall, the products from Caere 
and Calera proved to be strong con¬ 
tenders, and Olduvai s Read-lt! brought 
up the rear. 

in OmniPage Professional and none 
at all in OmniPage and OmniPage 
Direct. The advantage of this scheme 
is that you can make corrections by 
using an application with which you're 
already familiar. 

WordScan provides a Verifier win¬ 
dow, which shows the recognized text 
with any questionable or unrecognized 
characters and words highlighted. You 
navigate forward through the high¬ 
lighted characters, or markers, typing 
corrections as necessary* This inter¬ 
face is clumsy and inflexible, though. 
WordScan Plus’ version is called the 
Pop-Up Verifier: When you go to the 
next marker, a bit map of the 
character(s) is displayed to aid your 
decision making. AccuText has the 
most advanced verifier. 


If your documents contain non¬ 
standard technical symbols, you may 
want to train the OCR package to 
interpret the symbols as words: Q as 

ohm, for example. Three of the pack¬ 
ages offer trainable modes designed 
to improve the recognition of hard-to- 
recognize or unusual characters. 

AccuText’s training features are the 
most flexible, if a bit complicated; 
you need to read the manual to deci¬ 
pher how the buttons function. The 
Feedback window (see Figure 3} pro¬ 
vides a graphic display — a limited- 
context bit map of the scanned image 
-— with a text display below it show¬ 
ing an interpretation of the highlighted 
characters. When the bit map shows 
incomplete sections of letters, or when 
you want the program to recognize 
pairs or groups of letters, you can 
navigate forward or backward to in¬ 
clude more of the bit map in the inter¬ 
pretation. You can also type letters 
into the text display if the recognition 
is incorrect or incomplete* 

OmniPage Professional also pro¬ 
vides a trainable mode, but it’s not as 
flexible as that of AccuText. When 
you click on Train in the Recognition 

Settings dialog box, a table appears 
that contains out-of-context bit maps 
with the program’s interpretation of 
each character (see Figure 4). You 

Figure 7: Do You Copy 

Figure 7: The scores on 
the left represent the re¬ 
sults of scanning and rec¬ 
ognizing text on our two- 
page letter after it had been 
photocopied three times at 
a darker setting. All the pro¬ 
grams earned lower scores 
with the same letter after it 
had been photocopied 
three times at a lighter set¬ 
ting. OmniPage Profes¬ 
sional and OmniPage Di¬ 
rect did better than the 
other programs, bui in this 
accuracy range* the text 
requires a lot of correction. 

164 January 1993 MacUser 

Figure 6: Basic Business Letters 




Gray area 

-•—OmniPage Professional 2j — 

WordSean 1.0 - 

-•— WordScan Plus 1.01- 

-•—OmniPage Direct 1,0-—- 

-—-OmniPage 3.0 - 

-TextPert 3.7-— 

- AccuText 3.0 
Read It! 3.0.1 

» MacUser S 'Bottom Line' picks 

BThe besl performer (s) 
in each lest 

LHC | 






Gray area —| 

“ d -i 


Helvetica Good 

Poor Gray 

■ J 


9&.5%— 1 

100% 80% 


m - 1 


ble — ] 


100% 80% 

94.5% J 



100 % 

Figure 6: We tested the recognition 
capabilities of our eight OCR packages 
on a two-page business letter printed in 
three commonly used fonts — Times, 
Courier, and Helvetica (all at 10 points). 

Times challenges an OCR program's 
recognition capabilities with serifs — 

the little decorative hooks and knobs 
that can make letters appear to run 
together — and variable spacing, which 
makes the OCR program work harder 
to locate letters. Half the programs 
yielded poor or marginal results, 
Courier was far easier to recognize. 

Its monospaced design (all letters are 
the same width) takes some guess¬ 
work out of locating letters. 

Helvetica, a sans serif font, yielded 
even better results. All but one pro¬ 
gram, Read-lt!, produced good or ac¬ 
ceptable recognition. 

can specify a hard-to-recognize or un¬ 
usual character by double-clicking on 
the appropriate box in the table; a 
limited-context bit map then appears. 

and you can type the character you 
wish the specified character to be in¬ 
terpreted as. What the manual doesn't 
tell you is that there is a limit to the 

number of characters you can add to 
the set and that the limit varies, de¬ 
pending on available memory. 
Read-lt! provides a trainable mode, 

Dark Photocopy Good _ 

Acceptable — 

Poor Gray area- 

Light Photocopy Good _ 

Acceptable — 3 

Poor Gray area— j 

• OmniPage Professional 2,1 

A IK tr, . rl O .1 1 fl 

worapcan LU 

worupcan riu& |,ui 

• OmniPage Direct 1.0 

u mm rage J.u 

Jextpert jj 


D i.iL.l Til *1 n 1 

Read-it [ JAM 

• “Bottom Line* picks 

■■ The best performer 85 




Accuracy ; ^ 


97,0% - 




}% 85 

94.5% — 

% _ . 


97,0% - 





MacUser January 1993 165 

■ OCR Software 

Figure 8: Adjust the Fax 

— t-WordScan Plus 1,01- 
OmniPage Direct 1,0- 

—OmniPage 3.0-- 

—TextPen 3.7 —- 

- OmniPage Professional 2.3 - 
-WordScan 1.0- 

Fax Modem 

Goad — 
Acceptable — 
Pour Gray area -—■ 


-AccuText 3.0 - 
Read-lt! 3.0.1 - 

• Maclisp "Bottom Line” picks 
■■The best performers 




had dlfficuliy 
TIFF files. 

High-Resolution Fax 

Goad - 1 

Acceptable —, 
Poor Gray area —| | 

OmniPage Direct 
docs not read 
TIFF Tiles. 

100 % 

Low-Resolution Fax 

Good - 

Acceptable —. 
Poor Gray area — 



100% 75% 


985% J 

100 % 

Figure 8: The best results were 
achieved with a fax-modem version of 
our two-page letter: This involves read¬ 
ing a TIFF file, not a a scanned image. 
WordScan had difficulties interpreting the 

TIFF format so it has no score for this 
test, and because OmniPage Direct 
does not read TIFF files, it also has no 
score. Most of the programs scored in 
the gray area or the acceptable range 

on the same letter faxed in high-resolu- 
tion mode. None of the OCR programs 
achieved useful results with a fax of the 
letter sent in normal, or low-resolution, 

which is recommended for use if you 
don't have enough memory (4 mega¬ 
bytes) to run the program in its com¬ 
pletely automatic mode. Training is 
based on type tables: You can edit an 
existing one or build your own from 
scratch. The program's training fea¬ 
tures are not very flexible, however. 

and once again, the manual provides 
confusing and sometimes conflicting 

Try This at Home 

We scanned a wide assortment of 
pages, not just to rate the OCR pro¬ 
grams but also to find out what kinds 

of documents would be good candi¬ 
dates for OCR and which would not. 
After completing testing, we arrived 
at an overall performance rating by 
placing more emphasis on how each 
OCR program handled such standard 
documents as business letters, faxes, 
and photocopies and less emphasis on 

Top Ten OCR Tips 

1. Use your OCR programs bright¬ 
ness and contrast controls. They can 
make the difference when dealing with 
poor-quality material such as faded 
pages or faxes, 

2« Always place the printed pages 
as straight as possible on the scanner 
bed. Skewed pages contribute to in¬ 
accurate OCR, 

3. Keep the scanner glass clean. 
Smudges and dirt hinder recognition* 

4« Keep the scanner lid down. If the 
lid is even just slightly raised (because 
youVe trying to scan a book), the am¬ 
bient light leaking in can ruin the scan. 

5. Cover markings on the page, 
such as editorial notes, with white pa¬ 
per or 3M PosHt notes so that the 
scribbles don't confuse the program. 

6. Organize your scan jobs. If you 
are scanning a variety of document 
types, group them and change the set¬ 
tings as necessary to get the best scan. 
For example, you could group all dot¬ 
matrix-printer pages at the end of your 
pile and enable dot-matrix recognition 
only for that last stretch. 

7. Recognize only what you need. 
It's tempting to let the OCR program 
recognize the entire page and then open 
the file in a word-processing application 
and delete the text you don't need. But 
you can shorten the OCR processing 
time by selecting only the text you want 

8. Don't scan at high resolutions. It 
may seem logical to scan at the highest 
resolution your scanner supports, but 

be illogical for a change. You can usu¬ 
ally attain good accuracy levels by scan¬ 
ning at 200 or 300 rather than 400 dpi* 

9. Unless you plan to process only a 
single simple document a week, invest 
In a flatbed scanner. You may be tempted 
to save money by buying a hand-held 
OCR-scanner "solution," You'll be sorry. 

10. When you're scanning pages 
printed on thin paper (newsprint, for ex¬ 
ample), back them with another sheet or 
two of paper* This helps prevent text 
printed on the other side from bleeding 
through and confusing the program. 

For a more detailed look at OCR tips 
and techniques, check out “Speed 
Reader, ” in the March '92 issue (page 
210 ). 

— Gregory Wasson 

166 January 1993 MacUser 

Voice Recognition & Recording for the Mac 

Voice Navigator Sl/V 



Voice Navigator SW 

a Software Only voice 
control application for the 
Sound Capable Macs such 
as the LC, LCII, Classic II, 
Ilsi, PowerBook 140 on up, 
or Quadra. DcsktopMike or 
HeadsetMike included. 


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That’s how easy it is to use Voice Recognition on your Mac 

Only $399 

Voice Navigator"SW (for sound capable Macs) and Voice Navigator II 

{for non-sound capable Macs) allow you to control any Macintosh * application by voice, 
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Imagine Desktop Publishing, Graphics, MultiMcdia, CAD/CAM, Word Processing, 
Spreadsheets and Databases all controlled by your voice. Select tools, change fonts and 
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spoken commands, 

Why Use Voice? Voice is the most productive and intuitive form of input because speaking is 
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a combination of hardware 
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Includes a DesktopM ike. 

$ 699 . 

Sound & Voice Recording with the Voice Record Product Line 

Add and Edit Sounds, Voice Annotations, Narration, Music and more... 


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software provides 
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you’ll need to 
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You can perform many useful functions such as 
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import/export sound files from other documents 
and change the volume of a recording. 

Voice Record is designed to work with any sound 
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Quadras using the Apple microphone. 

$ 69 .» 

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is designed as the 
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Macintosh user that 
wants to do voice and 
sound recording but 
does not own a 

sound capable Macintosh. Voice Impact 
combines sound digitizing hardware in an 
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capabilities of our Voice Record software. 

Using its built in microphone and Automatic 
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$ 99 * 

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combines advanced 
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in a sleek case 
with our Voice 
Record software 
for high quality' 
sound recordings. 
11 is specially designed to enable low end Macs, 
including the SB, Plus and Classic, to compress 
recorded sounds, thereby minimizing memory 

Because of its unidirectional microphone, on¬ 
board filtering, high quality line-inpul capability 
and its advanced sound editing software, Voice 
Impact Pro is also ideal for your multimedia 
sound needs, 

$ 229 * 

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Circle 106 on reader service card. 

HI OCR Software 

how it handled such challenging docu¬ 
ments as spreadsheets, newspaper ar¬ 
ticles, and multicoltimn layouts (see 
Figure 5). 

Straight-text documents such as 
business letters and press releases are 
among the most common office docu¬ 
ments, so we tested a wide variety of 
these. The accuracy results for our 
two-page letter in 10-point Times, 10- 
point Courier, and 10-point Helvetica 
appear in Figure 6. These were clean, 
original documents, and recognition 
was generally good. Notice that the 
programs performed better for the 
monospace Courier and sans serif 
Helvetica fonts than they did for 
Times. A font such as Times is more 
challenging, because it presents serifs 
and variable character spacing, which 
can hinder recognition. 

If you deal with all sorts of photo¬ 
copies, you* 11 need to be selective in 

choosing which ones to input with 
OCR. A light photocopy is problem¬ 
atic, because parts of letters can fade 
away — for example, a capital O can 
be interpreted as () or a capital R as a 
capital K. OmniPage Professional and 
OmniPage Direct yielded better re¬ 
sults titan the other packages in pro¬ 
cessing a light photocopy, but even at 
96-percent accuracy, the text requires 
a lot of correction. All the products 
performed better on a dark photocopy 
(see Figure 7). Making a darker copy 
of your light photocopy may help you 
get better results, but this works only 
up to a point. If holes in letters such as 
b f d and g begin to fill tn or if dots and 
smudges in the background become 
as prominent as the letters on the page, 
recognition suffers. 

You may want to scan pages re¬ 
ceived by your office fax machine 
or your fax modem. No program we 

tested did well on a letter faxed in 
normal mode (IDO dpi vertically, 200 
dpi horizontally). Such low-resolution 
text produces a lot of broken charac¬ 
ters when scanned, which makes it 
difficult for OCR packages to recog¬ 
nize the letters, WordScan and Word- 
Scan Plus had the highest scores, but 
if you're going to get only 92-percent 
accuracy, you'd be better off typing 
the document manually. (See ‘The 
Good, the Bad, and the So-So" side- 
bar for an illustration of percentage- 
accuracy results.) 

When the same letter was faxed in 
high-resolution mode (200 dpi verti¬ 
cally, 200 dpi horizontally), the higher- 
resolution image improved recogni¬ 
tion substantially. AccuText still tell 
into the gray area, at 96.48-percent 
accuracy, but only Read-It! produced 
less-than-useful results. For a fax¬ 
modem document, the overall scores 

Figure 9: Advanced Recognition 

Excel Spreadsheet 

Gaud — 
Acceptable —, 
Root Gray area —, 

OmniPage Professional 2,1 
F WordScan 1.0 
h WordScan Plus 1.01 
►-OmniPage Direct 1,0 
OmniPage 3.0 

- TextPert 3,7 
AccuText 3.0 

— Read-It! 3.0.1 

l MacUserS 'Bottom Line" picks 

The best performer(s) 85 % 

in each lest Accuracy 

Complex Invoice 

Good - 
Acceptable - 
Poor Gray area- 

Complex Table 

G00(J — 
Acceptable — , 
Poor Gray area — 

100% 85% 

100% 85% 



r\r\ a a 

A 1 |K 


it Apple 

Figure 9: Although letters are the 
most common business documents, you 
may need to input other information such 
as spreadsheets, invoices, and tables. 

Excel Spreadsheet: 

A typical single-page spreadsheet in 
Microsoft Excel produced good or ac¬ 
ceptable results. The most-common er¬ 
rors we found were substitutions of the 
number 1 for the vertical lines separat¬ 
ing the columns. Two programs were 

unable to handle this test TextPert can't 
read files scanned in landscape mode, 
and Read-Itt crashed when trying to 
recognise the scanned file (it can't read 
any page that contains vertical lines). 

Complex Invoice: 

A complex invoice presented more 
of a challenge. Our sample included 
several columns of information, includ¬ 
ing one with a shaded background. 
WordScan and WordScan Plus both 

achieved acceptable results, Read-It! 
scored 77 percent, too low to appear on 
this scale. 

Complex Table: 

Our complex table was recognized 
with surprisingly good results. The poor¬ 
est score was turned in by AccuText, 
which had difficulty with the small point 
size (7-point Helvetica). TextPert and 
Read-It! also did poorly, but the others 
scored high marks. 

168 January 1993 Macliser 

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Using simple menus and ^ 

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Norton Utilities to guide you through the 
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HH OCR Software 

The Bottom Line 

OCR promises to free you from in¬ 
putting lengthy documents at your Mac 
keyboard. But with those promises come 
errors, perhaps more than you'd com¬ 
mit when typing. Although OCR is far 
from perfect, several packages offer 
enough power and flexibility to be worth 
your investment in time and dollars. 

Caere's OmniPage Professional 2.1 
($995 list, $650 street) and OmniPage 
Direct 1.0 ($595 list. $275 street) are 
among the top performers, turning in 
good or acceptable results (based on 
our 97-percent-accuracy cutoff point) for 
all but a tew documents, OmniPage Di¬ 
rect is the easiest to use, because you 
can access it as a DA from within an 
open word-processing or spreadsheet 

Calera's WordScan 1.0 ($295 list, 
$189 street) and WordScan Plus 1.01 
($595 list, $375 street) scored high In 
terms of percentage accuracy for our 
test documents. They also were the best 
at retaining original document format¬ 
ting, such as tabs and indents. Both 
programs have a rather clunky user in¬ 
terface, however, and they exhibited a 
tendency to crash because of problems 
with their scanner settings. Because of 
their attractive pricing, we recommend 
them — but with reservations. 

Caere's OmniPage Direct and OmniPage Professional combine ease of use with 
good accuracy on a wide variety of documents. Calera's WordScan Pius also 
rates high in accuracy and format retention but is more difficult to learn. 

were even better, because the pro¬ 
grams were reading from an internal 
TIFF file and not from an optically 
scanned image. Read-It! was in the 
gray area of usefulness, with 95.13- 
percent accuracy. All the other pro¬ 
grams that could handle the TIFF for¬ 
mat scored 97.5 percent or higher (see 
Figure 8). Obviously, low-resolution 
faxes are candidates for the typing 
pool. (See the “Top Ten OCR Tips” 
sidebar for other suggestions on im¬ 
proving a program’s recognition.) 

We also tested the OCR programs 
with some other challenging docu¬ 
ments. Our single-page Excel spread¬ 
sheet yielded usable, if not stellar, re¬ 
sults with most of the programs. Read- 
It! and TextPert received no scores for 
this test, however. Readmit! crashed 
when we tried to interpret the file (it 
can't read any page that contains ver¬ 
tical lines), and TextPert can’t read 
files scanned in landscape mode. 

We scanned and recognized a com¬ 
plex invoice with a shaded background 
and columns of numbers and a 
multicoiumn table very like Table 2. 
The results of our tests with the spread¬ 
sheet, invoice, and table appear in Fig¬ 
ure 9. 

OCR Can You See? 

Look at your documents, look at 
your keyboard, and think about 
whether OCR is the answer for you. A 
few of the products we tested for this 
report have only limited usefulness. 
Read-It! scored the lowest overall for 
accuracy when run in its automatic 
mode, and its trainable mode presented 
many stumbling blocks. TextPert man¬ 
aged to produce acceptable results for 
some types of documents, but it had a 
tendency to crash while saving. 
AcaiText also performed well for 
some types of documents, and its train- 
able mode promises to improve your 

results, especially for multipage docu¬ 
ments. But the program does have a 
steep learning curve and a fairly stiff 

Several packages can save you time 
and effort in the initial steps of input¬ 
ting documents. Depending on the 
complexity of your document, you 
may — no, you will — need to spend 
some time correcting errors, either 
during recognition; in an editing or 
verification stage; or after recogni¬ 
tion, once you’ve opened the docu¬ 
ment in a word-processing or spread¬ 
sheet program. But if you input the 
document manually, youTl spend 
some time correcting errors too (un¬ 
less your typing is 100 percent accu¬ 
rate). The choice is yours; you’ll find 
our recommendations in the “Bottom 
Line” sidebar. 

Bisa M. Welch is a MncVser associate efllim* who 
appreciates a little recognition. 

continues ► 

170 January 1993 MacUser 


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If this is a payment you make over and over, 
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Check Number 

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Box 912, Fairfield, CT 064300912 

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©File Synchronization for the Mac. If you use more than 
one Mac, PowerMerge gives you a simple and automatic way 
to keep track of the latest version of your files. PowerMerge 
will synchronize files between a PowerBook and a desktop 
Mac, two desktop Macs, a removable hard disk and Mac or 
any two Macs via network or removable media. An 
unlimited number of files, folders, and disks can be selected 
and automatically maintained. Advanced features include: 
Conflict Notification if files have changed on both Macs 
since updating, a History Log that reviews which files were 
updated, and Includc/Exclude so the user can control the 

Publisher Leader Technologies UTI0312 

II and 

©The new 

ScanMaker series provides a simple and affordable way to 
bring color and black-and-white images into your computer 
at resolutions up to 1200 dpi, and scans color photographs 
or artwork in full 24 bit color or 256 shades of gray. The 
ScanMaker II is bundled with Adobe Photoshop LF.. The 
ScanMaker 11 XE is great for scanning color or black-and- 
white images and is bundeled with a full version of Adobe's 
Photoshop, the premier image processing software for the 


II XE INP0247 
IIINP0246 $929 

* 1239 * 

Accountant, Inc 3.01 

©"BEST ACCOUNTING PACKAGE'" 1991 Mac User's Ediiois" 
Choice Award. More Features, more Power, more 
Flexibility. It's easy to use and gives you exceptional 
streamlining power. Every transaction is automatically 
posted to your General Ledger. Accountant, Inc.’s new 
revolutionary System 7 design gives you the advantage of 
customizing your forms, screens and reports by hot linking 
with your favorite forms design, spreadsheet and database 
programs. You get Invoicing, Accounts Receivable, 
Inventory, Accounts payable, Check Writing, integrated 
General Ledger and Payroll. Accountant. Inc. is now- 
available in single and multiuser versions. 

Publisher: Softsync, Inc. FIN0048 

$ 335 


©Connect any one of 10 Macs to 
a PC via modem or AppleTalk 
network to control virtually any 
DOS program. Run programs at 
full speed, access VGA graphics, 
extended/expanded memory and 
PC peripherals. Copy and paste 
text or graphics betw een 
programs, print DOS files onto 
your Mac printer. Transfer files, translate documents in 
either direction and mount DOS disks using included 
Software Bridge/Mac. Publisher: Argosy Software. Inc. 
RunPC/Remotc: conned a single Mac to a PC via modem 
or included serial cable. COMO 103 $ 139 

UserLand Frontier 

©Willi LserLand Frontier, 
you don’t have to choose 
between pretty icons and 
the power to customize and 
automate your Macintosh. 

For the first time, you can 
have power and ease-of* 
use. Frontier has all the 
development tools you 
need to get your scripts 
running quickly, including 
a full script debugger and structured symbol tables you 
can watch and edit while your scripts are running. When 
you’re done, you can link scripts into Frontier’s editable 
menu bar, or saw them to the Finder desktop. 
Publisher UserLand 



The Power User's Tool Kit 12.0 is packed with 
productivity enhancers and tools to customize your 
system to work the way you want. Compiled 
exclusively for MacWARtHOUSE customers by 
Steven Bobker, this valuable collection of twelve 
programs and fonts includes three programs 
especially designed for System 7 users*. 

Here's what awaits you - Type a few characters and TypeMMe 
will expand them into a phrase or paragraph you've designated. 
Install Drag'in and you'll be able to see the contents of 

! - J - L -drag t 

our o[ 

....— ^.iarky is a modern display Type . 

reminiscent of art deco stylings. With Speedyhnder7 and 
Finder Date Hack, System 7 users can customize their systems 
with more speed and display/command options galore. Even 
PowerBook users will find tools on The Power User's Tool 
Kit 12.0, including PB Sleeper, which makes the PowerBook 
play a sound when it "goes to sleep" or "wakes up." 

m» .. 

The Power User's Tool Kit 12.0 

is *FREE when you order from MacWAREHOUSE. You 
pay only $1.50 for shipping and handling. If you 
would like the disk, please ask for Item #AAA0030. 

works with System 7, three programs an 






©Track the hours you spend on a project with 
WindoWatch. It’s a must for professionals who bill their 
services by the hour (or minute). WindoWatch operates in 
the background, automatically generating a timesheet as 
you work. Use WindoWatch to collect and merge 
timesheets from team 
members over the network 
or export timesheet 
information to a 
spreadsheet. Don't miss any 
I opportunity to accurately bill 
' your clients After all, time is 

Publisher: ASD Software 


Virex 4.0 

©Virex is the ultimate solution to 
Macintosh computer viruses. The 
Virex application detects and repairs 
files infected by all knowo 
Macintosh viruses. The Virex INIT 
continuously monitors the computer 
to prevent infection and performs 
repairs instantly. Virex 4.0 provides 
comprehensive network features. An 
administrator can request a 
network-wide virus scan and schedule periodic scans to 
ensure that the network remains virus free. The 
administrator can also outdate Virex versions and 
automatically update them. Virex is updated frequently and 
all registered users receive one free update. 

Publisher: Microcom Inc. 

Also available 10 Pak 
UTI0150 $499. 

Single UTI0093 


L m 

ret upuaie. 


Put more power into your PowerBook! 

© Get even more from your PowerBook with Connectix 
PowerBook Utilities (CPU), the first software utility created 
exclusively for your PowerBook. CPU extends your battery 
life! That keeps your PowerBook up and working longer. 
CPU protects your sensitive data whether your PowerBook 
is running, shut down or asleep. Custom menu bar displays 
show accurate battery level, remaining battery life, date 
and time. CPU gives you much more. Instant sleep and 
wake, LCD screen saver, keyboard shortcuts, cursor finder, 
mouseless menu control and over a dozen oilier 
enhancements make your PowerBook more effective. Get 
the power of CPU and put more power into your 
PowerBook today. Publisher: Connectix UTI0297 


Urn Kerry , call me at: 


1 - 800 - 255-6227 

Inquiries: 908-367-0440 
FAX: 908-905-9279 
Call 24 hours a day, 
seven days a week. 
NEW! Express 
Service Number: 
1 - 800 - 445-9677 

Midnight Express Service^ 
available weekdays. 

We carry more than 2000 Macintosh 
® products, including all the latest releases 
and new versions. We pride ourselves on 
getting new products first. Just fill in the 
information requested below and mail 
the coupon. We ll start your free, 
one-year subscription to the 
MacWAREHOUSE catalog with the 
next issue. 


Free MacWAREHOUSE Catalog Subscription 

1720 Oak Street. P.O. Box 3051. Lakewood. NJ 08701 

Please enter m) free, one-year Mitocnption to the MacYARFJKHSE catalog 





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CD lEchnolcjnv, Inc, 

ACCD763 CO'10M Caddy Replacc-meM .49. 

Apple Computer. Inc, 

ACCQ335 Ton-n Carrr dfle-lg^efWnier Plus.99 

toner Caftridge LaserWriter II .99. 


Full USA 



MF 2 DD 10QPK Disks w/labels. 59. 

MF2HD5flPKDteb Abate.59. 


ACCDBZ3 Anti-Glare Filler 12* .69 

ACC0460 Maccessor^sTill/Smve! . . ..23. 
ACC0G77 Notebook Traveler-Deluxe .79. 

LB innovators (toll line available) 

WrislSaver Mim-MausePad (various-cotofs}.ea 12 

MediaMate ' 

ACCD744 &ffln Fien-Pack-10 . 10 . 

ACCQ736 Daiatinder 3.5'Disk Filing System .. 10 

Syquest Cartridges 

MtD0G35 44M0 Removable Carindge . 75 

88 MB Removable Cartridge ..139. 


Premier Leather Case ...175. 

Preimei Porter Book Lealher Case.149. 

Universal PowefBook Carrying Case .... 69 

A Lasting Impression 

©ftesumfopeiT MS Word. Cover letters. Manager, Sales & 
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Financing & Banking .ea,49 

Abacus Coneepis 

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©STAJ0028 StatlView Student. 75. 

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Alter Hours Software 

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Altai n Corpora I inn 

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CE Software 

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Cheite Soltwara, Inc, 

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© 6 US 0 CD 1 ClarisWorlis w/1r« Quicken.199. 

Declsloneering, toe. 

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Della Point 

©filfSOlB? DelsaGraph Professional w/cateuiator.... 199. 


©BU SOi 90 Control Classic 1.5. 299. 

Fisher Idea System, Inc 

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JAM Software 

©DAC0Q33 Smar(Alamis3.1 Plus Pack/Appt.Oiary ...89. 


©BUS0218 Flowchart Express..93. 

©BUSOIDG TopDown 3.0 

Lotus Development Corporation 

©BUSQ1B0 Lotus 1 -2-3 (or Macintosh.339, 

©SIDQQ04 Lotos 1-^3 Competitive Upgrade.99 


©FEN0O39 Managing You* MObey 50 . 45 


©B U S6223 M icrosofl free 1 4.0 295 

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©DATC047 Microsoft FgxBASEt/MaC 2.QT.335. 

©BU3G181 Microsoft Pmjecl 3.6 ., 445 

©BUS6186 Microsoli Schedule* 5 Pat*.125. 

©0U5EI243 Microsoft Works 30.159 

©0USO241 The Microsoft Office 2.5. 475 

©BUS0269 PowerPoint 36 . 335 

Occam Research 

©BUS0233 Muse sm 

Palo Alto Software 

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Power Up 

©BUSflifi Address Book Plus 20.63 

©BUS0073 Calendar Creator 44 

Round Lake Publishing 

©Legal LeiteiWorks or Sales 

So ft syne Publishing 

©FIMOO40 Accountant. Inc. 3.0 1 
Tetoware. Inc. 

©FIN00B7 M YOB 3.0 
Visionary Software 

•eUSOtfe First Things First 2 12 

. ea 45 


. 139 



Apple Computer. Inc. 

©NETD250 AppleShare 3.0 ... 969. 

©C0M0131 AppleTalk fiemola Access . 159 

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CE Software 

©COMOI 6 T QuickMai 1 2.5.1(1-5 users} 249 

Dayna Commun(cations. Inc. 

©NE10125 DaynaPGRT E/1 . 


©NE TQQ76 DaynaPOR T E/SE 149 

£j Machtoa 

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Earallon™ Campullrtn 

©NET00Q7 PhaneNraPtos, SE&M 
©NET Ml 9 PhowNET SfefCortltoHe#) 

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Frees on 


insignia (Full line available) 

©UDD174 AccessPC 2 0 
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©NETG245 LANRovei/L. 


Tech Works 

©NET0133 GraceLAN 2 0 50-user 

While Pine Software 

©COMOI T4Mac 320-VT32G Emulator.,95. 



©DTPM72 PageMaker 4.2 __ 

©UPG0CO3 PageMaker 4.2 upgrade 
©DTP006G Personal Press 2,0 . ..... 

Quark, toe. 

©DTPflon XPress 31.. 





Mass Microsystems 

©DR 10253 Da^Pak 45MB Removable. 

Peripheral Land, Inc. 

©DRICG75 Infinity 80 Removable single.729 

©DRIED 15 Infinity Turbo 40 Msg Removals . 599 


©OR 11)499 100 Med Drive 499 

©DR 10533 20 Meg External Hard Drive . . 299 
©OR 10559 60 Meg Drive 449 

©DR1Q55I 40 Men Hard Drive .349 

©DR 10494 Pro 105 MB DhvefQuanlum LPS) . . 499 

©DR 105-16 Pro 21C MB Mail or Drive.. 749. 

©DR 10549 Pen 40 MB Drive . . . 379. 

©0NOOO94 44MB SyQuest Removable 499 

©BND0095 S0MB Sy-quESl Removable . 699 

SuperMac Technologies 

©DRI0437 Sped rum /8 24 PDG . 699 

©DR 10516 Sped(um/24 Vi deo Mac 11 Card.. 799 

©D 0 IO 517 Spectrum Senes itl Accelerator Card .449 

©DR 104 40 Speclrian/flsi .539. 



Art WO r* 

©ENT0262 GrailOuest .19, 

©ENT0451 Bridge 7.0.35. 

Baseline Publishing 

©ENT0403 Talking Moose/Cartoon Carnival 4.0 ..23 

B ruderbund 

©GDRQ042 Just Q randma and Me- CD-ROM . 35 
©GRA026® Krd Fix 1 2 . . . 35 

Cenlr&n Software. Inc. 

©EHT0329 Blackjack Siraiegy Tesier/Slackiack Ace. 65 

©ENT02S9 Ca&inaMastef Defukd Color Version.45 

©ENT0440 Crossword Cxeslor . ,39 

Hypertitol Software Company 

©Word Torture Spanish. French. German. R-jssian«a35 


©ENT0381 The Oregon Trail. . 29. 

©Number Munchers or Word Munches „ 

Nordic Software 

©EOU0276 Word Search Oeluke. 

©EDU0142 Preschool Pack 2.0. 

Opcode Systoms, Inc. 


Optimum Resource, Inc. 

©EDU0355 SticAybeaFs Beading Room .. 

Passport Designs, Inc. 

©MUS0Q49 Ervcore 2.5.. 379. 

©MUSO105 MusicTime for Mac. 169 

Fenton Overseas (Full line available} 

©Picture Lev?' i Scanish, Gsman, Frercn, Italian ea. 42 
©VocabULeariVcfi Level I. II or III: French .German. Hebrew. 

Italian, Japanese. Ri^an or Spanish . ea 35. 

Personal Training Svs.fFull line available) 

©Excei 4 0. Word 5£) Quark XPress 3.1.ea 49 

Plum a Software 

OENTQ447 Capital si Pig ii .... ....35. 

Software Toolworks 

©MUS0092 Miracle Piano . 349 . 

XOR Corporal ton 
©ENT 02 74 MacGyli Classic 11 
Zondervan Publishing House 

©MacBihie-Grfrek cr Nlv . 

©BOKOfel MacBible - King James Version 







Adobe Systems, toe. (Full line available) 

©FOND351 Adobe TypeDn Call 2.D. 

©FGNQ295 Adobe Type Reunion .41 

©F0N0435 Adobe TypeStyler 2 6 w/ATM . .127. 

Font Bank 

FON0438 Postscript Display Typefaces .95 

Softkey Software 

©FON0489 KcyFofts. 

Wayzata Technology 

©FONQ484 Font Fun Rouse CD-ROM .....35 



©CADQQ37 Des«g n Your Own Hcme-A/ch itedure ea .59 

©GRA0339 Sprout' 

Adobe Systems. Inc. 

©DRAW 71 Adobe Premiere 2,0 . 

©DTF0054 Illustrator 3 2 (*/ATM20) 
©GRA0191 PonloShop 20. 


&GRA0092 Diqi&I Darkroom 2.B , 

QGRA03G5 Freehand3.1 . 

©GRA9279 Gallery EffsdsVel I . .. 
©QRAi)354 IntellfOravr .... 

©GRA0131 Super 3D 2 5. 






. ..395 

. 129. 




QGftAtn 12 SupeiFaml 3.0 !. 



Apple Computer, toe. 

©GRA0347 uuickTimt Slarler Kit . 





©MjcGlobe or MacUSA 




©CAD0029 ClarisCAD 2 D 



©GRAD350 MacDrawProl.5 


.... BD. 


©51D0014 MacDranv Pro 1 5 Trade-up 

Ob neba 

©GRA02BO Camras 2 




... 75. 


DIVA Corporation 

©GRA032B OiVAVkfcoShflp. 

Dream Maker 

©GRA01Q5 Ciiplures Vat. 1 Business images... 

Fractal Design 

©GRADG23 Painlefl.2.. 






©GRAQG31 AccessCD 


..279. 1 

' ©GRA03B0 Renaisjnce . 

. . 499. 

Metro Image Base (Full line available) 

©GFtAQ27 7 Ntei ro ■ ImagcBasics. ... 35. 


©OTP0O62 EUbcIs Specialisl .99. 

©QTP0Q53 Layouts for PageMaitef .. 75 

Ray Dream 

©GRA0291 JAG 79 

SolfsyriG Publishing 

©E0UO34& Expert Asf ronomer.. 29 

©GRA031B ExportColorPaml .._.29. 

©Expert Home Design or Oh ice Dasbgn .ea.29. 

©GRA636 1 Expert Landscape Design . 29 

Specular Internal tonal 

©GRA03Q3 Inlin.-D 2.0 .645. 



iRA0317 FaxMama. Business Fax Cover Sheets 25. 

Though! I Could 

©GRA0J62 Wallpaper 37. 


©GRA027B VrrtusWaikTnrou^h .309 




Appoint, Inc 

Imw19 Mouse Pen Pro Mac ADB . 

INP 022 D ThumWma Mac 


©INPQ205 Typisl Pius Graphics. 339 

Costs r 

©INPQ196 AUbtossWnter Envelope Pftruer . 479. 

©INPQ 1 M Strmgray Platinum .39 


INPOt74 Mac (DIE Keyboard Platinum.129 

INPO103 Mscl01Ew/QHeys2.159. 


©INP0231 Turftb Mouse t£E or ft} 4.0 .109 

©INPQ 221 NoteBcok Keypad. 99 


©JNPR246 Micimek ScanMaker II 929. 

©INP0162 Water Pritorr .1399 

Micro touch 

rse . m 

Mouse Systems 

©JNP0132 Little Mouse ADB 



©INP0163 A3 Mouse 

©INPQ199 A3 Trackball . 

SupJilsUcatod Circuils 
©ACCD535 PowsTKey 2.Qw/ QytokKeys Lite . 75 

©5NP0232 Pi^Pad . .79 


MQND224 20 t Suosr Match Color Display.T 699 


IMP011S LightningScari 406 ..... 359. 

INP01B9 LightriingScan Pro 256 , . .499 

Computer Care, too, 

©0RI0336 Mac Rescue w/SCSI Port...139 

f 'kflAM6Sfeim»BocA.479 

DayStar Digital 
©Universal Pc-A^Cacne 33 MH? 

©Universal Povtorckha 33 MHz w70S2 
©Uf"versai PowefC^tn: 40 MHz . 

©Universal Pt^rCachs 40 MHz w7882 
©DFKM21 FaslCacr^ I1s> (54K). 

.. 599 


... 1029. 



©ORiD50Q FasfCache QuaSa 7CX 


©CHPHl i 4 Meg SIMMs 00ns 

©CHP00131 Men SIMMs 100ns....J 

©CLP00&5 2MBPowerBook 10Q714Q/170 Upgrade 145 
©CPPOO&7 JMB PowerBodk 140/170 U pqmde Kil 259 
©CHPQG68 6MB PcwerBook 140/170 Uogratfe Ki? 359 



Global Village (tuft (toe available} 

©PowerPorts . . 

©TOqOS 5 Bundle 9600 ULTRA SmartModem .679. 

©M0D0077 OPTIMA 96 for ine J^ac.599 

©MDD0O96 OPTIMA 24 Bundle . 149 


©M0LXIO62 24/96 Mini Send' Receive Fax Modern .. 159. 
©M0DUO43 2400 Mini Modem.89 


©M.ODOOS4 Home Otiice 24/95 259 

©MODOOS5 Ultimate home Office 24/96 .. 489. 


Abbott Systems, toe. 

©UTO3fi Cate* 

©UTI0113 CanOpesnerZ_ 

Advanced Software 

©UTI0291 In Touch 2.0. 

Aladdin Systems 
©U110302 Slulill Deluxe 3.0 . 

©UTI9303 Slulill SpaceSaver 


©UTI0269 Alsoft Power Uiililies fiundls.. 

Apple Computer, Inc 

©LNGOO50 AppleTalk For Programmers. 

©LNGDQ57 MaoPYMiamming Fundamenials .. 
©SYS00Q4 Syslem 7.1 Personal Upgrade Kil . 
•SVS00C3 A!Ease .'. . . 

ASD Software, toe. 

©UTI6T35 FiLGuard 2 7 . . 

©UD0130 FileGuard 2 7 - Office Pack 5. 

Baseline Publishing 

©UTIDT87 Inn Manager si . . 

OUTIDIB3 ScreenShot 1.2 

Gerketey System Design 

OUTFITS Atr&i D 5 rk 2 U 

.. 59. 

. 35 



.... 79. 
.. 55 



. 34 
.. 34 

©UTI0231 More After Dilk/ Alter Dark 2 0 Bundts 


©UTI0293 OmniPage Dir^l.... 

©UT10202 OmniPage Professional. 

Casa Blanca Works, toe, 

©UTP0273 Drive 7 22 .. 






© U T16297 CPU Connects RowerGook Uti I itres 

Danu Devetopmanl 

©UTI0246 DiskFilPm ... 

Fifth Generations 

©UTI60B7 SuiiCase2.t..... 

FWB. Inc. 

©UTIG259 HarrtDisk ToelKil 11. 

tosighl Developement 

mmm fiwpvkTI. 

Kent Marsh 

©UTI0262 Nighl Watch fl .. 

MAXA Corporation 
©UTI0277 Srotrpei Kil w/ Free N.U.M .. 


Microbial Computer Systems 

©UTI0265 MacEKG 2.0. 


Nova Development Corporaltoo 

OUT 1926 T Kaboofri'. 

Now Software 

©LrTKJSTI Now Utilities 4.0.. 



©BUS0212 Now U[Ho-Date 2,0 . 

. 65 

Sal ten! 

© Ad toDciihter 2.0 or DiskOoubter 3.7. 

Symantec Corperallon 

©UflQ15t Norion Ublilies lor lhe Mac 2.6 



©1JTIQ214 Symantec Am ivi rus for Mac 3.0 (SAM) 65. 


©UTIQ251 HeJp I 02. 09 

TGS Systems 

©ING9053 Pfoqtsph 2.5 Compiter V«f 

.. 309. 

User Land Software, Enc. 

OUT 10272 1 :-i- i • d Frontier . 

. 169 

. 159 



©WBD6D26 Mac Write I 111 ... 


©SPLHH7 Ward finrfei Plus 4 0 . ... 


©WPDC059 Word 5.1 .. 

©UPG0001 Word 5.0 Upgrade . 

Softsync Publish tog 
©WRD'305 7 Ex[htiW riter.... 

T/Maker Co. 

©WR 00051 WteeNow 3.0 
Ward Perl a cl Corporal Ion 
©WROCKM1 WordPlffecl 21 

. 209. 

©SPL0030 American Heritage Eloclronic Diclionary .55 




* Alt ma}or credit cards accepted. No surcharge. 

* Vour credit card wih nol &fl charged unlir your order is shipped. 

* it wo ship a partial order, we pay lhe Freight on 1 h& remaining portion. 

* At! U.S, shipments are insured at no extra charge, 

* C.O.D, orders acc&ptod(add $6.00 including shipping)-SI .ODD maximum. 

Cash, money order, or cashier's check. 

■ Corporate purchase order accepted subject io credit approval 

■ All products are covered by a 120 day limited warranty. 

* Sales Tax:: CT residents add 6%, NJ residents add Ohio residents add appropriate (a*. 

- AU orders add $3.00 per order. We ship Airborna Express overnight unless 


* C, O 0. orders ship, via UPS (Blue Label it you are more than 2 days from 
us via UPS Ground). Charge is $6 including shipping 

* Alaska, Hawaii, outside continental U.S., APozFPO call 90B-367-O44O tor mtormaiion. 

'Defgciive software replaced immediately. Hardware replaced or repaired al our discretion. 
"We regret tha! we cannot be responsible for lypographical errors. - 
I'm Kerry, can me at: 

1 - 800 - 255-6227 

( 1 -000-AU MACS} Now works In CaoBdn. 

Inquiries; 000-367-0440 FAX M0-0DS-0279 (NOTE NJ AREA CODE} 
1 720 OaJt Streel, P .0, Box 3031 

Lakewood. NJ 06701 

NEW! Express Customer Service Number: 
1 - 800 - 445-9677 

For laster service ter existing customers cur computers 
"5 by. 

racognii# incoming calls by the leiephono number 
and msiantly locate your records. 

^CWiTighl l}J? W^r^iWVrrr-;. at inc V'icWWIs'HXiSF* i& A ijt W<-mWjrftii»s» :nr MaiWAM HUUSf' ~J"' M«HrtVarEn34iS£* ue rti^ir-rri servi«nirts cr MsnrtViitfauie irt irtii* ff.-ad&lTv ifti pa» id rm^t w^noul note BV io(jn Mjc ini MiwtIibii ,; J f,f-:c Cc*nwtff i 

DiskFit Pro 

©For Finder-readable backup to floppies, cartridge or other hard 
disks, get DiskFlt Pro. DiskFit Pro copies files from your bard disk 
and creates a "SmanSet'', With each subsequent backup, die 
"SmartSeT' is updated and obsolete files are replaced, so backups 
arc fast and backup sets stay compact. Files arc stored, in Finder 
formal so a dick and drag is all it takes to restore data, A backup 
reminder helps form die backup habit and a calendar allows the 
scheduling of automatic, unattended backups id a hard drive or a 
folder on the server. System 6 compatible. System 7 savvy , 
Publisher: Dante Development 


©DeltaGraph Professional Is an 
easy-to-use, yet comprehensive 
charting and graphing solution, 
providing over 250 different 
chart types as well as full slide 
show capabilities. DeltaGraph 
Professional covers the full 
spectrum of business and 

scientific charting and graphing _ 

needs. The product features complete formatting control, 
extensive data importing and pre-formatted chart template and 
dipan libraries. Special Gfferf-get a Texas Instruments 68 
scientific calculator FREE! £$60.value) included in the box. 
While Supples Last 
Publisher: UeltaPoim 


Fractal Design Painter®, or 
Fractal Design Sketcher™* 

©Palmer introduced the computer world lo natural-media 
effects, duplicating traditional tools and textures in true 
24-bit color. Now Sketdier brings these image-editing 
tools to grayscale. Painter and Sketcher include dozens of 
brushes, pen, chalks and even paper grains. Create 
artwork from scratch or convert scanned images into 
works of ait with the “cloning" feature. Painter is perfect 
for designers, fine artists, graphic artists and students 
Sketcher is ideal for designers and artists working in 
grayscale, for desktop publishers and word processors 
placing graphics in their files, and for designers using 
black and-wtiitc photos and artwork 
Publisher Fractal Design Corp. 

Fractal Design Painter 
GKA0323 1249 
Fractal Dcsigrt 
Sketch er 



©It'S about agntucb 

can get in one packag e." 

Madlser, March 1992, 
Protect your hard drive hum 
unauthorized access 
(including security bypass 
with a astern diskette), 
oopying and erasure; 
applications and file/foldeis (including 
System folder) from unauthorised access^ deletion, and/or illegal 
copying. Protect your desktop from alterations by unauthorized 
users. Keep an eye on System usage with FtleGuanJ's Users Log 
which continuously track user/group active Si^tem 7,0 

Publisher ASD Software 


InTouch 2.0 

© InTouch 1.1 was rated ‘The best name-andaddrcss DA for 
the Mac." Madlser Magazine, 4/91 (45 Mice rating) . New 
InTouch 2.0 is even better! Verson 2.0 adds an integrated 
reminder program, sorting, list view, phone books, fax cover 
dieets and much more, InTouch siores unlimited names, 
addresses, phone mimheis and notes. The reminder piropam 
will notify you about that important meeting or phone call - it 
will eren find the contact's number and dialit automatically. 
.Sort your contacts into groups for easy printing of address 
bariis, mailing labels or envelopes, Share contacts with Use 
lightning hst InToudt network. 

Publisher; Advanced Software 

Also available: DoaiCompH UTP0081 $ 99 , and 

InTouch 2 0 SeI%cork-3Pack LJTOfT $139. 

InTouch 2.0 


Super 7 

©Included are fc%h(y 
Menus tti give you die ability 
io tear menus from the menu 
bar of any appliotiurt, Pnntei 
Picker lets you quickly select it 
network printer without visiting 
tire Chooser; Desktop Extra* lo 
make filing files at the finder 
fasur. Super SCnmmeM* which 
preserves the Ruder "Get info 
-comments during desktop rebuild, and letsyivu edit or view 
ihem in any application: Trash rta which prevent-, 
orphaned aikse.^ tlidinm Pro makes Balloon 
Help pracM; and Speed Beep 
Pro lets you customize your 
Mac’s warning (oteiiiC 
Publisher: Attics lITJlBtXv 

PowerPoint 3.0 

©PowerPoint 3.0, makes it easy for presenters to have complete 
control over their presentations, from initial ideas through powerful 
end results. It his all the tools roll need: word processing, 
graphing, outlining, drawing and presentation management And it 
is designed to take lull advantage of the capabilities of QuickTime 
and System 7,0, including Publish and Subscribe, AppIcEnems, and 
Balloon Help. Thafs because the PowerPoint presentation graphics 
program was designed especially for business people like you who 
need to communicate important ideas. With PowerPoint, you have 
the power and the flexibility to create presentations that are as 
strong as your ideas. 

Publisher: Microsoft BUS0269 


WalkTh rough 


© TTie latest version of this award 
winning 3-D drawing program 
provides everything you need to 
quickly capture ;md explore your 
ideas in 3-D. Multiple windows 
and extensive drawing aids provide an 
interactive environment for editing and viewing your ideas, 
interactive 3-D presentatioas, QuickTime® and PICS animated 
movies and peispecth? pictures dado your audiences. Enhanced 
Imports of 3-D DXE, PICT, daris®GU) and MacDraw; and Exports 
of 3-D DXF r 2-D DSF, tlaris®CAD, MacDraw, PICT and EPS, 
Winner of Madlser Breaktliroiigb Product of the Year Award 1990. 

Virtus Corporation 



©AccuZip6 reduces your 
mailing costs in every 
possible way. It corrects, 
parses, and standardizes 
every address in your 
database Then, il adds 
Carrier Roulc Zip+4 and a 
Postnel BarCode. It uses the 
database on the included Cl ) 

ROM to check addresses for 
accuracy, so mail intended 
for NJ won't end up in ML AccuZip6 also performs 
presorts for First, Second, and Third class mail, produces 
all the applicable postal forms, and even prints sack labels 

Software Publishers 

Inf ini-D 2.0 

© Create dazzling images with the power of Infini-D's Three- 
dimensional environment The easy-to-use lnfini-0, now in an 
awesome second generation! inQni-D 1.0 was die package that 
brought 3D graphics to the rest of us, Infim-D 2.0 combines this 
friendly interface with sizzling 3D power Infini-D's incredible new 
shader and raytraccr now can render scenes up lo 500% Easier! 
1 mm conversion of EPS files lruo 3D objects, Infini-Ds awesome 
metamorphosis capabilities, precise PICT mapping control, and 
extensive QuickTime support make Infini-U 2 .0 the 3D package of 
choice for graphic arts and multimedia professionals. 

Publisher: Specular International GKA0303 


MacPrint 1.3 

© Use a Macintosh with 
non-Apple printers. Prim 
Mac applications 
on HP LaserJet, Deskjcl 
or compatible printers 
including all Series 
ILi, Ills and the DeskJet 
500. Prints text and 
graphics u< the 

maximum resolution. 
Docs not require PostScript. 

Cable is included. 

Publisher: Insight Development 


OayStar Universal PowerCache 

©Work up to three times faster widi the best combination of 
blaring speed and low cost. Its Universal PIE design 
supports 14 Macs and leaves NuBus slots empty. It's 
guaranteed 100% compati ble running at Ml speed and 
doesn 't require additional memory, Rated as the best 
accelerator by leading industry editors, the PowerCache is 
always upgradable to any future DayStar products. Choose 
the board you need to get die speed you want. 
Manufacturer: DaySlar Digital 
DRIG467 Universal Paw etroche 40 tv/o 68882 
full line matfabk. 

Help! 1.03 

©It s the only Macintosh 
application wind) uses 
artificial intelligence lo 
check your system for 
problems. Willt Help! you 
can clean up your 
configuration and Improve 
your Macintosh s 
efficiency. Help! analyzes 
your Macintosh and creates an easily undetsiood report that 
describes all problems and tells exactly how to solve them 
Help! detects conflicts, incompatibilities, improperly 
installed files, environmental problems, damaged files, and 
duplicate files. Includes a simulation feature which allows 
you to check in advance for problems. 

Publisher: Tekiiosys 

im 025 l 



©Winner cf IJ 
awards, White Knight 
powerful, painless 
commurkatiwf at 
an affordable price. 
Geared to all bek of 
operieoce, it 

supports fik> trarefa 1 protocols tike ZM0DD1,3 sftfes of YMODEM, flash S 

j styles of Kermic Tcrmiul emufction supports TTY, VT52. VT KtO fit VTI02 

as well as 32 bil color QuickDraw & Luge montoR Comts with a FREE 

copy of Qkylo (a irrolutionaiy, 

now Mac-to-Mac file trader gl* 

program & $39-95 value). J K9 

PubUsliCTT FrecSoft CO.MWbfi ■ 




©CQPVright is a 
transparent utility that 
completely replaces 
die Finder's copy 
function, enabling 
users in copy files and 
folders in the 
background, and still 
perform all Finder 
functions (launch 
applications, delete 
files, etc.). It also 
means copy protection of a dilTenem kind by keeping a log 
of all copies to and from a Macintosh and is the first file 
copying utility that helps you track all 
copying traffic. HH 

Publisher: r.Sti Technologies 
UT 10320 

TouchBASE/DateBook Bundle-with Redux FREE! 

©Schedule, organize ;uid save with tlie ToudiMSE/DatcBook Bundle TouchEASE Jets you to store information about personal 
and business contacts, alternative phone numbers, pirns customize the fields Also allows you to prims envelopes and mailing 
labels, including postal barcodes, mid fax sheets cuvets, DaieEkwk Is the ultimate personal time manager for Macintosh. Instant 
access mid advanced scheduling keeps you on top of your appointments and tilings to do. Shows 

your schedule in multiple formats including test, Gantt chart and 
time bar. DateBook s views enable you to see your schedule 
tjuickU in as much detail as vou ^ TouchBASE/DateBook 
bundle comes with FREE Redux, a quick and easy 
backup utility! 

Publisher; After Hours Software 


Due to federal tarfffs 
imposed on SIMMs, prices 
may vary significantly. 
Please call for tue latest 
prices and availability. ' 



Install two I MB STMKs 

A Power User Memory Expansion Kit will 
dramatically increase the pow er of your Mac. 

And our fast, reliable overnight service will have your 
Kit in your hands tomorrow! 


Never again will you have to quit your word processor 
just to answer a question about a spreadsheet. Install 
extra memory and you can leave a letter open while 
you refer to last month’s sales figures. 

You can edit those monstrous scanner files with 
advanced graphics applications or develop your own 
custom HyperCard stacks. More memory means more 
power at your fingertips, 


Adding memory doesn't require technicians in lab 
coats. You'll find installation at home easy when you 
follow our FREE** step-by-step installation video 
instructions, just open your Mac, slide out the main 
circuit board and plug in your SIMMs. 


U upgrade ■ Da IhEtt (Imlali la multiples at h*a wily) 

4*socket Mac Ptvs or SIMMs Must be ISOw or fast tt 
SE la iMs amount of 

Fbu»™ aS four Siting 256k SIMMs., utiliS two 1 MB 

Sfrnmi, kivi two- jackets far future Expansion, 
ft ^ 2Uk SIMMs, ml* W ] M SIMMs,. 
fcal*e al inar zsa SIMMs Wilh fair I MB SIMMs . 

Da ibis: {Install la uMftlpte* >1 

2-socket Mat CUssk SIMMs Mast be lOOiu or faster 
(I or LC to ftls 


Do you need 80, 100 or 120 Nanosecond (ns) chips? 
Nanoseconds are billionths of a second, so an 80 ns 
chip responds faster than a 100ns chip. The original 
Mac used relatively slow 150ns memory chips. The 
68020 processor needs 120ns (or faster) chip, and the 

ta upgrade a 
Z-i*ckri Mk LC II 
la Mi aiMUflfi tf 


Install a MacWarehouse Expansion Kit and working 
with your Mac will never tie the same! Gall us now. 
We T li help you select just die right Memory Upgrade, 
and well ship it overnight for just $3, 

GHP 0012 120ns SIMMs ..... ,...$49 

4 MB 

Remove alf tour cSsSig 2 S 6 k SIMMs, uutafl fouJ 1 MB 

SJWM*, fuH nfiuirvng sockets lor lirlure expansion. 
Keep existing 256k SIMMs. in>lal lour 1 MB in 
remaining sockets 

Remow an tour 2 S 6 k SIMMs, hart eifll 1 MB SIMMs 

Da tills: {Install In nulttples at ttut only) 

SIMMs must be lOOns or faster 

listall lour IMB SIMM*. 

To upgrade a Da this: (Install In nrattlptei at four e 

4-socket Quadra 200 SIMMs must be &Qu* or taster 
to this amount of 

To o 

4-socket Mac llsf 
to tblS amount of 


1 - 800 - 255-6227 

Overnight Delivery Only $3.00! 

Call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week 

* 1992 HicraWaretBUH Inc. 

Our helpful sales and technical staff is standing by to 
answer any questions and take the mystery out of 
memory upgrades. Memory' cards come with one 
megabyte on each card and are usually sold in pairs 
— (2@$49ea) 

Hie chart explains exactly what you need to achieve 
the desired level of performance. 

To open your Mac Plus, SE, and Classics you’ll need 
a specially designed tool—it's available from us as 
part of a handy tool kit for just $% 


Memory' chips come factory-installed on plug-in cards, 
called SIMMs (Single Inline Memory Modules), Each 
one megabyte SIMMs card holds eight top quality, 



Install tom 1MB SIMM* 

Id upgrade a 
Iti-Mckrl Quadra 
900 Id Ibis amount 

On- tills: (Install In multiples of four only! 

SIMMs mwl b t SOns Or faster 

of memory 

4 MB 

Irulal four 1MB SIMM*. 


hsid eight! MB SIMMs. 

12 MB 

hslal twelve 1MB SIMMs. 

memory'chips. We cany chips by all the major manu¬ 
facturers like Texas Instruments, Intel and Samsung, 
Prices can vary a lot, based on quality' speed and 
demand. At press time our price for I MB, 120ns 
SIMMs is $49. 

Please call for the veiy latest prices and availability. 
Our sales staff will tell you what you need and help you 
make your choice an easy one. 



if, for any reason, you are dissatisfied with your Power 
User Memory Kit, you may return it for a full refund within 
thirty days ol purchase. All you have to do is call us for a 
return authorization number and return this product, 
postage paid, in its original condition, with the original 
packaging and documentation 


MatWarehouse also guarantees its Memory Kils against 
manufacturer defects for Iwq years Irom the date of purchase. 
We will repair the item or replace it at our discretion. 

* SIMMs pncts wary, Call for laicfl InAnmina 
" Limited Qflal Hu* video vdlli purchase of 2 « mat SIMMs. 

Circle 156 on reader service card. 

OCR Software 

Table 2: Features ot OCR Software 

• = yes 

AccuTexI 3.0 

OmniPage 3,0 

OmniPage Direct 1.9 



4 W* 


List price 




Street price 





Reasonable accuracy. Flexible 

Easy to use. Good manuals. 

Easiest to use. Consistent high 

training features. 

Reasonable accuracy. 

accuracy for tested documents. 


Difficult user interface. 

Poor format retention. No 

Unable to read TIFF files. No 


training capabilities. 

training capabilities. 


Size of main application 


1 MB 

1.5 MB 

Minimum system version 




Minimum memory 

4-5 MB 

4 MB 

4 MB 

Recommended memory 

4-5 MB 

4 MB 

4 MB 

Minimum hard-disk space 


4 MB 

4 MB 

Mac models supported 

SE/30, II or later, Quadra 

SE/30, II or later 

II or later 

Input compatibility /support 

Nonscanned-image formats 

MacPaint, PICT, TIFF 



Automatic document feeder 




Output compatibility/support 

Word-processing formats 

Mac Write, MacWrite ll t RTF, 

ASCII, MacWrite ; RTF, 

any program via Clipboard 

SylkWingZ, Word, WordPerfect 

Word, WordPerfect 

Spreadsheet formats 

Excel, WingZ 


any program via Clipboard 

Other formats 



any program via Clipboard 

View options 

Text-editing window 



■ O 

Pop-up bit map 


Re cog nit eon options 

Orientations supported 

portrait, landscape, upside-down 

portrait, landscape, upside-down 

portrait, landscape, upside-down 

Font sizes recognized 

8-24 points 

6-72 points 

6-72 points 

Style recognition 




User-definable recognition order 




Deferred batch recognition 



Background recognition 


Trainable mode 


Proofing options 

Spelling checker 


auto, manual 


User dictionaries 




Xerox Imaging Systems 

Caere Corp. 

Caere Corp, 

9 Centennial Dr. 

100 Cooper CL 

100 Cooper Ct 

Peabody, MA01960 

Los Gatos, CA 95030 

LOS GatOS, CA 95030 







508-977-2148 (fax) 

408-354-2743 (fax) 

408-354-2743 (fax) 

178 January 1993 MaoUser 

^ ait, B t % o z - y tee IP 'locjxammLn 3 - <=% £ d U a £ cation 

aueto^mani o L m £ s, o vj a Q *i d z t l Of d\f[ a g n i t a d z . 

Cjl it bugs you to spend more time stamping out syntax 
errors than building applications, its time you discovered the 
benefits of on-the-fly debugging with Prograph, and the excite¬ 
ment of not having ro worry about syntax, 0 Prograph 2.5™ is 
today's most advanced object-oriented development system for the 
Macintosh. Its graphical interface com¬ 
bines the power of a low-level coding lan¬ 
guage like C with the fresh new approach 
of a high-level ""visual language” like 
Prograph. 0 instead of drudging out 
endless lines of code, you simply program 
by pointing, clicking and naming. And 
you'll never wrestle with syntax errors again, because Prograph 
simply will not let you make them. 0] With Prograph, all your 

Mac applications are easy to write, easy to change and easy to 
maintain. Prograph’s integrated interpreter, compiler and debug* 
ging tools let you design, execute and test subroutines on demand, 
without having to complete a full application. And you don’t have 
to spend time specifying variable data types, because your data 
flows from object to object. 0 If you develop Macintosh 
applications for a living, get Prograph in - and get the bugs out. 

* 1/14 ktaxtiiij xtcotnftiznJ. it to in-fiQu. i£ coifio’iati. fxiocj'iammzx i 
tssfto n£cd to Jeoetoji cuttom afifilieaUons ie&ly Ittl 

M a c U s e r t October 1992 



Call ox £fi z ci a [ 3P x i a L n g 1 - 8 0 0 - 5 6 5 - 1 9 7 8 

Prograph 2.6 is a tracts marK oi TGS Systems All oltwr product names aro the trademariis ol (heir respective holders. TGS Systems. 441 Battery Street Suite 300, San Francisco, CA 94 11 1. 

(grid OCR Software 


Table 2: Features of OCR Software, continued 

• = yes 

OmniPage Professional 2,1 

Read-Ill 3.0.1 

TextPert 3.7 

= nn 




List price 




Street price 





Easy to use. Good manuals. 

Consistent high accuracy for 

tested documents. 


Expensive. Poor format 

Poor manual. Difficult to use. 

Prone to crashing. Poor 


Poor accuracy. 

manual. Poor accuracy. 

No training capabilities. 


Size of mafn application 

1.8 MB 

476 K 


Minimum system version 




Minimum memory 


1 MB 

1 MB 

Recommended memory 

8 MB 

4 MB 

2 MB 

Minimum hard-disk space 

8 MB 


2.5 MB 

Mac models supported 

If or fater 

Plus, Classic, SE, SE/30,1C. 

Plus or later 

II or later 

Input compatibility/support 

Nonscanned-image formats 




Automatic document feeder 




Outp ut compalibili ty/sup p ort 

Word-processing formats 

ASCII. MacWrite, MacWrite II. RTF. 

MacWrite, MacWrite II. Word. 

ASCII, MacWrite, Word 

Word, WordPerfect 

Works, WriteNow 

Spreadsheet formats 




Other formats 




View options 

Text-editing window 




Pop-up bit map 




Recognition options 

Orientations supported 

portrait, landscape, upside-down 

portrait, landscape 


Font sizes recognized 

6 - 72 points 

6-72 points 

6-72 points 

Style recognition 


User-definable recognition order 




Deferred batch recognition 




Background recognition 


Trainable mode 



Proofing options 

Spelling checker 

auto, manual 



User dictionaries 




Caere Carp, 

Olduvai Corp. 

CTA, Inc. 

100 Cooper Ct 

7520 Red Rd., Ste. A 

25 Science Park 

LOS GatOS, CA 95030 

South Miami, FL 33143 

New Haven, CT 06511 







408-354-2743 (fax) 

305-665-0671 (fax) 

203-786-5833 (fax) 

1B0 January 1993 MacUser 

600 dpi, 800 dpi, 
960 dpi, Speed, Flexibility, 
Upgradability and Support... oh yeah, Price. 

What Makes Our 
Printer Better 


When shopping for an 11x17 PostScript® compatible Flexibility - Sharing among Mac® and PC users is simple 

printer, we realize you have a lot of choices. And while with simultaneously active AppleTalk', Parallel and Serial 

many vendors lay claim to being the best, Xante prefers interfaces. You'll get font flexibility with 35 Type 1 fonts 

to leave the judging to you. We invite you to compare plus the ability to download up to 30 more permanently 

our printer with the rest. With the Accel-a-Writer 8100, on the controller with Xante’s Virtual Disk Technology ♦ 

you'll get... JYty'L Best Price - The Accel-a-Writer 8100 gives the 

Ilxl7/A3 Printing - The large page size supporty V / y , vhighest quality in output, advanced printing 
will give you a new level of flexibility in page Assurance technology and flexibility. But the best thing is 
layout and printing, uarantoy ou won’t have to pay a premium. In fact, the 

True High Resolution - The Accel-a- Writer 8100 
supports true 600 x 600 dpi for incredibly sharp text 
and graphics. And you have the option to nearly 
double or triple the resolution with our 800 x 800 dpi 
and 960 x 960 dpi upgrades. 

High Speed Printing - 
The Accel-a-Writer 8100 
is built for speed with the 
AMD 29000 RISC 
processor, 12 MB RAM, 

Xante's Advanced Memory 
Management , and 
Canon®’s 8 page per 
minute LBP'-BX laser 
print engine. 





TurboPS SeO^B 

Print System 

Standard Resolution 

600x600 dpi 

600x600 dpi 

600x600 dpi 

600x600 dpt 

Options! Resolution 

800 & 960 dpi 


800 dpi 


Standard RAM 

12 MB 

2 MB 

12 MB 


Virtual Disk Technology 

Enhanced Gray Scale 







Accel-a- Writer 8100 is only $3,995. 

Quality Assurance Guarantee * Your purchase will 
be protected with toll-free customer support, a one year 
warranty and a 30-day unconditional money back 
guarantee. Compare, then call us directly, 

1 - 800 - 926-8839 

Ext. 2201 

Fax 205-476-9421 


Statistics :jn of 111. 02 

Itimmitiaris In Outfml 

0 199(2 XANTE Cufpcinilh m. XANTE /iccnt-a-VPriler\t. a Irjfcrmilk of Xante Cwponutofl. Other founds prudutl minus are lisidLiitiri;*, n ri'pMnt.t! Inufcmafk*. i| 

iliL-ar a-sjvcflve hokVrfS \AN r fZ Corpofttljofl: 25W Enn^'ilf Si., Muhilt 1 . AL 36606* Office Ikjs 16526. MitHk - . At, 56616-0526 (JM.Id 

Circle 224 on reader service card. 

and hotdogs 

Every business needs “recognition.” 

Caere® and Ilewlett-Packard have joined forces 
again. It’s hard to imagine HP’s award-winning 
scanners without equally great page recognition 
software. Kind of like peanut butter without 
jelly. Morn without her apple pie. Or Peter and 
Paul without Mary. 

HP and Caere let you put your best image for¬ 
ward, whatever your business or profession, 
allowing you to enter text, numbers or graphics 
directly into your Macintosh® without a single 
keystroke. It’s like having a personal assistant to 
type reports or prepare graphics for key presen¬ 
tations around the clock. 

A combination to match your need. 

And now you can choose from two winning com¬ 
binations to match your own unique set of needs. 


and apple pie 

Choose OmniPage Direct and the HP ScanJet Up 
seamier for the Mac, the ideal solution if you 
happen to be an independent business person, 
or consultant, and require a powerful option at 
the most affordable price. Within minutes you’ll 
be up and running, entering text and graphics 
of all sorts - direct ly into your favorite word 
processor, spreadsheet or page layout program. 
All without a hitch. 

Or consider the world s most advanced page 
recognition solution, OmniPage Professional and 
the 1 IP ScanJet lie scanner for the Mac. This is 
the right choice if you require state-of-the-art 
capabilit ies, along with the world’s most accu¬ 
rate and customizable OCR, 400 dpi text and 
images, as well as grayscale and 24-bil color. 


The HP ScanJet Up scanner 
and OmniPage Direct 

OmniPage Professional and 
the HP ScanJet lie seamier 

It pays to get recognized. 

Now you can have the best for less w ith an I IP 
“Fame and Fortune" rebate and a bonus money 
saving offer from Caere. If you own a small 
business and need to increase your productivity 
right away, save up to $100 when you buy the 
HP ScanJet lip scanner for the Mac and 

OmniPage Direct. If you require the “industrial 
strength page recognition solution - one that can 
tackle even coffee soaked memos, reams of paper 
or documents - buy the I IP ScanJet lie scanner 
for the Mac and OmniPage Professional and save 
up to $200! 

Now is your chance at “Fame & Fortune.” 

Buy OmniPage Direct and the HP ScanJet II[* scanner for the Mac now and get S50 from 
Caere and S50 from HP! 

Buv OmniPage Professional and the PJP ScanJet lie scanner for the Mac now and get 
Si00 from Caere and $100 from HP! 

Call Caere at 1-800-535-SCAN 


* mj 



Call HP at 1-800-351IPMAC, ext. 7141 

Offer valid through January 3L 1993, 


Caere, OmniPage ami the Caere logo are registered trademarks of Caere Corporal ion. All other registerti larks ami trademarks are of their respective cuuipuii 

Circle 30 on readeh service card. 

OCR Software 

Table 2: Features of OCR Software, continued 

• = yes 

= no 

Word Scan 1.0 


WerdScan Plus 1,01 


List price 



Street price 




High accuracy ratings on test 

High accuracy ratings on test 

documents. Good format 

documents. Good format 




Scanner-control problems. No 

Scanner-control problems. No 

training capabilities. 

training capabilities. 


Size of main application 

2.4 m 

2.6 MB 

Minimum system version 



Minimum memory 

3-4 MS 

3-4 MB 

Recommended memory 

3-4 MB 

3-4 MB 

Minimum hard-disk space 

6 MB 

6 MB 

Mac models supported 

Plus, Classic, SE, SE/30, 

Plus, Classic, SE, SE/30 r 

Portable, LC, 11 or later 

Portable, LC, II or later 

Input compatibility/suppcjrt 

Non scanned-image formats 



Automatic document feeder 



Output ccmpatlbility/support 

Word-processing formats 

FulIWrite, MacWrite, MacWrite (!, 

MacWrite, Word, 

Word, WordPerfect, WriteNow 

WordPerfect, WriteNow 

Spreadsheet formats 

Excel, WingZ 

Excel, WingZ 

Other formats 

Frame Maker, PageMaker. 

FrameMaker, PageMaker, 



View options 

Text-editing window 



Pop-up Pit map 


Recognition options 

Orientations supported 

portrait, landscape, upside-down 

portrait, landscape, upside-down 

Font sizes recognized 

6-34 points 

6-34 points 

Style recognition 



User-definable recognition order 



Deferred batch recognition 



Background recognition 



Trainable mode 


Proofing options 

Spelling checker 



User dictionaries 




Calera Recognition Systems 

Qaiera Recognition Systems 

475 Potrero Ave. 

475 Potrero Ave. 

Sunnyvale, CA 94086 

Sunnyvale, CA 94086 





408-720-1330 (fax) 

408-720-1330 (fax) 

Table 2 Criteria 

List price — The vendor's sug¬ 
gested retail price. 

Street price — The price of the 
software through mail order or 
through dealers surveyed across 
the U,S, in August 1992. 

Non scanned-image formats — 
The image formats the software 
can import from sources other 
than a scanner. 

Automatic document feeder — 

A yes means the software sup¬ 
ports scanning with an automatic 
document feeder; a no means 
pages must be placed manually 
on the scanner bed. 
Word-processing formats — 
The word-processing applica¬ 
tions to which recognized text 
can be exported. 

Spreadsheet formats — The 
spreadsheet applications to 
which recognized text can be 

Other formats — Other appli¬ 
cations , such as database man¬ 
agers or page-layout programs, 
to which text can be exported. 
Text-editing window — Does 
the software provide a window 
for editing text before export to 
another application? 

Pop-up bit map — Is a bit map 
of the scanned image provided 
so you can compare text with 
the characters in the scan? 
Orientations supported —The 
ways in which a page can be 
oriented in the scanner: portrait, 
landscape, or upside-down. 
Style recognition — Does the 
program recognize and retain 
bold and italic type? 
User-definable recognition or¬ 
der — Can you choose the or¬ 
der in which the text zones are 

Background recognition — 

Can the program perform rec¬ 
ognition in the background while 
you run another application? 
Trainable mode — Can you 
teach the program to interpret 
selected scanned bit maps as 
characters you specify? 
Spelling checker — Whether 
the program offers internal au¬ 
tomatic and/or manual spell 
checking before text is exported 
to another application. 

User dictionaries — Does the 
program support user-edited 
dictionaries in its internal spell 

184 January 1993 MacUser 

•From Mac to Fill* 

From the Mackintosh Desktop to Film, PrePRESS 
DIRECT!, has the product and knowledge to bring your 
prepress applications in house. With the all new 
Varityper 2990 Color Publishing System (based on the 
Macintosh Quadra 950), to the Varityper 4990A 
Imagesetter we make in house prepress.affordable and 
easy Since electronic publishing is the only market we 
serve our sales consultants understand your prepress 
questions and are able to provide you with informed 
response. One source for all your electronic prepress 
applications.... PrePRESS DIRECT! 

2990 Color Publishing System 

The Varityper 2990A and 2990B are entry-level systems 
that are capable of high-qualily color production and are 
ideal for use in the preparation ol sales promotion 
materials, pamphlets, brochures, annua! reports, and 
other printed matter. 

2990A Color Publishing System 

Macintosh Quadra 950 with: 

• 33 MHz 68040 processor 

• 515 M8 Internal Hard Drive 

• 44 MB Internal SyQuest 
•36 MB of RAM 

• 24 Bit Accelerated Video Interface 

• Extended Keyboard 

• 16" Color Monitor 

• Varityper Color Management System 

• Vari Color™ Publishing System 

Software Package $20,495 

2990A/4990A System Bundle 

From Mac to film with a comprehensive package: 

• 2990A Color Publishing System 

• 4990A PostScript™ Imagesetter 

• BarneyScan CIS *3515 Color Scanner 

• BarneyScan CIS* Color Access Software 

• Sharp JX-600 reflection scanner 

• 7140 Film Processor $69,995* 

'Price includes Inslaltalinn Training, Annual Service arid Helpline Conlocls. 

Macintosh Hard Drives & Gpticals 


SyQuest 44 with cartridge 

SyQuest 88 with cartridge 

3.5 Sony Optical-130 MegaByte 

5 25 Sony 0pticat-650 MegaByte 

MaxOplicat -I GigaByle 

External 240 MegaByte Fast SCSI-2 

External 330 MegaByte Fast SCSI-2 

External 425 MegaByte Fast SCSI-2 

External 520 MegaByle Fast SCSI-2 

External 1.0 GB Fast SCSI 

External 21 GB Fast SCSI-2 

MicroNet Raven 040 Arrays 

1030 MB Internal 

2024 MB Internal 

4060 MB Internal/Exlernal 

Please call for pricing on older fine products 

from MicroNet 

Blank Opticais & Syquests 
SyQuest 44 MegaByte 
SyQuest 88 MegaByte 
Optical 130 MegaByte 
Optical 650 (5.25“) MegaByte 



ColorScript 210/230 Cal! for 

Hammerhead 860 Call for 


Positive Proof System CaH for 

Positive Proof System Call for 


CorrectPrint 300 with 36 MegaByte 


Phaser III PXi with14 MegaByte 8. 

Extra color sticks 


VT-4GQ Tabloid Printer-35 lonts 
VT-400 with font drive)70 font total) 

$ 599 









$ 79 











ScanMaker 1850 

CoiorGetter II 

30 Scanner 

UC-630 (300x600 dpi) 
UC-12D0S (600x1200 dpi) 
UMAX Transparency option 


Call for pricing 
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20 ri Color SuperMalch 
2V Color SuperMalch 
Spectrum 8-24 PDQ 





Varityper 4990A 

PrePRESS DIRECT! is proud to offer the best value in 
the imagesetting market, the Varityper 4900A. At an 
amazing $21,995, the 4990A offers a PostScript 8 MB 
Adobe Atlas RIP, 35 built-in fonts, 42MB RIP/font disk, 
100+MB page buffer, and both 1200 and 2400 dpi 
resolutions. Whether you're a desktop publisher, design 
agency, quick printer, newspaper, or magazine 
publisher, you'll appreciate the quality and functionality 
of the 4990A. Call today for more information on the 
4990A and other affordable imagesetting solutions from 

(shown with optional stand) only $21,995 

See us ai Macworld 
Booth # 541 in San Francisco 

PrePRESS DIRECT! Catalog— 

Cali or write today tor your FREE copy of 
PrePRESS DIRECTS catalog Featuring 
complete Varicolor Publishing Systems, 
hard drives, memory expansion, 
accelerators, DTP software, fonts, 
monitors, laser printers, imagesetters 
and accessaries One source, one 
catalog lor all your electronic 
publishing needs. 

Name _ 


State _ 

ZIP+4 _ 



‘Major Credit Cards Accepted - Master Card, Visa, and American Express. No surchargeadrted! Your credit card is oral charged unlii your order is shipped 

•COD Orders- Limited io $1.000 per order. Certified. cashier's check or money order onty Add S3.U0 per ortter 

•PurchaseOrders - Educational, goverrirrafll and corporatepurdiase orders accepted. Mi purchase orders are subject to cmdil approval 

• Leasing - We otter leasing to qualified businesses. AH leases are subject to acceptance by Advaflta Financial Leasing 

•We use Airborne Express lew prompt! dependable delivery (onlyS5 SO per order on wife's under M lbs.) 

•30-day. Money-Back Guarantee, if you are not 100% satisfied with any purchase liom PrePRESS PflfCT^soflware, ireigM. iflsHIUliui. and training excluded) 
•Manulacturer limited warranty on all PrePicss products lor a rtkinimum ol one year Extended on site service is available 
•Fax 24 hoofs a day 1-201-887-4300. 



11 Mt. Pleasant Ave. 

East Hanover, NJ 07936-9986 

1 - 800 - 443-6600 

Outside US & CANADA 1-201-887-2300 

_a Tegra Company 

Circle 228 on reader service card. 

AH prices and specificate are subject Id change PrePRESS DIRECT! 1 »5 a Iradenwk rW PrePRESS DIRECT. Inc. Macintosh is a regislered trademark ai Appte Computer Inc. Varityper is a regisiered Trademark and VariCotor is 
a trademark ol Varityper,inc.PostScript is a trademark o! Adobe Systems Incorporaled which may be registers in attain jurisdictions. Other product names are trademarks of iheir respective companies. 


m PostScript Printers 

High-Resolution Printers 

Three low-cost printers 
set a new standard for 
high resolution — at 
speeds faster than 
those of Apple’s 1INTX. 

T he desktop-printing and 
-publishing revolution began 
in 1986, when Apple intro¬ 
duced the 300-dpi PostScript 
LaserWriter* Although 300-dpi out¬ 
put was immediately endorsed for 
most business uses, desktop pub¬ 
lishers who wanted higher-resolu¬ 
tion output were forced to pay a 
premium price for slower printers 
(see “Practically Perfect Printing: 
High-Resolution PostScript Print¬ 
ers/’ February ’92, page 172) — 
until recently. 

Now there’s a second revolution 
brewing. This month, MacUser 
Labs looks at three 600-dpi Post¬ 
Script laser printers — the Lexmark 
IBM LaserPr inter 1GA, the NewGen 
TurboPS/660, and the Xante Accel- 
a-Writer 8000 — that not only pro¬ 
duce better output than 300-dpi 
printers but also accomplish this in 
less time. At list prices of less than 
$4,000, these three fast, low-cost 
printers are harbingers of a new 
breed of desktop printers — and the 

When we wrote our February '92 report, high- 
resolution printers were slower and more 
expensive than 300-dpi printers. 

Figure 1: Three new fast and affordable 600-dpi printers (left to right): the 
NewGen Turbo PS/660, the Xante Accel-a-Writer 8000, and the Lexmark IBM 
LaserPrinter 10A. 

high-resolution news is about to get 
even better. 

Good Looks, Good Speed 

The move to high-resolution 
printing is driven by the desire for 
good image quality—text that isn’t 

jaggy. Fine lines that are truly fine, 
and continuous-tone images that 
aren’t fuzzy. Our jury of desktop- 
publishing experts judged the 
NewGen TurboPS/660 to have the 
best output for text and fine lines 
(see Figure 2). Although the Xante 

| Table Is 

Pros and Cons l ; ’’ 


IBM LaserPrinter 10A 





Accel-a-Writer 8000 


List price 




Street price 





True 600-dpi engine. 
Optional 500-sheet paper 
tray for two-tray operation 

Best text quality, inexpensive, Fastest, Auto-switching and 
Auto-switchi ng and simultaneously active ports. 

simultaneously active ports. Best halftone image quality. 


Slew processor. 

Coarse halftone quality. 



Lexmark International, Inc. 

740 New Circle Rd. 
Lexington. KY 40511 



606-232-5439 (fax) 

NewGen Systems Ccrp, 
17580 Newhope St. 

Fountain Valley, CA 92708 



714-641-2800 (lax) 

Xante Corp. 

2559 Emogene St. 

Mobile, AL 36606 



205-476-9421 (fax) 

1 SB January 1993 MacUser 


Figure 2: Crisp and Clean 

Accel-a-Wriler 8000's smaller- 
sized text wasn’t as crisp as that of 
the other two printers, its gray-scale 
images were judged the best of the 

Despite having to process four 
times as much information, the 
Accel-a-Wriler 8000 and TurboPS/ 
660 are each faster than the 300-dpi 
LaserWriter IINTX — the Accel-a- 
Wriler 8000 is nearly one and a half 
times as fast (see Figure 3). Al¬ 
though both printers use the same 
8-ppm (page per minute) Canon SX 
engine as the LaserWriter IINTX, 
they each employ fast RISC (re¬ 
duced-instruction-set computing) 
processors to speed print-prepara¬ 
tion time. The Lexmark IBM Laser- 
Printer 1QA sports a 10-ppm en¬ 
gine, but it performed poorly, due 
to its slow 16,7-megahertz 68020 
processor — the same processor 
that’s in the LaserWriter IINTX. 

On the Horizon 

Engineers at MewGen and Xante 
had to use electronic enhancements 
to emulate 600-dpi resolution; on 
the other hand, the Lexmark IBM 
LaserPrinter I0A uses a true 600- 
dpi print engine — and it will soon 
be joined by a host of new, true- 
600-dpi PostScript laser printers, 

Hewlett-Packard has announced 
the $2,999 LaserJet 4M, which uses 
the new 600-dpi, low-cost letter¬ 
sized Canon AX engine. When we 
tested a prerelease LaserJet 4M, it 
recorded faster times in all our tests 
and produced better-looking output 
than any printer in this report. Look 
for other companies to use the 
Canon AX engine as well. Also ex¬ 
pect a host of companies to use the 
new 600-dpi tabloid-sized Canon 
BX engine in printers priced at less 
than $4,500. These new engines will 
reinforce 600 dpi as the standard 
for desktop PostScript printers. 

The Bottom Line 

High-re sol u l ion PostScript print¬ 
ing is no longer a luxury. Soon it 
will be a standard feature in most 

Lexmark NewGen Xante 

IBM LaserPrinter 10A TurboPS/660 Accel-a-Writer 80QG 

Figure 2a: When it comes to image quality, the Xante Ac cel-a-Writer 80Q0 t with its 
detailed halftones and many shades of gray, is the clear winner. 

AaB AaB AaB 

Lexmark NewGen Xante 

IBM LaserPrinter 10A TurboPS/660 Accel-a-Writer 8000 

Figure 2b: When output is enlarged to four times its actual Size, the text quality 
of the Lexmark IBM LaserPrinter TGA, the NewGen TurboPS/660, and the Xante 
AcceLa-Writer 8000 is comparable. At smaller type sizes, the Xante type wasn't 
as crisp as that of the other two printers. 

offices, with only a marginal price 
increase and little penalty in perfor¬ 
mance compared with today’s 300- 
dpi printers. The NewGen TurboPS/ 
660, with its excellent text quality 
and a street price $ 1,200 less than 
the Xante Accel-a-Writer 8000's, 

gets our overall recommendation. 
The Xante Accel-a-Writer 8000 is 
the fastest of the three printers and a 
good low-cost choice for printing 
scanned photos and other continu¬ 
ous-tone images. 

— Paul Yi ^ 

Figure 3: Fast and Affordable 



- Xante Accel-a-Wriler 8000 ($3,905) 
-NewGen TurboPS/660 <J2,795) 



h Du Pom PP1600 ($17,250) 
[■ VaiitypH VTGOQ ($9,905) 
(Street price) 

25 50 75 100 1.25 150 

Apple LaserWriter UNIX — Be tt er ► 

Figure 3: Our suite of tests included printing a 30-page Word document, a 
complex PostScript graphic document, and a 4.5-megabyte gray-scale image. 
Results of all the tests were combined to obtain an overall score, shown relative 
to that of the Apple LaserWriter IINTX. In our February ‘92 report, the Varityper 
VTGOQ was the overall winner. The Du Pont PPI 600 is our most recent high- 
resolution champ, but it commands a stiff price ($17,250) for its excellent output. 

MacUser January 1993 187 

Introducing the 300 dpi color 
printer that keeps your colors 
clear with PostScript 2, 

£ m&aHh 

US- lisL juris.!'. AiH>' anil ttnLSm|jt an- Uaitairt/hsi< AiiitX' 
S^Ja-ms [(vaKjHifdnl tiiurti may Ik- irj&.xrLH , <J in nrrtain jurijjlkljrww. 
ttM-Arw.iai.Tilt l-i«m 3H7-SW7. EM, 11*7, 

see what you’ve been missing. 

HP brings laser-quality color 
printing into focus with the new 
PaintJet XL300 inkjet printer with 
PostScript 2. For the remarkably 
low price of just $4,995? 

With 300 dpi color enhanced by 
state-of-the-art Adobe PostScript 
Level 2, the PaintJet XL300b out¬ 
put will astound you. Laser-quality 
text and graphics. Vibrant, F&ntone- 
approved colors. AJ1 on a choice of 
media that includes plain or glossy 
paper or transparencies, in a wide 
range of sizes. 

And with 6 Mbytes of memory, 
expandable to 18 Mbytes, the 

PaintJet XL300 offers even the 
most demanding color graphics 
users plenty of room to play. 

The choice of a color printer has 
never been so clear. Call 1-800- 
752-0900, Ext. 3157 for a free print 
sample from the PaintJet XL300 
and the name of the authorized 
HP dealer nearest you.t 



Circle 127 on reader service cahd. 

"Scanned in 
too light " 

“Too blue, 
use the 
color filter " 


Perfect Color in Minutes 

“ the most 
important piece of desktop 
publishhig software to hit 
the market since Aldus 
PageMaker . ” 

Publish , August 1992 

"No color, 
pump up the 

Great proof. 
Print it." 

Whatever the image. For 



Color Editor 



EFI’s Cachet Color Editor 


Finally. Professional desktop color for the 
first time ever. Intuitive. Powerful. 

Expert color editing and separations. 
Early proofs. Make deadlines. 

Make dinner on time. 

call 1 - 800 - 285-4565 

to order Cachet or find the 

Color DESKTOP PUBLISHING reseller nearest you. 


CCachet includes EfiCoIor’“ 
Color Management System 

Electronics for Imaging, Inc. 

Cachet system requirements: Mac LC with math coprocessor. 
Mac II or Quadra family. Hard disk, 5MB RAM (8MB 
recommended). 8 to 24-bit video card. Color monitor. 13" or 
larger. System 6.05 or later. This ad was produced using Cachet. 

Circle 72 on reader service card. 




Forget CD-ROM. 

If FontBank has its 
way, the future of font 
delivery will be 
on-line. Now users 
of CompuServe can 
download PostScript 
and TrueType fonts 
from FontBank and 
several other small 
suppliers — for as 
little as $3 each — 
and clip art from 
Dover Publications 
and other vendors — 
for as little as $1 per 
image. Charges 
are billed to your 
CompuServe account. 

By Pamela Pfiffner 

Fractaled fairy tales: About a year 
ago, Kai Krause began posting Photoshop 
tips and tricks on America Online for pub¬ 
lic consumption. Now the German-born 
software whiz is packaging his know-how 
by publishing several dozen advanced tech¬ 
niques and freaky Photoshop filters, 
available on a $99 six-floppy set or a single 
CD-ROM disc. You’ll find more gradient fills, fractal patterns, translucency 
options, and fish-eye effects than you could ever imagine, all packaged with 
a unique interface. (Adobe is very interested in what Kai’s up to, by the way.) 
Sold through HSC Software. Call 310-392-8441, or log on to the Kai's 
Power Tips library of the Photoshop Forum on America Online. Fractals 
also form the foundation of Point of View’s Elegance clip art, 300 easily 
interchangeable pieces you can embellish and combine for borders 
and frames. 800-397-7055 or 719-591-5320. $99. 

3-D or not 2-D: Graphic artists who want to introduce 3-D effects into 
their illustrations have generally had two choices: fake depth, using their 
PostScript drawing programs, or vanish into the 3-D ozone with a raster- 
based 3-D program. Now two programs promise to give artists 3-D function¬ 
ality in a familar drawing environment. Adobe Dimensions ($ 199,415-961 - 
4400) and RayDream addDepth ($179, 415-970-0768) let you import Illus¬ 
trator, FreeHand, or compatible outlines in to the application, where they can 

be extruded and revolved in 3-D and lighting 
effects added, while retaining the vector format. 
Dimensions is the more basic of the two 3-D 
programs; addDepth adds direct font support, 
simple editing, and PICT import. 

Warehouse prices: Apple has joined the 
cheap-fonts club with its new Apple Font Pack for Macintosh, This selection 
of 43 TrueType fonts — culled from such foundries as Agfa, Monotype, 
Linotype-Hell, and Bitstream — is designed for neophyte users who are 
daunted by the vast selection of fonts on the market. A special installer for 
easy font loading and a 32-page booklet on using type round out the $99 
package. 800-776-2333 or 408-996-1010. Hit If you enjoy exploring elegant 
new typefaces, indulge in the first retail release from Carter & Cone. 
Fourteen years after he originally designed it, Matthew Carter has remade 
ITC Galliard, which now includes ex¬ 
pert sets with luxurious ligatures, 
fractions, small caps, dingbats, old-style figures, and more. 800-952-2129 or 
617-576-0398. $150 for six roman and five italic fonts. ^ 

6* Cat'ter Cone—' ITC Galliard *> r > 

■lD;i;:;;L==.-.:::2. Surface Prowrtws ii=;r~=-rr;iilin 

(-{■) Color-“O Reflectance 

O Stroke 
| Process ^ | 

MacUser January 1993 191 

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0rtfcre(800)66l9410 / Phoac ('Hg) 2628008/Pax (405) *17013/AppWluk CDA0573/CompuServe 7M60#23 In Europe Kogcma AC / Phone(11/411/3210600 / Fax 01/411/3210642 

Circle 89 on reader service card. 



A Gray 

Thanks to improved 
printer technologies, 
you can now get good- 
quality halfton es from 
black-and-white laser 
printers. Follow these 
tips to get great grays 
from your printer 

By Cary Lti 


G elling high-quality halftone 
the Iasi frontier in 
desktop publishing* Many accom¬ 
plished desktop publishers who manage ty¬ 
pography and line art with ease throw up their 
hands when faced with halftoning* What can 
go wrong with halftones? Just about every¬ 
thing* On a standard 300-dpi PostScript laser 
printer, desktop halftones are often coarse, 
dark, fuzzy, and muddy. When printed by an 
imagesetter, desktop halftones arc often dark, 
fuzzy* and muddy. 

Many desktop publishers have given up. 
They fall back on the old-fashioned method: 
letting the prim shop create the halftone pho¬ 
tographically and strip it in to the printing- 
plate negative. Or during scanning, they opt 
for creating a simple kind of halftone called a 
diffusion, or dithered, image, giving up sharp¬ 
ness and tonal range in exchange for easier 

In truth, producing good halftone images 
on a desktop system takes some experience 
and skill, but the process isn’t really difficult. 
You need to know a few basic principles and 
apply them to your own production system. In 
this article* we concentrate on producing great 
grays from your laser printer, hut the same 
rules apply to imagesetter output at your local 
service bureau* 

Why focus on laser printers? Two reasons: 
Despite all the attention paid to color — and 
even though the prices of color hardware are 
declining — many people, for reasons of 

or aesthetic preference, work in 
Cheaper and simpler to pro¬ 
reproduce than color, black-and- 
art lends itself to photocopying or 
inexpensive offset printing when top-notch 
quality is not a priority* The recent flurry of 
printers optimized for halftones, such as the 
Apple LaserWriter lig, the Xante Accel-a- 
Writer, and the NewGen Turbo PS 880, makes 
it easier than ever to print good graphics from 
the desktop. 

The availability of these new printers and 
their related products doesn’t guarantee that 
you'll gel perfect halftones at the push of a 
button. You need some understanding of what 
halftones are, how laser printers produce them, 
and how the production chain works* 

First, some basics. 

Half a Tone 

A halftone is essentially a printing trick, 
producing the appearance of grays when the 
printing ink or toner is only black* A halftone 
simulates grays with a grid, or screen, of vari¬ 
able-sized dots (black is a tone; the dots make 
up “half a tone”). The fineness of the screen 
— called the screen frequency or line fre¬ 
quency, measured in Ipi (lines per inch) —- is 
responsible lor a picture's sharpness. (A Tuzzy 
original or fuzzy scan always produces a fuzzy 
halftone, no matter what the line frequency, 
however.) Newspaper photographs are often 
printed with 85-lpi screens; magazines, such 
as this one, use screens of 133 Ipi or more* 

MacUser January 1993 193 



A halftone screen is usually not square 
with the image or with the paper edges; 
instead, it's set at a 45-degree angle to 
minimize the dot pattern, because the hu¬ 
man eye tends to pick out vertical and 
horizontal lines more readily than other 
lines. (In four-color printing, each half¬ 
tone plate is set at a different angle, calcu¬ 
lated to reduce interference effects among 
the plates; for more on color halftoning, 
see “That's a Moire, 1 ' July "92, page 173, 
and “All the Right Angles” August '92, 
page 183.) 

In a traditional photographically pro¬ 
duced halftone, the sizes of the dots — 
and thus the number of apparent grays — 
can be varied continuously. But laser print¬ 
ers and imagesetters, both of which have 
fixed resolutions, cannot produce vari¬ 
able-sized dots. Instead, they have a regu¬ 
lar grid of equal-sized dots, or pixels (cor¬ 
responding to the device's resolution). 
Each of these dots can be printed or not, 
resulting in black spots or white spaces, 
respectively. To simulate variable-si zed 
halftone dots, these devices group primer 
pixels into cells and then vary the number 
of pixels printed in each cell. The larger 
the cell, the more pixels it contains and 
the more levels of gray possible (see Fig¬ 
ure l). But the larger the cell becomes, 
the less detail the image has. Most low- 
resolution printers have to sacrifice levels 
of gray for sharpness, or vice versa — for 
example, a halftone generated on a stan¬ 
dard 300-dpi PostScript laser primer, such 
as the LaserWriter IINT, looks coarse. 
The higher resolutions of imagesetters — 
upward of 1,200 dpi (or 4,000 dpi, in 
some cases) — means that they can pack 
more pixels into a cell and more cells into 
an inch. The result is halftones whose 
quality rivals that of traditionally pro¬ 
duced ones (see Figure 2). 

Laser Limits 

The simplest way to gel better halftone 
output then is to use a higher-resolution 
printer. For example, standard 3(X)-dpi 
PostScript printers such as Apple’s 
LaserWriter 11 NT and others also based 
on Canon’s LBP-SX engine have a de¬ 
fault halftone screen of 53 I pi (33 gray 
levels). By comparison. Canon’s new 
6(K)-dpi LBP-BX engine, used in the 
QMS 860 Hammerhead and the Cal Comp 
CCL-600, offers a default halftone screen 
of 71 I pi (73 grays). These printers will 
likely become the new standard for desk¬ 
top laser printers. But if you're not pre¬ 
pared to purchase one of these, you can 

Figure 1: Desktop halftones consist of two separate images. The scanned image 
(left) is sent to the PostScript interpreter in the printer. The interpreter creates the 
halftone image (right) by sampling the scanned image and grouping halftone dots 
into cells to simulate grays. In this simplified example, each halftone dot consists 
of nine possible printer pixels. Each printer pixel is turned on (black) or off (white) 
to create the illusion of gray. This example represents output from a standard 300- 
dpi PostScript printer without enhanced halftones. 

still get good halftones at 300 dpi. 

Printer manufacturers these days are 
finding ways to improve the halftone ca¬ 
pabilities of low-resolution printers. One 
method is to use subpixels, which are 
smaller than normal printer dots. Basi¬ 
cally a trick of the printer’s mechanism 
and software, subpixels give the printer’s 
software more freedom in positioning 

halftone dots. A 300-dpi printer with sub- 
pixels can print a wider tonal range than 
can a 600-tipi printer with a fixed pixel 

The Apple LaserWriter Ilg, for exam¬ 
ple, comes with a halftone-enhancement 
technology called PhotoGrade, which uses 
subpixcls, (The 1 If also ships with Photo- 
Grade, but you have to add RAM to take 

Figure 2: Say You Want Resolution? 

Figure 2: Laser printers have to trade image detail for gray levels, whereas high- 
resolution imagesetters can produce halftones with smooth tonal gradations. The 
image on the left was printed on a LaserWriter IINT at its default line setting of 53 
Ipi; the image on the right was output at 133 Ipi on an Agfa SelectSet 5000 

194 January 1993 MacUser 

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advantage of it,) PhotoGrade's default 
selling produces a 106-lpi halftone screen 
with 67 gray levels* about seven times the 
number of gray levels of a conventional 
300-dpi printer and almost twice that of a 
conventional 600-dpi printer set at ihe 

same line screen (see Figure 3). Other 
printer manufacturers offer proprietary 
halftone-enhancement technologies, but 
Apple’s LaserWriter and PhotoGrade are 
generally considered to be the standard. 
(For more on PhotoGrade, see “Image 

Makers,” November '91, page 98.) 

(The LaserWriter Ilf and Hg also fea¬ 
ture FinePrim, a smoothing technique that 
reduces the jaggies in text and line art and 
that functions independently of Photo¬ 
Grade. None of the halftone adjustments 

Figure 3: Making Grays with PhotoGrade 

53 Ipl* 45% 
256 grays 

150 Ipi, 0% 
34 grays 

83 Ipi, 56% 
105 grays 

106 I pi* 45% 
67 grays 

Figure 3: Apple's PhotoGrade technology gives you a wide 
variety of halftone settings. These settings aren't clearly iden¬ 
tified, so we've labeled them from 1 to 5. Setting 4 is the default 
for the printer. Setting 1 gives the best tonal gradation but 

slightly less detail, whereas setting S sacrifices gray scale for 
resolution. Experiment with similar settings on your printer. 
The original image was scanned on a Hewlett-Packard ScanJet 
Plus and calibrated separately by Ofoto for each setting. 

19G January 1993 MacUser 

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described in this article affect any text or 
line art printed on the same page. Some 
laser printers, such as the Hewlett-Packard 
LaserJet Ill and HIP, offer a text-and line- 
art-smoothing feature similar to FinePrint 
but no halftone enhancement.) 

Some vendors use the subpixel ap¬ 
proach to increase the resolution of the 
primer. Xante, for example, sells stand¬ 
alone laser printers as well as controller 
boards for popular Apple LaserWriter and 
Hewlett-Packard LaserJet models. The 
boards work with printing engines de¬ 
signed for 300 dpi, boosting them up to 
600-dpi resolution and enhancing their 
halftones. Their default setting is 85 Ipi 
(101 grays). Other vendors such as New- 
Gen, LaserMaster, and Printwane also soup 
up standard 300- or 400-dpi engines for 
higher resolutions and, in many cases, 
better halftones. (See Table 1 for standard 
halftone settings of several printers,) 

In contrast, imagesetters produce fixed¬ 
sized image pixels like those of a conven¬ 
tional laser printer, but the pixels are so 
small that imagesetters produce an appar¬ 
ent range of halftone-dot sizes without 
having to resort to subpixel tricks. An 
imagesetter working at 2,540 dpi can pro¬ 
duce a 133-lpi halftone with more than 
200 grays, visually equivalent to a con¬ 
tinuous halftone. Working at 3386 dpi, 
an imagesetter can produce a 175dpi half¬ 
tone, close to the practical limit for nor¬ 
mal printing presses. 

Be Prepared 

Even if your printer is not optimized 
for halftones, you can get good-quality 
results — but you'll have to do some 
preparation. You have to pay attention to 
the entire production chain, from input to 
output. You don't need any exotic high- 
end graphic-arts tools to produce good 
halftones, but your basic tool kit should 

* A scanner capable of detecting 300 
dpi and 256 levels of gray. Virtually all 
flatbed scanners sold today meet or ex¬ 
ceed these requirements. 

* Scanning software that controls the 
scanner and produces a gray-scale file. 
The software should offer calibration, a 
way to link the gray-scale sensitivity of 
your scanner with the halftone capabili¬ 
ties of a specific printer. Calibration is 
essentially a mapping between the half¬ 
tone produced by the printer and the grays 
detected by the scanner (monitor calibra¬ 
tion is a separate process). When you 
select a calibration, the scanning software 
adjusts or predistorts the gray values as¬ 
signed to the pixels in the image in order 
to optimize the printed output. 

Two scanning programs — Light- 
Source's Ofoto, which is bundled with 
Apple's OneScanner and sold separately 
for $395, and DeskScan II, which is 
bundled with Hewlett-Packard scanners 
— feature calibration. Ofoto can control 
many popular scanner models (including 

the Hewlett-Packard scanners). 

Some scanners come with a plug-in 
module for Adobe Photoshop that con¬ 
trols the scanner. Photoshop does not of¬ 
fer straightforward calibration, although 
it has an adjustable output-transfer func¬ 
tion, which approximates calibration in 
the hands of skilled users, 

* An application that can accept gray¬ 
scale information. All of today's major 
page-layout programs and many graphics 
programs can do grays; some programs 
have built-in halftoning controls that let 
you further refine images from within the 

* A PostScript or compatible laser 
printer or imagesetter. Although you can 
get halftones out of QuickDraw or non- 
PostScript laser printers, inkjet printers, 
and even I mage Writers, the results are 
rarely satisfactory. 

* A priming resource (printer driver) 
that supports the halftoning capabilities 
of your output device. 

* Printer-description files. These ship 
with your layout and graphics software. 

This completes the basic halftone tool 
kit, but there is one optional item: 

* An image-retouching program, such 
as Adobe Photoshop, Fractal Design's 
ColorStudio, or Aldus' Digital Darkroom, 
which supplies the image control neces¬ 
sary for optimizing halftones. 

Assuming that you've got the tools as¬ 
sembled, let's step through production. 

Table 1: Common Printer Line Frequencies and Screen Angles 







Number of 






gray levels 

Apple LaserWriter IINT/MTX 

300 dpi 



53 Ipi 



QMS 860 Hammerhead 

600 dpi 



71 Ipi 



Apple LaserWriter Ilf/llg 

300 dpi 


setting 1* 

53 Ipi 



with PtioioGrade 

setting 2* 

75 Ipi 




83 Ipi 




setting 4* {default) 

106 Jpi 



setting 5* 

150 Ip 



Xante Accel-a- Writer board 

600 dpi 



65 Ipi 



and 4000/8000 printers 


85 Ipi 




95 Ipi 



NewGen Tu rbo PS 880 

800 dpi 



75 Ipi 




120 Ipi 




2.540 dpi 



133 Ipi 



3.386 dpi 



175 Jpi 



*PhotoGrade does not label these settings; the author created them for this article. 

Table 1: The halftone capabilities of several common laser line frequency goes up, the number of gray levels goes down, 
printers vary widely. Resolution, tine frequency, and screen Although the printer's default setting is often adequate, chang- 
angle ail affect the levels of gray achieved. Note that as the ing the line frequency can yield better results. 

200 January 1993 MacUser 

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Calibrating the Scanner 

When you’re producing halftones, it’s 
essential to start with good raw materials. 
First, you need to calibrate your scanner, 
software, and printer: 

L Create a calibration chart on your 
printer. With Ofoto, go to the Calibration 
menu. With Desk Scan II. open the Cus¬ 
tom menu, select Print Path, anti then 
dick on New in the Primer dialog box, 
The calibration chart contains 256 levels 
of gray that your printer can produce. 
You can save the chart as a TIFF or EPS 
tile. For halftoning purposes, these file 
formats are functionally identical. Files 
in PICT/PICT2 format are less suitable 
for halftoning, because the major page- 
layout programs do not fully support these 

2. Prim the chart directly from Ofoto or 

DeskScan tl if you want to use a printer's 
default halftone sellings. Print the chart 
from within your page-layout or graphics 
program if you want to use the program’s 
control over the halftone settings. 

3. Scan the calibration chan. The name 
you assign to the calibration should specify 
all the important variables. Now your scan¬ 
ner and printer are in syne. 

The first calibration is done. For the 
best results, you should create additional 
calibrations that are set lor 

■ Each output device, if you have mul¬ 
tiple printers. 

* Different halftone settings, if you want 
to experiment. 

* The paper type, if you plan to prim on 
coated or tinted paper (gray, ivory, and so 

Whenever the priming conditions 

change — whenever your loner cartridge 
becomes depleted, for example — you 
should repent the calibration process. 

Scanning the Image 

Once you've calibrated the printer, 
scanner, and software, you’re ready to 
scan halftones. Remember to select the 
calibration setting you've saved for your 
scanning software and output device, 
which you access in Otbto’s Scan Con¬ 
trols window and through Path in Desk- 
Sean IPs main window. 

Scanner-control programs give you 
several options during the original scan. 
Leave the scanning depth — the number 
of grays per pixel — specified at 256 
grays (8 bits); setting the depth to 128 
grays (7 bits) is likely to create some 
banding in the final image even if the 

Adjusting Halftone Settings 

Even alter youVe scanned or created a halftone image, 
printing it may seem to be a hit-or-miss proposition, because 
the control of the halftone can be adjusted in so many possible 

First, you need to select Co I or/Gray scale in the Print dialog 
box. If you have a LaserWriter with PhotoGrade, you need 
LaserWriter driver 6.0,1 or later. LaserWriter Utility, a program 
that comes with the Ilf and the tig, can change the PhotoGrade 
settings in nonvolatile memory, so a change remains even 
after the printer is turned off. 

Many programs set a default halftone line frequency of 60 
IpL which becomes 53 Ipi (or 33 levels of gray) when sent to a 
standard, nonenhanced 300-dpi printer. If you want to get a 
finer line screen from your nonenhanced printer, you can set 
the frequency to 61 Ipi — however, the number of gray levels 
will drop to about 20, too few for most photographs. You’ll get 
the best results if you leave your printer set at its default line 

If your printer has a high resolution or enhanced halftones, 
you should change the default setting to a higher line fre¬ 
quency, such as one of those listed in Table 1. You can do this 
in several ways. 

Some graphics and layout programs have their own default 
settings, which are tailored to your printer. Sometimes the 
default setting doesn’t take full advantage of a printer s capa¬ 
bilities. however. For example, Aldus PageMaker s default 
halftone line frequency fora LaserWriter Ilf Is 60 Ipi; this setting 
works fine if the Ilf lacks sufficient RAM to turn on PhotoGrade. 
But if you've upgraded your Ilf to turn on PhotoGrade, you 
should change the software default to 106 Ipi or select the llg 
printer setting, which will also give you 106 IpL 

Another way is to change the printer's setting. Programs 
from Aldus and Adobe use Adobe’s PRO (PostScript Page 
Description) file for printer settings. GuarkXPress, on the other 
hand, uses a proprietary PDF (Printer Description File), which 
cannot be edited. To make a permanent change to the PRO 
(thus changing the default setting for all programs that use the 
PPD), use a text editor to find the lollowing part of the FPD file: 

*% = = = Halftone Information = ^- 

^ScreenFreqi * 60 , 0 " 

*ScreenAnglei "45,0" 

Change ScreenFreg from 60.D to 106.0 and leave 

ScreetiAngle at 45.0 to set the PhotoGrade default values, or 
use the values in Table 1. Be sure to follow whole numbers with 
a decimal point and 0 — for example, you should enter 
106 as 106.0. 

You can override the primer's default settings within some 
popular programs. The most-flexible applications give you in¬ 
dependent control over each image, not just for line frequency 
and angle but also for brightness, contrast, dot shape, gamma 
curve, and other options. If the entry reads DFLT or is blank, 
the program will use the printer's default settings. 

Here's where to find image controls in several programs: 
Free Hand 3,1. In Halftone Settings, on the Attributes menu. 
Illustrator 3.2.1. In the PPD file or in Adobe Separator, 
which is intended for color separations The Adobe Illustrator 
EPSF Riders file, if included in the folder with Illustrator, also 
contains halftone settings that can override printer defaults and 
Adobe Separator settings. The EPSF Riders file contains in¬ 
structions: open it with a text editor. 

You can also specify halftone settings in a PostScript file. 
Search for the line ^EndSecup. Insert these lines immedi¬ 
ately afterward: 

VfcBegi nDocTiutent 
currentscreen /p exch del 
pop pop 70 45 /Q load 
V&end document 

This sets a 70-lpi line frequency and a 45-degree screen 

PageMaker 4.2. In Image Control, on the Elements menu. 
Select Screened instead of Gray, You can make changes by 
entering the appropriate values, or you can override the PPD 
settings for PageMaker, modifying the PDX file to supplement 
and override settings In the PPD file. To change the POX file, 
use the PDX editor, which is a HyperCard stack that comes 
with PageMaker, or use a text editor. Look for the section 
*ScreejnFreq: 11 106” 

•ScreenAjrigle : " tf 

Enter the necessary changes. The " " indicates the printer’s 
default setting for that parameter. 

QuarkXPress 3.1. On the Style menu when you select a 
gray-scale image. 

Ready, Set T Go! 5, In Image Control, on the Edit menu. 

202 January 1993 MacUser 

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diet dilfotfit ptara, pQT«6to. and iemce arrangements 



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primer produces fewer than 128 grays* 

The scanning-resolution setting is not 
as clear-cut. The usual advice is to scan 
somewhere from 1.5x to 2x the halftone 
line frequency. If youTe halftoning at 53 
(pi, scan at 80 to 106 dpi; if halftoning at 
133 Ipi on an imagesetter, scan at 200 to 
266 dpi* The idea is to give the PostScript 
interpreter enough scanned pixels to work 
from while it creates the halftone dots; 
remember that halftone dots do not have a 
one-to-one correspondence with the 
scanned pixels* Graphic-arts consultant 
and scanning expert Herb Paynter says 
that 1 55x is the optimum factor 

Higher scanned resolution is not nec¬ 
essarily better. The size of the image file 
varies as the square of the resolution — 
for example, a 2x file is 78 percent larger 
than a 1.5x file. A larger file means that 
you need more disk space and have to 
wait longer for the file to load. The higher 
the scanned-image resolution, the longer 
the PostScript interpreter takes to create a 
halftone. Whafs worse, unnecessary 
scanned-image resolution actually makes 
the halftone less sharp, because the inter¬ 
preter must frequently sample and aver¬ 
age across several scanned-image pixels* 
A moderate scanned-image resolution is 

Once you've calculated the desired 
scanning resolution, adjust the number to 
match what your scanner can optimally 
produce. Scanners produce the best re¬ 
sults at simple fractions of their resolu¬ 
tion. Thus with a typical 300-dpi scanner, 
you should round up the resolution to 75, 
100,150,200, or 300 dpi — for example, 
if you've calculated a resolution of 82 dpi 
for a 53-lpi screen (using the l .55x fac¬ 
tor), round that number up to 100 dpi. 

Halftone Settings 

When you create halftones on a desk¬ 
top system, you actually create two sepa¬ 
rate images. The scanned image is a gray¬ 
scale bit map with the pixels arranged 
square to its edges. When you print, the 
scanned image is sent to the printer, where 
the PostScript interpreter creates the sec¬ 
ond image, the actual halftone* The Post¬ 
Script interpreter samples the scanned 
image, regardless of the image's resolu¬ 
tion, averaging the tonal values of the 
pixels as necessary to render the halftone 
image at the desired line frequency and 
screen angle. 

The PostScript halftoning process is 
programmable. Although default halftone 
settings work well for most images, you 

may want to change the settings. You can 
increase the line frequency to maximize 
sharpness when the gray-scale range is 
less important or to emphasize the con¬ 
trast in a scientific image. You can also 
change the screen angle if it interferes 
with strongly defined lines in the image. 
(See the “Adjusting Halftone Settings" 
sidebar for more information on how and 

A word of advice: You can't use just 
any setting. PostScript changes values to 
something it can compute in a reasonable 
time. If you specify an arbitrary screen 
angle, for example, PostScript Level l 
printers will select the nearest of 13 pos¬ 
sible angles, chosen because they require 
only simple arithmetic. PostScript Level 
2 printers and Level 1 imagesetters that 
have Adobe’s Accurate Screen technol¬ 
ogy permit thousands of angles, mainly to 
support color separations, but the proces¬ 
sor still chooses only the values that are 
easiest to calculate* The five standard half¬ 
tone settings of the LaserWriter Ilf and 
llg were selected because computing them 
is fast* 

You cannot set the number of halftone 
gray levels — this number is a result of 
the screen resolution and angle setting. 
As already mentioned, you trade line fre¬ 
quency for gray levels: The higher the 
line frequency, the smaller the size of the 
halftone cells* You can have a laser printer 
produce a 300-1pi halftone, but at that line 
frequency, your image will be just black 
or while, without any grays* 

image Manipulation 

Any halftone, however it's produced, 
has a limited density range, about 1.6 to I 
from the brightest to the darkest areas, 
compared with 100 to 1 in real life and 
roughly 4 to 1 in photographic transpar¬ 
encies. Every part of an image must fit 
within the limited halftone-density range* 
Many images need to have their high¬ 
lights, shadow detail, and midtones ad¬ 
justed for the be*st possible results* If you 
don't use Photoshop or a similar image¬ 
editing program, try the highlight-, 
shadow-, and gamma-adjustment features 
bui It in to your scanning software or page- 
layout program. 


If your halftone will be produced by an 
imagesetter, the results will look mark¬ 
edly better than halftones from the best 
laser printers. A good imagesetting ser¬ 
vice bureau should supply Ofoto and 

Circle 14 on reaoer service card. 

WriteMove II. 

The Portable Executive Printer for the PowerBook. 

The Macintosh* PowerBook’" is unques¬ 
tionably a great book. And now it has 
the great printer it deserves: the new 
WriteMove® II from GCC - simply the best 
portable printer you can buy for your 
PowerBook. At just 2.5 pounds, the battery 
powered WriteMove II fits easily in a brief¬ 
case. So you can print crisp, 360 x 360 dpi 
laseT-quality output anywhere - in the air, 
on the road, or in a hotel room. You can 
negotiate a contract over dinner, print it 
out, and sign it over dessert. Print on plain 

paper, envelopes, or even transparencies. 
The WriteMove II comes with ATM, rM 21 
fonts, background printing and On- 
Screen Page Preview. Plus, there's a one- 
year trouble-free warranty, and toll-free 
support. All for just $599. Because every 
great book deserves a great printer. 

Call 800-942-3321, for the name of your 
nearest GCC dealer, or 800-422-7777, 
ext, 872 to order direct. In Canada, call 

=r GCC 


Peripherals With Vision™ 

© IW2 GCC Technologies, ihc., 617-275-5000. ,AJ| listed trademarks oie podsmarki 0< legiilwed Irqdemarki qI sheir respective 
mpn’ufatlureri. GCC dealers ore independent businesses qnd os such may offer ddfwenf prices, policies, and service arrangement! 

Circle 163 on reader service card. 



We’d like to make 
one thing 
perfectly clear. 


Actual output from HP DeskWriter C 

Actual output from HP Desk Writer C 

Sharper Graphics • Brighter Colors • Quality Fonts 
With Freedom of Press® Software 

Quality output is no longer an executive privilege. Freedom of Press’ turns 
your printer into a PostScript language device. You’ll have total compatibility 
with thousands of fonts and software products. Freedom" has 17 typefaces 
and best of all, it’s affordable and easy to use-JUST PRINT IT! 

For high-end color devices, ask about Freedom of Press Pro. No other 
software PostScript language interpreter has won as many industry awards 
as the Freedom of Press family of products. 

Call today for a list of supported printers and the name of a dealer. Find 
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for Macintosh; DOS. Windows;" & UNIX* 

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Billerica, MAOI821 

(508) 667-8585 • Fox: (508) 667-8821 

1*0 CctafAgtMnC 

Circle 91 on reader service caro. 


DcskScan II calibration charts on request; 
if it doesn't have any, you can help it 
produce some. Sample output from an 
imagesetter — film or re pro paper — 
isn't suitable by itself. To complete the 
output process, the calibration charts 
should be run off on a printing press onto 
the half dozen most popular paper stocks. 
The calibration charts have to be imageset 
only once and arc so cheap to print that 
they should be free unless you have an 
unusual halftoning or paper requirement. 
If your service bureau does not have an 
in-house press, its printing company 
should provide calibration charts. 


The halftone-calibration process vio¬ 
lates one of the great principles of the 
Mac and PostScript, Once adjusted by 
calibration, a gray-scale scan is no longer 
device-independent. The file that is best 
for a laser printer won't be the best for an 
imagesetter. There isn't much you can do 
about this today. If the ultimate product 
will be imageset, then you should cali¬ 
brate lor the imagesetter and not worry 
about how the laser-printer proofs might 

PostScript does have a transfer func¬ 
tion that, in conjunction with a calibration 
standard, could perform dev ice-in depen¬ 
dent calibration for both a printer and a 
computer display, but the feature has not 
been used so far. Color-calibration sys¬ 
tems that have been developed by several 
companies, including SuperMac, Radius, 
and RasterOps, could be used to calibrate 
gray scale as well 

Laser-printer halftones should improve 
further. Some new printing technologies 
combine higher-resolution engines with 
microfine toner, resulting in high-quality 
output with tightly controlled toner place¬ 
ment and smooth, deep blacks and small 
subpixels. Today, high halftone resolu¬ 
tion limits the number of gray levels avail¬ 
able and produces banding in the printed 
image, but improved PostScript process¬ 
ing in the future may dither halftone dots 
across bands to smooth transitions. We've 
already come a long way in desktop half¬ 
toning. Like desktop typography, these 
gray-scale capabilities will soon be re¬ 
garded as standard Mac tools. i]| 

Cary In is author of The Apple Mactoto&ti Book, 
fourth edition, He has typeset books tor Academic 
Press and desktop-pudhshes a newsletter lor book- 
stores hi Washington and Oregon, Herb Paynt®* 
supplied technical assistance for this article. 

206 January 1993 MacUser 




The best file server 
for a Mac network 
isn’t even a Mac... 







According to MacUser 
magazine, “Ifyou want 
to combine Macs and 
PC-compatibles onto one 
network-especialiy if you 
want to share files among 
all platforms-this {a 
non-Mac file server} can 
be a cost effective 




Why would a Mac network manager consider 
switching to a file server that isn’t a Mac? 

□ Higher speed. 

□ Lower price. 

□ The flexibility to add more users as your work¬ 
group grows.. .without bogging down the system. 

S3 All of the above. 

According to MacUser magazine, if you want to 
combine Macs and PC-compatibles onto one network- 
especialiy if you want to share files among all platforms- 
a non-Mac file server is probably the way to go. 

And ZEOS has the cost-effective solution. The ZEOS 


EISA (Extended Industry Standard Architecture) also 
means faster performance. It’s the lethal combination of our 
32-bit EISA bus and our disk caching controller. Not to 
mention a 256K cache that comes standard. PC Maga¬ 
zine found that the ZEOS EISA offered performance 
"easily twice as fast (and occasionally ten times as fast)” 
as a traditional computer with the same microprocessor 
and megahertz rating. Now that’s fast! 

Netware is the perfect tool for cross-platform connec¬ 
tivity. And the ZEOS EISA is perfect for Netware. With 
this dynamic combination you’ll get roughly a 300% fast¬ 
er network throughput than a Quadra 950 with Apple- 
Share. All for a special package price of only $3995. 

You’d be hard pressed to find that kind of power 
at this price anywhere. 


With other servers, it can be difficult to hook 

up more users. Your server bogs down drama¬ 
tically with each additional client. 

With the ZEOS EISA, adding more users is 
a breeze. It integrates seamlessly. So you-and 
your site users-won’t even know you’re logged 
onto a PC. All they’ll know is that they can access 
and share information faster than ever before. 



Need some more convincing? 

With ZEOS, we guarantee your satisfaction. That’s why 
all our systems are backed by a 30-Day No Questions Asked 
Money-Back Guarantee, One Year Limited Warranty and 
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We also offer toll-free Technical Support, 24 hours a day, 

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Think about it. In order to have the power to be your best, 
your computers have to be able to talk to each other. All of them. 
And they have to be able to talk fast. So talk to ZEOS about the 
EISA File Server. It’s the best tool for the job. 


800 - 824-5565 

Purchase orders from Fortune lUOGctmpmics, gownunentsand institutions subject to approval. Leasing prelims available. All prices and 
BperirEatkms subject tothaitge without notice. Please call to confirm pricing, specification and warranty details All products and company 
names are Ira den ticks. < *r ngtstered trademarks^ thrir respective hdders, Cl 1992, ZEOS International Ltd., 530 5th Avenue N.W, St. ftsul. 
M N 5S112 USA. ZEOS is □ publicly traded rompany {NASDAQ symbol; ZEOS). BA4&MAC-9212. 


486DX-33 $3995 

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based on Intel's Pentium’ archi¬ 
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upgrade socket. 

I mazing 256K memory cache. 

I Lots of room to expand. Six 32-bit 
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I SMB RAM, expandable to a total 
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I EISA SCSI caching controller with 
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I Super-fast 452MB SCSI hard drive, 

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I Over 16 million colors with the 
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I ZEOS 14" 1024x768 non-inter¬ 
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Pencil Test 

Create the look of a 
shaded pencil drawing 
by using scanned 
textures in your 
graphics program. 

By Janet Ashford 

I f you like pencil-shaded 
drawings but think creat¬ 
ing them manually takes 
too long, try using a scanned 
texture. John Odam made 
these pencil-style illustra¬ 
tions for a college textbook 
published by Wadsworth. 
The publisher wanted graph¬ 
ics similar to those Odam had 
created by hand for a previ¬ 
ous edition. This lime Odam 
decided to automate the pro¬ 
cess by using his computer. 

First he created a palette 
of textures by making pencil 
sketches on paper, scanning 
the results, and using the 
brightness controls in Photo¬ 
shop to create light, medium, 
and dark versions. Odam 
then drew a series of line fig¬ 
ures in pencil and scanned 
them. He used Photoshop’s 
magic-wand tool to select 
areas to be filled and then 
used its Paste Into command 
to import shadings into the 
areas or its rubber-stamp tool 
to pick up the textures and 
apply them. (Aldus’ Digital 
Darkroom, Fractal Design’s 
ColorStudio, Electronic 
Arts 1 Studio 8, and Super- 
Mac’s PixelPaint Profes¬ 
sional provide similar tools.) 

You can also achieve pen¬ 
cil textures by using graph¬ 
ics tablets with such pro¬ 
grams as Fractal Design’s 
Sketcher and Painter. 

Janet Ashford is a freelance writer 
and designer based in Solatia Beach, 

With Photoshop and a scanned pencif texture. John Odam creates the look of a pencil drawing 
fora series of college-textbook illustrations. 

FI Sketching a Texture 

With a soft pencil, Odam rubs a medium- 
gray tone onto a piece of vellum. He scans 
the paper at 150 dpi, opens it in Photoshop, 
and saves it as a TIFF file called Pencii 
Texture M. The swatch is about 4.5 x 3 
inches, matching the overall size of the 

Q Making a Texture Palette 

Using the brightness/contrast controls (on the Adjust submenu, on the Image menu), he 
decreases or increases the brightness of the original scan. He saves each edited texture — 
using the Save As command — to produce a final palette of five tones: very light, light, dark, 
and very dark (shown here), and the original medium (shown in Figure 1). 

21D January 1993 MacUser 

For an it lust ration about computers, Odam draws a 
computer monitor, keyboard, and mouse in pencil on 
vellum, using a photograph for reference. To retain the 
soft look of pencil, he scans the drawing as a 150-dpi 
gray-scale TIFF file (rather than as line art) and then uses 
the brightness/contrast controls to increase the contrast 
so that gray areas drop out. 

B Applying the Paste Into Command 

Now Odam begins copying the textures into areas of the 
drawing, such as the mouse pad. First he selects the area 
with the magic-wand tool (a) and opens the medium- 
pencil swatch. Using the marquee tool, he selects an area 
of the texture approximately the same size as the mouse 
pad. He copies the texture to the Clipboard and pastes it 
into the line drawing (b), using the Paste Into command 
from the Edit menu. 

0 Using the Rubber-Stamp Tool 

To fill the shadow area of the hand and forearm, Odam 
selects the area with the magic wand and opens the dark- 
pencil file. With the rubber-stamp tool, he samples the 
texture by Option-clicking at its center and then paints the 
texture into ihe fine drawing. Keeping the selection area 
active prevents the texture from spreading beyond its 
boundaries, but applying texture in strokes adds shading 
without filling the selection area right up to the edges. 

O Softening Hard Lines 

After adding textures to the rest of the drawing, Odam 
uses the smudge toot to soften some of the borders 
between the tight and dark areas — between the light and 
dark areas on the hand and arm, for example. 

El Finishing the Drawings 

Without cramping his hand-drawn style, Odam uses similar techniques for other illustrations in the book, such as these about 
problem-solving (a), vocabulary improvement (b), and drug abuse (c). 

MacUser January 1993 211 

,_/friw EtherPrint-3. 

Maximum Flexibility For Printing 
On Ethernet Networks. 

At Dayna, we set the standard for M >990 
low-cost, plug-and-play Ethernet print- r? 

ing when we introduced EtherPrint' in n 

1 44KI 

1990. And since then, companies of all Jh 
sizes around the world have relied on EtherPrint for 
painless Ethernet printing. 

Now, new EtherPrint-3™ is our most flexible 

solution ever. With 
on-board connectors 
for thick Ethernet, 
thin Ethernet and 

P lEtherPrint3 _ _ 

At prices ranging from $499 to $699, EihtrPnnt 
uwit stretch ymr budget to the breaking point. 

10BASE-T, EtherPrint-3 connects any LocalTalk 

printer directly to any Ethernet network. And for the 
ultimate in flexibility, EtherPrint-3 Plus connects up 
to four printers or other Local- 
Talk devices, with no setup or 9 
configuration required. 

So when you’re busy 
installing your Macintosh 
Ethernet network, don’t tie 
yourself in knots trying to solve the printer problem. 
Call the Macintosh 
network specialists 
at Dayna today. 

AH three Ethernet connector: in one 
model met he EtherPrint-} your mst 
flexible printing solution. 

801-531-0600 Ext. 351 

Hi Dayna 

Macintosh Networking Specialists 

Circle 133 on reader service card. 

ElfierPrml and EiheiPirinfi-3 Eire iradernarks <ji Oajfia Cttnmumealions, Inc. Ai other product names am llw trademarks oi Iheir respective Md&ra. S Isas' Dayna Ctohmuriicabons. Inc., 50 South Main, 5* Root, Salt Lake CMy r Utah &4t«. FAX: {fitH J 3S&-9135. 

What’s the next step 
when Ethernet’s too 
slow? — FDDI? 

CDDI? Maybe not. 
Grand Junction 
Networks (510- 
4-87-5985) recently 
proposed a new 
standard called, simply 
enough, Fast Ethernet. 

It promises 100- 
bandwidth over the 
same unshielded 
twisted-pair wire used 
today for the 10- 
I0BASE-T, Backward- 
compatible too. 
Projected cost per node: 
two to three times what 
10BASE-T costs. 

By Henry Bortman 

Token inspection: Do your Macs on token ring always ^ 

work the way they should? Didn’t think so. That’s why AG Q|Q||Q|Q[]Q 
Group (510-937-7900) recently shipped a new addition to 
its family of software protocol analyzers. Priced at $995, 

TokenPeek decodes a wide range of protocols running over token ring, 
Call-in chaos prevention: Apple ships AppleTalk Remote Access 
(ARA), and suddenly everyone wants to dial in to the network — at the same 
time! Fear not, Shiva and Cayman Systems have each announced multiport 
ARA dial-in servers. >♦ Unlike the first ARA server from Shiva (617-252- 
6300), the LanRover/L. which offered only a single serial port and LocalTalk 
connectivity, the LanRover/4E ($1,999) and the LanRover/SE ($2,999) offer 
four and eight serial ports, respectively, and connect to an Ethernet network. The 
LanRover/E models have the same security features as the LanRover/L: call¬ 
back and the ability to restrict the zones to which dial-in users have access. »* 

The GatorLink ($1,899), from 
Cayman Systems (617-494-1999), 
is a three-serial-port Ethernet ARA 
server. The GatorLink doesn’t sup¬ 
port callback, but you can get a 
software upgrade for $495 that lets 
you take advantage of a Security 
Dynamics SccurlD ACE/Seiver on 
the network. With this system, users carry credit-card-sized devices that 
generate unique ID codes to authenticate remote users. The code changes every 
minute or so. If you don’t know the magic number at the precise time you call, 
the SeeurlD server won’t let you connect to the network. 

Devising local strategies: Sonic Systems (408-736-1900) has three 
software-only products that make it easy to connect LocalTalk devices to 
Ethernet. Say your Mac’s on Ethernet. Connect a LocalTalk device (such as a 
printer or a networkable modem) to its printer port, install PowerBridge ($149), 
and — voila! — the LocalTalk device appears on the network as if it were on 
Ethernet. LaserBridge ($199) is similar but more specialized; you can daisy- 
chain as many as five LocalTalk printers (but not other devices) to your Mac’s 
printer port. SuperB ridge ($249) allows any five LocalTalk devices to do the 
“pretend we’re on Ethernet” thing. ** Farallon Computing (510-596- 
9000) has two software products that inhabit the same 
ecological niche as Sonic Systems’: LocalPalh ($199) sup¬ 
ports as many as eight LocalTalk devices of any kind 
connected to a Mac on Ethernet, and PowerPath ($149, 
bundled with two LocalTalk StarConnectors) supports one 
LocalTalk device. ^ 

MaeUser January 1993 213 


the Ethernet 

Satisfy all your Ethernet needs with our EtherMac and EtherlO-T products. 


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One-stop shopping. Isn't it great? 
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EN hub. All at bargain prices, 

Farallon has a variety of EtherMac 
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And any media. They're 
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proven Ethernet archi¬ 

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For workgroups, the Starlet easily 
connects up to nine Ethernet devices 
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A step up, the StarController EN intel¬ 
ligent hub helps you build reliable larger 
networks with integrated management It 
also mounts in our new Concentrator, 
preserving your investment as you grow. 

Need more infor¬ 
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free guide, "Building 
a Macintosh Network! 1 

■■■ Farallon 

Power to the network: 

NaHnnAl cnaaa Farallcm ComiMiting, Inc. All i^nts reserreti. -Thv Muc SE cannol use Apple's; stentlarcl System 7 Ethemel driweF. StarCgnl mllEF anfl Hie Ffuafllwi Igftn design are teEi&teted VHtemBTfcS. -vx1 (Ulteifctac. 
fj*tm IQI Stailet. Elh&rlO T flftd -p lwGf lu ihu relwoFfT are U-adtmaFhs or FiirEUlart Computing. Inc, F-OT CuSldnlur scmca. call (5101596-9(500. Or coo tael us an America Online* AppcUnJt.^or MCt Mall* ID: Faraillon. 

Semiconductor CompuServe* ID: f M1Q. 2iro2. Internet to rorairanPuroitonjcam. 

Circle 178 on reader service card. 



Pushing Beyond Paper 

The way we manage 
documents on computer 
networks is about to 
change radically. 

Here i a look at the 
office of the ’90s and 
the vendors who are 
bringing it to us 
on the Mac. 

By David Beaver 

T he office of the future is coming, and 
it’s not paperless. Yes, there'll be less 
paper, but the term paperless misses 
the point, because it sounds as if we're giving 
something up. In fact, we're replacing the old 
office system with something that offers more 
— new types of documents and document 
management that truly take advantage of the 
capabilities of our computers and the net¬ 
works that connect them. 

Today’s capabilities may not lead you to 
believe that we're on the threshold of a new 
way to work with documents. Sure, we can 
attach electronic documents to E-mail mes¬ 
sages and send them to other people over a 
network, but we still run into problems such 
as incompatible document formats, version 
confusion, and the lack of a means for signing 
off on things. The truth is, most of us still print 
on and exchange a lot of paper — and spend a 
lot of time searching through filing cabinets 
for the documents we need. 

Change is coming, however, and it's not 
that far off. With the help of a wide mix of 
software and hardware vendors, users on 
Macintosh (and PC) networks will soon be 
working together on sound- and image- 
enhanced, non linearly structured, beuer-than- 
paper documents — using tools that make it 
easy to assemble, store, find, exchange, track, 
and approve these electronic documents over 
a network without the necessity for enor¬ 
mously expensive mini - and mainframe-based 

Serving Up Documents 

A key component of the office of the future 
will be the document server designed to make 
storing and retrieving documents much easier 
than it is with file cabinets — or file servers. 

Beyond a certain level of use, conventional 
file-server technology just doesn't cut it. If 
you can't remember that the proposal you 
want is in the folder Acme Umbrella Com¬ 
pany, which is in the Active Prospects-1992 
folder on your file server, you'll spend a lot of 
time trying to find it. You may even give up 
and just start from scratch. Either way, com¬ 
puters haven't helped your productivity much. 

With document-server technology, you store 
all documents on a central document server 
rather than on a file server and keep informa¬ 
tion about them in a document database. You 
can assign data such as keywords, client names, 
document types, and user names to docu¬ 
ments and then quickly find all the documents 
whose assigned data values meet specified 
criteria. You can find documents that were 
created by anyone in your workgroup, view 
revision histories and previews of the docu¬ 
ments without launching the entire applica¬ 
tion, and “check out' 5 a document so other 
users can't change it while you work on it. 

Products of this kind have been around at 
the high end of the market for the past few 
years, used by companies and departments 
whose documents are valuable enough to 
justify the cost (often more than $2,000 per 
user). Several simple, low-end solutions are 

Macljser January 1993 215 


available for DOS networks, but they can’t 
be easily rewritten for Mac environments, 
which have to handle many more types of 
letters, memos, drawings, and multimedia 
documents. The Mac market does include 
some handy file- and text-search utilities 
(for example, Microlytics* GOfer, ON 
Technology’s On Location, and MVP 
Software’s Retrieve ltl), but they’re prac¬ 
tical only in single-user mode and docu¬ 
ment management is a multiuser issue. 

Fortunately, a good selection of docu¬ 
ment-library systems for Mac networks 
should be available soon — at prices that 
will make them attractive to even small 
businesses. Odesta Systems’ Open ODMS 
products (ODMS Workgroup System, 
ODMS Toolkit, and ODMS API) are now 
available for low-end UNIX servers as 
well as expensive VAXes, Docu men turn 
is developing a high-end UNIX-based 
product for the Mac and Windows, 
Interleaf, a leader in high-end publishing, 
is moving its UNIX-based RDM (Rela¬ 
tional Document Manager) to the Mac, 
And Saros, whose Mezzanine product has 

been a leader in the midrange of the DOS 
world, plans to release a Mac front end 
for its OS/2-based server early in 1993, 
Each of the expected products, and 
probably any others in development, use 
the same basic architecture. Documents 
and data are stored on a dedicated server, 
which is accessible to all the users on the 
network, A simple interface, often using 
a library metaphor, lets users search for 
documents and check them in and out. 
Features such as document histories, re¬ 
vision tracking, and group-based security 
are often included. In most cases, docu¬ 
ment data is stored in industry-standard 
SQL databases from companies such as 
Oracle or Sybase, using the client/server 
model (see “The Client/Server Revolu¬ 
tion,” November ’91, page 185), 

These products have seemed far-off 
dreams for Mac users, however. First of 
all none of them uses Apple hardware as 
the document server, because historically, 
no Mac has had enough hardware and 
software power to support high-volume 
document storage. Second, the high cost 

of a minicomputer server such as a VAX 
or a Sun machine has put off many poten¬ 
tial users. But prices of these servers are 
dropping dramatically — for example, 
you can now support 40 users with 
SI5,000 worth of hardware; two years 
ago, the same support would have cost 
$40,000. And Apple’s own UNIX-based 
server, expected to be well suited to docu¬ 
ment-management applications, should 
appear sometime in 1993, 

The unknown factor with future Mac 
document-library products is how well 
they 11 fit into the Mac’s user interface. 
Although the Finder isn’t perfect, it’s fa¬ 
miliar to many people; to be successful 
document libraries will have to fit into 
the Finder as transparently as the file 
servers they replace. Vendors that do it 
right will enjoy a huge market for docu¬ 
ment-library products in the coming years, 

Full-Text Search Ahead 

Once you’ve set up a central document 
library, the obvious next step is to be able 
to find documents that contain any word 

216 January 1993 MacUser 

MiniCad+4 $ 795.00 

2D CAD: 

□ smart walls 

□ Smart Curator for legating snap® 

"□'advanced auto-dimensioning 

□ editable tine styles 

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1 I unlimited drawing spec 

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□ selection by properties 

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□ hierarchical symbol library 

□ add & subtract surfaces 

□ fractional feet and inches option 

3D CAD: 

l~] mechanical projections 

□ orthogonal or perspective views 

□ work in wire-frame or solid 
n walkthrough and flyover tool 

□ create 3D view from floorplan 

□ sweeps, extrusions & meshes 

Integrated D tit a bus t/S preadsheef: 

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□ export reports to text, mcrge.dif, & sylk □ auto update reports 

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Program liability: 

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13 generate drawings automatically □ read & write (ext files 
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31 fillets 

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□ unlimited saved views 

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□ free Claris CAD translator 

□ round wall caps 
3 edit inside groups 

□ scale by layer 

□ 3D reshape tool 
3 roof &. slab tools 
3 3D sum emot 
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□ multiple view 

2D CAD: 

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□ Graphic Guide for locating snaps 

□ advanced auto-dimensioning 
31 editable line styles 
3 pan by scroll bars 
3 color by object only 
3 DXF translator - extra charge 

□ unlimited layers 

3D CAD: 


Integrated Da tahase/Spr end sited: 




3 fillets 
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□ beziers 

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O toEcrancing 

□ 9 saved views 

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2D CAD: 

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Q Smart Cursor for locating snaps 
3 advanced auto-dimensioning 
3 editable line styles 
Q pan by scroll bars or hand 

□ color by object or layer 
3 DXF translator - free 
3 unlimited layers 

3 global symbol editing 
3 polylines 

3 unlimited drawing space 
3 file compatible with MinICad+ 

□ fractional feel & inches option 
3 auro-inwri symbols in walls 
3 hierarchical symbol library 

□ add & subtract surfaces 

3 pick-up and pul-down allribules 

Blueprint 4 $295.00 


3 fillets 
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31 chamfers 

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□ on-line prompts 
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□round wall caps 
□edit inside groups 

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or combi nation of words—and find them 
at the speeds you ex peel of electronic 

Again, products with this capability 
have been on the market for many years 
in the mainframe and minicomputer 
worlds; ihe news is, they're now finding 
their way to the Mac. By building special 
lists {called indexes) of all the words in 
every document, these systems can per¬ 
form searches with mind-boggling speed 
— taking less than a second to find one 
word in 100,000 pages of text. 

These products also allow complex 
searches, so you can look for combina¬ 
tions of words that occur under particular 
conditions (for example, “Find all docu¬ 
ments that don't contain the word IBM 
hut do contain the word Apple within 30 
words of the word Microsoft”). The Mac 
(like PCs with Windows) raises some in¬ 
teresting technical problems, such as the 
need to Oiler searchable text out of docu¬ 
ments containing formatted text and 
graphics, but vendors are writing soft¬ 
ware to handle such situations. 

The key to full-text searching is that 
you must index yovir documents ahead of 
time — and, of course, they need to be 
electronic documents, stored in your com¬ 
puter. Scanners and OCR (optical charac¬ 
ter recognition) software enable you to 
convert existing paper documents into 

machine-readable form. Some of these 
products are optimized for high-volume 
operations — scanning all the paperwork 
for large legal cases, for example. This 
sort of document conversion can be ex¬ 
pensive, but it's worthwhile when the 
benefits of quickly finding data outweigh 
the costs of gening that data into the 

A useful product l or this process is the 
Micro Dynamics' 1 MD-MARS system, 
with its FreeForm text-search software. 
Although it’s a Mac docu merit-manage¬ 
ment product, it's certainly high-end: It 
lets you connect scanning stations, OCR 
stations, and many users to central docu¬ 
ment servers. And Verity recently released 
a Mac front end to Topic* its popular 
UNIX-based full-text-search system, 

Photo-Finish Finding 

Of course, document searching doesn't 
have to mean searching for text; it can 
also mean searching for images — a use¬ 
ful option for situations in which you 
don’t need to edit the documents. With 
document imaging, a document is scanned 
and stored as a picture rather than as an 
editable document, saving you time- 
consuming and machine-intensive OCR 
processing. Once the image is stored in 
youreomputer,youcan fill out additional 
data fields to categorize it. You can then 

Table 1: Mac Document-Management Functions — 

= shipping now 

= announced 







H Companies and products 

ACIUS 4th Dimension 

with 4D modules 


Docu meal urn Qocu Works 



Frame Fra me Reader 

Interleaf RDM 


Interleaf Wo rid View 

Lotus Lotus Motes 



Micro Dynamics MD-MARS 

with FreeForm 

Ddesta Open 00MS products 

Saras Mezzanine 



■ Ena III inn technologies | . 

Adobe Carousel 

Apple Bento 

Apple 0CE 

218 January 1993 MadJser 

use these data-field values to search for 
the image in your document database. 
(Although they share similar technology, 
document-imaging products are intended 
to be used for a different purpose than are 
image-management products, such as 
Aldus’ Fetch, which are designed for 
searching catalogs of color photos and 
other graphic images.) 

Storing documents as images isn’t the 
answer for every organization, but where 
it is appropriate, it can make an immense 
difference to the way you work. Gener¬ 
ally. imaging works best in cases in which 
data is gathered on paper and needs to be 
accessed, but not edited, by many users; 
good examples are medical histories and 
police crime reports. Without imaging, 
these pieces of paper could be in only one 
place at a time, but imaging and storage 
make their contents available throughout 
a network. 

Because imaging systems store docu¬ 
ments as images instead of as text, they 
require a central document server with 
huge amounts of storage space. To meet 
this requirement, large imaging applica¬ 
tions can use jukeboxes of optical discs, 
making many gigabytes of i mages readily 
available. Micro Dynamics 1 MD-MAR5 
system handles this type of application 
well, and many expected future products 
will address this market also. 

Teamwork Made Easy 

Document servers and document¬ 
imaging technologies help you store work 
that has already been created, but they 
don't address the cases in which creating 
documents is the hard part. Conventional 
document applications such as word pro¬ 
cessors fall short in two kinds of complex 
situations: when multiple users need to 
work on the same document and when 
you need to build documents by pulling 
boilerplate sections together into a new 
document — for complex proposals and 
legal contracts, for example. 

But database technology is coming to 
the rescue here. With document-assembly 
applications, you can store individual 
pieces of documents (paragraphs or sec¬ 
tions) as database records and then choose 
which of them you want to pull into your 
final document, A multiuser database lets 
many users work on separate pieces si¬ 
multaneously; only final assembly and 
priming is restricted to a single user. 

Document-assembly issues are similar 
to those of database publishing, so lead¬ 
ers in the latter technology area are work¬ 
ing hard to provide the necessary features 
(the ability to use different boilerplate 
text under different conditions, for ex¬ 
ample). A popular document-assembly 
strategy is to use ACIUS’ programmable 
add-in modules for4th Dimension — such 

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as 4D Write, 4D Calc, and 4D Draw — to 
generate the images and then to export 
the completed data to a page-lay out ap¬ 
plication such as Frame Technology’s 

01' course, it’s hard to talk about col¬ 
laborative document creation without 
touching at least briefly on the larger is¬ 
sue of work-flow management — getting 
documents into the hands of the people 
who need to see them (and getting them 
back) at the right times. Many of the 
document-server products discussed here 
include document-routing features for 
work-flow management (see Table l). 
And a Mac version of Lotus Notes, an 
innovative Windows workgroup-commu¬ 
nication product with some document¬ 
al anagement features, is expected to ship 
by early 1993. But the major news in the 
Mac market is OCE (Open Collaboration 
Environment), the new technology Apple 
is developing to encourage and enable 
document routing and to provide features 
such as digital signatures (see "'On Be¬ 
yond E-Mail,” March *92, page 191). If 
Apple gives OCE the features document- 
routing applications need and succeeds in 
making it a cross-pi at form standard, we 
expect it to become a central pan of any 
M ae docu men t- manage me n t sy stem. 

Paperless Is More 

It’s a shame that our computer-created 
documents tire still distributed mostly on 
paper. Paper does have its benefits: It's a 
universal standard, and you don't need 
much hardware or software to read it. But 
technologies such as CD-ROM and 
hypertext offer features that paper can't 
provide — fast searches, sound and video 
attachments, and associative linking, for 
example — and they offer a much lower 
distribution cost than printed documents 
in many cases. 

Several vendors offer products that 
make electronic-document distribution 
easier by providing reader applications 
that read documents of a specific format. 
Good examples are Frame Technology’s 
FrameRcader and Interleaf s World View, 
low-cosi, run-time versions of those com¬ 
panies' high-end desktop-publishing ap¬ 
plications that can be licensed for mass 
distribution. When you put your docu¬ 
ments onto CD-ROM or Floppy disk along 
with the reader application, users can read 
them on just about any platform. Users 
cannot make any changes to the docu¬ 
ments, but they can navigate hypertext 
links between sections and use other 

features such as full-text search. 

The hot news in this area is Adobe’s 
announced Carousel project, Adobe will 
provide the tools for printing any docu¬ 
ment to a Carousel file, and the Carousel 
reader application will let you read the 
file with all fonts, graphics, and visual 
elements intact (even on Windows and 
DOS machines) and will also give you 
options such as adding hypertext links 
and looking at thumbnail page previews. 

Totally Sharable Documents 

Of course, for electronic documents to 
be truly sharable, you need to be able to 
work with them, not just read them, on 
different platforms. To date, the many 
attempts to develop vendor-in dependent 
standard document formats have failed in 
the market. 

Enter Apple, with a document-format 
technology code-named Bento. Bento is 
intended to be an open, standard docu¬ 
ment-storage format that can include ail 
current multimedia data types and be ex¬ 
tended for new data types, Apple is en¬ 
couraging developers to use Bento as the 
document format in future versions of 
their products and is attempting to make 
it a cross-platform standard by providing 
the software modules at low cost to any¬ 
one who’s interested. 

Bento won’t mean much to users un¬ 
less a critical mass of off-the-shelf appli¬ 
cations i£Lke advantage of it, though. Look 
for some of these applications by mid- 

Back to the Future 

Powerful document-management prod¬ 
ucts have provided productivity improve¬ 
ments for high-end-workstation users for 
the past few years; as Mac technology 
becomes more powerful, several of these 
products are moving down to the Mac 

We fully expect that personal-computer 
operating systems of the year 2000 will 
include many document-management fea¬ 
tures and hooks and that major file-server 
vendors will merge document-library fea¬ 
tures into their products. When these 
changes occur and we discover how ef¬ 
fectively w'e can manage and communi¬ 
cate with electronic documents, our 
struggles to give up paper will seem en¬ 
dearingly backward. If only we'd known 
what a small sacrifice it would be. SjJ 

David Beaver is president of The Automation Group, 
a Mac-database-cimsalting firm in San Francisco. 

Circle 104 on reader service card. 

220 January 1993 Macllser 



ACIUS, \nc. 

10351 Bubb Road 
Cupertino* CA 95014 
4th Dimension 3.0, $895 

Documentum, Inc, 

5724 w. Las Positas Blvd, #150 
Pleasanton, CA 94588 

DocuWorks, no price available 

Frame Technology Corp. 

1010 Rincon Circle 
San Jose, CA 95131 

FrameMaker, $795 
FrameReader, $89.95 

Interleaf, Inc, 

Prospect Place 
9 Hillside Avenue 
Waltham, MA 02154 

RDM and World View, Mac prod¬ 
ucts not shipping at press time 

Lotus Development Corp, 

55 Cambridge Parkway 
Cambridge, IVIA 02142 

Lotus Notes, $79*500 for 200-user 
minimum when purchased from Lo¬ 
tus; approximately $700 per user 
when purchased through VARs 

Micro Dynamics Ltd. 

8555 Sixteenth Street 
Suite 701 

Silver Spring, MD 20910 

Freeform, price varies widely 
MD-MARS, approximately $70,000 
for basic system; price varies widely 

Odesta Systems Corp* 

4084 Commercial Avenue 
Northbrook, IL 60062 

ODMS API (optional) r $7,500 
ODMS Toolkit (optional% $25*000 
ODMS Workgroup System, $1,500 
per client. $10,000 per server 

Saros Corp, 

10900 N.E* 8th Street 
700 Plaza Center Building 
Bellevue* WA 98004 

Mezzanine, no Mac price available 

Wage A Full-Color F-16 Firefight 
From The Cockpit Of Your Mac. 

Now the air/ground action 
explodes across your screen 
in Falcon® MC. Your goal? 

Complete 12 grueling missions 
in a hellish campaign to wipe out the 
enemy's strategic positions. 

Attacking with MiG-29s and SAMs, 
the enemy will show no mercy. Luckily, 
your F-16 carries the latest weapons 
including air-to-air missiles and deadly 
laser-guided bombs for destroying 
ground targets. 

Instant Action mode will drop you in the center 
of a dogfight for all the close-up thrills of an arcade 
game. So, if you've got the guts, Falcon MC gives 
you the glory. 

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Available for Cdor Macintosh al your favorite retailer 
or call: I-SOW95-GAME. 

2490 Mariner Square Loop* Alameda. CA 9450! 

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No Wild, No Wildlife. 

The California desert tortoise is 
losing ground, its young are be¬ 
ing crushed by motorcycles and 
off-road vehicles. 

Sheep and cattie 
grazing are diminish¬ 
ing an already scant 
supply of food while 
mining and road 
building are destroy¬ 
ing the tortoise’s natural habitat. 

The fact is that the tor¬ 
toise population has de- /\ 
dined as much as 90% 
over the last fifty years. 

This drop is a true bio¬ 

logical indicator of how severely 
the desert ecosystem is at risk. 
The Sierra Club works to save 
wildlife by saving the 
wilderness. We have 
a history of victories. 
And we believe, with 
your help, the three- 
million-year-old des¬ 
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back its native turf. 

For more information: 

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Dept. DT 
730 Polk Street 
San Francisco, CA 94109 
(415) 776-2211 

Macllser January 1993 221 

SoftPC makes your Mac an IBM com¬ 
patible. With SoftPC, the new Macintosh 
computers are more than just powerful 
and portable. They are also the most 
compatible computers available. Now 
they can run a whole world of MS-DOS software. Because 

And SoftPC works on any Mac, from the Pius to the new 
Powerbooks and Quadras. 

It's simple. Just load SoftPC and an IBM window appears 
on the screen. There's no hardware installation required. Ifs 
like having two computers in one. 

If you don't believe it can be that simple, call us at (800) 
SoftPC* from Insignia Solutions lets you t^, fa jf^CYVI c“ 848 ' 7677We l1 answer oil of your 

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intosh. Even over a Novell PC network. Bridging Worlds Of Software IBM computer could be Macintosh. 

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Circle 155 dn reader service card. 



Breaking the Print Taboos 

Don V believe all you 
hear about cross- 
platform printing — it 
may require fewer 
blood sacrifices than 
you thint 

By John Rizzo 

T he Mac and PC tribes have created 
strange myths about each other, espe¬ 
cially in the area of cross-platform 
priming. “PC printers don’t use PostScript,” a 
Mac user might assure you, and PC users 
might insist that they can’t use Mac primers 
because “AppleTalk is loo slow." 

Myths, according to the late Joseph Camp¬ 
bell, usually serve the purpose of helping us 
relate to a seemingly unfathomable universe. 
With that in mind, let’s take a look at the 
universe of multiplatform printing to see if wc 
can make it easier to fathom — and debunk a 
few myths in the process. 

A core myth is that using Novell NetWare, 
the god of networking in corporate circles, is 
the best way to meet all connectivity chal¬ 
lenges, including mu It [platform printing. This 
myth does teach us that Macs and PCs can 
share the same network services. The prob¬ 
lem occurs when we lake the myth literally — 
in this ease seeing NetWare as the entire world 
of Mac/PC connectivity. Although it provides 
great solutions to lots of problems, NetWare 
can he overkill for those with limited budgets 
and resources. It’s certainly overkill if you 
don’t care about talking to those Funny PCs 
(or Maes) on your coworkers’ desks but just 
want to use their printers. 

No Hablo Printerese 

MullipJatform printing seems unfathomable 
partly because there are so many languages 
for communicating with primers. The Tower 

of Babel was nothing compared with an office 
full of printers speaking QuickDraw, Post¬ 
Script, TrueType, and PCL. 

QuickDraw, the language Macs use to print 
to non-networkable printers, is also the lan¬ 
guage they use to draw i mages on your screen. 
It draws pictures and text as bit maps, giving 
instructions to put this dot here, that dot there, 
and so on. 

Unlike QuickDraw, PostScript, the preemi¬ 
nent language in desktop publishing, describes 
text and graphics mathematically, providing 
high-quality printouts no matter what the size 
of the text or graphic. One myth about Post¬ 
Script is that it’s exclusively a Mac dialect. 
Wrong. PostScript is an international language 
that Macs, PCs, and even UNIX workstations 
can use. All Mac applications and many DOS 
and Windows ones can speak PostScript, en¬ 
abling Macs to print to PC PostScript printers 
and PCs to print to Mac PostScript printers — 
once you've established a connection (more 
on connections later). QuickDraw is a provin¬ 
cial dialect by comparison , used only by Macs, 

Popular PC primer lines, such as the omni¬ 
present Hewlett-Packard LaserJet scries, can 
use PostScript by means of removable font 
cartridges. If you’re not doi ng high-end desk¬ 
top publishing, less expensive PostScript-clone 
cartridges will work too. You can also use 
Post Script-emulation software, such as Free¬ 
dom of Press ($495), from ColorAge (508- 
667-8585), but only if you're not in a hurry. 
The translation is mind-numbingly slow. 

MacUser January 1993 223 


Another myth is that TrueType is a 
System 7 goody developed by Apple. 
That's half right. The other half of the 
story is that it’s another universal lan¬ 
guage, codevcloped by Microsoft, and 
it's very popular among Windows users. 

As with PostScript, Mae and PC users 
can print to each other's TrueType print- 
era once they've made the proper connec¬ 
tion (don't worry. I'm getting to that). 

Yet another myth would have you 
believe that printers that speak PCL, the 

Printer Control Language popularized by 
Hewlett-Packard, are ofF-limits to your 
Mac, because Maes don't speak PCL. 
Wrong again. You can teach your Mac to 
speak PC Land other PC printer languages 
with one of three good packages: the Grap- 
pler lisp ($ 159), from Orange Micro (714- 
779-2772); the PowerPrint ($149), from 
GOT Softworks (604-291-9121); and the 
MaePrim ($149), from Insight Develop¬ 
ment (510-652-4115). These packages 
work with a variety of PC printers by 
translating QuickDraw commands into 

Another myth would have 
you believe that printers 
that speak PCL or other 
PC printer languages are 
off-limits to your Mac. 
Wrong again. 

something the printer in question can 

The Grappler and the PowerPrint each 
enable you to print to dozens of laser, dot¬ 
matrix, inkjet, and bubblejet printers. In 
fact. Orange Micro bundles the Grappler 
with several of its portable PC inkjet print¬ 
ers, The MacPrint is used with laser print¬ 
ers only; it's noteworthy for including 
ForUMapper, a utility that creates bit¬ 
mapped screen fonts corresponding to 
PCL cartridge fonts so you can see PCL 
fonts on-screen as well as in printouts. 

By substituting a bit-mapped represen¬ 
tation of the font for the real thing, all 
three of these utilities let you use TrueType 
fonts on non-TrueType printers. The 
PowerPrint and the MacPrint can do the 
same for Type I PostScript — but as with 
Freedom of Press, make sure you have 
time on your hands. 

Let’s Get Physical 

Getting past the real and mythological 
language barriers solves much of the prob¬ 
lem, but you also have to make a connec¬ 
tion. You can connect a printer to a single 
computer or to a bunch of computers. 
Let's start with the simple one-to-one sce¬ 
nario and work our way up. 

One Mac , One PC Printer. The 
Centronix parallel port is the most com¬ 
monly used printer interface for PCs. The 
Mac's printer port, on the other hand, is a 
serial interface, so the Grappler and the 
PowerPrint come with a serial-to-paral lei 

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Computer virus problems within your organization can be a 
nightmare. NewVirex“4 is a network man¬ 
ager’s dream, its powerful network features enable Macintosh 
network managers to configure and update indivi 
dual user machines from a single Mac. Network managers can 
also gather information about virus attacks within the 
organization. And Virex has always been the easiest anti-virus 
product to use. With Virex, you won’t be 
tied up with lots of user questions about your unti-virus software. 




Virex is available in single units and in an 
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224 January 1993 MacUser 


No more standing in line! Now you can fax graphics and files right 
from your Mac or PowerBook. 

The new Sportster® Mac & Fax and WorldPort™ PowerBook fax/data modems 
support Group III fax capabilities. This makes them compatible with fax 
machines and fax modems virtually anywhere in the world. 

With Fax' software, called “superior” and a “joy to use" by MacWorld 
magazine, sending and receiving faxes is as easy as printing a file. And fast? With 14,400 
bps data throughput, a call that would take 2-1/2 hours at 2400 bps will take only 23 
minutes. You’ll save money on every transmission. Plus V.42/V.42 bis error control and 
data compression ensure accuracy. 

Everything you need is in the box, even software and Mac cables. H [T i ¥11- ■■ 

So pick up a Sportster or WorldPort today, plug it in, and forget about it. ULplmOliDXICS 
This is truly a Fax Potato’s dream come true! ^ lnlBir,9ent atoice in 0313 

For more information call: 1 -800-DIAL-USR. In Canada, call 1:800-553-3560 U.S. Robotics Inc., 8100 N. McCormick Bfvd. Skokie, Illinois 60076 

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converter cable—a cable thai fortunately 
doesn't require an external power supply. 
For those rare PC printers that do not 
have parallel ports, serial cables arc also 
available with the Grapplcr and ihc 

Printer Sharing in a Bax. For those 
who can’t hog a printer for themselves, 
some non-network options enable mul¬ 
tiple computers to share printers. Print- 
sharing devices are boxes with multiple 
serial ports for PCs or Macs and parallel 
ports for one or two printers. This type of 
device is fairly common at PC sites; prices 
range from a few hundred dollars to about 
$1,500, depending on the number of con¬ 
nections. One of the best is the BridgePurt, 
from Extended Systems (208-322-7575), 
a prim-sharing device that includes a 
LocalTalk port for connecting a network 
of Macs to the box. Be sure to specify 
Bridgeport model ES1-2679C ($595), 
which recognizes and switches between 
PCLand PostScript. The BridgcPort gives 
Macs the benefit of a network but leaves 
PCs hanging on serial cables. 

Contrary to popular myth, 
AppleTalk on PCs can run 
on speedy Ethernet as 
well as on slower 
LocalTalk hardware, 
thanks to cards from 
several popular vendors. 

The next step up is a network compris¬ 
ing both Macs and PCs as well as Mac 
and PC printers. First, let’s take the Mac¬ 
centric view, putting PCs and PC printers 
on AppleTalk — a good approach if you 
have more Maes than PCs. 

PCs on Mac Networks. Adding PCs to 
AppleTalk gives PC users a connection to 
Mac printers. Installing AppleTalk in PCs 
is easy and relatively inexpensive — 
around $3(X) to S400 per PC for a network 
card and software. Contrary to a myth 
popular in the PC tribe, AppleTalk on 
PCs can run on speedy Ethernet as well as 

on slower LocalTalk hardware, thanks to 
cards from several popular vendors. 
AppleTalk software comes in the form of 
PhoneNET Talk ($195), from Farallon 
(510-596-9100), or COPSTalk ($179), 
from Cooperative Priming Solutions 
(4tM-84Q-08l0). Each of these products 
gives PC users a Chooser-like menu that 
lists all the printers on an AppleTalk net¬ 
work and also lists other network ser¬ 
vices. At press time, COPSTalk had the 
advantage of supporting Windows. Fll be 
taking a closer look at these products in a 
future column. 

PC Printers on Mac Networks. You 
can also put PC printers on AppleTalk 
networks. A Feature of the Grappler lisp 
makes a printer connected to any Mac 
available through the Chooser of net¬ 
worked Macs that have the GrapplerSharc 
extension installed. GDT’s PowerPrint/ 
SW does the same thing but at a higher 
cost ($239). The PowerPrint/LT ($399) 
uses a special parallcl-to-LocalTalk con¬ 
nector/cable to put the printer on Apple- 
Talk without making you connect it to a 


14.4K bps, laptop to desktop. 

PowerPort/Gold Internal Fax/Modem 

PowerPort/Gold, the first 14.4K bps internal fax/modem 
for the Power Book, is the produet of choice for mobile 
computing. Power Port/C wild supports the fastest data 
communication standards available - optimal for AppleTalk* * 

Remote Access, Using ARA, you can check your E-Mail, 
access a file server, or files on yottr desktop computer just as 
if you were at the office. Anil our acclaimed GlohalFax 
software, bundled with every product, makes faxing 
as easy as printing a document. 






| NEW 
Pricing i 







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Mac. For real PostScript (at a higher price), 
you can use the Bridgeport, 

On the printer end, some HP LaserJet 
models have an expansion slot that ac¬ 
cepts a LocaiTalk card. Extended Sys¬ 
tems sells a line of such cards that do a 
good job. One of the most recenL the 
ExtendTalk board ($745) for the HP 
LaserJet 4, contains LocaiTalk and thin 
coaxial (I OB ASE-2) Ethernet and twisted¬ 
pair (10BASE-T) Ethernet ports. The 
Ethernet ports support EtherTalk (that’s 
AppleTalk on Ethernet) and Novell 
NetWare as well as NetWare Lite, and 
they support both PCL and PostScript 

If you’re shopping for new primers, 
look for units from the platform-correct 
printer manufacturers that have begun to 
include both AppleTalk and parallel ports 
as stock features on their printers. Some 
primers can even recognize incoming 
signals and switch between the ports on 
the fly, a welcome trend in mu hi platform 
printing. Good port-switching laser print¬ 
ers include the Apple LaserWriter Ilgx. 

Some printers can even 

recognize incoming Mac or 

PC signals and switch 

between AppleTalk and 

parallel ports on the fly, 

a welcome trend in 

multiplatform printing. 

the Texas Instruments microLaser XL 
Turbo, and the Compact Pagemarq, 

The PC Network View. By now, those 
who don’t have Mac-centric setups arc 
probably saying, lt Gci real — we’re not 
going U> move dozens or hundreds of PCs 
to AppleTalk.” This brings me back to 
where I started: Novell NetWare, solver 
of all problems. Or maybe solver of only 
some problems, NetWare provides the 
Mac-to-PC connection but does nothing 
about the language barrier; Mac users still 
can’t print to the legions of PCL printers. 

To handle this language problem, you 

can upgrade ail the printers to PostScript 
or TrueType or use Insight’s Mosaic for 
Macintosh, now being sold by Ungerman 
Bass and Bitstream. Mosaic for Macin¬ 
tosh is basically the MacPrint software 
working on a NetWare network. It even 
includes the Mac Print’s FontMapper util¬ 
ity. You can use it with an HP LaserJet II, 
HD, IIP, III, HID, IBP, or Ills! or any PC 
printer compatible with one of these 

Novel I-Dependent No More 

There is no One Big Solution for 
multiplatform printing. As long as our 
offices have mixes of operating systems, 
printer languages, and connection meth¬ 
ods, there may never be. But small solu¬ 
tions abound, proving that it is possible to 
print to other platforms without making 
offerings to the connectivity gods — at 
least sometimes. I!j| 

John F&zzd b often myttazeri as Abcttserlc teeto¬ 
tal ttStw*. He is too the attar of MtoteraafcM 

Now from Global Village. 

TelePort/Gold Desktop Fax/Modem 

Now, when you need to access your office. 

Global Village provides the complete solution. 
Introducing TelePort/Gold , our new 14.4K bps 
desktop fax/modem. Together, TelePort/Gold and 
PowerPurt/Gold ensure 14.4K bps access speeds and complete 
compatibility. And since both Power Port and Tele Port 
fax/modems use our Global Fax software, yotfll spend less time 
learning new applications and more time doing business. For more 
information or for a reseller near you, please rail 14100-736-4821. 


1 New 






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♦ • 

Global Village 


£1992 Global Village QxwnnoljDn hd ‘Global Vffljge CommuntfiatiOfl/ 'FdwcrFbrt.* 'ToVPorl/ 'Gold ' "Slvef. - "BromeT and 
■GJob^Fax' are trademarks of Global VAag* Communication Inc AK other brand names are trademarks or restored trademark d their respectin' hokiors. 

Circle 244 on reader service card. 

terbatim* tapes, optical and floppy disks. Your best defense against data bss. 

Circle 162 on reader service card. 

persona; macintosh 

At last! Somebody’s 
figured out how to 
provide all the 
functionality of 
aquarium Fish without 
including a screen 
saver. The Japanese 
company 9003inc is 
developing Aqua 
Zone, an application 
that perfectly 
simulates an 
aquarium full of tetra, 
goldfish, catfish, and 
other scaly stuff. 

The bad news; If you 
overfeed them, your 
fish can still go belly 
up. The good news: 
You won’t have to 
flush them down 
the toilet. 

By James Bradbury 

This one’s on the mouse: What is it about 
mice that makes people want to put things on top 
of them? First came the Corvette Mouse (Sep¬ 
tember ’92, page 245). Then there was the Mouse 
Yoke for flight simulation (‘The MacUser 100,” 

December ’92, page 124). Now there’s Contour 
Designs’ MouseTopper ($19.99), the input-device equivalent of the fiber¬ 
glass Rolls-Royce front ends that people used to stick onto Volkswagen 
Beetles. The idea is that you can unscrew the top of the regular Apple- 
provided mouse and replace it with the larger, more ergonomically correct 
Topper. Although this might look like a plastic placebo, several MacUser 
editors have sworn that they can feel the difference. 415-941-1000. 

Beautiful downtown Burbank: What time is it? Burbank, a free 
utility from the Macintosh Consultant’s Network, displays as many as four 
different clocks and, as far as we know, is the first Mac program to be 

inspired by “Laugh-In.” You can con¬ 
figure the clocks however you like and 
name them after various cities. Best of all, 
if you name a clock Burbank, it won’t keep 
the correct time —just like its TV name¬ 
sake. (A workaround is provided for Burbank residents.) 800-729-4626 or 

Software for hard times: A sign of the times, perhaps. A new version 
(2.0) of Bankruptcy Mac is available for $119. The set of FileMaker Pro 
templates generates all the necessary forms for filing with the clerk of any 
U.S. District Bankruptcy Court. The publisher (cpo law) assures us that 
no other bankruptcy program for the Mac comes close to matching this price. 
Must be a price-sensitive market. 419-695-8480. 

You don’t need a weatherman: Need to know which way the wind 
blows? Accu-Weather Forecaster, from The Software Toolworks (415-883- 
3000), provides access to Accu-Data, a dial-in weather database that in¬ 
cludes National Weather Service forecasts. More important, it lets you create 
your own color weather maps (handy if you live in hurricane country). 
In addition to the $39.95 cost of the software, there’s a usage fee for the data. 

Just for fun: Forget about the director’s cut of Blade Runner. Presto 
Studios’ long-awaited The Journeyman Project, a CD-ROM time-travel 
adventure with stunning rendered graphics, 
sets the current standard for new Perfonna 
600 CD owners who are looking for some¬ 
thing to stuff into that shiny new slot. 619- 
689-4895. $99.95. ^ 

MacUser January 1993 229 

Kensington introduces two new products for PowerBook® 

Kensington NoteBook KeyPad 

Want to add full keyboard performance to your Power Book? 
Want to enter numbers fast and accurately? 

The Kensington NoteBook KeyPad is die answer. 

Features include a calculator-style layout, mathematical 
function keys and an oversized Enter key All keys are full-size* 
We even added die “5 Dot Home Key” for touch users. 

What's more, 15 additional Function keys 
help reduce keystrokes and enable VAX/ 
main 1 rame com m uni ca lion * 

The Kensington NoteBook KeyPad has a 
small footprint, weighs just under 9 oz., plugs 
into any ADB port and is System 7 compatible* 

Kensington NoteBook Traveler™ 

Here's a traveling case: that is rugged, yet light¬ 

weight Stylish, yet functional. Best of all, the NoteBook 
Traveler is designed just for die PowerBook. 

Features include an outer shell of 1000-denier high den¬ 
sity nylon, water-resistant coaling, padded computer compart¬ 
ment, rivet-reinforced padded handle, removable shoulder 
strap, reinforced webbing and a self repairing zipper. 

The Deluxe version includes an additional full length 
11" x 14” zippered compartment for papers and manuals, 
numerous pockets for spare battery/disk storage, plus a 
quick access outside pocket 

Always, a part of your system* 

As one of the first Apple Developers, Kensington 
works closely with Apple to insure quality and 
compatibility in both function and design. 

For more information, call 800-5354242. 
Outside the US, 415-572-2700* For informa¬ 
tion by fax, call 800-5354242 and enter 82* 


NnU'tktfjL Tnndcrisa ir^tcmnk ;mr| Kriisinj>ioii irarlraxarL ofKcnDgtoa Mkrowarc Limitnl, 

Apple* Hfufiimirvb mhI IVtaciBuuL aft rejjttiercd trademarks rtf Apple Computer Inr.l- 1992 Ktiuiiigioti Mjcmwar* Umiinl. 7/92 

Circle 130 on reader service card. 




No Forwarding Address 

If Apple wants to 
attract more people to 
mobile computing, it 
needs to do better 
at keeping them 
connected when 
they're on the move , 

By Henry Bortman 

A ppleTalk networks are easy to connect 
to; it’s when you disconnect that the 
trouble starts* 

When Apple invented the AppleTalk net¬ 
work system, it did something very innova¬ 
tive and very eleven It made it possible for a 
user to connect a Mac to a network and, with¬ 
out any manual configuration (in most cases), 
begin sharing files and networked printers. 
No other network system had made that pos¬ 
sible before. Many still don’t* 

But computing has changed since Apple 
Talk was first developed, nearly a decade ago. 
If s going mobile* Mobile users are likely to 
connect and disconnect their computer from 
their primary network frequently. In Fact, they 
may noL have a single primary network: They 
may have one network they connect to in San 
Francisco, another in New York, and another 
in Tokyo. They may even have more than one 
computer. But wherever they are, whatever 
computer they’re using, they want to be able 
to gel their mail, send and receive faxes, print 
flics, and exchange data with the home office. 

1 disconnect my PowerBook from the 
MacUser network at least once a day — some¬ 
times four or five times a day. It depends on 
how many meetings I have. If I remember to 
log off from my net work-based applications 
manually before 1 disconnect no problem. 
But I’m too old to remember things like that. 
More often it works like this: I find a free 
minute. I sit down at my desk and log on to 
QuickMuil. I open a bunch of messages — 

let’s say 20* My eyes alight on an urgent one 
about a crisis I have to handle. IPs from my 
boss, informing me about the irate vendor of 
the week, whose product just got a one-mouse 
rating* I start to reply. There’s a knock on my 
door* It’s my boss, in the flesh this time, 
summoning me to a weekly planning meeting 
thaL I was hoping no one would notice my 
failure to attend. 

As I drag myself away from my electronic 
window' on the world, I glance over my shoul¬ 
der at the 19 unread messages and promise 
myself I'll get back to them later* But the 
meeting turns into lunch, and lunch segues 
into another meeting, and it's two and a half 
hours before I return to my office* 

Meanwhile, my machine has gone to sleep* 
1 tap the space bar to reactivate it* The 19 
messages pop back up on the screen, along 
with my half-composed reply to message num¬ 
ber l. I finish crafting my response. 1 go to 
click on the Send button. But it’s grayed out. I 
can’t send my reply* I panic. I realize Fve 
been disconnected. I’m no longer communing 
with my QuickMalJ server* If I want to send 
my reply, I have to (1) save it to my local hard 
disk, (2) log off QuickMaiJ, (3) log back on 
(dutifully typing in my password — security 
is important, after all), (4) reopen the saved 
message, and then (5) click on the Send but¬ 
ton. This is definitely not an intuitive, user- 
friendly experience, 

lu all fairness, QuickMail isn't the only 
product with this problem* Several network 

MacUser January 1993 231 


See us at 
Mac World Expo! 
Booth 3262 




Power Pr i nt™ 

©>w you can use your Mac® to print 
to over 1000 non-Apple® printers! 
Portable printers for PowerBooks™, 

Wide carriage printers. Inexpensive 
printers. Or just about any other laser, 
inkjet, or dot matrix printer you want 
access to at home, office, hotel business 
centre or airport lounge. 


you can use your ImageWriter® 
or StyleWriter® more efficiently! 
BetterWriters offers built-in spooling, 
faster and more intelligent printing, and 
LaserWriter®-! ike features* 

PowerPrint and BetterWriters are com¬ 
patible with just about anything and has 
the driver features you want. 

•System 7™, TrueType' 1 *, Adobe 
Type Manager™, A/UX® etc. 

• supports color, bins and trays, 
duplex printing, etc* 

■ built-in spooling, reduction and 
enlargement, custom paper sizes, 
Smart forms and label printing, 
enhanced greyscales, etc. 

Both products are also available in net¬ 
work versions for easy sharing of any 
connected printer over AppleTalk® or 
EtherTalk® without additional hardware* 

4664 Lougheed Highway, Suite #1&S 
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All product names are urademarks or registered trademarks of Uneir 
respective holders, 

Circle 24 oh reader service card. 


applications suffer from a similar afflic¬ 
tion. Take AppleShare, for example* Sup¬ 
pose your PowerBook is logged on to a 
file server* You unplug the PowerBook to 
take it to the conference room, where 
you’re scheduled to do a presentation. 
When you get there, the volume is still 
displayed on your desktop. But when you 
double-click on the icon to open it, you 
are informed that “The file server’s con¬ 
nection has unexpectedly closed.” 

Apple has taken some steps toward 
alleviating this problem. Aliases, a fea¬ 
ture of System 7, make it easy to remount 
a shared volume manually if you do get 
unceremoniously disconnected. For those 
who are fortunate enough to own one of 
Apple’s newest PowerBooks — the 160, 
180, Duo 210, or Duo 230 — Auto- 
Remounter, a new Apple utility that comes 
with and works on only those machines, 
provides additional assistance. When you 
shut down your Mac or put it to sleep, 
AutoRemounter remembers which shared 
volumes are mounted on your desktop. It 
then automatically remounts these vol¬ 
umes when you reconnect your Mac to 
the same network. Unfortunately, regard¬ 
less of what kind of PowerBook you’re 
using, if you pull the network plug with¬ 
out putting your PowerBook to sleep or 
shutting it down first, you’re simply — 
well — disconnected. 

Walk and Run 

As long as most people connect to 
AppleTalk networks with a physical wire 
or by dialing in with AppleTalk Remote 
Access, the disconnection problem will 
remain in the chronic-but-manageable 
category* There are workarounds for the 
instances I’ve mentioned — irritating 
workarounds perhaps, but workarounds 
nonetheless. But in the next few years, 
mobile computing is going to take a leap 
forward. Technologies such as spread- 
spectrum radio and diffuse infrared, which 
make possible on-the-fly wireless network 
connection and disconnection, will ag¬ 
gravate the problem. 

Imagine, if you will, an office building 
set up with diffuse infrared* Each office 
and conference room has a transceiver in 
the ceiling* Walk into a room, and you’re 
connected* Walk out, and you’re discon¬ 
nected. Within a few years, this type of 
networking will be commonplace. And 
when wireless networking does become 
pervasive, you would no doubt be most 
displeased if every time you walked into 
or out of a room, you had to log off and 

back on to all of your network applica¬ 
tions. This will be all the more true, be¬ 
cause the trend in software is toward net¬ 
worked, workgroup applications, so you’II 
probably be running more networked ap¬ 
plications in the future than you do today. 

The next phase, which has already be¬ 
gun, will see application developers find¬ 
ing ways to build support for dynamic 
connection and disconnection in to their 
applications* For example. Now Up-to- 
Date (NUD), a group calendar program, 
has such a scheme. Even if you leave a 

Regardless of what kind of 
PowerBook you’re using, if 
you pull the network plug 
without putting your 
PowerBook to sleep or 
shutting it down first, 
you’re simply — well — 

group calendar document open on your 
screen when you disconnect from the net¬ 
work (or put your PowerBook to sleep), 
when you reconnect, NUD will automati¬ 
cally find the calendar server and update 
the open document. We may also .see 
third-party developers coming up widi 
generic connection/disconnection utilities 
that will work across a broad range of 
applications. But ultimately, this is a prob¬ 
lem Apple would do well to solve at the 
system-software level. That way, all net¬ 
worked applications could take advan¬ 
tage of the feature* 


Then there’s the problem of “Where 
has that computer gone to now?’ The 
way your PowerBook — or any other 
computer — communicates with other 
devices on a network is by establishing an 
identity, a network addmss, from which it 
can send and at which it can receive mes¬ 
sages, files, and so on* But just what is 
your computer’s network address if you’re 
constantly moving from one wireless net¬ 
work to another? 

To get some perspective on this prob¬ 
lem, let’s take a look at some other types 
of addressing* Postal addresses, for ex¬ 
ample, describe a particular recipient at a 
particular physical location. As such, 
postal addressing provides only minimal 

Powerful, Easy-to-Use 
Off-the-Shelf Accounting! 

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order in which the command should be used. ” MacWwtd 

7 he forms customization feature. . .letsyou change the 
look and content o f printed checks, invoices, state¬ 
ments. purchase orders and mailing labels to give them 
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Buy It...Install tt...Enjoylt! 

With M.YD.B., you won't need an accountant on 
your right and a computer consultant on your left 
to get started. Unlike other accounting programs, 
MYO.B. is developed for the "non-accountant” 
and first time computer user to manage their 
books efficiently and accurately. 

Easy Interface Unique graphic windows 
display every function in clear on-screen flow 
charts. No need to team obscure commands — 
just point and click. 

Simple Screens Invoices look like invoic¬ 
es. Checks look like checks. There's nothing new 
to learn. 

Customizable Forms Design your own 
invoices, statements, purchase orders, checks 
and mailing labels. M.Y.O.B. includes an integrat¬ 
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lines and boxes, move and resize fields, and 
paste graphics. 

Analysis Windows 

• Sales Analyze by item, customer or employee. 

Track sales, costs, profits. 

•A/R&A/P Ages 30/60/90 day. Just click to go 
from cjstomer/vendor summary to original 
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Retail Price: *249 

* Inventory Interactive “order book" shows 
what's on hand, what’s due from suppliers and 
what's back-ordered, 

* Balance Sheet Analyze this year, last 
year, this year vs. last year, or vs. budget. 
* Profit & Loss Analyze for any period 
(including YTD) in this year, last year, 
this year vs. last year, or vs, budget 
* Cash Flow Projects your check¬ 
book balance into the future. 

Critical Acclaim m.y.o b. 

has been critically acclaimed by 
hundreds of industry experts as 
the best accounting program for 
small businesses. Try it for *5” 
and see for yourself! 

"Only a few programs make good use of the 
Macintosh interface. Teleware's M. Y.O.B. has one of 
the best interfaces. * Macworw 

Its like having a full-time accounting manager watch¬ 
ing over your shoulder " Ken Landis, Reviewer 

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"M.Y.OB. is a solid accounting package for small com¬ 
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Current Version 3.0- Macintosh System Requirements: Mac Plus 
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hard drive with 2 megabytes ot free space. 

Circle 152 on reader service card. 



support for people who move around. If 
you go on vacation and you know vour 
address on a particular day, you will be 
able to receive a letter sent to you there 
(with sufficient allowance for delivery 
lime). Often, however your mail arrives 
after you've already moved on, A net¬ 
work set up along similar principles 
wouldn't make for a very efficient com¬ 
munication system. 

How about telephone numbers? These 
are. after all a type of address. With the 
exception of those of cellular phones, 
phone numbers are much like postal ad¬ 
dresses, A land line, the type of phone 
line you have going into your house, is 
hard-wired to a single physical location. 
You have different phone numbers lor 
your home and for your workplace. If 
you're a mobile worker without a cellular 
phone and you want to be able to receive 
phone calls, you need to leave your itiner¬ 
ary with someone, including the times 
you plan to be at various locations and the 
phone number at each stop. 

Cellular phones are quite different. 

though. In their case, a phone number is 
associated not with a wire run to a physi¬ 
cal location but rather with a mobile radio 
transceiver. (You just think it’s a phone: 
Really ills a radio.) This is not a petty 
distinction. With cellular phones, your 
“address" travels with you. As you wan¬ 
der in and out of different radio-transmis- 
sion cells, the circuits and airwaves over 
which your call gels routed change. But 
as long as you've got the phone wiLh you 
and you're in range, wherever you are, 
you can be contacted by people who have 
a single phone number —- or telephone 
address, if you will — for you. 

What's all this got to do with computer 
networks? I thought you might be won¬ 
dering. As computing becomes more mo¬ 
bile and wireless connections become 
more common, the need will increase for 
a computer-network addressing system 
that functions more like cellular-phone 
numbers than like street addresses or land- 
line-phone numbers. As you and your 
computing device move from one wire¬ 
less computer-network "cel I” to another. 

you'll want to remain connected — to file 
servers, news wires, electronic-mail sys¬ 
tems, databases — and you'll want to be 
reachable by people who won’t necessar¬ 
ily know where you are. 

The problem is that none of today's 
major computer-network addressing 
schemes work this way. They all work 
more like street addresses and land-line- 
phone numbers than like cellular-phone 
numbers. This is as true for AppleTalk as 
it is for other systems. 

Take System 7 file sharing, for ex¬ 
ample. You can share a folder from your 
PowerBook *s hand disk as a volume on 
the network. Another user can then log on 
to your shared volume and can even cre¬ 
ate an alias to your volume, to simplify 
the task of logging on again later. But if 
you move yourPowcrBook from one seg¬ 
ment of your network 10 another, the alias 
will no longer work. That's because your 
address is hard-wired. 

This problem is compl icated even more 
by the fact that you may have more than 
one computer. And you may want to be 

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Seven great products that are just right for your PowerBook' 
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Swap batteries without 
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work in jusi seconds. 
PowerSwap sustains 
running applications and 
Open documents while 
you change batteries. 
Avoid unscheduled work 
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Finally, a back pack designed specifically for your 
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for accessories. Main compartment holds 
PowerBook: divider for batteries, charger or dock. 
Plentiful interior pockets hold documents, floppies, 
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batteries, peripherals and cables. Back pack 
straps keep your hands free: handle and shoulder 
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The most dependable undelete Recover deleted 
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TrashMasler with Incinerator for convenient trash 
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Easy Alarms" 

Easy to use personal calendar 
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custom calendars and printing, 
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Apple Event savvy. 

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The only integrated productivity soltware for the 
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Increase the effective size ol 
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234 January 1993 MacUser 

You can manage 
a whole heap of things 
with Helix Express.* 

Ma nagin g piles of information 
is child’s play to Helix Express. 

If your personal and business information 
management needs are simple at the 
' . moment. Helix Express is the perfect 

. -/ ' , solution. It can do everything a basic 
^information management program 
can do, plus a whole heap more! 

Helix Express is ready for 
'/ action right out of the box. 

Our family of Ready-to-Go Solutions 
(included) gets you up and running quickly. 
With them, you can manage: 

* time & billing * documents 

* customer, client * order entry and 

or mailing lists invoicing 

* inventory control * collections 

* personal contacts 
...and much, much more! 

Helix Express has 
the power to grow 
as your needs grow. 

Because it’s so easy to use (and because of 
its amazing flexibility) Helix Express is the 
one and only solution for peopl e who need a 
flat file database now, and a relational 
database program in the future. 

Now, wait a minute...who said anything 
about “flat file" and ‘‘relational*’ databases? 

And what’s the difference, anyway? 

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4!00ComM£rqai. Avenue. Nokthbkxm, JL G0062 

Why you really, really should 
want a program that will do a 
“whole heap more.” 

In a flat file database program, you can per¬ 
form simple functions like searching, report 
mg, and indexing. 

For now, that may be all the capability you 
need. And Helix Express is the solution. 

In the beginning, you might use Helix 
Express to... 

...keep track of customers. 

As your business grows, you can also use it to... 
...keep track of customers and 
...produce invoices. 

Of course, youll continue to be 
more and more successful. And 
when you are, you can use Helix 
Express to.. 

...keep track 
of customers 

...produce invoices and 

...controlyour inventory 
and receivables. 

Pretty soon you’ll have more and more peo¬ 
ple working for you (although not as many as 
you would need without Helix Express). 

And guess what? They can use Helix Express, 
too, because... 

...its also a multi-user program. 

Helix Express is the 
complete database solution 
for Mac users of all sizes. 

It’s "kidstufT for you to start 
using it! Most relational 
databases require you to 
use programming language 
to design an application. With 
Helix Express, you don’t need to 
learn a single command or write 
a single line of program code. 

What’s more, it includes 
document and project 
management features not 
available anywhere else! 

It allows you to store and search fora docu¬ 
ment by a key word, then retrieve and launch 
it in its native format Helix Express can spec¬ 
ify workflow and track project progress. It 
even has version control to track who updat¬ 
ed a document, and when. It results in so 
many more timesaving benefits not offered 
by any other database program that you’ll 
just have to call us to leam more about them! 

Let Helix Express manage 
vour “whole heap of things” 
now, and in the future. 

* Except babies. 
For that, you’re 




t hen you 

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Keeping fit 
is no mystery 

CLUE: Tind an exercise program you like. 

Whether it be jogging, aerobic dancing, brisk walking or 
any of dozens of sports, there’s an exercise for everyone. 
Just find the activity you like and get moving... 

CLUE: Make it part of your weekly routine. 

Three 20-minute sessions per week of an aerobic 
exercise will help build up your heart/lung fitness. Add 
20-30 minutes of muscle strengthening exercise 2-3 
times a week and a few minutes of daily stretching and 
your overall fitness will improve. 

CLUE: Remember to warm up and cool down. 

A 5-10 minute session of limbering exercises, such as 
slow jogging, knee lifts, arm circles, etc., before and 
after your workout will help make exercise safe 
and effective. , 

CLUE: Stay with H. ° 

Although more people are exercising 
than ever before, many drop out 
within six months. The key is to 
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exercise regularly get all the 

For a free “Staying With lt“ booklet, write 
Fitness, Dept 110. Washington. D C. 20001. 

The President'* Council on 
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able to access the same information, the 
same electronic messages, from either one. 
In this case, the problem isn’t solved even 
if each of your computers has its own 
cellular-style address. A richer address¬ 
ing scheme is required. You need an ad¬ 
dress that identifies you , regardless of 
where you are physically or what com¬ 
puter you’re using. Even cellular tech¬ 
nologists haven’t come up with an an¬ 
swer to this one yet. 

Iff Apple is serious about 
wanting to sell you 
mobile, wireless 
computing, it’s going to 
have to guarantee that 
you can stay connected. 

But one thing, hinted at earlier, is clear: 
If Apple is serious about wanting to sell 
you mobile, wireless computing, whether 
it be in the form of PowerBooks or New¬ 
tons, it’s going to have to guarantee, at the 
system level, that you can stay connected 
— and addressable. It will be interesting 
to see how far OCE (Open Collaboration 
Environment), a messaging extension to 
System 7, due sometime in 1993, goes 
toward resolving some of these problems. 

Printing to Go 

Meanwhile, GCC (617-890-0880) re¬ 
cently released its WriteMove II printer. 
Designed for PowerBook users, weigh¬ 
ing in at a mere 2.5 pounds (with the 
rechargeable battery) and measuring 12 x 
3.5 x 2 inches, this $599 printer can pro¬ 
duce around 12 to 16 pages on a six-hour 
charge. Inkjet technology has dominated 
the low-cost-compact-printer market of 
late, but the WriteMove II uses a ribbon 
for imaging. That doesn’t mean poor qual¬ 
ity either, its 360-dpi engine is capable of 
near-laser-printer quality. 

The WriteMove II ships with ATM 
and 21 Adobe Type I fonts and supports 
TrueType as well. GCC takes a unique 
approach to print spooling. Rather than 
supporting PrintMonitor, a print spooler 
that comes as part of Mac system soft¬ 
ware, GCC bundles its own background- 
printing utility, which provides users with 
a print-preview function, something 
PrintMonitor doesn’t offer. 

Henry Bortman b maaatri tecnracal dree ter. 

236 January 1993 MacUser 

the only document management program 

Have you ever wondered where to locale the most recent 

Tracker was designed specifically to help you work 
together effectively—to transform chaos into cooperation 
and colhboratioa Designed for workgroups of 4 to 20 
people, Tracker allows users in a workgroup to exchange 
ideas and documents by creating and assuring tasks...and 
by routing those tasks through the workflow process. 

Tracker improves group productivity by tracking projects ' 
progress as they move from user io user. You can check 
and track a task’s status at any time. Maintain a complete 
audit trail for all tasks. Automatically save each version of 
a document, then store and retrieve it by key word. 

Hehx Tracker allows you to manage documents without 
forcing you to change the way you work It’s application- 
independent, and is compatible with afl Mac applications. 
Tracker is a productivity-enhancement tool that helps you 
allocate resources more effectively, improve workgroup 
accountability and productivity—and meet more deadlines! 

cular task? Helix Tracker gives you the answer to these and 
dozens of other questions you need to know to control the 
paper blizzard and work effectively as a team. 

Find out how Tracker can save you from 
the frenzy in your workgroup’s work- 
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ware specialists, and ask for a free copy 
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Patented Sharp Edge Technology delivers 600 
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Automatic interface switching supports both 
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To upgrade your existing Silentwriter Model 95 printer with fax capability (U.S. only), or for more information about the Silentwriter Model 95fa, call NEC at 1-800-325-5500. 

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f| II the pundits say the 
H same thing: Back up 
your data regularly. But if 
you have large quantities of 
data to hack up, that can 
pose a problem. Bucking 
up to floppy disks is usually 
inefficient or downright 
impossible; belter media 
are tape, removable 
cartridges, or even another 
hard drive. Here are some 
pointers for making sure 
you get the right backup 
device for your needs. 

For more on hacking up, 
see 1 *M agn el i c-Cartridge 
Drives; The Next 
Generation," January ’92- 
page 126; “Less Is More: 
Digital Audiotape" 

October *91, page 116; and 
“The Best Backup 
St ra tegics.' ! Oc toil er ■ 91, 
page 206. For information 
on network backup, 
“Overnight Success 
Network Backup * August 
*91, page 111 

By Victoria von Biel 

How to Buy 


Storage Devices 

0 If you hack up only small amounts of data 
— memos, occasional reports and spreadsheets, 
or data from a personal-finance program — 
floppy disks may be a valid choice. However, 
larger quantities of data require you to feed 
many floppies into your Mac, making backup 

fc/j If you have another hard disk at your 
disposal, you can back up to that. If you keep a 
System Folder on this hard disk, you can also 
bool from it if your primary hard drive fails. 
Tiie drawback is that hard disks have a fixed 
capacity: When you fill one up with data, you 
either have to start erasing data or move to 
another medium. 

0 Tape is a convenient and very economical 
medium for backing up moderate to large 
amounts of data. Choose DAT (digital audio- 
tape) — ideal because each cassette can store 
1.2 to 2 gigabytes of data and drives are fairly 
moderately priced — or 8-millimeter video¬ 
tape (as much as 2,2 gigabytes) and data cas¬ 
settes such as TEAC 150 cassettes (as much as 
150 megabytes). 

0 Although tape is inexpensive, holds a lot of 
data, and takes up little storage room, you 
cannot boot from DAT or other tapes and 
restoring data is slow, 

0 Tape is the best medium for short-term 
archiving. As it gets old and is used repeat¬ 
edly, tape — like all magnetic media — loses 
its data. Unfortunately, it’s almost impossible 
to rescue data from a damaged cassette. 

0 You will need special software if you de¬ 
cide to back up to tape. Most products include 
such software, but the quality varies, A good 
third-party backup program that can be used 
with a variety of backup media is Damz 
Development's Retrospect, which is included 
with some drives. 

0 Look for software that does file-by-fde 
backups, in which individual files are stored 
on tape as separate entities and you can restore 
whatever files you need. Avoid programs that 
perform image backups only, requiring that 
you restore the entire contents of your hard 
disk rather than specific files. 

0 Try out the software — it should be both 
simple to use and able to perform unattended 

0 Magnetic cartridges (such as SyQuest and 
Bernoulli cartridges) can hold 40 to 90 mega¬ 
bytes of da La and can double as startup de¬ 
vices. These cartridges must be treated with 
care, however, because rough handling can 
damage them. Bernoulli cartridges tend to be 
more stable than SyQuest ones, 

0 Although you'll probably receive a free 
cartridge when you buy a magnetic-cartridge 
drive, you'll need to buy several more over 
time. A 45-megabyte removable cartridge costs 
about $65. Cartridges are not necessarily in¬ 
terchangeable among drives, so IInd out which 
cartridge is compatible with yours. 

0 For the sake of convenience, look for mag¬ 
netic-cartridge drives that let you mount the 
drive cither vertically or horizontally (for more 
efficient use of desktop space) and that have 
extra AC outlets on the back panel (to avoid 
cord clutter). 

0 If you need to back up your files for long¬ 
term storage, a magneto-optical drive is your 
best bet. Optical cartridges arc a very stable 
medium, with a shelf life of approximately ten 
years. What’s more, the medium is inexpen¬ 
sive, although magneto-optical drives are soil 

0 For the best security, make more than one 
backup and store one copy off-site in a fire¬ 
proof compartment. 

Macdser January 1993 239 

DeltaGraph* Professional for IVIacintosK 

The World’s Best Charting, 
Graphing, and Presentation Program 

“DeltaGraph Professional has no 
competition. No package offere the tools, elegant interface, 
and variety of sophisticated chart types. Also unmatched is 
its flexibility for formatting, tweaking, and modifying every 
chart element. If you’re looking for the best, look no further 
than DeltaGraph Pro.” 

—Becky Waring, MacUser, June 1992 

“Feature for feature, DeltaGraph Professional is the l>est 
general-purpose business and technical charting program 
available for the Macintosh.” 

—BUI Justin, MACWORLD, May 1992 

“Best graphic and charting package on the Mac. Adding 
presentation capabilities gives me more flexibility.” 

—Roger Gliebe, Lockheed Corporation 

“It’s a graphics presentation power house.” 

—Joe Lee, General Electric Information Services 

“I am impressed with the range of 
tilings DeltaGraph Pro does. It’s the 
only product on the market that 
addresses all complex charting needs. 
DG Pro is one hot product.” 

—Lon S. Jennings, TRW Electronics 

“DG Pro has expanded the range of 
chart types that I can produce and 
provides charts that are not available 
on any other Mac package.” 

—David Peltz, Mac Engineering and 
Scientific Report, CADventures 

“DeltaGraph Professional does things 
that Excel, Cricket, and Wingz does, 
but better and easier. It consists of 
more useful items such as making a 
bunch of graphs on one document 
without having to do a lot of cut and pasting. 

I use DeltaGraph Professional in place of all 
other graphic systems.” 

—John Kingsley, Kingsley Associates 

“Any scientist or engineer should have this 
package for the charting features alone.” 

—Doug and Denise Green, InfoWorld Magazine 

It is exceptionally easy 

to use and provides 
more flexibility than any 
other package available.” 
— Dr. Jaime Dananherg, 
University of Michigan 

Limited Time Offer 


TI-68 scientific calculator 
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Circle 42 on reader service card. 


syndrome, headaches, 
injuries, bad back, 
blurred vision — the 
list of painful injuries 
your Mac can inflict 
on you is long. Fight 
back with the VDT 
News ’ Sixth Annual 
VDT Product 
Directory ($15), 
which lists almost 
200 companies that 
sell ergonomic 
products. Or get a 
subscription to VDT 
News (you’ll get the 
directory free). It’s 
the publication for 
keeping abreast of 
issues. 212-517-2802. 
$87 per year. 

By Victoria von Biel 

Command Performas: If you want to turn your new 
consumer Mac into a fasta Performa, note that DayStar 
Digital has added support for both the Performa 400 and the 
600 to its Universal PowerCache, bringing to 12 the num¬ 
ber of Macs supported by this versatile CPU accelerator (take it with you 
when you move up to your next Mac). You can plug the PowerCache 
directly in to the 600’s accelerator slot; you need a $49 adapter to use it with 
the 400 (and all other Macs except the Ilci, which doesn’t require an 
adapter). Prices range from $649 for a 33-megahertz accelerator to $1,599 
for a 50-megahertz PowerCache with a 68882 math chip. 404-967-2077. 

Remote control: Here’s something for 
the Wizard of Oz — Mac Extend from Pre¬ 
sentation Electronics. It lets you use a key¬ 
board, mouse, or other ADB device from as 
far as 1,000 feet away from your Mac (from 
behind a curtain, perhaps?), so you’re 
not tied to your Mac during a presentation. 
The Mac Extend Plus goes one better, offer¬ 

ing a hand-held remote control that lets you issue keyboard and mouse 
commands from as far as 40 feet away. Of course, freedom has its price — 
the Mac Extend Plus costs a hefty $849, and the Mac Extend is $699. 916- 
652-9281. t^For those who need to remotely boot a roomful of Macs (in a 
lab or classroom, for example). Sonic System’s The Diskless Mac has just 
been upgraded to speed up the whole process. TDM ($149) lets you create 
diskless workstations on your network so you can control what files users 
can access. 408-293-8600. 

When the going gets tough: The tough 
go on-line. Need to fit in a little last-minute 


holiday shopping? LA Online is a free on¬ 
line service that offers many of the same 
shopping services found on CompuServe, 

America Online, and Prodigy. To buy such things 
as software, hardware, books, CDs, wine, roses, contact lenses (a nerd’s 
dream date?), all you need is a modem and a credit card (although if 
you’re outside the LA area, you’li also pay for a loll call). To try it out, have 
your modem call 310-372-4050. Or you can call 310-372-9364 for more 
information, Get a handle on all of the shareware available from on-line 
services, with MacUser contributing editor Greg Wasson’s new book. The 
MacUser Guide to Shareware, from Ziff-Davis Press. More than 400 pro¬ 
grams are listed, and a free accompanying disk contains eight of the most 
outstanding ones. 510-601-2000. $34.95. ig 

MacUser January 1993 241 



Word Power 

By Marianne Carroll 

H ow much did you pay for your word-processing soft¬ 
ware? $200? $400? Chances are you’re using only 
about 10 percent of the power you paid for Many 
Mac users still think of their favorite word processor as an 
electronic cousin of the typewriter and haven’t discovered 
how their software can automate document formatting. 

If you rely on the space bar. Return key, and Tab key to 
painstakingly format your letters, memos, and reports, take a 
look at the following ten tips, and you’ll discover how most 
word-processing packages can make the process a lot easier 
— and faster. Most of these tips work with the major word¬ 
processing packages. And once you’ve started exploring your 
software’s special functions, you're bound to discover more 
techniques that will streamline document creation. 

Before you start, you need to take two basic steps. First, 
display the ruler in your document; in most programs, when 
you do so, you also open up a whole toolbox of formatting 
shortcuts. Some word processors automatically display the 
ruler; if that’s not the case with your program, you can usually 
find a command on the View, Layout, or Format menu that 
makes the ruler visible. 

The next step is to select Show Invisibles or Show U from 
your program’s View or Edit menu so you can see all the 
nonprinting character symbols, such as spaces, returns, and 
tabs, within your document, 

Marianne Carroll is the author of Marianne Carroll's Super Desktop Docu¬ 
ments (New York: Brady Publishing, 1932). 

Centered Text -—- 

If you've been using the space bar to 
center text for letterhead, now’s the lime to 
use your word processor 1 s ruler. Delete all 
the spaces to the left of the actual text, 
select the text you want centered, and 
click on the centered-text Icon on ihe ruler 
(your word processor may also have a 
menu command for centering text) to 
center the selected text between the left 
and right margins. 

Nelson T. Waddles 
West Stage Productions 
10945 23rd Avenue 
Jackson, MN 55235 
(612) 407-7998 

March 14, 1993 

Left Indent/Right Justify - 

There are a couple of ways to place a 
date or other information on the right side 
of the page besides using the space bar 
and eyeballing the position. One method is 
to select the text you want to move and 
drag the ruler's left-indent marker to 
position the text. You can also select the 
text and choose the right-justify icon on the 
ruler, which lines the text up with the 
page’s right margin. 

Mr, and Mrs. Clarence D. Stubley 
934 W. Lake Road 
Eagle Grove, 1A 50265 

Dear Mr. and Mrs. Stubley: 

Thank you for your recent telephone call inquiring about West Stage Productions’ 
upcoming season. I will be sending you our spring/summer catalog under separate cover 
within the next 15 days. 

We hope that your visit to Jackson this spring will be a pleasant one. Since you might 
be departing for your vacation before our new brochure is in the mail to you, the 
following is a listing of our exciting new productions: 

Bullets - 

Press Option-8 to create a bullet (* *), or 
select the Zapf Dingbat font and choose a 
special character for a decorative bullet at 
the beginning of your regular texl, (Use the 
Key Finder DA to look at the special 
dingbat characters.) 

Page Breaks - 

Instead of inserting extra returns to 
move a paragraph of text to a new page, 
insert a page break. In most programs, 
the Page Break command is on the 
Format, Layout, or Insert menu. 

* MAD FOHEST (April 12 ^ 19) Caryl Churchill 

This play takes a chill ing journey into Romania before, during, 
and after the 1989 overthrow of dictator Nicolae Ceaosescu, 

“It is wonderful — an evening in the theater where ideas catch 
fire and drama crackles in the pregnant air.” — Clive Barnes, 
New York Post , 

* A PERFECT GANESH (April 20 - 24) Terrence McNally 

He is America's hottest playwright. This eagerly awaited new 
play will take its place in the long list of premieres at the West 
Stage theater. You won’t be able to see this play anywhere 
else, Mr. and Mrs, Smbley, 

242 January 1993 Macbser 

— Flrst-Une Indent 

You can avoid using spaces or tabs at 
the beginning of the first line of each 
paragraph by creating an automatic first- 
line indent. To do so, delete any extra 
spaces at the beginning of each paragraph 
and drag the first-line indent marker on the 
ruler as far as you want, to automatically 
indent the first line of text for each 
paragraph. Now whenever you press the 
Return key. the word processor automati¬ 
cally indents the first line of the new 

- Header Text 

If you have text that repeats on each 
page (page numbers, titles, or dates), 
use the Header command. To prevent the 
header text from appearing on the first 
page, here’s how a few programs let you 
do so: In Microsoft Word, use the Section 
command, on the Format menu, and click 
on the Different First Page option; in 
MacWrite, click on the Title Page option, 
on the Format menu; in WordPerfect, 
after you've inserted a header, click on 
the first page and then go to the Layout 
menu and choose the Suppress Format 
option for the header; in Write Now, dick 
on page 2 and then choose Insert New 
Header on the Format menu. 

— Hanging Indents 

Need to inset text such as quotations 
or bulleted text? Using hanging indents 
eliminates the clunky, frustrating method 
of using returns, tabs, and spaces to tine 
up text. First, highlight the text you want 
to indent. On the ruler, drag the left-indent 
marker to about the 5-inch mark. Next, 
drag the first-line indent marker to the 
.25-inch mark. If you're entering bulleted 
text, after you insert the bullet character, 
press the Tab key. This aligns the text on 
the first line with the text beneath it. 

(Note: If you're using WordPerfect, you 
must place a Tab marker at the same 
position as the left-indent marker) 

March 141993 

^ PUTTING IT TOGETHER (April 25 - 30) Stephen Sondheim 
With each new musical, Stephen Sondheim practically reinvents 
the form. Putting U Together takes the best of Sondheim’s 
ground-breaking efforts and weaves them together into a single 
night of incomparable entertainment It’s the perfect evening for 
students of the musical* devotees of Sondheim* or fans of an 
unforgettable night on the town. 

— Tickets are only $1? or $25 per performance, or purchase a three-play subscription 
series (see the table for prices and dates). We’ll be happy to take your order by fax or by 
phone, and you can charge your tickets to a major credit card by calling our offices any 
day Monday through Friday between 10 a,m. and 5 p.m. Your tickets will be held for you 
at our box office. 

Series A Tuesday evenings $47.50 

Series B Saturday evenings $75.60 

Series C Sunday matinees $65.75 

We all look forward to seeing you here in Jackson this spring at our theater. 

— Automatic Page Numbers 

To number the pages in your document 
automatically, click on ihe auto-page icon 
in your header, or while you’re in the 
Header window, choose the insert Page 
Number command from the Edit or 
Format menu. 

— Space Between Paragraphs 

To automatically get a blank line 
between paragraphs, you can use the 
Paragraph dialog box in most programs 
so you don't have to press the Return key 
a second time (T/Maker’s WriteNow does 
not have this feature). The settings vary 
among applications: Some let you place a 
space above or below each paragraph. 
(Hint: You can narrow the space between 
paragraphs if you find you need to fit more 
text on a single page.) 

Yours truly, 

Nelson T. Waddles 
Artistic Director 


— Tables 

If your word-processing program 
doesn’t have a table function (or if you 
just want to create a small, simple table)* 
use tabs rather than spaces to line up the 
columns. Use decimal Labs to line up 
columns of figures. 

MacUser January 1993 243 

Every Mac Deserves 
Big Color 


When it comes to big-screen color, your LC, SE/30 and 
Performa 400 now have the same potential as a Mac" II 
or Performa 600. The new Lapis ” ProColorServer' display 
cards bring full color capability to every color-capable 
Mac. That means really big screens — up to two 
full pages. And as many colors as you want - 
16,777,216 to be exact. 

Now you can add 24-bit color to your LC. Expand 
your SE/30 with a 21-inch color display. Bring out 
the colorful best in your Mac II or Performa 600. 

Lapis has a full range of display products that 
improve the look and productivity of all types 
of Macintosh' computers, from the Plus to the 
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Call 1-800-43-LAPIS today to find out 
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How to Get a MacUser Index 

If you're like most 
MacUser readers , you 
save back issues. 
They’re an invaluable 
reference source . but 
until recently , f/iere 
HW /2 <9 easy way to 
look up old articles , 

By Ben Templin 

I n 1992 Atorf/rer published approximately 
500 articles about more than 1,000 prod¬ 
ucts, That's around 700,000 words in 
more than 2,400 pages — a lot of informa¬ 
tion to thumb through if all you’re looking 
for is the review of that utility that organizes 
your System Folder. There's got to be an 
easier way. 

There is. The Mac User/Mac WEEK Index 
catalogs more than 7,000 articles that have 
appeared in these two magazines since 1987. 
It’s available only through ZiffNet/Mac, the 
on-line service for Mac User and Mac WEEK , 
The index is free of charge as pan of the 
monthly $2.50 membership fee. 

numbers, title, and author. Searching by topic 
can sometimes reveal more articles than you'd 
care to deal with. For instance, the term desk¬ 
top publishing yields 727 articles published 
since 1987. You can narrow a search to a 
smaller set by using the same three main 
search criteria. Fun her defining desktop pub¬ 
lishing with the topic layout gets the count 
down to 42 articles. The most recent articles 
are listed first. (Tip: If you warn to separate 
the reviews from the news for a certain topic, 
then narrow by topic with the term evtf/tur- 
tion i. This keyword is used consistently to 
differentiate a review from a news story.) 

Terminal Emulation 

An Alternative to Online 

If you don't want to deal with an on-line 
interface, you can download the MacUser 
Index as a HyperCard stack. To keep the size 
of the stack within reason, the HyperCard 
index carries entries for 1992 only and for 
MacUser alone. Although the on-line 
MacUser/MacWEEK Index is updated 
monthly, the MacUser Index HyperCard 
stack is updated just once a year. 

Any CompuServe subscriber can access 
ZiffNet/Mac by typing GO ZMAC at any ! 
prompt. If you don't belong lo CompuServe, 
you can join ZiffNet/Mac by following the 
instructions in the masthead in this issue. 

To download the index, get on ZiffNet/ 
Mac and type GO DOWNLOAD. Down¬ 
load the file MUINDX.SEA. 

How the Index Works 

The MacUser/MacWEEK Index lets you 
search by product, company, and topic. It 
delivers a citation with the issue elate, page 

Neither of the CompuServe Mac inter¬ 
faces — Navigator or CIM (CompuServe 
Information Manager) -— is optimized for 
CompuServe's Terminal mode, so follow 
these tips if those are the programs you use. 
In Navigator's case, you have to add a manual 
tile and interact with the index in real time — 
a concept foreign to most Navigator users. 
Add a manual tile with a GO code of 
ZMCJNDEX. Consul t your handbook if you 
have questions on how to use manual tiles. 

Although CIM is a good graphical inter¬ 
face for forums, the interface for databases 
such as the MacUser/MacWEEK Index is a 
terminal emulator. As with most terminal 
emulators, you can save only a limited amount 
of information to the buffer, so it's important 
to capture data as a text file. To do so, select 
Capture to a File from CIM's Terminal menu, 
which brings up an Open dialog box. Click 
on the New button, and you get a Save dialog 
box that lets you define a file in which to 
save the text.^ 

The MacUser Index, 
the HyperCard 
version of the 
Index, contains a 
year's worth of 
article references. 
It's available only 
through ZiffNet/Mac. 

MacUser January 1993 245 


Fulfillment Process 

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The best way to create flowcharts 
is MacFlow—the highest-rated flowcharting program. Neither 
drawing programs nor pencil and paper can create flowcharts as 
easily as MacFlow. And no program is simpler to learn or use. 
Graphically organize complex processes, projects, and structures— 
minutes after opening the package. 

Simply drag pre-drawn symbols onto a page and connect with 
curved or straight lines. Place text in symbols and on lines, as well 
as in freestanding notes. Change the chart as desired; lines stretch 
and stay attached to symbols. Even create stand-alone flowcharts 
that can be freely distributed to any Macintosh user (and any 
Windows user with an optional viewer). MacFlow is also System 
7-savvy, letting you publish your charts and subscribe to text. 
Translate to and from text in ASCII and RTF formats as well 
as outlines created in Acta 7 and MORE. 

MacFlow actually enhances your thought 
process because the interface is so simple 
and intuitive, nothing stands between your 
ideas and a presentation-quality flowchart. 

In fact, you’ll find just creating flowcharts 
keeps your thoughts organized and helps 
you get a handle on any task. 

Show them you’re serious— 
get MacFlow today. 

The best way to create quick, presentation-quality project 
schedules is MacSchedule. The Gantt-chart interface lets you 
create schedules, with integrated financial data, minutes after 
you open the application—unlike complex project management 
software. And MacSchedule is as easy to learn as it is to use. 

MacSchedule automatically creates and manages a project cal¬ 
endar. Just enter task names, then indicate timing with a click and 
drag of the mouse. Status tracking is also easy—just click on a task 
bar to show progress. 

MacSchedule helps track a project from initial estimates to cur¬ 
rent status by automatically developing calcndarized cost estimates 
and reporting cost and schedule variances in an Earned Value 
summary. MacSchedule is also System 7-savvy, letting you publish 
your schedules and data as well as subscribe to data from other 

programs. Place schedules in documents for 
proposals and reports or print schedules as 
slides, overheads, or wallcharts. 

With MacSchedule’s graphic feedback, 
you can tell at a glance where your project 
is and where it’s headed. It’s the perfect 
tool for any manager. 

Show them your plans for success— 
get MacSchedule today. 


MocUser Mogczine July *91 

For a free demo disk and catalog, 
phone, write, or fax Mainstay today. 


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Here are 16 shortcuts 

that not only reveal 
System 7 s finer features 
but also increase your 
productivity — and you 
don f t have to spend 
a dime. 

By Bob LeVitus 

I didn't invent any of the tips, techniques, or 
shortcuts I'm about to describe. Some of 
them I've revealed before in this very 
space; others have been sent to me by readers 
anti other Macintosh aficionados. But wher¬ 
ever they came from, my guess is that most of 
us can use some reminding now and then of 
System 7 possibilities that aren't immediately 

1 promise that each of these techniques will 
save you time and effort, but only if you use 
them. Because you'll use them only if you try 
them, I recommend reading this column at 
your Mac and uying each technique as you 
read about it. 

Kind of a Drag-Launch 

One of my favorite System 7 features is 
drag-and-drop file launching, Here’s how it 
works: Just drag the file you want to open 
onto the icon of the program you want to 
launch it with (or an alias of that program). If 
the program is capable of launching that file, 
you'll see that the color of its icon inverts, and 
when you release the mouse, the program 
opens the file. It's simple, elegant, and an 
incredible time-saver. System 7 has many im¬ 
provements, but this is definitely one of my 
all-time faves. 

Here are some suggestions for how you 
might use it: 

•If you drag the icon of a TeachText file 
onto the icon of your word processor (or an 
alias of it), the file will open in your word 

processor. Because I like Word and hate 
TeachText, I do this all the time, (By the way, 
this trick also works when the application is 
already open, which is great for me, because 
Word is usually running on my machine.) 

* You know how screen dumps — pictures 
of your Mac screen you create by pressing 
Command-Shift-3 —are automatically saved 
to disk as PICT files? Well unfortunately, 
when you double-click on a screen dump, it 
launches TeachText. I don't like to use Teach- 
Text, so I usually drag screen-dump icons 
onto an alias of Photoshop or DeskPaim for 

* When you double-dick on a file and re¬ 
ceive the dreaded “An application can't be 
found" alert, try dragging the document onto 
the icon of your word processor or graphics 
program. As often as not, you'll find that the 
file will launch, 

* To make drag-and-drop even better, place 
aliases of your favorite programs right on 
your desktop. My desktop features aliases of 
Word (which opens most word-processing 
formats), DeskDraw (to open PICTs), Desk¬ 
Paim (to open files in PICT, MacPaint, and 
TIFF formats). Amazing Paint (tor MacPaint 
format), Stuffit (for .SIT and .CPT formats), 
Photoshop (for most graphics formats), and 
Res Edit (which launches any tile you drag 
onto it, regardless of the file's creator or type). 
I rarely come across a file 1 can't launch by 
dragging it onto one of the aliases I keep on 
my desktop. 

MacUser January 1993 247 


with a high flying 
Powerbook from 

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of business vshgn 
you re out on the- 
l rood th/s one A 

y to rteuu heights 
f ofproductivity wt\ 
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MacFriertds History Lesson #24 



* 4 MB fast 80ns RAM 

* 8 0 MB HD 

* Apple send fax modem 

* Super lightweight 

* Includes carrying cast 
■ Rtsjsriefcase or pacfc 

"The Kittyhawk 



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you go* 

i~4MB fast 80ns RAM • 80 MB HD 
• Reads DOS disks *1.44 super floppy 
* Fits in briefcase orhadtpacSr* lightweight 
• Apple send fax modem »Includes -- 

222 331-1322 


The Apple Menu 

The Apple menu is a great place to 
store frequently used applications, fold¬ 
ers, and Files, but organizing its contents 
can be tricky if you keep a lot of suififin it. 
There are plenty of commercial products 
to help you organize the contents of the 
Apple Menu Items folder (HAM and Now 
Utilities, to name a couple), but there’s a 
way to do it for free. 

The following tip comes from John 
Catalano, president of Casa Blanca Works, 
which makes Drive? and Blue Parrot. He 
has devised a unique way to organize 
your Apple menu, using absolutely no 
additional software (see Figure 1). All 
you need to know is the order in which 
ASCII characters are alphabetized (sorted) 
by your Mac and that the items in the 
Apple Menu Items Folder appear on the 
Apple menu in ASCII alphabetical order. 
Here’s how it works: 

Spaces sort first, so the first item — 
Tools — is preceded by two spaces. In 
the next group, each item — Blue Parrot, 
Chooser, Control Panels, and Find Pro — 
is preceded by one space. 

Space-caret (Shift-6) is next in the sort¬ 
ing order, so a space followed by a series 
of carets creates the first separator. 

Space-bullet (Option-8) comes next, 
so a space followed by a bullet precedes 
the names of all the telecommunications 

Then comes the hyphen. The second 
separator is a series of hyphens with no 
preceding spaces. 

The arrows that precede the next group 
— Compact Pro, Disktopy, Microsoft 
Excel, and WriteNow — are made with a 
hyphen followed by a right angle bracket. 

The next separator is a row of equal 
signs, and the items in the last group have 
nothing preceding their names, so they 
always come at the bottom of the list. 

The dock icons used for the separators 
are just renamed aliases of the Alarm 
Clock DA. 

With a little experimentation, you 
should be able to use this technique to 
organize your Apple-menu items into 
groups that make sense to you. 

Aliases and More Aliases 

Aliases are probably the greatest im¬ 
provement System 7 provides. An alias, 
for those of you who are new to System 7, 
is a tiny 1K or 2K file that points to the 
original rile. When you open an alias, the 
original opens. You can have as many 
aliases of a file as you like. 

About This Macintosh... 


Ffc Blue Parrot ' 

I JS Chooser 
fcl Control Panels 
d Find Pro II 1.2.1 


^ * Rmerlca Online i 

<§* * AppleLink 
m CompuServe j 

&- ; 

-> Compact Pro 

^ -> DiskCopy 

-> Microsoft Excel , 

^ -> WriteNow 

G =============== 

Rbaton Scan DR 
§ Calculator 
£gf Fax Center 
B&Flash-lt 2.2 

Figure 1: Simply by knowing how the 
Mac sorts items in the Apple Menu 
items folder, you can customize the 
Apple-menu layout to suit the way 
you work. 

Creating an alias is easy: All you need 
to do is select the file you want to create 
the alias for, go to the Finder’s File menu, 
and choose Make Alias. Then move the 
alias to the desired location. {MacUser 
has developed several utilities, such as 
Alias Creator, Alias Assassin, and Alias 
Stylist, that help you manage your aliases 
more efficiently. They’re all available on 

Aliases are a boon for organizing your 
hard disk. Say you create a memo to the 
marketing department about Client X. Do 
you store it in the Memo folder, the Mar¬ 
keting folder, or the Client X folder? With 
aliases, you don’t have to decide — you 
just store the actual file wherever you like 
and put aliases in the other two folders. 
Then you can find and open the memo no 
matter which of the three folders you look 

There are dozens of ways to use aliases 
to make your life easier. Here are some of 
my favorites: 

• Keep aliases of files and folders you 

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Presenting the 8th 
annual Eddy Awards: 
the most influential 
award in Macintosh. 

Representing the 
MacUser editors’ pick of 40 product 
categories, This is the issue that over 
410,000 buyers keep chained to their 
desk ail year long! 

CD ROM Drives 

This is the technology that’s happen¬ 
ing NOW! The ZD Labs tests 35 drives 
— from big and small companies — 
under real-world conditions. Also; new 
software shipping in this format, Find 
the right CD ROM for your needs in 
the Read-Only Magazine: MacUser. 

Workgroup Printers 

Tile stalwart MacUser Labs NetWorkShop 
tests eight high-paper capacity, multi-tray 
function, fast-engine, shared-on-network 
printers. On Macs and PCs! Hie experts 
help you to choose based on what's 
inside. Plus, new printers on the horizon, 
MacUser gives you the output you need 
every month! 


December 18,1992 



use every day on the desktop or in the 
Apple Menu Items folder (or in both ). On 
my desktop, I keep aliases of folders for 
current projects as well as for the applica¬ 
tions 1 use often. Even though the actual 
folders and files are buried three or four 
levels deep. I can launch any of them with 
one doublc-dick on the appropriate desk¬ 
top alias, hems on the desktop are also 
easy to find when you're in an Open or 
Save dialog box —just click on the Desk¬ 
top button, or type Command-D. 

■ Keep an alias qf the Apple Menu 
Items folder somewhere convenient — 
on the desktop or inside the Apple Menu 
Items folder itself. This lets you add files 
and folders to the Apple menu by simply 
dropping them into the folder; conversely, 
you can get to the folder without having 
to wade through the System Folder to 
find it. 

* Keep an alias of the Apple Menu 
Items folder in the Startup Items folder so 
that it opens automatically at startup. This 
gives you two ways to access items in the 
Apple menu — you can use the mouse to 
choose them from the Apple menu itself 
or you can use either the mouse or key¬ 
board command equivalents to select them 
in the Apple Menu Items folder, which is 
open on your desktop. 

* If you "re on a network and frequently 
access an AppleShare volume or a shared 
folder on another user's Mac. make an 
alias of that volume or folder. Then when¬ 
ever you need to get at that folder, all you 
have to do is double-click on its alias to 
mount the folder; you don't have to go to 
the Chooser first. 

■ Another great network alias trick is 
the so-called office on a floppy disk, which 
lets you use a floppy disk to access your 
Mac from any other Mac on the network 
that's running System 7, 

First create an alias of your hard disk, 
and copy it to a floppy disk. In the Shar¬ 
ing Setup control panel, turn on File Shar¬ 
ing. To make your hand disk available on 
the network, select it and choose Sharing 
from the Finder's File menu. In the Shar¬ 
ing dialog box. dick on the "Make all 
currently enclosed folders like this one" 
box, and then set up the appropriate access 

Then you can mount your hard disk 
from any Mac on the network by insert¬ 
ing the floppy disk containing the alias 
and double-clicking on your hard disk's 

* Aliases can locate files stored on 
floppy disks or removable media such as 

SyQuest or Bernoulli cartridges or optical 
discs. Here's how it works; 

Insert the removable medium (SyQuest 
or Bernoulli cartridge or optical disc), and 
give it a memorable name, such as Disk I. 
Copy the file (File 1) from your hard disk 
to Disk l. and make an alias of the file. 
Copy the alias of File 1 from Disk l to 
your hard disk. Put it in an appropriate 
place. Eject Disk 1. and store it in a safe 

The next time you need to use File 1, 
double-click on its alias on your hard disk, 
and you'll see a message on-screen ask¬ 
ing you to insert Disk 1. 

Aliases are handy critters, and I'm will¬ 
ing to bet that you out there in readerland 
have plenty of unique ways to use them. 
So have 1 got a deal for you; Send me your 
favorite alias tricks; if yours is cool enough 
(and I haven't heard it before). I'll prim 
h in an upcoming column and send you 
one of my coveted "I Beat the System” 

Your Saving Grace 

We all spend a lot of time in Open and 
Save dialog boxes — which is why Tm so 
tickled that System 7 lets you use them 
without making you grab the mouse. Al¬ 
most every function in these dialog boxes 
has a keyboard shortcut. Here are the ones 
l use most (these all work in both the 
Open and the Save dialog boxes): 

* Command-period is the same as click¬ 
ing on the Cancel button, 

- Command-right-arrow takes you to 
the next disk or volume, and Command - 
left-arrow takes you to the previous one, 

* Command-down-arrow 1 takes you into 
the selected folder, 

• Command-up-arrow takes you up one 
level of folders. 

• Command-D takes you back to the 

There's one more that works only in 
Save dialog boxes: The Tab key toggles 
between the scrolling list of files and the 
filename field. 

Try it. You'll like ill 

As always, submit your favorite Sys¬ 
tem 7 lips either by mail or by modem in 
ZiffNei/Mac's MacUser Forum (please 
include your name and mailing address). 
If you submit Lhe month's besL tip, you'll 
not only receive notoriety and fame but 
you 7 !I also gel a spiffy (and rare!) "I Beat 
the System" T-shirt, Ig 

Boh LeV itus is the author o! Or. Macintosh's Guide 
to the On-tine Universe and lots of other stuff 

250 January 1993 MacUser 



A lot more goes into a Mass Microsystems'” 
removable drive than simply a 
SyQuest’ mechanism. 

A good place to start. Yet 
until the removable drives 
pass 37 of the industry’s most 
grueling tests, they don’t earn 
our DataPak'” name. Tests that 
examine every wire. Every con¬ 
nection. Everything. Right down 
to the rubber feet. 

It’s obviously a lot more extensive 
than the typical burn in. But it’s the 
reason Mass Micro DataPaks have the 
highest rate of reliability anywhere. 

An edge we intend to keep. That’s why Mass Micro 
is the first company to include Active Termination on every 
DataPak 45MB or 88MB, reducing SCSI-related problems 
that plague other drives. 

PadLok” software is something else you’ll find only on 
our pre-formatted DataCart" 
cartridges. Giving you ulti¬ 
mate security and across-the- 
board SyQuest compatibility. 

Another Mass Micro 
exclusive is the number of 

configurations we offer. Like odvMassMicroDuto/tafoiwvt’Activt’rfrmi- 

3. DataPak that fits in nation. Without it, SCSI can be a risky business. 

Quadras; or one that sits neady atop a llci; 

or a duet model with two selected 
drives. Even the free 
DataCart cartridge that 
comes with every drive is 

How many companies offer a Lifetime 

Warranty on cartridges? You're looking at it. Visit us at MacWorld San Francisco, Booth No. 1143 

And one’s included wiih every drive. 

©1992 Ma* Mfcw. \Usirsyxtm. Omahtt. Pfc&ok. and UttuOn ait tnxkirariscf Mat MkTvsjstfms Nfxvnodt and Mac are trgMrred tiadrm»ria of Apple Computer. Inc SyQueA n a repteia! srademarit of Technology, 

Circle 135 on reader service card. 

the safest bet. Because every cartridge with the DataCart 
name comes with a lifetime warranty—yet another feature 
you can’t get anywhere else. 





Our award-winning DataFbk removable cartridge drives are available in two capacities—45MB 
and 88MB. We also feature more footprint configurations (iian anyone else in the industry. 

Mass Micro stands alone for still another reason: The 
number of awards we’ve won for our removables. Nobody’s 
won more MacUser Editor’s Choice or user- 
elected MacWorld World-Class awards. Of 
course, we have an unfair advantage here. We 
were the first to bring SyQuest technology to 
Macintosh and, subsequendy, have sold more 
than anybody else. 

So don’t take any unnecessary risks. Call Mass Micro 
at 1-800-522-7979. And ask for our award-winning DataPak. 
We’ll remove any doubt about whose storage to buy. 


=3^ microsystems 

Sharing shelf space with your old 8-tracks and bowling trophies 
isn’t likely what you had in mind for your Mac when you 
bought it. That's why TechWorks offers so many options in 

Macintosh upgrades and performance enhancements. 

TechWorks understands your need to stay 
up-to-date with technology. Whether you 
want additional memory to run more powerful 
applications or the increased speed an accelerator^ 
offers, TechWorks provides Easy, Cost-effective 
solutions for every Macintosh model. 


TechWorks Memory Upgrade Kits let you JS'X'-n 
take advantage of System 7, run more applications your superstore/ 
at once, install more fonts and INITs, utilize print 
spooling, and get your PowerBook powered 
up, without spending a fortune. TechWorks 
Accelerator Cards, FPUs, Video and 
TechWorks Cache Caros gear up your Mac to run full 
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at the BESTPf 

graphics, database sorts, sound editing—the possibilities are 
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Technology Works, Inc ; 4030 B raker Lane West, Suite 350; Austin, TX 78759 
International Orders: (512) 794-8533; Facsimile: (512) 794-8520 


& Copyright 1992 Technology Works, IncJechWorksft d trademark belonging to Technology Works, Inc, 
All other trademarks or tradenames mentioned belong to their respective owners. 



W hat do you do if 
you’ve got an 
original SE/30 whose 
screen is starting to 
El idee r: Repair It or bag 
it? Your SE/30 is worth 
about $1*500 today; in 
comparison, a used 
PowerBook 140 (which 
is more portable) or a 
Ikx (which has more 
slots) delivers the same 
performance and costs 
about the same. A new 
PowerBook 170 or Ilci 
wilt roughly double your 
performance — and 
your cost. How you use 
your Mac will determine 
whether you need to 
trade up or just make 
the most of what 
you have. 

By Bob Brant 

Upgrading the 

Mac SE/30 

SE/30s tend to age gracefully. Any required 
repairs are most likely to be to the power- 
supply modules or the disk dri ves. If your power 
supply fails, you may notice a shrinking screen. 
If you can pinpoint the offending part and know 
how to remove and replace whatever is causing 
the problem, the repair can run less than $150 
and take only a few days. Having a technician 
repair the damage can set you back $500 or 
more. Your local Apple dealer is the best place 
to start looking for repairs. Check the back 
pages of magazines such as Mac User and 
Mac WEEK for the name and location of other 
service centers. 

If you decide to upgrade your SB/30, first 
add more memory* The SE/30's eight SIMM 
sockets can accommodate as much as 128 mega* 
bytes of RAM, in various combinations of K 
2-, 4-, 8-, and 16-megabyte SIMMs rated at 120 
nanoseconds or faster. Prices start at $30 for I - 
megabyte SIMMs. To access more than 8 mega¬ 
bytes of RAM, use Conneclix’s MGDE32 (free 
from on*line services and user groups). 

Adding a larger hard drive — don’t con¬ 
sider less than 100 megabytes — lets you store 
more data and get to it faster. The fast Quantum 
3.5-inch models come in a variety of sizes, 
from 105 megabytes to 525 megabytes, and 
start at $359 for an internal drive (external 
drives typically cost $100 more). If you need 
even more capacity, investigate Fujitsu’s 520- 

megabyte, Maxtor's 540-megabytc, Toshiba’s 
830-megabyte, Seagate's 1,2-gigabyte, and 
Hewlett-Packard’s 1.2-gigabyte 3.5-inch drives. 

For speed, the combination of a 50-mega- 
hertz accelerator and the SE/30’s 9-inch 
screen is awesome — especially considering 
that you can carry the SE/30 to a remote site. 
Day Star Digital offers 33-, 40-, and 50-mega- 
hertz 68030 SE/30 PowerCache accelerators 
with or without a 68882 FPU (floating-point 
unit), starting at around $650, 

A larger monitor lets you put more infor¬ 
mation on a larger screen and get to it Bister, 
Lapis offers SE/30 plug-in boards starting at 
$299 and monochrome portrait monitors start¬ 
ing at $599. A large color monitor and card 
costs the better part of $2,000, Day Star’s SE/30 
PowerCache accelerator leaves the SE/30 PDS 
(processor-direct slot) free, so you can add video 
(or Ethernet) cards and enjoy acceleration too. 

Adding an expansion chassis ($1,295 
and tip) gives you the flexibility to add multiple 
NuBus cards. Second Wave’s expansion chas¬ 
sis gives you a “docking adapter” with multiple 
NuBus slots for the accelerator and monitor in 
your office, the I/O cards in your lab, and so on, 
and you can still easily unplug your SE/30 and 
lake it on the road, 

Gob Gram is an Orepn-based Mac consultant and llte 
autftor ol Upgrade Your Macintosh and Save a Bundle. 

Table 1: Recommended Upgrades for the Mac SE/30 






4 MB of RAM (and more) 

Ability to use System 7. 

Virtual memory. RAM disk. 

Need MQDE32 for access 
to more than 8 MB, 

S120 and up 

105-MB hard drive 

More speed. Storage. 


$360 and up 

33-MHz 66030 accelerator 



$650 and up 

Portrait display system 

Reduced eyestrain. 


$900 and up 

Expansion chassis 

More slots and options. 


$1,295 and up 

Total price of minimal upgrades 


Used PowerBook 140 or Mac Ilex 


New PowerBook 170 or Mac lie! 


MacUser January 1993 253 




The MacVompatible Outbound*" Notebook System lees you “mix and 
match” the CPU, hard drive, and memory BEFORE AND AFTER 
YOU BUY. So whatever model you choose, you can upgrade it simply 
and easily by installing low-cost modules. 


•CPUs at 25, 33 and 40 MHz 

• Hard drives from 40 MB to 220 MB 

• RAM from 2 to 14 MB 

With the inrroduction of 
the 2030V, you can now 
get an Outbound that s 
fester than any 


Small enough to fit into most briefcases, all models measure 8.5 x 11 x 2.1 
inches and weigh only 625 pounds. 


The 640 by 480 backlit LCD lets you view 5 more lines of text than rhe 
Apple Power Book 145 and 170, 


You get a full-size, silent keyboard instead of a reduced-size PowerBook 

Macworld Magazine says "If raw power is what you seek in a 
Macintosh notebook Outbound’s Notebook the hands- 
down choice." And BYTE concluded "For me, the Outbound Notebook 
is the berter choice." R.R, of Germ an town, TN wrote ’After nearly a 
month of use I continue to appreciate the remarkable performance of my 
new Outbound." K,B, of Merritt Island, FL told us ’I really must con¬ 
gratulate your company on creating a wonderful machine/' 

Why spend thousands of dollars on technology you can’t upgrade? 
Our Notebooks have been upgradeable from the very beginning. Get an 
Outbound Notebook today, right from the folks who make it! Just call 
toll-free and use your credit card. Or ask about our low-cost financing. 


Wherever you are, you’ll always have a floppy drive that works with high 
and low density Macintosh*' and MS-DOS* diskettes, 


Every Outbound has rhe same standard SCSI connector found on all 
desktop Macs. 


ORDER TODAY: 1-800-444-4607 

Call Outbound for the dealer nearest you, 7 a.m. to 6 p.m. Mon.-Fri. and 
9 a.m. to 3 p.m, Saturdays Mountain Time. Overnight shipping available, 


Unlike PowerBooks, Outbound Notebooks run both space-saving System 
6 and feature-packed System 7* 


Inexpensive standard dynamic RAM SIMMs—a detachable carry strap— 
MIDI software compatibility—SCSI docking capability—built in 
TrackBar™ pointing device—internal microphone and it runs on 
standard, readily available camcorder batteries. 



Outbound Systems, Inc. 
4840 Peorl East Circle 
Boulder, CO 80301 
Tel 303.786.9200 
Fax 303.786.8611 


For a limited lime, receive a free 40 MB drive upgrade or processor 
upgrade on selected models. 

Technical spedfieaTicins, oJTcfind price subpet io change ivithouii: notice. The Qudwund name. logn wA TrackBir an iradenurfo of Outbound Systems, Iisl. Apple. MxuihJi and Mac are «^ccred Trademark* and EWiBpofc is a trademark of Apple Coirptuei. Ire 
MS-DOS is a re gi a end iradcmatk of Microsoft Grpradon- All orhet brand and product names mentioned herein are trademarks oe registered indcmarks of their respective Holden. 

Circle 79 on reader service card. 




obody ever said you 
had to live in Cupertino 
to be a Macintosh 
expert. Know-it-alls 
are everywhere, from 
Manhattan to Malibu — 
even in Watdport, Oregon, 
where we found our own 
Mac guru, Philip Russell. 
Each month Phil shares his 
own tips plus the best of 
the 70-odd Macintosh-user- 
group (MUG) magazines he 
reads each month* But Phil 
can't do it alone* To those 
whose undocumented Mac 
tip MacUser prints, we pay 
$25, and the Reader Tip of 
the Month earns $100. 

Send your tip, 
together with your 
name, address, 
and phone number, to Tip 
Sheet, c/o MacUser ; 050 
Tower Lane, 18th Floor, 
Foster City, CA 94404. 

You can also contribute 
tips electronically via 
Ziff Net/Mac, the on-line 
service for MacUser* Send 
a —- \ them to Gregory 
^ Wasson at 

72511,36, Be 
sure to include your full 
name and mailing address 
along with the text of the 

By Philip Russell 

■ tf lots of Help files are steal¬ 
ing valuable space on your hard 
disk (HyperCard Help, for in¬ 
stance, takes up more than 770K), 
make a set of floppies just for the 
Help flies for all your applica¬ 
tions. Then when you need help, 
the program will ask where its 
Help file is. Slap in the appropri¬ 
ate floppy, and get help* 

■ Do you have a set of recovery 
disks ready in case of disaster? Each disk 
should include the current System and Finder 
files (but not much else in Lhe System Folder) 
and one or more of the following: Disk First 
Aid. from Apple; HD SC Setup; your backup 
program; and any other good recovery pro¬ 
grams you have, such as Norton Utilities or 
MacTools. You may need several recovery 
disks to accommodate all these tools, 

9 Never connect or disconnect ADB de¬ 
vices such as keyboards, mice, or SCSI de¬ 
vices until the power to the Mac and all its 
peripherals is turned off* 

■ You have color? Pretty, isn't it? You can 
speed things up considerably by turning the 
color off when you’re doing work that doesn’t 
require it. Using Fkeys is a quick way to 
toggle color on and off: Try the public- 
domain programs PixelFlipper and Switch- 
A-Roo, which are available from user groups 
and on-line services, 

■ If you take your Mac to weird places, get 
an $8 outlet tester from Radio Shack and 
check the outlet before plugging your Mac 
in. This lets you avoid potential short cir~ 
cults and power surges, which can damage 
your Mac. 

9 What if you lose the use of a key in the 
middle of a job? A temporary tlx is to have 
QuicKeys assign an alias key that will access 
the missing letter. Another fix is to use a 
pseudokey. For instance, if the G key slops 
working, use the backshish (\) whenever a g 
is needed* Then use the Replace feature to 
change all occurrences of a backslash to g. 

Aha, you say. How do I get the g into the 

Replace dialog box? Here’s how r : Open Key 
Caps and click on the g on the Key Caps 
keyboard* Highlight and copy the g from the 
text box above the keyboard* Then open the 
Replace dialog box and paste the g into the 
Replace With box* 

And stop drinking Coke and eating crack¬ 
ers around your keyboard. 

9 Do you ever wish you could hide a column 
of figures in Excel? Here’s how to do it: 
Select the column, and give it 0 width in the 
Format dialog box. To get your invisible 
column back, select the column before the 0- 
width column through the column after it. 
Specify an appropriate column width, and 
the invisible column will reappear. Finally, 
adjust the widths of the columns individually 
to suit your taste. (Thanks to MIAMUG of 

9 Don’t let your pets near your Mac* Cat and 
dog hair can stop a floppy-disk drive dead in 
its tracks. (Goldfish are OK as long as they 
don’t splash your keyboard.) 

9 Is your mouse just crawling? Open the 
Mouse control panel* and select a faster 
mouse-tracking speed. You can adjust your 
double-click speed here too* 

9 You can move an inactive window by 
holding down the Command key and drag¬ 
ging that area of the title bar that would have 
stripes if it were active. The window will 
move while remaining inactive. 

9 There are a few freeware and shareware 
JTccys that let you select any pan of the 
screen you like and then automatically copy 
Lhe selection to the Clipboard. A couple of 
programs I’ve seen are called Copy Screen 
and ScreenToClip, but your user group or 
on-line sendee might have others. 1 couldn’t 
live without my copy of Copy Screen! (Thanks 
to the Corvallis, Oregon, MUG.) 

9 What is a soft return? When you want two 
words to stay together on the same line, hold 
down the Option key while typing the space 
between them. That’s a soft return* It will 
keep the two words together — as you might 
want to do with San Jose or a la carte. 

Reader tips compiled 
by Gregory Wasson 

Reader Tip of the Month: Word 5. 

Searching through a document to change 
straight, "dumb'’ quotation marks into curly, 
“smart" ones can be a nuisance, but there's 
an easy way to do it with Microsoft Word 5.0. 
First make sure that you have Smart Quotes 
turned on in the Preferences box, acces¬ 
sible from the Tools menu. Open the docu- 
merit containing the dumb quotes, and open 
the Replace dialog box (Command-H). Type 
Shift-apostrophe (the dumb double-quote) 
in the Find What box, and type another 
straight double quote in the Replace With 

box. Click on Replace All, and Word auto¬ 
matically replaces the straight quotes with 
curly ones* The same technique applies 
when you're dealing with single quotation 
marks and apostrophes. 

This gimmick also works in reverse, in 
case you want to convert curly quotes into 
straight quotes for some reason. Follow the 
instructions above, except turn Smart Quotes 
off before you start. 

Brad Ferguson 
Walkersviile. MD 

MacUser January 1993 255 



Reader Tips 


Power Books can be a 
hassle when you have lo deal 
with airport security. When 
you pass through the metal 
detector, you must hand over 
the computer to security per¬ 
sonnel. After you've gotten 
through, you have to turn the 
thing on to demonstrate that it 
is actually a computer. 

To speed up this process, 
before you get to the airport 
bring up the Battery DA, click 
on the Sleep button, and close 
the computer. When you get 
to the security checkpoint, 
open the computer and press 
any key T being careful not to 
move the trackball, and the 
screen will fire up. Then all 
you have to do to put it to 
sleep again is hold down the 

Shift key and dick once. This 
technique spares you from 
having to boot the computer 
cold and then shut down. 

Mike Cassidy 

Honolulu, HI 

System 7 Apple Menu 

Putting aliases of docu¬ 
ments and folders into the 
Apple menu is nothing new. 
However. I’ve found that put¬ 
ting an alias of the Apple 
Menu Items folder into the 
Apple Menu Items folder it¬ 
self makes it much easier to 
add and remove files from the 
Apple menu. That way you 
don't have to double-click on 
your hard-drive icon: double¬ 
click on the System Polder: 
and, last, double-click on the 
Apple Menu Items folder. 
You can place the alias on the 
desktop, but lucking it away 
in the Apple Menu Items 

folder avoids cluttering up 
your work space. 

Sue Ann Sanders 

Oak Creek, Wi 

Word 5,0 

If you have to open text 
files in Word, you've prob¬ 
ably grown tired of the text 
dialog box that pops up ask¬ 
ing you whether you ’want to 
treat the text as Text Only or 
Text with Layout. If you al¬ 
ways choose Text Only, do 
away with this annoying dia¬ 
log box by removing the Text 
with Layout module from the 
Word Commands folder. 

Kristin Anderson 

St. Paul, MN 

Note Pad and 

Alarm Clock 

Here's a tip for people who 
need to keep track of time for 
billing but don't have a nifty 

program to track the time 
spent on a job. All you need 
are two DAs supplied on ev¬ 
ery Mac: Note Pad and Alarm 
Clock. Before starting a new 
job, open Note Pad and type 
in the name of the job or the 
name of the file to identify it. 
Then open Alarm Clock and 
copy the current time to Note 
Pad, (To copy, just dick on 
Alarm Clock to select it and 
type Command-C. Select 
Note Pad, position the cursor 
where you want to put the 
time, and type Command-V.) 
When you've completed your 
session, open Note Pad and 
Alarm Clock again and paste 
the current time once more 
into Note Pad. When finished 
with the job, you simply add 
up the total time spent and 
send out your bill. 

Patricia A. Ten Eyck 

Phoenix. AZ 

Five reasons to pick a T1 

No matter which Macintosh* computer 
you have, there are strong reasons why 
there's a perfect microl^ser printer to go 
with it. Personal or shared 

1. If s affordable. 

For the value-conscious, take a 9 pages- 
per-minute laser primer, load it up with 
17 scalable outline fonts from the Adobe* 
PostScript* software rf'j ^script 

library, give it an H 

operating cost of 1.9* cents per page and 
price it at 11,449*^ Now you've got the best 
value in the business, for youraelf or your 
business. Ifs the microLaser PS17. 

2. Ifs upgradeable. 

Now take the microl^iser we just talked 
about, double the fonts, have the options 
of Turbo upgrades for fast graphics, price 
it at $1,549** and you've MacUser 

got the microLaser PS35. 4444 

J. It s powerful. 

For high-speed PostScript printing with a 
built-in RISC processor, PostScript Level 2 t 
35 fonts, and automatic switching between 
PostScript and HP LaserJet* emulation, try a 
high-performance microLaser Turbo, Perfect 
for the power user at $1,799**- 
4. It's shareable. 

And if you’re into networking, the 16 ppm 
microLaser XL Turbo flies through documents 

256 January 1993 MacUser 


Here in our coin purer lab. 
the student stations are set to 
log on to the file server auto¬ 
matically with guest privi¬ 
leges at startup* Students us¬ 
ing the Chooser to log on with 
their own passwords were 
changing the default setup by 
unchecking the box next to 
the names of the various 
volumes. So we locked the 
AppleShare Prep file, w hich 
prevents any permanent 
change to the default guest 
status but still lets students 
log on as registered users. 

Eugene Cohen 

Chicago, IL 


When you prepare a docu¬ 
ment and then take it some¬ 
where else to prim it, you may 
often find that your margins 
or page breaks have shifted. 

This is especially true if you 
prim rough drafts on a dot¬ 
matrix printer and final drafts 
on a laser printer. Although 
there is no real way to avoid 
these changes, you can pre¬ 
pare for them. Here's how; 

1* Find out exactly which 
printer driver you will be us¬ 
ing at the other location, and 
make sure you have a copy of 
it in your System Folder. 

2. Go to the Chooser, and 
select the printer you will use 
for your rough drafts. 

3. Prepare your document 
and print rough drafts. Then 
save your document with a 
suffix that indicates which 
printer you used (for example. 
Doc u m e n LI mage W r i te r). 

4. Go to the Chooser, and 
select the printer you will use 
for final drafts, (It doesn't 
matter if the printer is not 
hooked up to your computer.) 

5* Fix any problems that 
may have cropped up when 
y ou s w i tched pri n ter drive rs, 
and save the document with a 
new s li ffi x (Docu me n t . Lase r, 
for example). 

6, Take the document to the 
printer you will use for the 
final draft, check that the cor¬ 
rect driver is selected in the 
Chooser, load your document, 
and print it without worry, 
John R, Clark 
Greensboro, NC 

System 7 Scrapbook 

Ever wished that System 7 
included a calendar DA ac¬ 
cessible on the Apple menu? 
Here's a relatively simple way 
of creating a desktop calen- 
dar using HyperCard's Ap¬ 
pointments stack, a graphics 
program, and the Scrapbook, 
Open the Appointments 
stack, and take a screen shot 

(Command-Shift-3) of the 
window with the current 
month displayed. Advance the 
stack calendar to the next 
month, and take another 
screen shot. 

Return to the Finder, and 
open the screen shots in your 
graphics program, erasing any 
parts of the shots you don't 
need. Combine the two 
months in one document by 
using the Copy and Paste 
commands. Use the program's 
marquee tool to select the two 
side-by-side months. Copy 
them to the Clipboard* 

Open the Scrapbook, and 
paste. You can then repeat the 
procedure for as many months 
as you want. 

Then whenever you need 
to consult a calendar, just open 
the Scrapbook. 

Alan Sato 

Richmond, CA 

microLaser” for your Mac. 

with the high quality you want. Users on 
AppleTalk* networks find this to be the smart 
choice for big-time business, or for those 
who want to move into the big time without 
a huge budget. Priced at only $3,749**. 

5, It s reliable. 

When you buy a printer, you want it to 
print. And print. And print. That’s just what 
the microLaser does — the first time, every 
time, for years. 

And, of course, with AppleTalk, PostScript 
and TTs Paper Tray Manager, microLaser is 
instantly compatible with whichever Mac 
you've got. 

Its incredible. So pick up the phone and 
call for details and the name of a dealer 
near you* 





■fkued MV fvtAll (KVf fi lairuurubte jim! J|tf>nuimilc pa*c mwiJfC 

TJiirtft r,pf fiL-fo nnstnubk n*VbiiLk am] OPO- 

'•fctfStMcd nruil pmc - VIWI links AppleTalk tntrrfin; Dcakf prU ei flMfwr 
mlfinLuef b j trademark ufleM* Ipvirui&erib trvrwpurwcd Hx. Mjnnnwh ami 
Aft&DIfc 4 ft' (tftMtrKd indtmirit* of Apple Computer, Inc Aik**, ftai5fn|w and 
LtwftBikmpt kqpireftftUjrfrd E«dfnurfc*irfM.ihe SnEmts tncurpuf^ed 
tttahrtUYtoftrjtiMCtedinreman |uiuck-IH3iB Ltftfjel aiftJpMrmiiridfmarfc 
,4 Me*1c1l Pi. tird Inc 

IWI Ediuw'i ChiHie A»irJ and Ihe nurroLiKrlUrhij lus nrr* d Mae 
Fi inr met itoUftl fcfnntd (mm Hactiitr. SqrteiMver 1«1. 
il W2 Zti7Ci3fncivunHalinm Cjcrnifunr 

Circle 168 on reader service card. 

MaeUser January 1993 257 

Shattering optical illusions. 

The breakthrough you've been waiting for in optical technology. 

If you thought optical storage meant sacrificing speed, 
compatibility, desk space or your hard earned dollars, then 
the new Microtech Genesis 650 rewritable optical drive will 
shatter your illusions. 

While other drives may deliver feist access times or claim 
to conform to ISO/ANSI standards, no other high capacity 
optical on the market today can provide outstanding price/ 
performance, true compatibility and offer an internal model 
for the Quadra 900s. With 650MBs of reliable optical storage 
ensuring 15 years of data integrity, a 40ms access time and an 
unbelievable list price of $2199, it’s now time to reevaluate 
your technology of choice for removable storage. When you 
add Microtech s commitment to quality, FCC Class B compli¬ 



Micro Net 



External Model 

Genesis 650 



Max Optical 

Internal Model 

Genesis 650i 









Access Time 











2 year 

1 year 

1 year 

1 year 

List Price 





| Specifications and pricing based on respective manufacturer's quotation 

ance and leading service and support, the Genesis 650 is the 
breakthrough you've been waiting for in optical technology. 


Proudly distributed by imiwgw 

For your nearest dealer call: 800-325-1895 
Western regional office: 800-777-4276 
International inquiries: 203-468-622.VFax 203-467-8124 


<© 1992 Microtrch Internal ion al Inc. Commerce SL East Haven, CTT 00512. All trademarks or registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners. 

Mtcrotech reserves die rigfti to change prices and specifications without notice. 

Circle 160 on reader service card. 



Q uestions, anyone? 
Here's where to get 
answers from the 
experts. Bob LeVitus is the 
author of the best-selling 
Dr Macintosh, second 
edition. Andy Ihnatko is a 
longtime activist with 
BCS-Mac* They're both 
ready to answer your 
questions about 
everything Macintosh. 

^ Write to Help 
Fo,der * c/o 
Macuser, 950 
Tower Lane, 18th Floor, 
Foster City T CA 94404. 

Don't want to wait for an 
answer? Post your 

question on 
qL—St ZiffNet/Mac, 

MacUser’s on-line 
service, and get a reply 
from Bob (76004,2076), 
Andy (72511,204), or one of 
the other MacUser experts* 
See the masthead in this 
issue for Instructions on 
how to sign up. 

Bermuda Rectangle 

Q. The smooth-dragging 
control in Free Hand 3.x can 
have an effect yon didn't men¬ 
tion in the September ’92 Help 
Folder (see “The Bermuda 
Rectangle/* page 279), After l 
bought FreeHand 3.0,1 noticed 
some problems when placing 
exported EPS Files in PageMaker. Aldus tech- 
support suggested I try changing the buffer 
indicator to all while and then reexporting 
the file. This worked. 1 don't know if this 
problem has been remedied in 3.1, but I've 
gotten into the habit of clearing that buffer 
before I export. 

Jim Voorhies 

via CompuServe 

Bob: If you're a FreeHand user, make a 
note of this and save yourself a call to Aldus* 

Faster Photo Display 

Q, I use FileMaker Pro to keep track of 1- 
megabyte color photos but find on-screen 
display slow when I'm changing between 

But Were Afraid to Ask 

In the beginning, there was absolutely 
nothing at all — not a sausage. The whole of 
Creation was a formless, dark void, and so 
the Lord said, 'Let there be light* Then 
there was still nothing* But akleast you could 
see it. 

So there it was: no traffic iights* no fax 
machines, no f 1 -part Federal Express forms* 
The Universe was a simpler place, and 
weren't we all the happier for it? I certainly 
was, Now, the only beacon of simplicity in 
the frenzied minimall known as the Universe 
is this column. So if you too yearn for those 
halcyon days of utter nonexistence, shout 
out your pride by sending us a simple ques¬ 
tion that no one else seems to be asking. In 
case you don't want to be seen doubting the 
Lord's vast plan, well say it was sent in by a 
fallen angel chosen at random, 

Q, You guys often talk about problems 
with ihe Desktop file, how to rebuild the 
desktop, and so on, but I'm left with one 
nagging question: What (and where} exactly 
is the Desktop file? 


You Know Where 

Andy: The Desktop file is the invisible file 
on each Mac volume that keeps track of 
certain trivia regarding the files on a volume. 
It's not a directory; rather, when the Finder 
mounts a volume, it looks in the Desktop file 
to see which of Us folders should be open in 
the Finder. When you double-click on an 
Excel document, some of the information on 
which program created it (and should be 

used to open it) is found in the Desktop file. 
When you do a Get Info on a file and see the 
comments in the box, you're looking at infor¬ 
mation called up from the Desktop file. Ditto 
lor the nongeneric icons that adorn most 
Mac files. You can make the Finder rebuild 
a volume's desktop from scratch by holding 
down the Option and Command keys while 
the volume mounts. 

The reason you read so much about re¬ 
building the desktop is because it's a com¬ 
mon solution to many problems, such as 
losing your icons or getting an "Application 
can t be found" message* Rebuilding the 
desktop is also a handy thing to try when the 
Finder is acting way slow. There's just one 
drawback — you'll lose any comments you've 
typed in to the Gel Info box* Luckily, how¬ 
ever, one of our vigilant readers has a solu¬ 
tion to that problem. According to John Thoo, 
as long as you have the freeware extension 
GommentKeeper 1 *0 in your System Folder, 
your Get Info comments will remain even 
when you rebuild the desktop. You can get 
Comment Keeper from on-line services (such 
as ZiffNet/Mac) and user groups. 

Rebuilding the Desktop file when your 
Mac's wonking up is like popping ihe hood 
of your car when it breaks down and jiggling 
all the hoses and wires, it doesn't hurt any¬ 
thing and may actually solve the problem, 
and if you have spectators, it gives you the 
illusion that you are diligently and intelli¬ 
gently solving the problem while buying 
enough time to think the thing through. 

records* I have a Mac liei with 8 megabytes 
of RAM, a Ifi-inch AppleCoJor monitor, and 
a Macintosh Display Card 8*24* What's the 
best and most cost-effective software/hard¬ 
ware solution to this problem? 

Jude Lam 
Hong Kong 

Bob: There are a couple of things you 
should try* First, by the time you read this* 
FileMaker Pro 2.0 will be available, and if s 
supposed lobe Faster than version 1.0. It may 
be all you need* and u software upgrade is 
definitely the least expensive solution. 

If that isn't good enough* consider an ac¬ 
celerated-video card, 1 use a Thunder/24, from 
SuperMac* and if s the fasLesi video accel¬ 
erator Tve ever tried (8-bil cards are also 
available). Other manufacturers include 
RasterOps. Radius, and E-Machities. 

Because an accelerated-video card pro¬ 
vides different amounts of acceleration — 
depending on the program you're using and 
the task you're performing — test your data¬ 
base with Lhe accelerated card before you 
buy it. It might not speed up FileMaker Pro 
enough to warrant the expense. On the other 

By Bob LeVitus and 
Andy Ihnatko 

MacUser January 1993 259 



Figure 1: 
Kodak's new 
Photo CD 
system lets 
you store 
photos on a 
CD-ROM and 
then view 
them with a 
special player 
that hooks up 
to your TV. 

hand, it may make FileMaker 
Pro fly through your records. 
Just make sure to try before 
you buy, and you'll be OK. 

Andy: You didn't mention 
what you need digitized pho¬ 
tos for* but HI leap on this 
opportunity to plug Kodak's 
keen new Photo CD system 
(see Figure 1), a neato solu¬ 
tion if you’re using FileMaker 
to keep track of traditional 
photos* You can drop off 
negatives or even unprocessed 
Film at your local film-devel¬ 
oping outfit* and a week later, 
you get back a CD-ROM 
filled with your images* which 
can be reviewed with a spe¬ 
cial player that connects to 
your TV set or with a Mac 
CD-ROM drive* It’s a cool 
system; each image is stored 
in three resolutions: a rough 
resolution for display on TV 
sets, a medium one for com¬ 
puter screens, and a Fine reso¬ 
lution for photographic-qual¬ 
ity printouts. The whole setup 
costs less than S500* 

Strange Message 

fit. After completing my 
work with MacInTax, J de¬ 
leted all of its Files to save 
disk space. Now* when I start 
up my Mac, J get a “startup 
file MacInTax 91 could not 
be opened (the file is miss¬ 
ing)” message. I’m using Sys¬ 
tem 6 on a Classic with 4 
megabytes of RAM* 

Galen Ewing 

Las Vegas, NM 

Bob: I’m willing to bet that 
you used the Finder's Set 
Startup command to make 

your Mac automatically 
launch MacInTax at startup 
and then removed MacInTax 
from your hard disk but never 
told your Mac to £top trying 
to launch it. So now every 
time you start up, you're con¬ 
fronted with that nasty mes¬ 
sage* To set things straight, 
simply choose Set Startup 
from the Finder's Special 
menu and click on the Finder 
Only button. 

Andy: Similar problems 
can occur under System 7. If 
you're experiencing wacky 
startup problems, it's usually 
a good idea to check your 
Startup Items folder (in the 
System Folder) as a matter of 

Close Your Windows? 

Q. I'm a high-school stu¬ 
dent and have a Mac Plus run¬ 
ning System 6.0,7* My father, 
who uses a Mac at his office, 
went to a “how to" seminar 
given by his company's resi¬ 
dent Macintosh expert* She 
insists that windows that are 
left open on the desktop cause 
crashes during startup. I've 
never heard of such a thing, 
nor have I ever experienced a 
crash on startup with one or 
more windows open* Could 
you please tell me if this is 
true, because, personally, I 
rind it annoying to have to 
open my hard-drive window 
after every startup. 

Michael Adams 

Peterborough, Ontario 


Bob: That has to be one of 
the most unheard of things 

I’ve ever heard of! To put it 
bluntly, your dad’s Macintosh 
expert's advice is hogwasb. 
It's perfectly safe to leave 
windows open at startup* 

Andy: Well, let's look at 
this from an anthropological 
angle and assume that lead- 
lined aqueducts had nothing 
to do with her thought pro¬ 
cesses. If 1 were forced to jus¬ 
tify her assertion, I suppose I 
could argue that whenever you 
change the state of your desk¬ 
top, the Finder has to make 
changes to the Desktop File 
and if something goes wrong 
while that invisible File is writ¬ 
ing* your system may crash 
when you restart* But this is 
the same sort of grasping-at- 
straws legal maneuvering the 
Financial wizards of the '80s 
are now using to try to avoid 
spending the next 5 to 12 years 
raking the sand traps of gov- 
e rn ment- O' w ned go I f co u rses. 
The bottom line is this: Tell 
your dad to stop payment on 
that check, pronto* 

Silence of the Chimes 

Q. The startup chime of 
my IJsi is pleasant, but is there 
a way to silence it if I get the 
urge to work before my fam¬ 
ily is awake? I thought about 
plugging something in to the 
external speaker jack* but that 
seems cumbersome. Please 
tell me there's a keyboard 
command or extension for 
“hush on startup " 

Don Kahle 

Guilford, CT 

Bob: Don, I’m sorry LO be 
the bearer of bad news, but 
the only way I know of to 
silence that infernal sound is 
to plug something — a cable 
with nothing attached, or just 
a plug — in to the speaker 
jack* This one has slumped 
me for a long lime, but as far 
as I can tell, there's no other 
way (short of disconnecting 
the speaker) to shut the dam 
thing up. I ll offer up a spiffy 
“I Beat the System” T-shirt to 
anyone who cun show me a 
better way. 

By the way, this problem is 
even more severe if you have 
a Power Book. Every time you 
start the thing up, you wake 
everyone within spitting dis¬ 
tance. Because I fly a lot, 1 
finally went to Radio Shack 
and bought myself a little plug 
with nothing attached. It's not 
particularly pretty, but it 

The Time Piece 

Q. My LC gains about a 
minute and a half a month. 
The first trip to the service 
department resulted in a new 
battery, and the second meant 
a new logic board. Neither did 
the trick and I’m now out of 
warranty, which isn’t a life 
crisis, seeing that a bad clock 
won’t cause foul-ups else¬ 
where* Or will it? A computer 
that can’t keep time as well as 
my S J 0 K mart watch does 
make me wonder if this is a 
symptom of problems to 

John Oswald 

Wichita, KS 

Andy: According to all the 
hardware folks I called, Apple 
views the sort of inaccuracy 
that is totally unacceptable for 
a timepiece as okeydokey for 
a computer. Evidently there’s 
enough slack in the hardware 
and software driving the 
computer's dock that varia¬ 
tions of a minute or so per 
month are commonplace* Ac¬ 
cording to the party line, your 
Macintosh isn’t “broken" un¬ 
less it loses or gains more than 
six minutes a month, so your 
chances of getting Apple to 
fix your LC for free lie some¬ 
where w-ithm the borough of 

Here are two workarounds: 
First, you can have your son 
or daughter keep a constant 
vigil beside your LC, mum¬ 
bling “One Mississippi . *, 
two Mississippi * * * three Mis¬ 
sissippi" and making minor 
adjustments as necessary; sec¬ 
ond, seek salvation in the 
shareware community. Jean- 
Pierre Gachen’s AutoClock 

260 January 1993 MacUser 

APS Compression DAT $ I699 

The Macworld Editors' Choice for 
high-capacity back up, APS's Compression DAT stores 
up to 5GB per 90-meter tape cartridge. Need fast, 
high-capacity back-up? This $1699 DAT offers one of 

High-quality, high-density storage 

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Retrospect, the standard in tape back up software 
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the best archiving solutions on the market. Internal 
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access, reads and writes. At 15ms average seek and 
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Includes Fujitsu s 5- Year Warranty 

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Macworld has selected this TEAC 60-meter cassette. Each unit includes Retrospect by 
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Circle 146 on reader service card. 



(see Figure 2) is a neat appli¬ 
cation/extension combo for 
keeping your clock accurate; 
it combines the features of 
several clock utilities avail¬ 
able in the shareware com¬ 
munity. First, by placing a 
modem call to a time server 
in Washington, D.C., it can 
set your clock with the accu¬ 
racy of a clock powered by 
nuclear energy and taxpayers’ 
dollars. Second, the extension 
can keep your clock accurate, 
either by calling the time 
server and resetting the clock 
automatically according to a 
schedule you defi ne, or cooler 
yet, the software can Figure 
out how much time your clock 
loses every day on average, 
and make the necessary cor¬ 
rections without any assis¬ 
tance whatsoever. 

From the You-Didn’t-Ask- 
But-I’ 11-Tell-You-Any way 

Department: Let me tell you 
about two other time-related 
bits of shareware. D. Grant 
Leeper’s Daylight Savings 
Time docs pretty much what 
you think it does; you config¬ 
ure it once, and you will for¬ 
evermore spring forward and 
fall back automatically. And 
you network administrators 
will love Time Server, by John 
Raymonds. It's a system ex¬ 
tension and Chooser device 
that makes each Mac on your 
network synchronize its clock 
with a designated network 
“time server” at each startup. 
Absolutely indispensable in 
networked database applica¬ 
tions, in which integrity of 
time/date stamping requires 
that all Macs read the same 
time at the same time, eh? 

All three programs are 
available from the usual 
sources, including ZiffNet/ 

Mac (and other on-line ser¬ 
vices) and your local user 

7 and UNIX: 

Together at Last 

Q. I’m considering buying 
a new Macintosh that can run 
the UNIX operating system. 
Until recently, the Ilsi has 
been the enlry-level machine 
for UNIX, but now that the 
LC II has an ’030 processor, 
is it the entry-level machine? 

Is it possible to switch be¬ 
tween UNIX and System 7, 
and can both operating sys¬ 
tems exist on the same hard 

Douglas Messier 

Fredericksburg, VA 

Andy: Ah, UNIX! For 
those of you who’ve never 
heard of it, UNIX is a sav¬ 
agely popular operating sys¬ 
tem that runs on just about 

any platform, from room-fill- 
ing behemoths to desktop 
machines such as the Mac and 
the PC (for more on UNIX, 
see “Battling for the UNIX 
Crown,” November ’92, page 
221). Like MS-DOS, UNIX 
is chiefly command-line- 
driven, but unlike DOS users, 
people who use UNIX even¬ 
tually cease to believe it’s a 
kludged-up operating system 
from Hades. As you might 
guess, I hold UNIX in much 
the same esteem that Dracula 
reserves for nice, warm, soft 

The most famous version 
of UNIX for the Macintosh is 
Apple’s own A/UX (available 
from your Apple dealer; 
$709). It’s so big that you can 
buy it only on a CD-ROM or 
— talk about excessive, earth- 
hostile product packaging — 
preinstalled on the Mac of 

Compress Files 

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on Demand 


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Circle 17 on reader service card. 

264 January 1993 MacUser 


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NuDesign 3.5" 128mb Optical......$1198.00 

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Circle 74 on reader service card. 



Figure 2; 
places a call to a 
time server in 
Washington, D.C,, 
and then it 
adjusts your 
Mac’s clock* 

your choice. It's a UNIX that 
has been customized for the 
Macintosh with a lot of 
graphical doodads that make 
it considerably less painful. It 
comes fully stocked with ev¬ 
ery UNIX-old tool you could 
possibly need and even in¬ 
cludes several A/UX versions 
of the X Window graphical 
user interface. 

A/UX has a strong follow¬ 
ing, but it's not without draw¬ 
backs* First, it requires a mod¬ 
erately powerful system: a 
68030 Mac (or a 68020 Mac 
with a PMMU chip installed) 
with at least 8 megabytes of 
memory and an 80-megabyte 
hard drive. Compatibility in¬ 
formation vis-a-vis A/UX 3.0 
and the LC II was not avail¬ 
able at this writing, but there’s 
no major stumbling block pre¬ 
venting an LC II from run¬ 
ning A/UX. 

The more serious drawback 
is ifyai under A/UX, your com¬ 
puter magically becomes a 
UNIX machine capable of 
running software written for 
Macs and not the other way 
around. A/UX volumes are 
formatted completely differ¬ 
ently from Mac volumes, so 
Mac and UNIX applications 
and files can’t share the same 
hard disk without partition¬ 
ing. Worst of all, Macintosh 
applications can be run only 
as special “UNIX processes” 
through A/UX, so you’re 
preuy much rolling the dice 
every time you try to run non- 
UNIX software. 

The other option for get¬ 
ting UNIX onto your Mac is 
Tenon Intersystems' Mach- 
Ten (805-963-6983; S595). 
Unlike A/UX, MachTen is a 

standard Mac application that 
runs alongside the Finder just 
like any other program. It’s a 
snap to install, requires no spe¬ 
cially formatted disk parti¬ 
tions, has no screwy Mac/ 
UNIX intermingling prob¬ 
lems, and runs just fine under 
System 7. Best of all, it runs 
on any Mac with 4 megabytes 
of RAM and 40 megabytes of 
storage space, including a 
Mac Plus — which means 
MachTen will run on Clas¬ 
sics and PowerBooks without 
difficulty. Most niftoid. And 
unlike certain UNIX clones 
that are almost, but not quite, 
completely unlike UNIX, 
MachTen is genuine BSD 4.3 
UNIX, with all the program¬ 
ming and internetworking 
niceties that Berkeley UNIX 

MachTen’s only real draw¬ 
back is its price. It's a bit less 
expensive than A/UX, and it’s 
well stocked with the usual 
UNIX utilities, but it lacks 
many of A/UX\s goodies. 

Finally, I should report a 
good, hard rumor that certain 
individuals are working on a 
Macintosh version of the 
Mach UNIX kernel (the stan¬ 
dard on which MachTen is 
based) and that it’ll be avail¬ 
able Real Soon Now on a CD- 
ROM for less than S100. No 
further details, but hope 
springs eternal. 

Bob: Having once worked 
in a place where UNIX was 
the desktop environment of 
choice, all 1 have to say is, 
“My condolences to you, 
Douglas Messier." 

As for you, Andy, it fig¬ 
ures you’d want to bite UNIX 
on the neck. [[§ 

C' v fWmT 

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This Month on ZiffNet/Mac 


T his month’s utility, the 
Custom Icon Pack, 
comprises Mac CPC icons for 
dressing tip your desktop, 
running the gamut from the 
original Macintosh 128K to the 
latest Performas and the 
PowerBook Duo line of CPUs, 
You can use any of these icons 
as a replacement for your 
hard-drive icon, or if you’re 
handy with ResEdit, you can 
install them in your system 
software. Each icon is rendered 
in 3-D and in color. The 128K 
Mac is a soft beige, later 
models shine in platinum, and 
the PowerBooks stand out in 
granite gray. The 3-D effect of 
the icons gives your desktop a 
unique look. 

The Custom Icon Pack 
comes in two formats. Each 
Mac icon is provided as a 
TeachTest file, and the whole 
family of icons is provided as a 
ResEdit file. 

The Custom Icon Pack was 
created by ZiffNet/Mac’s new 
associate editor, Mark 
Simmons. It is available 
exclusively on ZiffNet/Mac 
and is free for one month to 
those who have paid the 
$2,50 monthly membership 
fee. Until December 23,1992, 
you can get the file by typing 
After that, youTI find the file 
MAC1CN,CPT in the 
Download & Support Forum 

By Ben Templin 

Monitor Alternatives 

When is 13 inches not big enough? When 
yon have a cache of 16-inch monitors that are 
tried and tested by Mac User Labs, The focus of 
this month’s discussion in the Mac User Forum 
is on monitors — which ones are right for you 
and how much should you pay for them. From 
December 7 to 11, Mac User Labs director Jeff 
Pittelkau hosts a discussion of the January 
issue’s lab report on 16-ineb monitors. To join 
in, type GO MACUSER, and read Message 
Section 9. 

Free (and Nearly Free) Files 

Sysop Gregory Wasson presents a sampling 
of files recently uploaded to ZiffNet/Mac 1 s 
Download & Support Forum (just type GO 
ZMC: DO WNTECH), The filename and library 
are in parentheses, 

AutoClock (AUTOCL.CPT, Library 1) is 
an application and system extension that helps 
your Mac’s clock keep accurate time. You set 
the clock by calling a time standard in Wash¬ 
ington, D.C. AutoClock also shows the date 
and time anywhere in the world. The extension 
lets you configure AutoClock to automatically 
reset the clock at certain intervals. Requires a 
modem and System 6.0.5 or later. System 7- 
compatible. Freeware. 126K. 

Daylight Savings Time (DSTIME.CPT, 
Library 3) is a control panel that adjusts the 
Mac’s internal clock as daylight-saving time 
starts or ends. If you can’t remember "spring 
forward and fall back,” this extension makes 
the proper adjustments for you. System 7-com¬ 
patible. Freeware. 4K.. 

Folder Icon Maker (FOLMAK.CFT, Li¬ 
brary l) creates folders with custom icons un¬ 
der System 7. To use it, you simply drag an 
application or document onto the FIM icon. A 

new folder bearing that file’s icon is created. 
Requires System 7. Freeware. 22 K, 

Message DA (MESSAG.CPT, Library 2) 
lets you enter a message, which is then dis¬ 
played in a black band running across your 
screen — like a stock-exchange display or a 
flashing movie marquee. Leave messages lor 
coworkers when you’ve stepped away from 
your desk. Easy to use. Freeware. 4K. 

Notify (NOTIFY .CPT, Library 3) is a 
simple and inexpensive appointment-reminder 
system. It works as a control panel that makes 
use of the Notification Manager to post alerts 
at user-specified times. Requires System 6,0 
or later. System 7-friendly. Shareware, $10. 

Spacestatkm Pheta (SPHETA.SEA, 
Library l) is an arcade game in which your 
goal is to move your alter ego through a maze 
of platforms and ladders to obtain the key to 
the next level. You have limited oxygen — 
canisters strewn about let you replenish your 
supply — so it*s a race against time. Simple 
graphics but an entertaining diversion. Sys¬ 
tem 7-compatible. Shareware, $9.95. 164K, 

TattleTale DA (TATTLE.SEA, Library 
2) provides complete information about your 
computer, such as a list of extensions or hard¬ 
ware configurations. The information can be 
viewed on-screen, printed, written to a text 
file, or output in database-readable format. 
This DA’s reports come in handy for report¬ 
ing problems to software and hardware manu¬ 
facturers. Freeware. 142K. 

TearOFFs (TOFFS.CPT, Library 3) al¬ 
lows menus, even hierarchical ones, in any 
application to be tom off. Great for large 
monitors. Save yourself those long trips to the 
menu bar. Requires System 6.0 or later, Sys¬ 
tem 7-compatible. Shareware, $25. 47K. [sj| 

Zmac Tip of the Month: Toggling into Terminal Mode 

CompuServe Information Manager (CIM) 
is a graphical interface to ZiffNet/Mac, but 
some users occasionally want to go back to a 
terminal emulator in order to easily capture a 
lot of text messages from a forum. You don’t 
have to switch programs to get into ASCII 
mode with CIM, 

The first step is to check the preference 
that keeps the Favorite Places window on the 

desktop at all times. While off-line, choose 
ADD in the Favorite Places window and enter 
Terminal Toggle in the space for the location 
name. In the space for the GO word, enter 

You can now click on this to toggle into 
and out of terminal mode. And you can launch 
your session by double-clicking on the ASCII 
toggte to log on in Terminal mode. 

268 January 1993 MacUser 

When a bug showed up in a new program, the first to know 
was a guy in Montana. And everyone on CompuServe. 

Why settle for always being the last to know 
when you can be among the first with a CompuServe 
membership? We put an entire world of up-to-the- 
minute information right at your fingertips. 

Our online, interactive hardware and software 
support forums can put you in touch with thousands 
of experts. Even the authors of new and popular 
software programs. 

Whether you’re a novice or an expert, there’s 
someone out there who can help you with your 
specific problems and concerns. Or keep you on 
top of the latest developments. 

There are libraries of software available for each 
hardware and software forum that you can download 
for free as a CompuServe member. 

And there are forums that can offer you help on 
just about everything: cameras, pets, model building, 
scuba gear—you name it. 

So get CompuServe today. See your computer 
dealer, or call 1 800 848-8199, for more informa¬ 
tion or to order. Outside the United States, call 
614 457-0802. 

CompuServe 4 

The information service you won’t outgrow. 

Circle 120 on reader service card. 

Krsir our booth number 541 in Moscone Convention Center during Mac World Expo, 
San Francisco January 6-9 

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other modems 

COM^miON 2 279 00 


ccM^mom 399,00 


Q^VPSrATQN 4 . .,..329.00 


Commsiniculiwix puttie easy 

MACCON3 64K ... 209,00 


lOeASET HUB/8 . 245.00 

10BASEIHUS/I2 . 489.00 

AS ANTE PRINT 1001 349 00 



DAYNAPORT SE/30.179.00 

DAYNAPORT E/LC .,...149.00 

DAYNAPORT E/ll .. 179.00 

ETHERPRINT .. 339.00 



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CM 1445 HI RES MONITOR . 539.00 

CM176GLR 16“ TRINITRON . 1099Q0 


THUNDER/24 . 2299.00 

THUNDER UGH!.,1669.00 





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FX9624 FAX MODEM .. 










Deskwriter . .$379 

Deskwriter C . $499 

Deskwriter 550C .. . $799 

Prices include cable! 


CM2070LR 20“ TRINITRON . 229900 


1304S 14* ..639.00 

1604S 16“......„„ 1069.00 



SUPERMATCH 17T.1099.00 


SUPERMATCH 21 . 2499.00 

VIDEOSPIGOT IlSr . 339.00 








Just Grandma and me.*35* 

Arthurs Teacher Trouble ..*35® 

Kid Plx___*..*35® 

Kid Pix Companion *—*25® 

The Playroom ..^.*29® 

Mac Globe. *45® 

Mac USA....'45 00 

Simearth ..,.., r ..*39® 

Stmlite... *39® 

Play male er Football..*32® 

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UC-12WS St*rwrt hiHe wHn ijplitpnnJ Transparency Adopter 

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POWER VIEW.. 495.00 






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delivery available al nominal charge. Some area* 
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OMNIPAGE PRO . 629.00 


CLARIS WORKS .. 189.00 

FILEMAKER PRO 20 . 259.00 

MACWRITE II . 89.00 



ACT! FOR MACINTOSH ........239,00 


EXCEL 4.0 .. 289.00 

OFFICE .. .469.00 

WORD 5 0 ... 289 00 


THINK C 5.0... 185.00 

THINK PASCAL 40 . 159,00 

ADOBE - 3D Day M6G (Except fonts) 


PHOTOSHOP 2.0 ...545.00 

ALDUS - 30 Day MBS 

FREEHAND 3.1 . 389.00 

Supra corporation 

FAXModem [$ 

v . 32b is, 14,400 bps, l_Z_7_L _I 

Group 3 with 

software and cable JnStOCk 

iNTELUDRAW .... 195.00 

PAGEMAKER 4,2 . 489,00 

SUPERPAINT 30., . 13000 



CLARIS ■ 30 Day MBS 

MAC DRAW PRO 1.5 . 249 00 


PAINTER 1.2 . 229.00 


DIRECTOR 3,1 .. 789.00 

MEDIAMAKER. .475.00 

SWIVELMAN 1.0. .599,00 

QUARK - 30 Day MBS 



DATEBQOK .. ...75.00 

TGUCHBASE .. 75.00 


APPLESHARE 3.0 . 969.00 


ATEASE! . 49.000 


PC EXCHANGE ... .,.65.00 


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NORTON UTILITIES V2.0 . . 95 00 

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MacTown 44 MB 
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44MB Cartridges (10 Pack $62 Each) 

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CA Simply Accounting . ,109 

Inluil Quicken v3.0 (Speda!) ... 39 

Meco Managing Your Money v5,0. 49 

TetewareM.r.Q.B. v3.0 [Special) .,129 

Adobe Illustrator v3.2 jw/ATM 2.0].349 

Adobe Photoshop v2.0|w/ATM).,..529 

Aldus Free-hand v3.1 [5peciol| .399 

Aldus Personal Press v2.0.. 39 

Aldus Persuolion v2.12 . 309 

Aldus Superpoim v3-0 (Special) ..11*9 

Claris Mac Paint v2.0. 79 

Claris MgcDraw Pro v 1.5 .. 24 9 

Computer Asso. Cricket Graph III.119 

Detieba Canvas v3.0. 239 

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Autodesk Generic CAD v2.0 ..269 

Innavgiive Design Macdraftv2.1.259 

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MacroMind Swivel 3D Professional.. .,399 

Pay Dream Designer v2.0 [Special) .569 

Strata Inc. SirgiavISlON 3D 2.0... -- .569 

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Dgtavii MacLink Plus Translator v6.Q. 

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Software Ventures Microphone II v4 0 . . 
Synergy Versaterm Pro v3 A., .., +i „.. „.... 








Aeius 4th Dimension v2,2 3 (Special). 485 

AEC FastTrack Resource. 135 

After Hours TauthBASE v2.0. 74 

Baseline Databasev1,5 . 65 

Ceres Inspiration 3,01 (Special) .149 

Claris FileMaker Pro v2.0..249 

FaKBase* Mgc v2.0f Runtime [Special) ...269 

Microsoft File v2.0.119 

Preview Panatomo II v2.05.rin,,.. 229 

Adobe Fonts #1 thru #230..Call 

Adobe Type Manager Plus Pock.. 1 19 

Adobe Type Manager v2.0.3 . 5B 

Adobe Type Reunion [Spec id) .. 39 

Adobe TypeSet 3 [Specid| ....119 

Aldus PageMaker vi.2A . .... ...485 

Altsys Eps Exchange v2.0..... 85 

Aftsys FanlpgrOpher v35.249 

All sys Metamorphosis Pro 2.0. 85 

Broderbund Typeslyler v? 0 w/ATM .115 

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Claris Maedraw II v 1.1 [Special) ..11 9 

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Framemaker v3.0 w/Media & Doc., .. ..,.499 

Quark XPr&ss 3.1 [SpecialI .529 

TimeWorks Publish 4 Easy .. 79 

Broderbund Just Grandma 6 Me [Special] . 35 

Broderbund Kid Pin vl .2 . ... 33 

Broderbund Playroom v2,0.... 27 

Broderbund Prince of Persia [Special] . 27 

Broderbund Print Shop..... 34 

Broderbund Where in the USA. 29 

Broderbund Where in the World .. 27 

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Learning Ca Talking Reader fiabhil v3 O .. 34 

Mccc The Oregon Trail (Special) . .. 26 

Mace Wordmunchers.. 15 

Microsoft Flig ht Simulator v4.0----- 43 

Reactor Creepy Castle (Special) . 30 

Spectrum HoTobyto Falcon v2.2... 34 

Spectrum Hglobyto Tetris (Special) . 27 

Velocity Spectre v 1.0.... 32 

Claris Works w/Quicken.189 

Microsoft Office v2,5 (Special). .459 

Microsoft Works v3.Q [Spuciafi .149 

Symantec Greatwgrks v2.0.189 

Apple QuickTime Startej Kit (Special) .149 

Greal Wave Cancertware v4 6., . ,. 33 

MacReeorder Sound System 2.0.219 

MacroMind 3D (Special) ... 979 

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MacroMind Magic [Special) .229 

Macromimd Sound Edit Pro .199 

MacroMind SwivelMan vl ..529 

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Street Electronics Echo LC Speech Synth ... 89 

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Claris Resolve vl 1 (Special) . .. ... 159 

Informix WingZ vl. J....239 

talus 1"2‘3 CompetativB Upgrade (New}.. 87 

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Microsoft Exel 4.0 [Special) .295 

Borland Full Write Provl .5...169 

Calerg Word-Scan 1.0 i.Specral] ..179 

Claris MocWrite II v ]. 1.. 85 

Microsoft Word 5.0 [Special) .289 

Microsoft Word 5-0 Upgrade.,,119 

Qucsoft RightWritcr v3.2. 53 

Reference Grammdtik Mac v2.D. 55 

T/moker WriteNow v3.0 w/Grammatik... 149 
WordPerfect 2.1 (Spectolj .. ,..259 

Apple Mac $ys7 Personal Upgrade Kit. 90 

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FG5 D.sklock v2.1 [Sped a!) . .M 9 

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FGS Suitcase II v2,l..... 47 

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Insight Development Mac Print vl ,3 .. 85 

Insignia Access PC v2.0 ....____ 57 

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Curt! 5 Keyboard SpaceSaver [Special}.--... 25 

Curtis TK-2 52 Piece Tool Kit. 45 

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I/O Design MacLuggage Ult Notebook SL. 59 
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RaitBfops 16" Cofar Oisptay (Spectot)-.., 1099 
Rasterops 19" Mono/Groy Stole ,.....,... 739 

Rasterops 20" Trinitron Display .......2179 

Seiko CM 1445 14* Cotar Monitor_549 

SuperMoc 2 I * Supennoth 2 pg Color ..2599 

SuperMac Spectrum/8 Series III..399 

SuperMoc SuperMalch 20* Duaftron.2399 

SuperMo-c Thunder 24 (5p»dalJ .2199 

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